The advanced Glossotechnia deck

(c) 2007-2009 Jim Henry III

Complete detailed list of cards in advanced deck

Syntax cards


Syntax
V2
Verb second

The verb is the second constituent (not word) of each clause. Any of subject, object, adverb, prepositional phrase, etc. can precde it.

E.g.:
Ed cooks rice.
Rice cooks Ed.
Absendmindedly cooks Ed rice.
On the stove cooks Ed rice.


Syntax
SVO
subject-verb-object

E.g.:
Birds eat worms.
Authors write books.

Occurs twice in the deck


Syntax
SOV
subject-object-verb

E.g.:
Birds worms eat.
Authors books write.

Occurs twice in the deck


Syntax
VSO
verb-subject-object

Seeks Bilbo treasure.
Eats Trey mangoes.

Occurs twice in the deck


Syntax
OSV
object-subject-verb

E.g.:

Milk cats drink.
Rice Ed cooks.
Languages linguists study.


Syntax
OVS
object-verb-subject

E.g.:

Milk drink cats.
Rice cooks Ed.
Languages study linguists.


Syntax
VSO
verb-subject-object

E.g.:

Drink cats milk.
Cooks Ed rice.


Syntax
Topic-comment

What is talked about comes first in a sentence; what is said about it comes next.


Syntax
Comment-topic

What is talked about comes last in a sentence; what is said about it comes first.


Syntax
Wildcard

Specify a syntactic rule in force as long as this card is in play.

Occurs twice in the deck


Syntax
Head-Modifier

noun-adjective
verb-adverb

E.g.:
dragon scaly the
eats voraciously

Occurs twice in the deck


Syntax
Modifier-Head

adjective-noun
adverb-verb

E.g.:
scaly dragon
voraciously eats

Occurs twice in the deck


Syntax
postpositional

Postpositions follow their objects; postpositional phrases precede their heads.

E.g.:
shelf on books

[on my cards I have little arrows pointing back e.g. from "on" to "shelf" and forward from "shelf on" to "books". not sure how to do that in this format.]

Playable only if SVO, SOV, OVS, OSV or V2 is in play.


Syntax
prepositional

Prepositions precede their objects; prepositional phrases precede their heads.

E.g.:
dragon in cave

[on my cards I have little arrows pointing forward from "in" to "cave" and back from "in cave" to "dragon". not sure how to do that in this format.]

Playable only if VSO, SVO, SOV, VOS or V2 is in play.

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme cards

Phoneme
i

high front unrounded vowel

English "machine"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
y

high front rounded vowel

French "tu"
German "fü"


Phoneme
ɪ

open high front unrounded vowel

English "pick"


Phoneme
ɨ

high central unrounded vowel

Polish "mysz"
Approx. English "tip"


Phoneme
a

low front unrounded vowel

French "patte"
German "Rat"
Approx. English "cot"


Phoneme
u

high back rounded vowel

French "ou"
Approx. Eng. "shoe"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
ɯ

high back unrounded vowel

Turkish "ılık"
Hixkaryana "kàrà"
Approx. Eng. "shoebox"


Phoneme
e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

French "paté"
Approx. Eng. "may"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
o

close-mid back rounded vowel

Spanish "no"
French "côte"
Approx. Eng. "so"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
ɔ

open-mid back rounded vowel

English "ought", "law"


Phoneme
ʌ

open-mid back unrounded vowel

English "thus", "cup"


Phoneme
ə

mid central unrounded vowel (schwa)

English "ago"


Phoneme
ɛ

open-mid front unrounded vowel

English "met"


Phoneme
ʊ

high back open rounded vowel

Eng. "look"


Phoneme
æ

open low unrounded vowel

Eng. "tack"


Phoneme
ɑ

low back unrounded vowel

English "mop"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
ø

close-mid front rounded vowel

French "chanteuse"
German "böse"


Phoneme
ʈ

voiceless retroflex plosive

Norwegian "kort
Approx. English "lot"


Phoneme
ʔ

glottal plosive

Hawaiian "ʻeleʻele"
Indonesian "bakso"


Phoneme
k

voiceless velar plosive

English "ski"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
g

voiced velar plosive

English "agog"


Phoneme
p

voiceless bilabial plosive

English "spin"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
b

voiced bilabial plosive

English "bee"


Phoneme
t

voiceless alveolar plosive

English "stay"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
d

voiced alveolar plosive

English "do"


Phoneme
Φ

voiceless bilabial fricative

Japanese "fuji"


Phoneme
s

voiceless alveolar fricative

English "say"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
z

voiced alveolar fricative

English "zydeco"


Phoneme
ʃ

voiceless postalveolar fricative

English "she"


Phoneme
ʂ

voiceless retroflex fricative

Polish "szum"
Approx. English "show"


Phoneme
ç

voiceless palatal fricative

German "ich"
Approx. English "human"


Phoneme
ʒ

voiced postalveolar fricative

English "pleasure"


Phoneme
B

bilabial trill

Kele [mbBuen]


Phoneme
r

alveolar trill

Spanish "cerro"


Phoneme
f

voiceless labiodental fricative

English "fee"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
v

voiced labiodental fricative

English "valve"


Phoneme
θ

voiceless dental fricative

English "thin", "bath"


Phoneme
ð

voiced dental fricative

English "the", "bathe"


Phoneme
ɬ

voiceless lateral fricative

Nahuatl "chocolatl"


Phoneme
x

voiceless velar fricative

German "nach"


Phoneme
h

glottal fricative

English "he"


Phoneme
w

bilabial approximant

English "wow"


Phoneme
j

palatal approximant

English "yak"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
l

palatal approximant

English "lit"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
ɻ

retroflex approximant

English "row", "car"


Phoneme
m

bilabial nasal

English "me"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
n

alveolar nasal

English "nose"

Occurs twice in the deck


Phoneme
ɲ

palatal nasal

Spanish "cañon"
French "mignon"
Approx. English "canyon"


Phoneme
ŋ

velar nasal

English "thing"


Phoneme
N

uvular nasal

Japanese "nihon"


Phoneme
ʘ

bilabial click

[I have no natlang examples for this. Anybody?]


Phoneme
ǁ

alveolar lateral click

[I have no natlang examples for this. Anybody?]


Phoneme
Wildcard

This represents any phoneme, specified at the time it is played.


Phoneme
Fill Gap

Specify a phoneme that clearly fills a gap in the current phoneme inventory.


Phonemic contrast cards

These don't need layout diagrams like the Syntax and Phoneme cards. They all have the small caption "Phonemic contrast", then a large title, then smaller print detailing the effect of the card.


Syllable onsets and rimes

Although I've played with simple C onset and V rime cards before, I'm leaving them out of this list; coining words with C onsets or V rimes is now allowed at any time whether any Syllable cards are in play at the moment or not.


Syllable onset
CA

any consonant
+ approximant

E.g.:
/tw-/
/kj-/
/sl-/


Syllable onset
(null)

A syllable need not begin with a consonant.

Occurs twice in the deck


Syllable onset
FPA

fricative consonant
+ plosive consonant
+ approximant

Eg.:
/spl-/
/zgw-/


Syllable onset
FP

fricative consonant
+ plosive consonant

Eg.:
/fp-/
/st-/


Syllable onset
PF

plosive consonant
+ fricative consonant

Eg.:
/bv-/
/ts-/


Syllable onset
NF

nasal consonant
+ fricative consonant

Eg.:
/mv-/
/nz-/


Syllable onset
NP

nasal consonant
+ plosive consonant

Eg.:
/mb-/
/nt-/


Syllable onset
FN

fricative consonant
+ nasal consonant

Eg.:
/zm-/
/fn-/


Syllable onset
NN

nasal consonant
+ nasal consonant

Eg.:
/mn-/


Syllable onset
PN

plosive consonant
+ nasal consonant

Eg.:
/bm-/
/kn-/


Syllable onset
FF

fricative consonant
+ fricative consonant

Eg.:
/sf-/
/vz-/


Syllable rime
VN

vowel
+ nasal consonant

E.g.:
/-an/
/-im/

Occurs twice in the deck


Syllable rime
VA

vowel
+ approximant

E.g.:
/-aw/
/-ej/

Occurs twice in the deck


Syllable rime
C

a syllabic consonant

E.g.:
/-mː/
/-lː/


Syllable rime
VC

vowel
+ any consonant

Eg.:
/-ef/
/-ut/
/-on/


Syllable rime
VNF

vowel
+ nasal consonant
+ fricative consonant

Eg.:
/-ens/
/-umv/


Syllable rime
VFP

vowel
+ fricative consonant
+ plosive consonant

Eg.:
/-ivb/
/-ust/


Syllable rime
VPF

vowel
+ plosive consonant
+ fricative consonant

Eg.:
/-igz/
/-ups/


Syllable rime
VPP

vowel
+ plosive consonant
+ plosive consonant

Eg.:
/-ikt/
/-upt/


Syllable onset/rime
Wildcard

Specify a syllable onset or rime structure available as long as this card is in play.

Occurs twice in the deck


Suprasegmental


Sound change, Grammar change, Meaning change, and Action cards

I'm not going to give layout diagrams for these cards, because they're all pretty straightforward: a small caption saying [Sound change / Grammar change / Meaning change / Action], a title in large print, and small-print text saying what the effect of the card is. In the list below I precede the card name with a number in brackets like [2] if there is more than one instance of it in the deck.

Sound change

Grammar change

Meaning change

Action

Typology cards


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Last modified April 2009