gjâ-zym-byn (gzb)
Lexicon (alphabetical)

<> hi ƴâ-kě'ĝu-
to tail someone, follow them secretly
<> hi ƴâ-
to follow someone (xref {ƴâ-gym-θaj-zô})
<mrâ> řŋ flu-ħa-
fluid leaks from <container> (xref {flu-tě'θru-van})
âθĭnz-gam
Athens Pizza (Decatur, Ga.)
-ba
ambivalence attitudinal suffix
pow-šam-ķa kâ-i plĭr-van lěvkrâft-šam-ba ʝâr-i.   Lovecraft was influenced by Poe.
-baw
derives words for phonemic features from example words containing two or more such phonemes
0; the empty set; the number zero; nothing; no-one, nobody
tâ-tôl - ðĭ-i lĭw-van, ŝǒj rě'ĵy - ðĭ-i lĭw-van.   I have no brothers- or sisters-in-law because I have no wife.
bâl
active hatred, malice, desire for vengeance (xref {gě'ĝu, vjum})
bâm
newness, youth, being of recent origin (xref {ĵĭn, šuŋ, cĭln}) ( < Melayu 'baharu')
ƴâ-ĉa bâm- ĥy-i ƴâwn-ƥ-.   She bought a new car on credit.
mluj i tyn-van bâm- zej hân-.   People of all ages from babies to old folks were at the small convention.
Ќ lĭw-i -ma-bâm mĭ-i -van pe pym-van.   I love my baby cousin and find her amusing.
ɱ ŝâj-i râm-bâm mĭ-i gju-zô ķe juri-ram.   Yuri talks too much about his kitten.
bâm--
old; maljuna, malnova (xref {hân, pě'lâ, šy, dân, ƴu-źa-bô})
bâm-pa
the newest, latest member of some ongoing series
bâm-
innovation mark '-+>' (see orthography JPGs for better image)
bâň
allowance, permission (xref {dlu})
bâň--
to forbid (same arg. structure as {bâň-zô})
bâň-van
to be allowed, permitted ({ʝâr-i} is permitted to do verb complement, or {hǒŋ} clause, or nominalized action in {mĭ-i} phrase
bâň-
to allow, permit ({tu-i} permits {ðĭ-i} to do action of verb complement or {hǒŋ} clause)
bâwŋ
growing, gestating, making, developing (organically, unconsciously; contrast deliberate {ķĭn} & {krĭ}); pregnancy
bâwŋ-fwa
fertile (of soil, etc.)
bâwŋ-hôw-
farm, plantation
bâwŋ-hôw-
to grow, farm (crops, flowers, trees etc.)
?ť wuŋ-i rî'mâ hij θĭl ĥy-i bâwŋ-hôw-ť- vǒm zǒn.   You grow potatoes behind your house, don't you?
bâwŋ--ĵwa
country, countryside, rural area
bâwŋ-ŋĭw
womb (less common than {ŝâm})
bâwŋ-θaj-ga-van
to gestate, incubate (of ideas, etc., that one thinks over off and on for a long while before implementing them); {ʝâr-i} incubates idea {mĭ-i}
bâwŋ-θaj-van
to grow, gestate (thing growing or gestating in {ʝâr-i} if animal/human, {mĭ-i} if plant, fungus, bacteria...)
mruň si bâwŋ-θaj-van heŋ ħun-tôn mĭ-i.   Trees don't grow on top of that mountain.
bâwŋ-van
to gestate (e.g. mother {ʝâr-i} gestates baby {ĥy-i}); to grow, to be hospitable for the growth of (environment {mĭ-i} grows plants/animals {ĥy-i})
lyn-bly fy- gwe il ɱ im ŝâm -bâm-la ĥy-i bâwŋ-van.   She is seven months pregnant [the baby has been gestating in her womb for seven months already].
pwâŋ-la reŋ ĥy-i bâwŋ-van purj .   A lot of clover grows around here.
be
maybe; possibly (re: one's plans) (xref {še})
be-le
probably (of plans, intentions) (xref {le, be, še})
be-tǒj
chance, uncertainty, possibility, probability (of one's plans, or events partially within one's control)
be-tǒj-van
to be possible, probable (of speaker's own future uncertain actions); same arg. structure as {še-tǒj-van}
belm
particle indicating ironic/sarcastic intent (xref {tǒlm}) ( < suggested by Thomas Alexander)
ƥ ty-i ty-van râm fy- gle belm.   Seven cats live at her house -- enough, I should think.
ƥ lĭw-i lĭm belm tu-i ƥ ŝu-i sĭŋ-kě'ĝu mĭ-i sĭŋ-flu-kô ki lju-θaj-zô.   A "friend" of his wrote about his secrets all over the Internet.
twâ-zô Φǒ {pwĭ-van belm.} vĭj-lǒ-šar Ќ cim šâ-ŋĭw ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô rjuŋ-.   "This is delightful!" I said, as the dragon ate my left arm.
bě'gru
beaver (Castor)
bě'jâ
bay (tree) ( < English)
bě'lâm
embarrassment (at violated privacy) (xref {mwĭň, ķĭw})
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
bě'lâm ðe mwĭň mĭ-i dlâw-Ł-van dî'fu-zô.   One must distinguish embarrassment at violated privacy from embarrassment at talking about emotionally sensitive subjects.
bě'lâm-
shy, easily embarassed (xref {ŝĭ-sô, kurŋ-cô})
bě'lâm-θaj
embarrassment at having (accidentally?) violated someone else's privacy
bě'lě'du
velvet ( < Melayu 'beledu')
bě'nân
banana ( < English)
bě'nân-ŋô
potassium
bě'rîn'ku
sheep (mammals of genus Ovis); xref {byj-tôn} ( < Polsku 'baranku')
bě'rîn'ku-ĵĭn-šam
(Charles, Mary) Lamb
bě'tâ
beet (plants of genus Beta) ( < Latin)
bi
north of
bij
north-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
fî'suň bij fu-cu pân-kwa kâ-i fjâw-van ser'ě-ram.   Sarah is in awe of the Aurora Borealis.
bil
north-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
bim
north-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
bin
north-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
biŋ
north-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
bĭm
tub, sink, etc.; drained container
bĭm šyj-ca-paj
bathtub
bĭm-
a container that "drains" gases upward; fireplace/chimney, teakettle, pressure cooker
bĭm--pî'râ
fireplace and chimney
Ќ kâ-i rĭm-zô ĵyn-ta bĭm-cô-pî'râ vi râm.   The cat in front of the fireplace gazed at me with disinterest.
bĭm--těn'ju
teakettle
bĭm-ĵwa
bathroom, restroom (xref {šyj-ca-kô, vâ-řŋ-kô})
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
bĭm-pwĭm-daj
bathtub [nonce, prefer {bĭm-šyj-mâ}]
bĭm-šyj-
bathtub, shower stall
bĭm-šyj---ĉa
dishwashing sink
bĭm--řŋ
toilet, water closet, bidet
bĭŋ
existence, realness, actuality (xref {ķy, mu}) ( < Deutsch 'ich bin')
bĭŋ-o
coming into existence, being created out of nothing
bĭŋ-van
to exist
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
bĭr
beer, ale ( < English)
bĭr-ʝa
spilled beer
bĭw
sorrow, grief, regret (esp. over a great loss); xref {ʝyrŋ}
ƴum-zô bĭw-van sě'râ.   Sarah feigned sorrow.
bĭw-i
for sorrow over
bir
far to the north of
bî'djĭl
granite
bî'duň
nasal passages, sinuses, nostrils
bî'duň--
to squirt/spray something into one's sinuses
bî'lym
apple
bî'wu
splashing (xref {pyw, flu})
vlě'tâ bly-ca bî'wu- rî'nâ, wǒj kâ-i rĭm-van.   The frog jumped splashing into the pond because he saw a human.
bîn'zĭ
gasoline ( < E-o 'benzino')
bjâ
acronym, abbreviation, initialism; siglo
bjyň
grapefruit
bjyň-tôn
vegetable, fruit, berry, nut... edible part of a plant
blâl
annoyance, frustration, exasperation
blâl-vuj-
to blow off steam re: frustration, throw a tantrum
ble
others, rest, remainder (xref {ʝǒ})
ŝrĭ- ŋĭn-i twâ-θy mĭ-i, - ķĭn-o Φyr {-ga, -cjaj} pe ble syj-i.   Words which are formed with the suffixes "-ga", "-cjaj" etc. are idiomatic.
nu i jĭlm-źa-syl-van kwǒ ʝâr-i, jĭlm-źa-syl-van ble kiň mwĭl-ŝra jâ-o le.   When someone yawns, other people yawn and tend to get sleepy.
blě'mĭm
indecisive lethargy; feeling overwhelmed by the tasks before one; acedia (xref {ĝĭj, Φân})
blě'mĭm-kwâwn
sleepy lethargy; nonce, prefer {blě'mĭm-Φân}
blě'mĭm-Φân
sleepy lethargy; strong inclination to go to sleep now rather than do some task one needs to do first
blě'tâ
cockroach (insects of order Blattaria) ( < Latin)
blĭn
tight, strict, strait, narrow
vlym-srĭw ðu-van tyn-ca ver heŋ; blĭn-te-van ķe.   I can't fit into these pants anymore; they're too tight.
rî'mâ ĉu-bô ki tyn mĭ-i blĭn-van mě'tyr - jĭrn-i.   The space between those two houses is three meters wide.
blĭn-
loose, fitting loosely (xref {wĭm-rô})
blur
freshwater fish
bly
flying, falling, orbit, ballistic motion (xref {tě'θru}); orbital period [suffixoid] ( < helenike 'ballo')
bly-ca
to jump, leap
vlě'tâ bly-ca bî'wu- rî'nâ, wǒj kâ-i rĭm-van.   The frog jumped splashing into the pond because he saw a human.
ĵârn-ca šĭl tu-i, že ði hǒŋ o bly-ca kiň ħulŋ-zô.   The snake coils before it strikes.
bly-čârm
juggling
bly-čârm-
to juggle
bly-fî'suň
Earth-orbit; year
bly-ly-ĉa
spaceship
bly-ly-
space travel, ballistic motion with occasional ejection of reaction mass to adjust course/accelerate/decelerate
bly-pwĭm
rain
bly-pwĭm-
waterfall (xref {sĭ-ʝa})
bly-van
to fall, orbit, fly (without control)
bly-van mâw-pwĭm-ðuŋ
hail is falling
bly-van pwĭm
it's raining
ju-ðe-tĭm jĭrn-i še-tǒj-van ðǒŋ ĉě'θâ i bly-van pwĭm.   There is a 29% chance it will rain today.
bly-
to throw, toss; ĵeti
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
bo
north-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
boj
north-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
bol
north-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
bom
north-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
bon
north-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
boŋ
north-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
if (events within the speaker's control; archaically, referred to unknown or future conditions) (xref {ĉǒ}, {kwoň})
bor
north-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-bô
derive adjective from quality noun
brâl
certain, sure, confident (of some belief) (xref {}, {-ķy})
brâl-
uncertainty, tentativeness (xref {ĵrĭw, Φĭwm})
brâl--ķy-van
to doubt, be uncertain of a proposition's truth
brâl--
uncertainty mark '?>' (see orthography JPGs for better image)
brâl-faj
ascertainable, knowable, certain, sure; something one can be confident about (of assertions or beliefs) (xref {ķy})
brâl-gâw-
to be/become certain about a plan or proposal (xref {vy}); most often used in negative
brâl-van
to believe, be certain, be positive about; {ʝâr-i} is certain about {hǒŋ} clause
brě'zĭm
dismay at realizing someone has misunderstood what you've said
Ќ dâm-ř ŋĭn lâŋ- ši, twâ-θaj-ƥ- kiň brě'zĭm-Ќ-van.   After my long explanation, she replied, and I felt dismay at realizing she'd misunderstood what I'd said.
brěj'sĭ
cabbage (Brassica oleracea) ( < Latin)
brĭ
daytime
brĭ-zâň
subjective daytime: the period when one is up and about (xref {gě'dĭm})
north-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
břj
north-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
břl
north-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
břm
north-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
břn
north-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
břŋ
north-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
břr
north-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
bu
phrase (verb with optional modifiers, or nominal terminated by {čur})
bu čur-ža
postpositional phrase
bu gun-tan
noun phrase
bu-cjaj
verb phrase (archaic; prefer {bu-kyr})
bu-ŝrĭ
idiom, kenning
bujŋ
bouncing, rebounding ( < English 'boing')
bujŋ-nul
echoing
mruň řn bujŋ-nul-van twâ.   The words echoed off the side of the mountain.
bujŋ-nul-ga-
to repeat what someone has just said
buln
position, orientation, configuration [can rework {-twâl-srĭw} etc with this?]
buln-ca
to arrange oneself, position oneself, adjust one's posture etc. (with {ĥy-i} object: alter the position of a specific body part); xref {ʝĭl}
buln-ga
position, situation (metaph.; as in "in a false position", "positioning oneself in the market") [maybe replace with something less Englishesque]
buln-
to arrange, position, orientate ({tu-i} (re)arranges {ĥy-i}) (xref {tyn-zô})
buŋ
gĭl-sĭŋ; bit (0 or 1)
buw
scale, size, dimensions; ĝĭ, hum, ŋy, ƴu
buw-faj
scalable, resizable
buw-
to resize, rescale
bwĭl
giving, donating; gift, donation (xref {₣yjm, fwĭ-cô-zô})
bwĭl--tla
thief, bandit, robber, burglar, pirate
bwĭl--
to steal, thieve, rob (xref {wuŋ-dô})
bwĭl-môj
to exchange gifts, copies of data, etc.
bwĭl-syj- twâ-cu-ĵwa
lending library
bwĭl-syj-
to lend (xref {tâl, ƴâwn-θaj-zô, tâň-syj-zô}) ( < calque of Ceqli 'zudon' (which I suggested to Rex F. May))
bwĭl-θaj-syj-
to borrow (xref {ƴâwn})
bwĭl-θaj-tla
thief, bandit, robber, burglar [archaic, deprecated; prefer {bwĭl-cô-tla}]
bwĭl-θaj-van
to receive as a gift
bwĭl-θaj-
to steal, thieve, rob [archaic, deprecated; prefer {bwĭl-cô-zô}]
bwĭl-ƴĭ
almsgiving; making gifts/donations as a form of penance (xref {ĵâŋ, ĵâŋ-tôn, ryň-ƴĭ})
bwĭl-
to give, donate
mâ-ĵĭn - ŝâj-o sî'nĭn ĥy-i rew bwĭl-zô.   I gave an orange apiece to the three children.
bwĭl- žâj--hôw
to bribe ({tu-i} gives gift {ĥy-i} to {ŝâj-o} to tempt them to do something wrong)
kĭ-ĝâ-tla ŝâj-o dě'lâr vyŋ- ĥy-i bwĭl-zô žâj-dô-hôw antonij-ram-ħa.   Antony bribed the judge ten thousand dollars.
by
air
by-daj
atmosphere
by-flu
wind (xref {mlĭr-by, ĥě'ĵuŋ})
by-flu-da
windy, blustery (of immediate environment, weather; xref {by-flu-sô})
by-flu-
upwind
by-flu-ja
downwind
by-flu-
windy (of broader environment, climate; xref {by-flu-da})
by-flu-źa
strong, blustery wind
by-ĵwa-
vacuum; airless space
by-ŋô
nitrogen
by-tan
gaseous (state)
by-tôn
gas (matter in gaseous state; xref {bîn'zĭ, sî'kwâ})
byj
cows, cattle, aurochs; genus Bos ( < Latin)
byj lî'klâ-ŝa
dairy cattle
byj-cjaj
domestic cattle (Bos taurus)
byj-tôn
mammals of family Bovidae: cattle, sheep, goats, deer, elk, etc.
byn
tinkering, exploring, poking into something; hacking
byn-gě'dĭm-ca vjurm-paj
adjusting your sleep cycle to match people you're visiting
byn-i
tinkering with, hacking at, poking into (optionally substitutes for {ĥy-i} or {krĭ-o} or {ķĭn-o} with some verbs to express playful creativity of action)
byn-ʝĭ-
to hack code, to write code intently but playfully
byn-krĭ-
to edit, revise (a document e.g.)
byn-
to tinker with, poke into, hack; to revise, edit (of a written work) (xref more specific {byn-ʝĭ-zô})
-gla zej ħy-gla i gjâ ĥy-i byn-zô.   I tinkered with this language from 5pm to 7pm.
θuň-bâm krĭ-o lju-θaj-zô kiň te ĥy-i byn-zô.   I am writing and revising a new story.
byn-žâj-ŋĭw
examination of conscience
byn-žĭŋ-pja
mana-hacker; an informal term for a wizard or sorcerer (xref {suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla})
-ca
reflexive verb suffix
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
trying, attempting, striving; effort, work (xref {ĥân})
-ðân-
to compete; to try to win in some game or more serious conflict
-ra-
persistent, perseverant, stubborn
-ra-
to repeatedly try, to persevere (xref near-synonym {câ-vĭj-zô})
-vĭj-
persistent, stubborn, obstinate (w.r.t. projects, tasks) (xref {žâ})
-vĭj-
to persistently try, persevere at, keep trying (with verb complement)
-
to try, attempt, strive to do [auxiliary verb]
ħĭn-kô řŋ câ-zô ruŋ-kě'ĝu-zô ħĭn-ta-zwa srǒ.   Several would-be escapees tried to sneak out of the prison.
- hǒŋ ~~~ źǒ
try not to ~~~, try to avoid ~~~
câŋ
experimental science (xref {ljâw, źĭ})
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
câŋ-bly
ballistics
câŋ-
violating the validity of an experiment
câŋ-gjâ
experimental linguistics (_The Embedding_, Lojban, Ithkuil, gzb...)
câŋ-gju
rhetoric
câŋ-še-tǒj
statistics, probability study
câŋ-ŝĭw-kě'ĝu
alchemy
ce
this, that (event or situation just mentioned)
ðu-van ƴeŋ ce kâ-i hî'mâr-van.   I can barely understand that.
ƥ ŝu-i mwĭň kâ-i žâw-van, wǒn ce mĭ-ř gju-zô.   I saw she was embarrassed, so I changed the subject.
ce -i dlu-Ќ-van heŋ kun-van
it's none of my business; lit. I have no right to know this
cě'dru
cedar ( < English)
cě'ku
aleph-null, countable infinity
cě'ku-gla i
on the first of Never
cě'râj
maple (trees and shrubs of genus Acer) ( < Latin)
ci
left of
cij
left-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cil
left-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cim
left-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
gě'dĭm mje θǒ i Ќ cim zjâm-ny ĥy-i ĥâ-ca.   I cut my left little toe yesterday.
cin
left-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ciŋ
left-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
1; one (xref {zu, cy}); an individual, an item
pe ru-i
one by one, one at a time
-za
unified, united
cĭln
new (not yet/just now read, viewed, heard, etc. by the speaker); strange, unfamiliar (xref {bâm, šuŋ, ĵĭn})
šuŋ-cô ŋĭn-i gwe twâ-cu , mǒj cĭln-van ver.   I've owned that book for a while, but I still haven't read it.
cĭln--
already read, seen, heard, etc.; known, familiar (xref {kun})
twâ-cu cĭln-cô-bô srǒ ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô.   I bought several books I'd already read.
cĭln-θaj
naivete, inexperience, ignorance, virginity (usually with respect to a specific experience or a work of art one hasn't read/seen/heard etc.)
cĭln-θaj-van
to be naive, inexperienced, ignorant (in general; or {ʝâr-i} is inexperienced with respect to {mĭ-i})
cĭm
care, worry, anxiety, emotional involvement, more-than-intellectual interest (xref {, šu})
cĭm-
unseriousness, flippancy, informality, carelessness, uncaring, a casual attitude toward something (xref {žu-cô-bô})
cĭm-van
to care about, take seriously, be involved in ({ʝâr-i} cares about {mĭ-i})
cĭw
tube; hose; pipe (xref {₣ĭŋ, θym})
cĭw-ga
go-between, delegate, representative, agent, intermediary; importer, translator; interface, connecting layer between two computer systems
cĭw-ga-i
translated by (xref {cĭw-ga-ř})
cĭw-ga-ř
translated by, mediated by (xref {dâm-ř})
dante-ram dâm-ř sejřz-šam cĭw-ga-ř {rum-kô} kâ-i lju-zô.   I am reading "Paradise" by Dante, translated by [Dorothy] Sayers.
cĭw-ga-
peri; act as agent or intermediary for someone (xref {θĭ})
cĭw-julŋ
skirt (xref {sĭlm})
cĭw-jyr
sleeve (of shirt, coat etc.)
cĭw-lĭn
connecting tube, adapter from one tubing system to another
cĭw-Φyln
urethra
cĭw-rĭm-ĉa
endoscope
cĭw- pě'ljy-na
g-tube (archaic, prefer {vâ-oŋ-ĉa})
cir
far to the left of
cî'jyr
squirrel, chipmunk, marmot, prairie dog, etc.; family Sciuridae ( < Latin)
tlě'Φĭ ĥy-i fwĭ- cî'jyr.   The squirrel collects acorns, pine cones and so forth.
cî'jyr-syrm
chipmunk
cî'tĭr
styrofoam & like plastics (xref {pě'ljy})
cî'trun
lemon (hybrid fruit of tree of species Citrus limon) ( < E-o)
cî'trun-gôm
lemonade
cî'trun-
sour (taste)
cî'trun-tôn
citrus tree/fruit
cî'trun-tôn-vrĭm
lime
cî'tu
i (square root of -1)
cîn'mĭ
cinnamon ( < English)
-cjaj
specialized subclass of ~
cluŋ
repaying good for evil
ť lĭw-i tu-bâl kâ-i gy-ť- mwe; ɱ ĥy-i cluŋ-, tu-i ť ĥy-i ħulŋ-zô.   Love those who hate you; do good to those who injure you.
cluŋ-
revenge, retaliation, avenging; striking back (xref {sî'ðyr, ðân, bâl})
cluŋ--cu
vendetta, feud
cluŋ--
to take revenge, to avenge; {tu-i} takes revenge upon {ĥy-i} and/or avenges {mĭ-i} or takes revenge for event in {mĭ-šar} clause
co
left-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
coj
left-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
col
left-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
com
left-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
con
left-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
coŋ
left-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
few, little, not much (count or mass); a few times, rarely; for a short time (xref {fe}, {srǒ})
kuln reŋ , mǒj lĭm zen.   Acquaintances are many, friends are few.
pe
little by little; a few at a time; incrementally
cor
left-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-cô
opposite, reverse, contradictory quality; reversive action
čâ
swimming
čâ-ŋĭw
fin, flipper (of fish, marine mammal, etc.)
čâj
čî'ŋĭ- řŋ zjâm-vĭ ol ŝĭw ðu-fru-fwa; hî'pym-tôn řŋ ŝĭw ₣um-
fân řŋ čâj ĥy-i tâň-zô de pî'dâ pe Φĭlm.   Bees and butterflies take pollen from flowers.
čâl
rite, ritual, ceremony (xref {hĭj, tî'šâ})
čâl dân-žar-za
funeral
čâl -byn-za
Scrutiny (one of the rites of RCIA)
čâl rě'ĵy-tôn-žar-za
wedding, marriage ceremony (xref {hĭj-rě'ĵy})
čâl ruŋ-fwa
Rite of Sending (RCIA)
čâl-dân-žar-
funeral home
čâl-dul-kru
the Veneration of the Cross (on Good Friday)
čâl-kru
the Veneration of the Cross (on Good Friday); xref {čâl-dul-kru}
čâl-pwĭm
baptism (in a low-church Protestant conception, where it's not a sacrament in the strict sense); ritual washing (xref {hĭj-pwĭm})
čâl-pwĭm-
Baptist
čâl-zuň--žar-
funeral home (nonce, prefer {čâl-dân-žar-kô})
čârm
wave, waveform (esp. in water, other liquids)
čârm sin ƴĭln-
to surf, to ride waves
čârm-tan
rhythmic, periodic (xref {čârm-tôn})
čârm-tôn
rhythm (music); periodic/rhythmic phenomena, anything described with the same sine/cosine curves as waves (xref suffix {-ra})
če
conjunction which reverses word order
čě'nuŋ
shoulder (area above/just behind arm joint)
čě'nuŋ-θaj
armpit
čě'wĭr
forearm
čěl'wân
chickpeas, garbanzo beans
čĭ
copying (xref {ŋĭr}; archaically also = {čĭ-Φa})
čĭ-gâm-ĉa
scanner, photocopier
čĭ-ŋy-
to upload, download; copy over a distance
čĭ-Φa
a copy of something
čĭ-ř
from, copied from, extracted from, quoted from
źu-van, hǒŋ ķĭw-van palij-ram hǒŋ Ќ dâm-ř θuň čĭ-ř syj-zô lju-θaj-zô dlu-ta.   I hope Polly is ashamed of herself for copying my story without permission.
čĭ-
to copy, make a copy of; to upload, download ({tu-i} copies {kâ-i}, produces copy {ķĭn-i})
čĭ- ķuj--hôw
to make backups of data
čĭ-zym-ŋĭw ryň-ĉa -tan
uploaded mind; AI based closely on a specific person's mind
čĭm
chocolate
čĭm-kwa
"black" (dark brown)
čĭn
to stick, prick, poke (with something sharp)
čĭn-ĉa
needle, pin, dart, arrow, etc.
čĭn-ĉa bly-paj
dart, javelin, arrow, spear; sharp projectile
čĭn-ĉa sî'ðyr-paj
spear, pike
čĭn-ĉa-
sharp [might want something terser?]
čĭn-ħulŋ-
to sting (of bees, wasps, etc.); to stab, to spear, to cause injury by poking someone with a sharp weapon
čĭn-ŋĭw
thorn; tusk; horn; stinger
čĭn-ŝâ-
to inject, esp. into muscle/fat (also, sometimes simply {ŝâ-zô}); xref {ŝĭn-oŋ-zô}
čĭwm
pattern, model, paradigm, regex, stylesheet, template... (xref {šĭm, cwĭn})
čĭwm-čyw
constellation, a pattern of stars as seen from a certain point
čĭwm-
phonotactics of a particular language; syllable pattern
ŋe ŝu-i čĭwm-fĭ gân-ř -van ðǒŋ gjâ-zym-byn syj-i twâ-mlulm krĭ-o Ł tu-i.   Because of its phonotactics, it is is difficult to write palindromes in gzb.
čĭwm-gjâ
grammar, morphosyntax (of a specific language)
čĭwm-kyr
verb paradigm, inflection pattern
čĭwm-sĭŋ
format, pattern for formatting or marking up data (xref {ʝĭ-čĭwm})
čĭwm-twâ
meter (of poetry, e.g.); noncely, syntax
čĭwm-θuň
plot, narrative structure (at a high level of abstraction, e.g. Boy Meets Girl or The Man Who Learned Better)
čî'ŋĭ
ŋĭw ŝĭw-grâm-ŝa
čî'ny
stairway
čî'ny so pe θo ƴâ-ƥ- ķĭm-.   She walks up and down stairs for exercise.
čî'ny-θô
ladder [? or maybe need something clearer]
čî'ny-θy
step, rung (of ladder or stair)
čîm'pâw
mulberry tree (nonce, prefer {mîr'su})
čuj
sending, commissioning (someone, on an errand/mission; xref {grâm-zô, ₣yjm})
čuj--
to summon someone, request/command them to come
čuj-grâm-
to send a message via a messenger; {tu-i} sends emissary {ĥy-i} to say something to {ŋâw-o}, content of message in {mĭ-i} phrase or {Φǒ} or {hǒŋ} clause
čuj-
to send (someone); {tu-i} sends person {ĥy-i} to place {o} for purpose in {kujm-o} pp. or {kujm-šar} clause
ru i Ќ ĥy-i čuj-zô mje kyn-ķa tu-i, ru i ť ĥy-i čuj-Ќ- .   As the Father has sent me, so I send you.
čulm
randomness, unpredictability
čulm-
random, unpredictable, non-deterministic, stochastic; randomly, by chance, by lot (xref {še-tǒj}, {sâr-cô})
čulm-ta
deterministic, predictable
čun
itching; irritation, esp. of skin
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
čun-ga
distraction, a thing that distracts one (xref {kâ-dô, Φân})
čun-ga-
to distract, to irritate ({tu-i} distracts {ĥy-i})
čur
postposition, case marker
čyw
sun, star (incandescent mass of hydrogen etc. undergoing fusion; xref {pî'râ-ga})
čyw zryŋ-na
Golden Sun (Chinese restaurant in Athens, Ga.)
čyw-cu
binary or other multi-star system
čyw-cu-źa
galaxy, star cluster
čyw-daj kiŋ ruŋ-źa
Star Trek
čyw-daj kiŋ sî'ðyr-źa-cu
Star Wars
čyw-ʝǒ-dal
alien, extrasolar (originating in another star system)
bab-ram sim šĭm-ŋĭw tyn-van gâ-zuň-ĥun čyw-ʝǒ-dal.   There is an alien symbiont in Bob's brain.
left-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cřj
left-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cřl
left-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cřm
left-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cřn
left-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cřŋ
left-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cřr
left-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
cu
complex system; organized group (xref {daj, zla}) [suffixoid]
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
cu-
complex, confunctional; emergent, synergetic, resulting from a combination (xref {ŝrĭ})
cu--
simple, uncomplex, uncomplicated (xref {θy-tan, jĭm, gĭ-rô})
cu--fwa-
to complicate, to complexify
cu--tǒj
synergy, systemic complexity
cu-sĭŋ
data structure (hypernym of {sĭŋ-kwĭ, sĭŋ-kwĭ-ma, kyl-cu-ga})
cwĭn
arithmetic, calculation, figuring, reckoning (xref {drĭ-ŋî'bĭ-zô})
cwĭn-
arithmetic error
cwĭn-gu-pja
vote counter
cwĭn-gu-
to count ballots/votes
-ĉa
ilo; tool with which one does ~ (xref {ha})
ĉâ
intelligent; clever; smart (xref {ĵlân, ƴulm)
ĉâ -o mwe
Get Smart (tv series, film)
ĉâm
evolutionary, gradual change (xref {₣âl, ĝâj, jâ-ʝǒ-žar})
ĉâm-kwĭ im du
one version of a series, one stage in a process of change (xref {ŋĭr})
ĉâm-ta-fwa-
to fix, stabilize; to freeze a code base; to baseline a design
ĉârn
to scratch, to scrape; to rub, wipe, scrub (xref {źum, ƴĭln})
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
swyŋ sin ĥy-i ĉârn-ť- šyj-zô mwe.   Scrub the table surface clean.
ĉârn-ĉa vě'ty-rĭm-paj
windshield wiper
ĉârn-la-
to massage
ĉârn-θô-
to sweep (a floor, e.g.); to brush lightly (xref {źum}); to gently rub, massage (xref {ĉârn-la-zô})
ĉe
concatenation conjunction (forms strings of non-mathematical digits like telephone numbers)
ĉě'kil
before, during and after (time); around and among/within (space)
ĉě'lĭl
e (2.71828182845904523536...)
ĉě'my
slope
ĉě'my-
uphill, upslope
ĉě'my-ja
downhill, downslope
ĉě'my-ta
flat (of terrain; horizontal and non-hilly. xref {}, {swyŋ-rô})
ĉě'θâ
day (mlĭr-fî'suň; 24-hr cycle of Earth's rotation) (xref {gě'dĭm, brĭ})
ju-ðe-tĭm jĭrn-i še-tǒj-van ðǒŋ ĉě'θâ i bly-van pwĭm.   There is a 29% chance it will rain today.
ĉě'θâ brĭ-nî'šĭm-sâm-ža
equinox [can I tersen this?]
ĉě'θâ brĭ-sra-ža
summer solstice, Midsummer Day
ĉě'θâ -- il rî'zrĭ-tôn
novena (sequence of prayers prayed over the course of nine days)
ĉě'θâ nî'šĭm-sra-ža
winter solstice, Midwinter Day
ĉi
around, surrounding (xref {ŝwe} and see syntax doc)
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
ĉij
around-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉil
around-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉim
around-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉin
around-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉiŋ
around-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉĭ
sort, type, kind, class, variety, species (xref {muw, rjym}; TO DO need to clarify usage distinction further...); class (in object-oriented programming)
ĉĭ-fuw
data type of a variable
ĉĭ--
what kind of?
ĉĭ--van
what kind is {mĭ-i}?
ĉĭ-twâ-θy tâň-θaj-faj
open class of words (in a given language)
ĉir
far from, on all sides of
ĉî'hyln
tomato
ĉlum
playing with curtains, tapestries, etc. (a kitten game) ( < Glossolalia game)
ĉo
around-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉoj
around-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉol
around-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉom
around-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉon
around-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
vlym tyn-ca šej Ќ ĉon vlym ĥy-i tyn-zô.   I put myself into clothes, or surround myself with clothes.
ĉoŋ
around-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉǒ
if (events outside the speaker's control, incl. things that have already happened that the speaker doesn't yet know about; archaicallly, referred to counterfactual conditions) (xref {}, {kwoň}, {šelm})
ĉor
around-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉř
around-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉřj
around-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉřl
around-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉřm
around-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉřn
around-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉřŋ
around-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉřr
around-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĉu
2; two; a pair, duet, duo
-môj ƥ-ĉu.   They love each other.
ĉu-
two of
ĉu-ĉu
4; four
ĉu-ĉu-ĉu
8; eight
ĉu-
6; six
ĉu-fy
14; fourteen
ĉu-gâr
20; twenty
ĉu-gâr-tĭm-ĉu-
2006
ĉu-ŋla
Monday
ĉu-pa
second
ĉu-
integer, integral (of numbers)
ĉu-
digit '2'
ĉu-za
double, bipartite, diploid, dicot
ĉul
performance, presentation, recitation, recital, exhibition (xref {čâl})
ĉul-gju-ŋĭn
lecture, talk, speech, sermon, homily
ĉul-hwâwm
play, masque (for an audience; possibly improvised)
ĉul-hwâwm twâ-cu-ja
play, masque (a specific performance of a play; xref {twâ-cu-θuň hwâwm-paj})
ĉul-i
performing; performative case (object of verbs like {lju-gju-zô}, {ŝrun-}, {pĭw-}, {hwâwm-}...)
ĉul-ř
performed by [nonce]
ĉul-ŝrun
concert, recital, performance of music
ĉul-θaj-van
to attend, spectate, participate in, be present at a {ĉul}
ĉul-θaj-
to actively participate in a {ĉul} or {čâl} (but less actively than the chief participants)
ĉul-ƴum
prestidigitation, stage magic
ĉul-ƴum-tla
prestidigitator, stage magician
ĉul-žy-
to show, demonstrate (e.g. how to do something)
ĉy
ħun-rô; stick, post, staff, stave, rod
ĉy ʝu-kwĭ-paj
dispenser for paper towels, toilet paper, etc.
ĉy-čĭm ĉu-tan-gam
Twix
cy
chief, primary, main, central
cy-
chiefly, primarily, mainly, firstly (xref {gem})
cy-vuj
head; peak; pinnacle (xref {pĭn, tâlm, vim})
-da
covered with, saturated with ~; ~-full (xref {-ža})
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
pwĭm-da-tǒj gân-ř kî'sul mĭ-i ƴârn-van ĵwy-bô.   Because of the humidity this wood is rotting quickly.
kyl vĭn-da - ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô ƥ, nu-šar ŝrun-twâ-gĭn- θǒ.   He drank one glass of wine, then immediately started singing.
-daj
a set of ~ in the same place, a mass or collection of ~ (xref {-zla, -cu})
-dal
originating from ~ (xref {dâm-ř, ty-ř, ř})
darθ-ķam pe ryň-ĉa -tan
Darths and Droids (webcomic)
3; three; a trio
-ĉě'θâ pî'hâ-
Triduum, the three days from Holy Thursday to Holy Saturday
-
9; nine
-ðy
15; fifteen
-fy-ĝu
273 (freezing point of water in Kelvins)
-ŋla
Tuesday
dâm
origin; authorship
dâm-ř
of, by, from (a novel by Heinlein, an email from Vernita, a conlang by Henrik Theiling)
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
ter'ě-ram dâm-ř mě'hu kî'pĭ-rô ĥy-i mrân- Ќ-ƥ tu-i.   We ate Tara's stew [and hung out and talked].
ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da mĭ-i kě'pâ-fwa-van.   Her poem induces happy bewilderment.
dante-ram dâm-ř sejřz-šam cĭw-ga-ř {rum-kô} kâ-i lju-zô.   I am reading "Paradise" by Dante, translated by [Dorothy] Sayers.
dâm-vuj
source; well; fountain (archaic, ~2002; xref {fuŋ})
dân
past, no more, dead; eksa, ne plu (xref {šy, hân, pě'lâ}) ( < Fr. "d'antan")
dân-
no longer existing, not as real as it used to be, no longer in same role
dân-žar
death (of living things); abolition, overthrow, desuetude, falling into disuse (of institutions, traditions, languages or parts thereof)
dâr
wheel
dâr ĉin θym-tě'bâr
tires (of car; prefer {θym-dâr})
dâr ĉin vlym
tires (of a car, etc.; prefer {θym-dâr})
dâr-fwa-
to roll, to cause to roll [nonce; should be {mlĭr-ʝa-fwa-zô}]
dâw
ĥrî'cu vuj--; Tao, Dao, Logos, Word ( < Chinese)
dâw-ja
in accord with the Tao
dâw-
Taoist
de
nowadays; (with {mje}) in those days (habitual aspect)
kâj-ha ʝel mĭ-i zryŋ-na hej tlĭŋ-na ŋĭn-i mje de.   It used to be that money was typically made of gold or silver.
θě'ku gy-i kâj-ha-ta ĥy-i θĭ-zô de mje kolkata-wam im teresa-ram-ķa pî'hâ-.   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta served the destitute for the love of God.
grĭ---van de šĭm-ĉa ; žy-šar ĵwy-cô-van sĭŋ-flu-kô o lĭn mĭ-i.   This computer is malfunctioning lately; for instance, its network connection is slow.
herǒdǒtǒs-ram-gôm kâ-i lju-zô jǒj de.   I'm reading Herodotus again recently.
dě'dâ
Dada ( < French)
dě'dâ-
dadaiste (of works of art)
dě'dâ-
Dadaiste (artist)
italia-wam i ler-tǒj-lô mĭ-i fraňs-wam i dě'dâ-lô ₣um-i fjǒ.   The Italian Futurists were somewhat similar to the French Dadaists.
dě'ĝĭn
quartz
dě'ĝĭn-kwa
glittery, shimmering, iridescent
dě'lâr
U.S. dollar ( < English)
kĭ-ĝâ-tla ŝâj-o dě'lâr vyŋ- ĥy-i bwĭl-zô žâj-dô-hôw antonij-ram-ħa.   Antony bribed the judge ten thousand dollars.
dě'lâr <ŋî'bĭ>- jĭrn-i <-kâj> -i
<-kâj> costs <ŋî'bĭ>- dollars
dě'lâr-kwa
dollar-green
dě'lâr-
dollar sign '$'
dě'nâj
dragonfly, damselfly (insects of order Odonata)
dě'nâr
denarius, dinar (any of several ancient coins) ( < helenike 'denarion')
dě'pyw
crabs, lobsters, prawns, shrimp; crustaceans of order Decapoda ( < Latin)
dě'pyw-cjaj
shrimp (infraorder Caridea)
dě'pyw-ðru-gam
Red Lobster
dě'pyw-tôn
arthropod
unfocused bodily pleasure; comfort (xref {jyn})
--tôn
suffering, pain, discomfort
-fwa
pleasant, comfortable
-o
for the pleasure of
-tôn
pleasure of any kind (aesthetic, emotional etc. as well as physical)
dĭn
knot ( < Fr. 'noeud')
dĭn-pě'hĭ
cloverleaf intersection of freeways
dĭn-
to tie a knot in
dĭn-ža
knotted
dĭrn
attacking a problem from both ends at once; trying multiple solutions simultaneously hoping that one of them will work (xref {ĝâlm, hî'rĭ})
dî'fu
comparison, checking for differences ( < Unix 'diff')
dî'fu-baw
rounded vowel
dî'fu-i
compared with, by comparison with (xref comparative conjunction {θe})
gâm-la dî'fu-i ʝrâ-sra- ŋĭn-i gâm-ba .   This picture is more abstract than that one.
hjě'nĭ- ʝel dî'fu-i ĝĭ-sra-van hjě'nĭ-ŝy ʝel mĭ-i.   Female hyenas are generally bigger than male hyenas.
dî'fu-šar
than, compared with (clausal conjunction, xref phrasal conj. {θe} and postp. {dî'fu-i}; action of first clause is preferred to, happens more often than, etc. the action of the second clause
dî'fu-
to compare, look for differences between, distinguish ({tu-i} compares two entities marked with {kâ-i} or {mĭ-i})
bě'lâm ðe mwĭň mĭ-i dlâw-Ł-van dî'fu-zô.   One must distinguish embarrassment at violated privacy from embarrassment at talking about emotionally sensitive subjects.
dî'ku
pi (3.14159265358979323846...)
dî'ku-
irrational (of numbers)
dî'ku-za
circular, elliptical, round
dî'pjĭ
fly, mosquito, gnat, midge (insects of order Diptera) ( < Latin)
dî'pjĭ ₣um-i fru-ŝa ŋĭn-i
they breed like flies, they are very prolific
dî'pjĭ sâŋ-
mosquito
djâ
covenant, treaty, agreement, contract; diatheke (xref {twâ-cu-kâj}) ( < helenike 'diatheke')
djâ-môj
to agree upon, sign a contract, make a covenant
dlâw
duty, obligation, imperative, necessity (xref {mwe, ĵy, ķulm})
dlâw-van
must, ought to (v. aux.; xref adverb {mwe})
dlâw-van mwe
comically exaggerated imperative; xref {mwe, dlâw-van, dlâw-źa-van}
dlu
right, freedom, privilege {bâň, ħĭn, ħĭn-ta-tǒj})
źu-van, hǒŋ ķĭw-van palij-ram hǒŋ Ќ dâm-ř θuň čĭ-ř syj-zô lju-θaj-zô dlu-ta.   I hope Polly is ashamed of herself for copying my story without permission.
dlu-čĭ
copyright ( < calque of English)
dlu-
human rights
doktor-ķam -o
to earn one's doctorate, to graduate as a Ph.D. or M.D. etc.
-dô
violation of ~
drě'mâj
emu (birds of genus Dromaius) ( < Latin)
drĭ
listing, enumeration, catalog (xref {kwĭ, sĭŋ-kwĭ}) ( < DOS 'dir')
drĭ-
index (of book); xref {drĭ-žy-mĭ}
drĭ--
to index, to make an index for a given book
drĭ-ŋî'bĭ-
to count, enumerate (xref {cwĭn})
drĭ-
timeline, list of important events, plot outline (of story)
drĭ-
to list, enumerate, catalog
drĭ-žy-
index (of book)
drĭ-zym
creed; enumeration of principles or beliefs (nonce, can probably come up with something clearer)
drulm
subjective time-period intermediate between {gě'dĭm} and {tâŋ}
du
part, session, section, chapter; room of house; turn in game; lane of road (xref {vyl, gĭl, θy})
θuň mĭ-i lju-faj θje ŋĭn-i, mǒj te ðim du fem mĭ-i ĵyn-fwa ŋĭn-i.   That story is not quite worth reading, but its first chapter, at least, is interesting.
du mwĭl-paj
bedroom (nonce, xref {mwĭl-kô})
du-cu
apartment, suite of rooms within a larger building
du-ĝĭ ƴâ-ĉa-paj
garage (of house)
du-mwĭl
bedroom (archaic, xref {mwĭl-kô})
du-pě'hĭ
hall, corridor
du-pĭw
turn (in a game)
du-pjâl
a session of writing, conlanging, etc.
du-rî'mâ
room, chamber, hall, closet
du-rî'mâ-ĵwa
neighborhood, district, quarter (of a city)
du-sěl'kâ
vertebra
du-šun-tyrn
state (U.S.), province; similar-scale political divisions in misc other countries
du-šun-tyrn-ny
county, parish (U.S. political division); similar-scale divisions in other countries
du-tî'šâ
sanctuary, chapel (xref {tî'šâ-kô})
du-θô
scene (of TV show); verse (of chapter in the Bible; xref {twâ}); short section from one character's viewpoint in a novel
du-žy
theater (hall/auditorium/room where movies are projected or plays, operas etc. performed; xref {gâm-ʝĭl-kô})
du-źa
season (of TV series); act of play/film; volume of multi-volume novel
dul
dulia; extreme respect, lesser degree of worship (xref {tî'šâ}) ( < Latin)
dul-θô
respect, admiration (formerly {tî'šâ-θô})
dul-θô-fwa
noble, admirable (of persons)
dul-
to worship (dulia); {tu-i} worships {kâ-i}
dul-źa
hyperdulia
dwî'nu
thought-provoking grafitti ( < Enigmatic: dwegni)
ðâ
logic; reasoning (xref {zym})
ðâ-
paradox; inconsistency; illogic; fallacy
θuň mĭ-i jĭm-ga heŋ ŋĭn-i; te im ðâ-dô reŋ ķe mĭ-i tyn-van.   That story isn't consistent; it has too many violations of logic.
ðâ- -θaj-
paradox (Chestertonian)
ðâ-lam
Lojban ( < coined by Puey McCleary)
ðâ-Φa
deduction, conclusion
ðân
conquest, victory, defeat; (chess) checkmate (xref {sî'ðyr, ŋul})
ðân-θô
a minor or partial defeat; the capture of a piece (in chess, etc.)
ðân-van
to be conquered, defeated; to lose (at a game, etc.; xref {lî'fyŋ-cô-van})
ðân-
to conquer, defeat, subdue; to win (at a game, etc.; xref {lî'fyŋ-van})
ðân- -
Nobody Scores (webcomic)
ðân-žuŋ--
to rape, sexually assault
ðe
divided by, per; contrasted with, in contrast with
ju-ðe-tĭm jĭrn-i še-tǒj-van ðǒŋ ĉě'θâ i bly-van pwĭm.   There is a 29% chance it will rain today.
bě'lâm ðe mwĭň mĭ-i dlâw-Ł-van dî'fu-zô.   One must distinguish embarrassment at violated privacy from embarrassment at talking about emotionally sensitive subjects.
ðe-
indeterminate quantity (div/0)
ðe-ĉu-
rational (of numbers; xref {dî'ku-rô})
ðe-syň
Hertz (unit of frequency)
ðe-tĭm-
percent sign '%'
ði
before (time)
ĵârn-ca šĭl tu-i, že ði hǒŋ o bly-ca kiň ħulŋ-zô.   The snake coils before it strikes.
ði-šar
before (conjunction; clause A happens before clause B) [nonce; not sure if will keep this construction around or not]
ðij
shortly before, not long before
ðil
before-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ðim
during the early part of (subjective time periods, events)
θuň-ba ðim tyn-van mâ-fĭw ĵyn-fwa mĭ-i, mǒj te ĝy-im tâň-ƥ-van.   In the early part of that story interesting characters appear, but they disappear in the middle.
θuň mĭ-i lju-faj θje ŋĭn-i, mǒj te ðim du fem mĭ-i ĵyn-fwa ŋĭn-i.   That story is not quite worth reading, but its first chapter, at least, is interesting.
ðin
before-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ðiŋ
during the early part of (objective time periods)
ðĭ
relationship, connection, assocation (xref {ðujm, lĭw, lĭn})
ðĭ-i
in some relationship with (generic abstract postp.)
pî'râ mĭ-i fî'žâln ʝel ðĭ-i ŝâm ŋĭn-i.   Fire is the womb of the phoenix.
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam ðĭ-i ĵulm-van θuň-lâŋ mĭ-i.   This novel deserves a Hugo award.
kâj-ha reŋ ðĭ-i ŝâj-ƥ-van heŋ, mǒj fĭm-van fem.   He doesn't have much money, but at least he's healthy.
frâ ðĭ-i ĝâlm- ŋĭn-i nihoŋ-lam mĭ-i.   Japanese marks questions redundantly.
fĭm-hôw-tla ðĭ-i ĵy-van heŋ ʝâr-fĭm, mǒj ʝâr-fĭm- ŝe.   It is not the healthy who need doctors, but the sick.
ðĭl
typing, transcribing
ðĭl-ĉa
keyboard
ðĭl-
to type, transcribe (object w. {krĭ-o} if original writing, {lju-i} if transcribing; sometimes with {čĭ-ř} object)
ðĭm
thick; fat (xref {ĝĭ}, {žĭlm-ŋô}, {tjě'râ-rô})
ðĭm--
thin; skinny
ðir
long before
ðî'ruň
pretending to enjoy something more than one really enjoys it (xref {flâw})
jĭ-ga ru-i ƥ dâm-ř vâ-kar-vyl mĭ-i ðî'ruň-Ќ-.   I politely pretended to enjoy her casserole more than I actually did.
ðo
until
ðoj
until shortly before
ðol
before-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ðom
until the early part of (subjective time periods, events)
ðon
until
ðoŋ
until the early part of (objective time periods)
ðǒl
mostly (modifying a noun phrase: a heterogeneous set contains mostly X with some non-X; xref {jǒm})
ðǒl-tǒj
preponderance, plurality
ðǒŋ
that (conjunction where subordinate clause is subject of main verb) (xref {hǒŋ})
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
ju-ðe-tĭm jĭrn-i še-tǒj-van ðǒŋ ĉě'θâ i bly-van pwĭm.   There is a 29% chance it will rain today.
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
ðor
until long before
ðř
since before
ðřj
since shortly before
ðřl
before-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ðřm
since the early part of (subjective time periods, events)
ðřn
since the beginning of
ðřŋ
since the early part of (objective time periods)
ðřr
since long before
ðru
red
ðru-hyrŋ
purple
ðru-vrĭm
yellow
ðu
able, powerful, capable; ability, capacity, power (xref {suŋ}, {ĝum})
ðu-ga
feature, ability, capability (esp. of software, machine, etc.)
ðu-grĭ-
operational, functional; in working order
ðu--
possible, able to happen (xref {be}, {še})
ðu-van
is able (v. aux., followed by another verb; or nominal(ized) complement with {ðĭ-i})
swyŋ sim ŋylm ; te ðu-Ł-van krĭ-vuj-ĉa ĥy-i tyn-zô.   There is a groove on the surface of that desk; one can put a pencil in it.
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
ĵyj-fja-van ru--, hǒŋ ðu-van ƴeŋ su-van.   I'm so tired, I can hardly stand up.
ðu-van ƴeŋ ce kâ-i hî'mâr-van.   I can barely understand that.
râm reŋ ķe ðĭ-i ŝâj-ť-van; ƥ pen ĥy-i ðu-van heŋ šu-.   You have too many cats; you can't take care of them all.
ðu-źa
superpower, paranormal power, miraculous power
ðu-źě'fy-ta
futile
ðujm
operator, conjunction, function; mapping, correlation (xref {ðĭ})
ðujm-vuj
function in a programming language
ðuŋ
solid (material and not liquid, gasous, plasmic)
kĭl -fy-ĝu- jĭrn-i ðuŋ jâ-o rej jâ-ř pwĭm.   Water freezes and melts at 273 Kelvins.
ðuŋ-tôn
state of matter (solid, liquid, gaseous, plasmic, superfluid...)
ðurm
work; something done in exchange for money (xref {byn, ĥân, pjâl, ķĭn, vuň})
ðurm ši ty o ruŋ-ƥ- kiň vâ-oŋ-zô θǒ.   After work she goes home and eats right away.
ðurm-bwĭl
volunteer work that shares many qualities with {ðurm} except that one is not getting paid: e.g., one works fixed hours under supervision (xref {ĥân-pjâl}, {-pja})
ðurm-ga
volunteer work (nonce; xref {pjâl, ĥân-pjâl, ðurm-bwĭl})
ðurm--ga
job; posteno (archaic, prefer {ðurm-kô-gôm})
ðurm--gôm
job, post, position
ðurm--i
at the workplace/place of business of
ðurm-o-ŋla
Monday (to-work day)
ðurm-tla
laborer, worker (xref {vuň-θaj})
ðurm-
1. to work (at a job, for money) (generally intransitive) 2. to earn a given amount of money by working (with {ĥy-i} and {ŝâj-o} objects). xref {vuň, ĥân-zô, pjâl-}
ce mĭ-i kun-van heŋ. tyn i ðurm-zô žǒŋ.   I don't know. I just work here.
-ðwa
in favor of, promoting ~ (xref {-})
ðwĭr
balance, equilibrium
ðwĭr--fwa-
perturb, disturb, disrupt, affect
ðwĭr-ŋĭw
tail [at least of some species, e.g. cat, monkey; possibly need another term for stubby tails useless for balancing]
ðy
5; five
gyn-čĭn-ĉa-da-ðy ķĭn-o grâm-zô suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla sâ-cô-fwa.   The evil sorcerer drew a pentagram.
ðy-
8; eight
ðy-ŋla
Thursday
ðy-šâŋ
365 = 5*73
ðy-šâŋ-ĉě'θâ
year (365 days)
dy
endure, tolerate, bear, put up with
dy--
resist, defy, fight against, not tolerate, refuse to put up with (xref {sî'ðyr})
dy--źa
revolution, revolt, rebellion, uprising
dy-cô-źa fraňs-wam-za ĥy-i gân-θô-van dy-cô-źa usonia-wam-za.   The French Revolution was influenced by the American Revolution.
ejr
Eire, Ireland, Irish
f,k,
fĭm--kyw-cjaj; cystic fibrosis ( < designed to match Fr. 'FK' < fibrose kystique)
-faj
ebla; able to have ~ done to it (xref {-})
love, friendliness, affection; amo; eros, philein (xref {gy; lĭm, rě'ĵy, kuln})
-môj ƥ-ĉu.   They love each other.
Ќ lĭw-i -ma-bâm mĭ-i -van pe pym-van.   I love my baby cousin and find her amusing.
rě'ĵy-ja
spousal love; eros, whether hot or warm (xref {fâ-žuŋ})
-cĭm
protective love
-
dislike, personal aversion, (nondeliberate) hatred (xref {vjum, gě'ĝu, bâl})
-fru
love of children for parents
-ĝân
especially intense love
-hôw-
amindumi, amikumi; to make friends with, to court, make love to [in archaic sense], flirt with, seduce...
-i
for the love of [friendly, affectionate, etc.]
-kuln
casual friendship
-kyn
love of parents for children
-lĭm
intimate friendship, philia
-ŋĭw
emotional faculty
-tôn
emotion, disposition, mental state, mindstate
-vuj-jyr-môj
to hug, embrace one another
-vuj-
physically affectionate
-vuj-šâ-môj
to hug, embrace (nonce, xref {fâ-vuj-jyr-môj})
-vuj-
to caress, hug, etc.; physically express affection
ɱ lĭw-i fru-ŝy ĥy-i fâ-vuj-zô kyn-ŝâm.   The mother caresses her daughter.
-žuŋ
eros, romantic love, lust (for a specific person); xref { rě'ĵy-ja, sru-₣yw}
fân
crown, prize, chief ornament, claim to fame; beard; elaborately coiffed hair; archaically/poetically, flower ( < helenike 'stephanos')
fân řŋ čâj ĥy-i tâň-zô de pî'dâ pe Φĭlm.   Bees and butterflies take pollen from flowers.
fân-hî'pym
morning-glory blossom
fân-i
crowned by, ornamented by
fân-šâl
belly-button, navel; omphalos
fân-
beard
fâr
iron (element) ( < Fr. 'fer')
fâr-hĭl
steel
fâr-tôn
metal (element or alloy)
fe
a little, slightly (xref {})
fem
at least; anyhow; anyway (xref {θje, ƴeŋ})
kâj-ha reŋ ðĭ-i ŝâj-ƥ-van heŋ, mǒj fĭm-van fem.   He doesn't have much money, but at least he's healthy.
θuň mĭ-i lju-faj θje ŋĭn-i, mǒj te ðim du fem mĭ-i ĵyn-fwa ŋĭn-i.   That story is not quite worth reading, but its first chapter, at least, is interesting.
fem-θaj
at most; no more than (xref {zen})
Ќ wuŋ-i ƴâ-ĉa ðu-van θâŋ-twâl-van ĉu-- fem-θaj.   No more than six people can sit in my car.
fě'ħĭj
cruel actions, torture
fě'ʝâ
beans (xref {čěl'wân}) ( < Latin 'phaseolus')
fě'ʝâ lima-wam-za
Lima beans
fě'ʝâ rĭm-ŋĭw-tan
black-eyed peas
fě'ʝâ-ðru
red beans
fě'wâ
liver (digestive organ) ( < Fr. 'foie')
fě'wâ ol plĭ-tôn
a drug that is processed through the liver (xref {ně'Φu ol plĭ-tôn})
fěl'vur
sloth (mammals of suborder Folivora) ( < Latin)
syllable
-₣um-da
rhyming (of poetry)
ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da mĭ-i kě'pâ-fwa-van.   Her poem induces happy bewilderment.
-sâm-da
rhyming [nonce; prefer {fĭ-₣um-da}]
-θy
phoneme
fĭm
health
kâj-ha reŋ ðĭ-i ŝâj-ƥ-van heŋ, mǒj fĭm-van fem.   He doesn't have much money, but at least he's healthy.
fĭm dî'fu-i ŝu--sra-van pî'hâ.   Holiness is more important than health.
fĭm-hôw-tla ðĭ-i ĵy-van heŋ ʝâr-fĭm, mǒj ʝâr-fĭm- ŝe.   It is not the healthy who need doctors, but the sick.
fĭm-
healthy (of a person, animal, plant; xref {fĭm-ja, fĭm-fwa})
fĭm-cjaj
uninfected
fĭm-
disease, sickness, illness
fĭm--van rĭm-pôm ƥ ʝâr-i.   She's sick (I saw her.)
ƥ zĭm-i ĝě'fu-van, hǒŋ fĭm-cô gân-ř zuň--žar-ƥ-van ler.   I dread for her, that she will die of this illness.
fĭm-cô gân-ř, ɱ im sěl'kâ mĭ-i źyl--van.   Because of a certain disease, his spine is crooked.
Ќ ŋâw-o twâ-zô kelij-ram, hǒŋ fĭm--ť-van.   Kelly told me that you were sick.
fĭm- fě'wâ-za
hepatitis (nonce, prefer {flîn'zu-tôn fě'wâ-})
fĭm- ŋwĭm-dal
transplant rejection sickness
fĭm- sru-źa
addiction
fĭm--cjaj
infection
fĭm--cjaj-fwa-van
to infect someone
fĭm-
an unhealthy act or habit
fĭm-fwa
healthy, promoting health (of habits, foods, drugs, etc.; xref {fĭm-ja, fĭm-bô})
jě'lĭ mĭ-i lju-pôm fĭm-fwa ŋĭn-i.   (I read somewhere that) garlic is good for you.
fĭm-hôw-ĥâ-
to perform surgery
fĭm-hôw-
hospital; clinic
fĭm-hôw- jě'sĭw-pî'hâ-gam
St Joseph's Hospital
fĭm-hôw- tyrn-dal
health department, government clinic
fĭm-hôw-tla
physician, medical doctor
fĭm-hôw-tla ðĭ-i ĵy-van heŋ ʝâr-fĭm, mǒj ʝâr-fĭm- ŝe.   It is not the healthy who need doctors, but the sick.
fĭm-hôw-tla ðy- muw-i ĉu-ĉu- ʝâr-i blâl-van ŋî'bĭ fĭw- mĭ-i.   Four out of five doctors get annoyed at made-up statistics.
fĭm-hôw-tla ĥâ-tla
surgeon
fĭm-hôw-tla Φyln-za
urologist
fĭm-hôw-tla-zwa
medical student
fĭm-hôw-
(try to) treat, heal, doctor, physick; to practice medicine
fĭm-ja
healthy (of practices, environments; xref {fĭm-bô, fĭm-fwa})
fĭw
fictive, fictional, invented, imaginary, made-up (xref {θuň, ķy-dô}); also occasional error for {fĭm} ( < English)
fĭm-hôw-tla ðy- muw-i ĉu-ĉu- ʝâr-i blâl-van ŋî'bĭ fĭw- mĭ-i.   Four out of five doctors get annoyed at made-up statistics.
fĭw ĝě'fu-da
horror (genre)
fĭw ķy-tan
realistic, mimetic, mainstream fiction
fĭw -ĵĭn-paj
children's literature
fĭw-câŋ
science fiction
rjym ŋĭn-i fĭw-câŋ mĭ-i.   Science fiction is a fuzzy, subjective category.
fĭw-câŋ-
sf fan (one highly involved in fandom; contrast { fĭw-câŋ-})
fĭw-ŝa
imaginative
fĭw-žĭŋ
fantasy (genre of fiction, or specific instance of that genre)
fî'ħâ
to shoot (with an explosive projectile weapon; xref {pĭŋ})
fî'ħâ-ĉa
gun, cannon, rifle, pistol... explosive projectile weapon
fî'ħâ-ha
gunpowder, etc.
fî'mrĭ
ants of family Formicidae (xref {vě'sî'pâ-tôn}) ( < Fr. 'fourmi')
fî'suň
Earth, Terra
fî'suň bij fu-cu pân-kwa kâ-i fjâw-van ser'ě-ram.   Sarah is in awe of the Aurora Borealis.
fî'suň bij fu-cu pân-kwa
aurora Borealis
fî'suň bij fu-cu pân-kwa kâ-i fjâw-van ser'ě-ram.   Sarah is in awe of the Aurora Borealis.
fî'suň ħij fu-cu pân-kwa
aurora Australis
fî'suň-baw
fricative consonant
fî'suň-bly <ŋî'bĭ> jĭrn-i <> ŝu-i gě'dĭm-zla
<person> is <number> years old
fî'suň-bly-ĉu-ža
two years old, two-year-old (similar pattern for other age-modifiers)
fî'suň-ŋô
iron (archaic; prefer {fâr})
fî'suň-
both very big and very small
fî'suň-tôn
rocky planet/moon (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Luna, Mars, Ganymede...) in constrast to gas giants, asteroids, comets, etc.; archaically = "planet" synonymous with English term
fî'žâln
phoenix
pî'râ mĭ-i fî'žâln ʝel ðĭ-i ŝâm ŋĭn-i.   Fire is the womb of the phoenix.
fîn'cĭ
penguin (family Spheniscidae) ( < Latin)
-fja
having a minimal nonzero degree or amount of ~
fjâw
awe, wonder (xref {wym, wlâ})
fî'suň bij fu-cu pân-kwa kâ-i fjâw-van ser'ě-ram.   Sarah is in awe of the Aurora Borealis.
fjâw-fwa
wonderful, astonishing, awesome; mystical; mysterious
fjǒ
yes and no; to some degree, to a limited extent, partially, partly; fuzzy logic clitic
italia-wam i ler-tǒj-lô mĭ-i fraňs-wam i dě'dâ-lô ₣um-i fjǒ.   The Italian Futurists were somewhat similar to the French Dadaists.
₣um-i ðu-van fjǒ gju-zô pjě'tâ kwǒ.   Some parrots can sort of speak like humans.
loĵban-lam mĭ-i ʝrâ- fjǒ ŋĭn-i; ķy-tan-van heŋ te.   Lojban is somewhat schematic; it is not naturalistic.
flân
flannel ( < English)
flâň
tremor, trembling, quivering, shaking, shivering, vibration; ŝancelado (xref {nî'kjâ})
flâň-ca
to do respiratory treatment via some vibratory equipment, e.g. the Air Vest; xref {flâň-fwa-ĉa, ķĭm-kyw}
flâň-fwa-ĉa
vibrating machine (esp. Air Vest)
flâň-kyw-ĉa
Air Vest, similar respiratory therapy equipment
flâň-purj
earthquake, tremor
flâň-
to shake (tr)
flâw
putting a brave face on, pretending to be well so as to deflect pity; also, occasional error for {šâw} (xref {ðî'ruň})
flĭŋ
dance; moving about for fun
flĭŋ i mlĭr-Ł-môj.   In that dance one spins one's partner about.
flîn'zu
influenza virus ( < English < Italian)
flîn'zu pîr'ku-dal
swine flu
flîn'zu-da-van
to have the flu
flîn'zu-tôn
viruses (biological; xref {šĭm-vuj čĭ-ca-})
flîn'zu-tôn fě'wâ-
hepatitis
flu
flowing, blowing, pouring; spilling (xref {bly, tě'θru}) ( < Esperanto 'flui')
flu-by-ĉa
air pump, e.g. for inflating tires
flu-fwa-ĉa
pump, fan
flu-fwa-ĉa by-paj
fan (device for blowing air)
flu-fwa-ĉa θĭw-paj
IV pump
flu-fwa-ĉa -kar-nî'šĭm-paj
enteral feeding pump
flu-fwa-
to pour (a liquid); to make blow (of gasses)
jĭm-ĉa hĭl-na ol pwĭm ĥy-i flu-fwa-zô, kujm-šar te ĥy-i jĭm jâ-o.   I pour water through a carbon filter to purify it.
flu-fwa-
to pour
flu-pwĭm-ĉa
faucet, spigot
flu-ra-van
to drip, spurt (xref {pyw})
flu-ŝâ-
to inject, administer intravenously (nonce, prefer {čĭn-ŝâ-zô})
flu-tě'θru-van
to flood, to spill largely and catastrophically ( < 2015-12-14)
flu-van
to flow (of liquids); to blow, bluster, gust, be windy (of air, other gasses); to spill (of a mass of small solid objects)
flyr
flower, blossom (xref {fân}) ( < Fr.)
foň
neither/nor; (clausal conjunction)
frâ
question, inquiry (xref {}) ( < Deutsch 'fragen')
frâ ðĭ-i ĝâlm- ŋĭn-i nihoŋ-lam mĭ-i.   Japanese marks questions redundantly.
frâ-cu
form (to fill out); questionnaire, survey
frâ-cu baň-ruŋ-fwa
discharge form, paperwork one must fill out before leaving a hospital, jail, or other such institution
frâ-cu-vry
tax form(s)
frâ-ke-frâ-θaj-cu
transcript of interview (xref {ĥun-frâ})
frâ---tla
detective, investigator
frâ-tla
pollster, survey taker
frâ-θaj
answer, reply to a question
frâ-θaj-
to answer, to reply (to a question; xref {lâ-θaj-zô})
frâ-
question mark '?'
frâ-
ask, query, question ({tu-i} asks {ŋâw-o} question in {hǒŋ} or {Φǒ} clause)
fru
child (son or daughter); xref {mâ-ĵĭn}, {mâ-bâm}
ɱ lĭw-i fru-ŝy ĥy-i fâ-vuj-zô kyn-ŝâm.   The mother caresses her daughter.
fru rě'ĵy-tôn-dal
legitimate child, born of married parents (in some contexts, focusing on more specific POV, {fru rě'ĵy-dal} or {fru rě'ĵy-θaj-dal})
fru žâj--dal
bastard, illegitimate child
fru-bâm
unborn or newborn baby (in relation to their parents; also {mâ-bâm})
lyn-bly fy- gwe il ɱ im ŝâm -bâm-la ĥy-i bâwŋ-van.   She is seven months pregnant [the baby has been gestating in her womb for seven months already].
fru-gu
adoptive child
fru-i
child of
fru-kyn-mla
stepsibling
fru-lĭm
quasi-nephew or niece; child of one's close friend
fru-ma
grandchild
fru-ma-ma
great-great-grandchild
fru-ma-
great-nephew or -niece (grandchild of one's sibling)
fru-me-
great-grandchild
fru-mla
son-in-law, daughter-in-law
fru-ŝy
daughter
fru-
nephew or niece (child of one's sibling)
fru--ma
first cousin once removed (child of one's first cousin; xref {tâ-ma-kyn})
fru-tôl
stepson, stepdaughter
fru-tôn
descendant
fru-tôn-zla
descendantry
fru-θaj
parent (father or mother; rare, poetic?, prefer {kyn})
fru-
son
fu
light; shining ( < helenike 'photos')
fu-čyw
sunlight, starlight
fu-ĉa
lamp, flashlight, candle, torch...
fu-ĉa wyr-na
candle
fu-da
bright, luminous
fu-da-tǒj
luminosity
fu-fja
fairly dark, with very litttle light (xref {nî'šĭm-rô})
fu-fja ðĭ-i sum -o rĭm-ŋĭw pě'ŝlĭ-i
for one's eyes to adjust to darkness/dim light
fu-nu
a flash of light; e.g. the flash of a camera going off (event, not apparatus)
fu-nu-ĉa
flash on/for a camera; device for making a brief flash of light
fu-ta
totally dark, pitch dark
fu-θy
color, wavelength of light
zym- ŋĭn-i heŋ twâ-θy {vrĭm} pe {fu-θy-ta}.   The words "green" and "colorless" do not make sense applied to ideas.
fu-θy-zla
color spectrum, rainbow
fu-van
to shine, to emit light
fu-
illuminate, shine light upon ({tu-i} emits light falling on {ĥy-i})
fuŋ
spring, well, fountain
fuŋ-kî'tĭr
electrical outlet, socket
fuŋ-pyw-ra
geyser
fuw
variable quantity ( < English 'foo')
fuw-mĭlm
indexed array variable (arbitrary tag of a variable quantity)
fuw-nĭm
named variable (name of a variable quantity)
fuw-nĭm-žy
pointer variable
-fwa
causative suffix: inducing a state of ~, causing to be ~, to do or experience ~ (xref {-hôw})
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
jě'lĭ mĭ-i lju-pôm fĭm-fwa ŋĭn-i.   (I read somewhere that) garlic is good for you.
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
ryň mĭ-i sâ-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i šelm.   Such an action would be wrong.
fwiň
not A but B (clausal conjunction; rough synonym with {ŋwĭm-šar} "instead")
fwĭ
collect, amass, acquire, harvest, hoard, pile up
tlě'Φĭ ĥy-i fwĭ- cî'jyr.   The squirrel collects acorns, pine cones and so forth.
fwĭ--
Distributist
fwĭ--van
to diffuse, be diffused; to spread out, be scattered
fwĭ--
to give out, distribute, disperse (xref {bwĭl, tyn-srǒ-zô})
fwĭ-van
to accumulate, pile up, collect (intransitive, e.g. of interest on savings or dust in a filter; {mĭ-i} gets accumulated in one place)
fwĭ-źa-van pwĭm-daj
a flood occurs
₣â
task; job; item of program input (xref {ĥân, pjâl, ðurm, ðurm-kô-gôm})
₣â-cu
project; process with multiple steps (xref {hî'rĭ, ĥân, ðurm, pjâl})
₣âl
sudden, abrupt change (xref {ĉâm, ĝâj, jâ-ʝǒ-žar})
₣âl glĭm-cu-paj
orthography reform; revision of writing system
₣âl-
sudden, abrupt, discontinuous
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
₣âl-hyr
sudden adjustment of clocks forward/back when daylight savings time begins/ends
₣âl-tyn
teleportation; abrupt, discontinuous change of place
₣âl-tyn-
to teleport, apport, instantly be somewhere else
₣âwm
being reluctant to try something because it has a low probability of success/practical results
₣âwm-
practical, pragmatic (of persons, institutions; xref {kujm-ja})
₣ĭ
trust, confidence, reliance, faith (xref {-ķy})
₣ĭ-
betrayal; treason; adultery
₣ĭ-
trustworthy, reliable, faithful
₣ĭ-
trusting, faithful (having faith in someone/thing)
₣ĭŋ
string, cord, line, rope, cable (xref {cĭw, θym, syrm})
₣ĭŋ ke čĭn-ĉa
needle and thread, sewing materials
₣ĭŋ vun-faj
elastic band, bungee cord, etc.
₣ĭŋ-cu
web, net (xref {vlĭw-ĥâr})
₣ĭŋ-gî'sĭr
strand of spaghetti (or individual piece of other thin pasta)
₣um
sâm-θô; similarity
₣um-i
similar to; like, as (xref {θe, dî'fu-i, sâm-i})
italia-wam i ler-tǒj-lô mĭ-i fraňs-wam i dě'dâ-lô ₣um-i fjǒ.   The Italian Futurists were somewhat similar to the French Dadaists.
₣um-i ðu-van fjǒ gju-zô pjě'tâ kwǒ.   Some parrots can sort of speak like humans.
₣um-van
to be similar (two noun phrases linked by {pe} or {θe} within a {mĭ-i} phrase resemble each other; or topic {mĭ-i} resembles focus {ðĭ-i}?)
₣um-žar -θy-za
phonemic assimilation; vowel harmony
₣urŋ
happy, blessed (of a person's life as a whole, not a momentary state); beatus (xref {huw})
₣urŋ-fwa-
to bless (usually with explicit or implicit {θě'ku tu-i}; other entities typically don't have power to do this) (xref {pî'hâ-fwa-zô})
₣yjm
to produce, give off, emit; to send (a thing rather than a person or information; xref {čuj, grâm, ĵĭ})
₣yjm-by ƴâ-ĉa-dal
vehicle emissions
₣yjm-fu
Making Light (weblog)
₣yjm-grâm-
post office
₣yjm-ĥur-van
to salivate
₣yjm-lî'klâ-van
to lactate
₣yjm-lî'klâ-
to nurse, suckle
₣yjm-měr'kun-ĉa
radio transmitter
₣yjm-měr'kun-
radio station (physical location from which broadcasts are made; xref {měr'kun-θy})
₣yjm-Φĭrn-van
to sweat
₣yjm-sun-van
to arrive (of a package mailed, a message transmitted, a passenger whose role in their travel is fairly passive, etc.; xref {ruŋ-sun-zô} for active travellers)
₣yjm-wuŋ
transfer or transmission of property, esp. forms such as inheritance not covered by {kâj} and {bwĭl}
₣yw
sexual pleasure (xref {, jyn, žuŋ})
fy
7; seven
ƥ ty-i ty-van râm fy- gle belm.   Seven cats live at her house -- enough, I should think.
fy-ĉě'θâ
week
fy-ŋla
Saturday
fym
quiet, ease, tranquility, peace of mind
fyn
driving, piloting (any vehicle)
fyn-bly-ĉa
spaceship (xref {bly-ly-ĉa})
fyn-bly-tla
astronaut, cosmonaut, spacer
fyn-byn-
to drive around exploring
fyn-ĉa
steering wheel, gearshift, etc.; controls of vehicle
fyn-van
to ride as a passenger in a vehicle (sometimes also {fyn-θaj-van})
fyn-
to drive, pilot; driver {tu-i} goes with passenger(s) {ĥy-i} to destination {o} / from origin {ř}, etc.
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
gâm-šun-ʝrâ kâ-i rĭm-- kujm-šar tyn-kujm o fyn-zô ĵwy-bô.   I study the map in order to drive quickly to my destination.
-ga
metaphorical (archaically, also metonymic) extension of root's meaning
-gam
general non-personal name suffix
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam lâ-cô-i θuň-lâŋ pen kâ-i gâw-zô lju-zô.   I plan to read all the novels nominated for the Hugo Award.
thing, entity, item, discrete object; piece (xref {ŝĭw})
-bwĭl
gift, thing (to be) given
-bwĭl žâj--hôw
bribe (a gift used to tempt someone to do wrong); xref {gâ-bwĭl-kě'ĝu}
-bwĭl-kě'ĝu
bribe ( < semi-calque of Rejistanian "relixa'ny nitam")
-hân-ĵwa
museum; antique shop
-kjâl
magnet, magnetized piece of metal (xref {lĭn-ĉa-kjâl, kjâl-ĉa})
-mruň-ŋô
stone, rock (item); archaic, prefer {tlĭŋ}
-ŋa-ĵwa
museum of curiosities
-tôn
thing, entity, matter, affair (not necessarily physical)
-wâj ĥy-i šâ-ra-
to lift weights (as exercise)
-zuň
living thing, organism (hypernym of {râm-tôn, mîn'tĭ-tôn, ŝrum-tôn, sî'dum-tôn})
-zuň-ĥun
symbiont ('symbiote')
bab-ram sim šĭm-ŋĭw tyn-van gâ-zuň-ĥun čyw-ʝǒ-dal.   There is an alien symbiont in Bob's brain.
-zuň-ĥun-
parasite
gâl
birds of genus Gallus, incl. (esp.) Gallus gallus domesticus (chicken) ( < Latin)
gâm
picture, image, diagram, drawing; xref {Φâ} ( < Melayu 'gambaer')
gâm-la dî'fu-i ʝrâ-sra- ŋĭn-i gâm-ba .   This picture is more abstract than that one.
lân-ʝa vin julŋ-van gâm-vuj mĭ-i.   A picture hangs on the wall.
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
gâm-cu-vuj
art book
gâm-ĉa
camera (archaic, prefer {ķĭn-gâm-ĉa})
gâm-ĉa-
to take a photo
gâm-dĭn
images of knots, as an art form; a particular such image
gâm-ʝĭl
movie, film; television sequence
gâm-ʝĭl kâ-i ruŋ-zô rĭm-van ler.   I'm going to go see that movie.
gâm-ʝĭl gju-ta
silent film
gâm-ʝĭl gwâm-da
action movie
gâm-ʝĭl měr'kun-dal
television show
gâm-ʝĭl pym-hôw -za
romantic comedy (movie)
gâm-ʝĭl-cu
TV or film series
gâm-ʝĭl-ʝrâ
a cartoon/animated film not in a specially realistic art style
gâm-ʝĭl-
movie theater (structure with one or more {du-žy} plus office and lobby, etc)
gâm-ʝrâ
diagram, schematic
gâm-kwĭ
comic book, comic strip, graphic novel
gâm-kwĭ ŋě'mu-źa-za
Dinosaur Comics (webcomic)
gâm-kwĭ sĭŋ-flu--dal sâr-fja
Irregular Webcomic
gâm-kwĭ-flĭŋ
movie, film; television sequence (archaic; now {gâm-ʝĭl})
gâm--ʝrâ
stick figure; other stylized, nonrealistic drawing of a person
gâm-sĭŋ-fwa-
to scan (a photo, drawing, document, etc.)
gâm-šĭm
flowchart, PERT chart, similar diagrams
gâm-šun
map (of a broad area)
gâm-šun-ʝrâ kâ-i rĭm-- kujm-šar tyn-kujm o fyn-zô ĵwy-bô.   I study the map in order to drive quickly to my destination.
gâm-ŝa
prolific of photographs, paintings, etc.
gâm-tyn
map, floor plan (very local)
gâm-
to draw a picture or take a photo (xref more specific {ķĭn-gâm-zô} and {krĭ-gâm-zô})
gân
cause; determining condition (xref {kujm})
gân ř
why? from what cause?
gân-bly
gravity (nonce, xref {kjâl-tôn Φu-dal})
gân--
to prevent, hinder, uncause; malhelpi, malkaŭzi
gân-ř
because (causation)
ŋe ŝu-i Φu gân-ř, šâ-faj-van heŋ swyŋ .   Because of its mass, this table is not portable.
ƥ zĭm-i ĝě'fu-van, hǒŋ fĭm-cô gân-ř zuň--žar-ƥ-van ler.   I dread for her, that she will die of this illness.
ŋe ŝu-i čĭwm-fĭ gân-ř -van ðǒŋ gjâ-zym-byn syj-i twâ-mlulm krĭ-o Ł tu-i.   Because of its phonotactics, it is is difficult to write palindromes in gzb.
fĭm-cô gân-ř, ɱ im sěl'kâ mĭ-i źyl--van.   Because of a certain disease, his spine is crooked.
gân-šar
because [less specific than wǒj, ŝǒj, ʝǒj]
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
gân-θaj
effect, result
gân-θaj ʝǒ blâl-fwa
side effect, undesired effect of something whose other effects one desires
gân-θô
influence (partial, not necessarily necessary or sufficient cause; xref {plĭr})
gân-θô-van
to influence (of events, xref {plĭr-van}); event {mĭ-i} influences event {ĥy-i} or event in {hǒŋ} clause
dy-cô-źa fraňs-wam-za ĥy-i gân-θô-van dy-cô-źa usonia-wam-za.   The French Revolution was influenced by the American Revolution.
gân-θô-
to deliberately influence (person {tu-i}'s actions are a partial cause of the event in {hǒŋ} clause); xref {gân-zô, plĭr-zô}, various words derived from {-hôw}) ( < suggested by Sai and Alex)
gân-van
to cause (situation or inanimate force {mĭ-i} causes stuff in {hǒŋ} clause to happen)
gân-
to cause (person {tu-i} causes event in {hǒŋ} clause to happen)
gâr
10
gâr-ĉu
12; twelve
gâr-fî'suň-bly tĭm----gla
the 199th decade, i.e. the 1980's (approximately); similar construction for other decades
gâr-vyŋ-vyŋ
109; billion, milliard
gâw
plan, planning, considering some action one hasn't fully decided on yet; xref {zym, gu, vy}; occasional error for {gâm}
gâw-ja
according to plan; suitable, fitting (xref {kujm-ja, mĭ-ja, hu-ja, žuln-fwa})
gâw-pôm
I plan that... if all goes according to plan, then... (validationality)
gâw-θuň
story outline
gâw---tǒj
diet (a plan about what to eat; xref {vâ-kar-zla, wâj-ĵar-fwa})
gâw-
to plan, consider, think about doing
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam lâ-cô-i θuň-lâŋ pen kâ-i gâw-zô lju-zô.   I plan to read all the novels nominated for the Hugo Award.
ge
without (very archaic; now suffix {-ta})
gem
especially, particularly; in particular (xref {źe, cy-bô})
gě'dĭm
day (a being's sleep-wake cycle, from one waking to next) (xref {brĭ-zâň, nî'šĭm-zâň}) ( < unutaglingvo 'gdib')
gě'dĭm mje θǒ i Ќ cim zjâm-ny ĥy-i ĥâ-ca.   I cut my left little toe yesterday.
gě'dĭm-cu
two or more {gě'dĭm} in succession, roughly corresponding to a {ĉě'θâ}
gě'dĭm-zla
life (period from a person (or animal)'s conception until death, or until now); xref {zuň, ʝâr-van}
kujm-van Ќ ŝu-i gě'dĭm-zla hǒŋ rum-kô Ќ im pî'gâ ĥy-i tyn-zô.   The purpose of my life is to get my butt into Heaven.
gě'dĭm-zla ķy- belm
Real Life (webcomic)
gě'ĝu
tolerant abhorrence; strong dislike or disapproval of someone's actions etc. not leading to personal hatred (xref {bâl, vjum})
gi
east of
gij
east-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gil
east-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gim
east-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gin
east-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
giŋ
east-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
11; eleven
-
12; twelve
-lwa-
about eleven (equiv. English "dozen" in vague sense)
-
prime (of numbers); elemental, fundamental, undecomposable
--
composite (of numbers); xref {cu-rô}
gĭl
ero; particle; one of small homogeneous parts (xref. {θy, du})
gĭl-fu
photon
gĭl-kî'tĭr
electron
gĭl-lârm-Φa
teardrop
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
gĭl-sâŋ
blood cell
gĭl-sâŋ-daj
drop of blood
gĭl-tâwm-gam
The Grit (restaurant in Athens, Ga.)
gĭl-ƴâ
step, pace
gĭl-ƴâ-
to take a single step
gĭn
beginning (replaced {gî'bu} for the sake of brevity) ( < English)
nu i gĭn-van ĥun mĭ-i, nu i tyn-van šlâ ĝu- kiň tyn-van heŋ šlâ ðy-.   When the meeting began, there were thirteen members present and five members absent.
gĭn-bĭŋ
Genesis
gĭn--sâm-da
alliterative (of poetry)
gĭn-fĭ-sâm-da ŋĭn-i twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da nors-lam-na mĭ-i.   Norse poetry is alliterative.
gir
far to the east of
gî'bu
begin, beginning (archaic; {gĭn} is more common now) ( < English)
gî'lu
wolverine (genus Gulo) ( < Latin)
gî'lu-tôn
family Mustelidae: weasels, minks, ferrets, otters, badgers, wolverines...
gî'lu-tôn čâ-
otter
gî'lu-tôn ĥun--
ferret
gî'sĭr
spaghetti
gî'sĭr-tôn
pasta
gî'târ
guitar
gjâ
language, tongue, speech (xref {gju, ʝĭ, -lam})
gjâ -pa
native language
gjâ-
pronunciation, grammar or usage error
gjâ-i
in (a language); xref {syj-i}, {-na) [TO DO: semantics doc note on this contrast with {syj-i}, which is already documented]
gjâ-ʝǒ-hôw-
to translate, render into another language
gjâ-krĭ
constructed language
gjâ-krĭ fî'suň-hǒl-paj
international auxiliary language (nonce; prefer {gjâ-krĭ -zla-paj})
gjâ-krĭ ķy-tan
naturalistic artlang (xref more general {gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw})
gjâ-krĭ -zla-paj
international auxiliary language
gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw
artlang, constructed language intended to be beautiful
ʝrâ ŋĭn-i źu-lam pe gjâ-zym-byn žy-i gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw kwǒ mĭ-i.   Some artlangs are non-naturalistic, for instance Esperanto and gjax-zym-byn.
gjâ-krĭ-câŋ
engelang; engineered, experimental language (xref {gjâ-krĭ-ʝrâ})
gjâ-krĭ-ʝrâ
engineered language; typical auxlang; any non-naturalistic conlang (xref {gjâ-krĭ-câŋ})
gjâ-
speaker of a given language (xref {tu-gju})
gjâ-ř
from (translating from a language; xref {-na}, {jâ-ř}, {čĭ-ř})
gjâ-θy
morpheme, root word (xref {gun, twâ-θy})
gjâ-θy-ŋwĭm
pronoun; anaphoric or cataphoric word
gjâ-zla hǒl ŝu-i Φĭ
linguistic universal, property common to all languages
gjâ-zym-byn
gjâ
gju
speech; talking (xref {gjâ, twâ; , frâ})
gju-ca-tǒj
self-referentiality, self-reference (xref {syj-ca-tǒj})
gju-cĭln-môj
to converse with someone you've just met
gju-
slip of the tongue, disfluency
gju-ðĭl-
chat room, IRC channel, etc.
gju-ðĭl-môj
to chat (online)
gju-kun-
to recite from memory
gju-mâŋ-
to sign (speak in sign language)
gju-môj-tǒj
conversation
gju-môj-tǒj vuj-
face-to-face conversation in contrast to correspondence, phone calls, etc. (xref {ĥun-ga})
gju-môj-tǒj-ra
talk show, conversational show (radio broadcast or podcast)
gju-ŋĭn-vĭj-
to give a lecture or sermon
gju-ŋĭn-
to give a lecture, speech, sermon ({tu-i} lectures about {mĭ-i} or {mĭ-šar} clause)
křbij-šam-ķa ŝu-i plĭr prym-hôw-za mĭ-i gju-ŋĭn-zô sě'râ.   Sarah gave a lecture on Kirby's artistic influences.
gju-ŋĭw
voice; vocal apparatus (xref {gju-ŋĭw-vuj})
gju-ŋĭw-vuj
tongue, palate, lips, vocal cords, larynx, etc. (xref {zjâm-syl, pjylm-syl})
gju-ŋy-ĉa
telephone ( < calque of German 'Fernsprecher')
nĭŋ-van gju-ŋy-ĉa, žĭr-van pî'dâ, lâl-van ku-faj-źa ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ vim ŝâ--ĉa.   Phones ring, bees buzz, train engines whistle loudly.
gju-ŋy-ĉa-ny
cellphone
gju-ŋy-môj
to converse by telephone (or videoconference, etc; xref {ĥun-ŋy, gju-ðĭl-môj})
gju-ŋy-
to call on the telephone; to talk with on the telephone ({tu-i} calls/talks with {ŋâw-o} about {mĭ-i})
nu reŋ ķe i Ќ ŋâw-o nî'šĭm ĝy-i gju-ŋy-ť-.   You telephone me too often in the middle of the night.
gju-ŋy- -
to order, purchase by phone ({tu-i} calls {ŋâw-o} and orders {rjâ-i})
gju-o
archaic = {ŋâw-o}
gju-pôm
I hear tell (evidentiality)
gju-Φa
speech, utterance, instance of talking (xref {twâ})
gju-ř
according to ~; ~ says that... (nonce; prefer {šrĭ-i}, or {-pôm} adverb)
gju-tan-van
to produce simulated speech or play back recorded speech (of a machine/program which doesn't understand language)
gju-tôn
communication (in any medium)
gju-van
to be mentioned, to be spoken of, to be talked about
gju-
speak, talk ({tu-i} talks about noun phrase {mĭ-i} or clause {mĭ-šar} or {hǒŋ}) (xref {twâ-zô})
ler mĭ-i zym-zô pe gju-zô źĭ-ler-tǒj-tla.   Futurists think and talk about future events.
gju-zym-ca
to say to oneself (silently), to think (as internal monologue or dialogue)
gju-zym-
to speak with/to someone telepathically (xref {ku-zym-van})
-gla
Nth time-period ordinal (year, hour, etc. by context; o'clock) (xref {-ŋla, -pa, -saw})
gle
enough; adequate; sufficient(ly) (xref {plyn-ga})
ƥ ty-i ty-van râm fy- gle belm.   Seven cats live at her house -- enough, I should think.
glĭm
glyph, character, letter, ideogram, symbol (xref {-})
glĭm ASCII-gam ĝu-pa
carriage return (ASCII 13 character) (can extend pattern for any ASCII or Unicode control code esp. if too rarely mentioned to deserve a shorter name)
glĭm-cu-
misspelling, mispunctuation
glĭm-
syllable sign (in a syllabary)
glĭm--θy
letter (of an alphabet)
glĭm-gjâ-θy
morphogram, logogram
glĭm-kwĭ
string, substring, sequence of characters
glĭm-ŋî'bĭ
digit (or number symbol like e, i)
gluj
glucose ( < helenike 'glykys')
gluj-tan
sweet (syn. {mjyl-rô})
gluj-tôn
sugars in general
gluj-tôn bě'tâ-dal
sucrose ( < suggested by Philip Newton)
gluj-tôn bjyň-tôn-dal
fructose
go
east-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
goj
east-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gol
east-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gom
east-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gon
east-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
goŋ
east-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
here is; there is; behold! jen! voici! presentative adverb/postposition/thingy; also interjection
kuln reŋ , mǒj lĭm zen.   Acquaintances are many, friends are few.
swyŋ sim ŋylm ; te ðu-Ł-van krĭ-vuj-ĉa ĥy-i tyn-zô.   There is a groove on the surface of that desk; one can put a pencil in it.
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-ť- mwe. ť hi rjuŋ-ny .   Turn around! There's a wyvern behind you.
gor
east-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-gô
deserving ~, worthy of ~; ought to have ~ done to it (xref {-faj})
-gôm
metonymic derivation (incl. some previous uses of {-ga})
herǒdǒtǒs-ram-gôm kâ-i lju-zô jǒj de.   I'm reading Herodotus again recently.
grâm
letter, email; static message sent from person to person (xref {ĵĭ}) ( < helenike 'gegramm-')
grâm-cjaj
email (xref {ĵĭ-cjaj})
grâm-gju
voice mail message
grâm-kâj-ha
check (form letter to disburse money)
grâm-ŋy-ĉa
fax machine
grâm-o
sending a message to (nonce; prefer {ŋâw-o grâm-zô} in most cases)
grâm-tla
courier, messenger, mail delivery person, email sysadmin
grâm-θaj-
to reply to a message, letter, email
grâm-ƴâwn
bill, invoice (sent via postal or email) (xref {pě'pâ-ƴâwn})
grâm-
to write/send a letter or email to
gyn-čĭn-ĉa-da-ðy ķĭn-o grâm-zô suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla sâ-cô-fwa.   The evil sorcerer drew a pentagram.
grĭ
working, function, operation (of a machine, program, bodily organ) ( < helenike 'ergon')
grĭ-
malfunctional, broken, not working right
mǒn sru-van ť ty-o ruŋ-zô, mǒj grĭ--van Ќ ŝâj-i ƴâ-ĉa mĭ-i.   I want to come to your home, but my car is broken down.
grĭ---van de šĭm-ĉa ; žy-šar ĵwy-cô-van sĭŋ-flu-kô o lĭn mĭ-i.   This computer is malfunctioning lately; for instance, its network connection is slow.
grĭ-fwa-
to fix, mend, repair, put in working order (of complex artifacts; e.g. repairing a car engine or computer, debugging software; xref {ħulŋ-cô-fwa-zô})
grĭ-hôw-
repair shop
grĭ-hôw- ƴâ-ĉa-paj
car repair shop
grĭ-pen-ža
having every possible feature (of bell-and-whistleful software, e.g.)
grî'jâ
crane (birds of family Gruidae) ( < Latin)
east-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gřj
east-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gřl
east-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gřm
east-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gřn
east-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gřŋ
east-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gřr
east-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
gru
twisting, twistedness (xref {mlĭr, ĵârn})
gru-
twisted; screw-shaped; winding (xref {źyl-cô, ĵârn})
gru-ca
to cross (one's legs, ankles, fingers, etc.); to twist (one's head, e.g., turning to look behind oneself); {tu-i} crosses/twists their body-part {ĥy-i})
gru-
to twist, screw ({tu-i} twists {ĥy-i})
gu
choose, select, elect, vote (xref {vy, gâw, sru, jĭlm})
gu-ĉa
ballot; Magic 8-ball; coin (used to make choices by flipping it)
gu-kar
choice, option, menu item, election (a thing one might or might not choose)
gujŋ
digging, excavating, mining
gujŋ-
mine, excavation site
gujŋ- -hân-ŝa
archaeological site
gujŋ- -dân-ža
grave, graveyard
gujŋ- pwĭm-ŝa
well (xref {fuŋ})
gujŋ- tlĭrn-ŝa
silver mine
gun
content root word
gun Φyr-tan
suffixoid root morpheme
gun-tôn
noun, substantive
gwâm
to explode; explosion
!hwǒ: jĭlm-ĉa ĥy-i ŝâ-ť- źǒ, wǒn ce gân-ř šelm gwâm-van pân.   Hey! Don't push that button, or everything will explode.
gwâm--van
to implode, collapse inward (xref {tě'θru})
gwâm-ĉa
bomb, landmine, torpedo, missile; explosive device
gwâm-ha
explosive (substance; nitroglycerine, dynamite, etc.)
gwe
already; now in contrast to the recent past (xref {ver})
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
lyn-bly fy- gwe il ɱ im ŝâm -bâm-la ĥy-i bâwŋ-van.   She is seven months pregnant [the baby has been gestating in her womb for seven months already].
ĝyl-fyn mĭ-i ʝâr-rĭm - ĥy-i tru-zô gwe Ќ-ɱ.   We have already found three witnesses to the crash.
ĵyj-fja-van gwe, mǒj mwĭl-ŝra-van heŋ ver.   I am already tired, but not yet sleepy.
gwě'vu
forgetting what one was doing, what one was looking for ( < Enigmatic: 'guivri')
gwě'vu--žar-van
to suddenly remember what one was planning to do but had forgotten
gwě'vu-gju-van
to forget what one was going to say, to be at a loss for words
gwě'vu-pě'hĭ-van
to absentmindedly miss a turn or make a wrong turn while traveling (xref {kâ-dô-pě'hĭ-van})
gwî'jum
William, Guillaume, Wilhelm, Wilhelmina, Wilma, Will, Bill, Billy...
-ĝa
anti; opposed to ~ (xref {sî'ðyr, -ðwa, ħulŋ-i})
ĝâ
law; rule which some authority will punish one for violating
ĝâ rě'ĵy-žar-paj
marriage law
ĝâ-
crime, lawbreaking
ĝâ-gjâ
prescriptive grammar; language policy; etc.
ĝâ-ja-ĵam
action subject to the law
ĝâ-ny
rule, stricture (nonce, prefer {ĝâ-θô})
ĝâ-θô
rule, stricture, enforced custom (of a private society, enforced by nothing worse than expulsion from same; xref {ĝâ}, laws of a polity which may carry severe penalties)
ĝâ-
to order, ordain, prescribe, legislate (general standing orders; xref {twâ-gym-zô}, particular, occasional or personal orders)
ĝâj
changfulness, decay, mortality, breach of tradition (xref {ƴârn, ĉâm, ₣âl, jâ-ʝǒ-žar; tě'θru}) ( < Llegisia 'Toujeis')
ĝâj-
perfect stability, immortality (xref {vâlm, ĉâm-ta})
ĝâj-fja
stable, durable, traditional, customary (xref {vâlm})
ĝâj-hyw-van
to forget, lose memories, experience decay/breakdown of memories (xref {gwě'vu}; {hyw-van heŋ gwe})
ĝâj-kun-van
to forget (factual knowledge; xref {ĝâj-hyw-van, gwě'vu-van})
ĝâj-van
to decay, to change for the worse (xref {ƴârn})
ĝâlm
redundancy as engineering technique; using multiple back-up systems; overengineering, safety margin, belt-and-suspenders
frâ ðĭ-i ĝâlm- ŋĭn-i nihoŋ-lam mĭ-i.   Japanese marks questions redundantly.
ĝâlm-ja
redundant, having a large margin of safety built in (xref {ķe, ķe-tǒj-bô})
ĝâlm-
to overengineer something, design or build it as much stronger, safer, secure, etc. than it strictly needs to be
ĝân
ardor, intensity, extremity, passion; (of hunger, eating) voracity; (of ideas, etc.) fantaticism, zeal; (of parties) swingingness; (of light) brightness; (of sounds) loudness, piercingness; (of stairs, hills, etc.) steepness (xref {źe, -źa}); also occasional error for {ðân}
ĝân-
ardent, intense, extreme, fierce, strong, loud, steep; (with proper name) "the Great"
ĝân--
gentle, light, non-intense (of processes, e.g.; xref {žu-, žu-sô})
ĝân-
stress, accent (pronouncing some syllables louder or at higher pitch than other syllables)
ĝân-hôw-pja kĭlm-paj
invigorator of parties
ĝě'dĭ
jade ( < English)
ĝě'fu
dread of certain doom (xref {ħum})
ƥ zĭm-i ĝě'fu-van, hǒŋ fĭm-cô gân-ř zuň--žar-ƥ-van ler.   I dread for her, that she will die of this illness.
ĝĭ
bigness, width, breadth; (xref {buw, hum, ŋy, ny, ðĭm})
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
hjě'nĭ- ʝel dî'fu-i ĝĭ-sra-van hjě'nĭ-ŝy ʝel mĭ-i.   Female hyenas are generally bigger than male hyenas.
ĝĭ-
smallness, being less than typical size for its kind (xref {ny})
ĝĭ-fja
tiny, microscopic (prefer {ny-źa} in most contexts)
ĝĭj
hesitation, indecision (xref {blě'mĭm, šâw})
ĝĭj-
decisiveness; being quick to decide and act (xref {vy, gu})
ĝĭj-
ellipses '~~~'
ĝĭn
djinn, genie ( < Arabic via English)
ĝĭr
pausing, temporary interruption
ĝĭr-fwa-
to suspend, hibernate (a computer or similar electronic device, or a program); person {tu-i} suspends device/process {ĥy-i} (xref {ĝĭr-jĭlm-zô})
ĝĭr-jĭlm-
to suspend the operation of (a computer, esp. a laptop or similar) (xref {ĝĭr-fwa-zô})
ĝĭr-
intersection with stop light or stop sign (on road); stopping-place (in text); breakpoint (in code)
ĝĭr-ruŋ-
to stop briefly during a trip
ĝĭr-θaj-
to resume, continue, pick up where one left off
ĝĭr-van
to suffer an interuption of some process (complement with {ðĭ-i} or a second verb)
ĝĭr--ĝĭ
semicolon ';'
ĝĭr--ny
comma ','
ĝĭr-
to pause, to momentarily interrupt; to leave off (planning to resume) (usually with a complement verb)
ĝĭw
thorax, abdomen, trunk, torso (in contrast to head and limbs); palm of hand, corresponding part of foot; middle section (xref {ĝy})
ĝu
13; thirteen
ĝu-ðy
18; eighteen
ĝum
power, control, domination, strong influence (xref {ðu, tyrn, pâŋ})
ĝum-ca
to control oneself, to exercise self-control, to regulate one's actions; (with {pě'ŝlĭ-i} object) to exercise conscious control of a semi-voluntary system, e.g. breathing
ĝy
center, middle, kernel, core (xref {ĝĭw})
θuň-ba ðim tyn-van mâ-fĭw ĵyn-fwa mĭ-i, mǒj te ĝy-im tâň-ƥ-van.   In the early part of that story interesting characters appear, but they disappear in the middle.
ĝy-i
in the center, middle of
ĝy-ŋla
Wednesday
ĝy-ol
through the middle of
ĝy-pa
middle (of a series or sequence)
ĝy-θaj
edge, outskirts (xref {θlu, pjylm})
ĝyl
interruption, breaking off, miscarriage, crash; unexpected ending (xref {sě'tun, sun, ĝĭr})
ĝyl--
to recover, resume after an unintended, perhaps catastrophic interruption (xref {ĝĭr-θaj-zô})
ĝyl-fyn
accident, wreck, crash (of cars esp., also other vehicles)
ĝyl-fyn mĭ-i ʝâr-rĭm - ĥy-i tru-zô gwe Ќ-ɱ.   We have already found three witnesses to the crash.
ĝyl--cu-źa
apocalypse, collapse of human civilization (xref {sun-mu, ĝyl-mu} for cosmic-scope apocalypse)
ĝyl--cu-źa -zuň-lwa-dal
zombie apocalypse
ĝyl-nu
pause, momentarily interrupt (prefer {ĝĭr})
ĝyl-pa
last, final (of interrupted rather than completed series)
ĝyl-
to interrupt, to break off, to stop doing (with verb complement, or interrupted process marked by {ĥy-i})
ĝyl-źu
a disappointed hope; a desire which seemed attainable until something happened to show that it wasn't
ĝyŋ
16; sixteen; (also occasional error for {ĝy} = middle)
gy
love, charity; amo; ĥesed; agape (xref {})
ť lĭw-i tu-bâl kâ-i gy-ť- mwe; ɱ ĥy-i cluŋ-, tu-i ť ĥy-i ħulŋ-zô.   Love those who hate you; do good to those who injure you.
gy-i
for the love of [charitable]
θě'ku gy-i kâj-ha-ta ĥy-i θĭ-zô de mje kolkata-wam im teresa-ram-ķa pî'hâ-.   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta served the destitute for the love of God.
gy-
charitable (tending to do good to people, to give them the benefit of the doubt) (xref {θĭ-sô, bwĭl-})
gym
leadership, leading (xref {pâŋ}) ( < helenike 'hegemon')
gym-i
led by, under the leadership or guidance of
gym-pja-cu
board of directors (of nonprofit org.)
gym-tla
leader, manager
gym-θaj
obedience, following a leader's direction
gym-θaj-i
= {gym-i}
gym-θaj-
to obey; follow; be under orders
gym-
to lead, guide, organize (esp. people); estri
gyn
polygon (xref {Φâ}) ( < English < helenike)
gyn-cjaj
regular polygon
gyn-čĭn-ĉa-da
star polygon
gyn-čĭn-ĉa-da-ðy ķĭn-o grâm-zô suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla sâ-cô-fwa.   The evil sorcerer drew a pentagram.
gyn-cu
tesselation, tiling
gyn-ma
fractal
gyn-tôn
geometrical shape, pattern (xref {Φâ, čĭwm})
gyn-tôn dî'ku-za
circle, ellipse (xref {mâw, θym})
gyn-twâl-ĉu-ĉu
square
gyn-twâl-ĉu-
hexagon
gyn-twâl-
triangle
gyn-twâl-ðy
pentagon
-ha
substance with which one does ~, which effects ~ (archaically also = {-kar})
17; seventeen
vě'ty-rĭm - ĥy-i šyj-zô gwe.   I've washed seventeen windows already.
hân
old, having been tested by time & found good (xref {pě'lâ, šy, dân, bâm-cô-bô}) ( < suomalainen 'vanha')
mluj i tyn-van bâm- zej hân-.   People of all ages from babies to old folks were at the small convention.
tĭw kî'sul-na hân- ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô tam-ram.   Tom sold me an antique wooden chair.
hej
or (inclusive; word-conjunction, xref clausal {ŝwiň})
kâj-ha ʝel mĭ-i zryŋ-na hej tlĭŋ-na ŋĭn-i mje de.   It used to be that money was typically made of gold or silver.
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
helwetika
Helvetica; Swiss/tzerland
hem
um, uh, hmm; hesitation filler ( < English 'hmm...')
heŋ
negative, not; no (response) (xref {źǒ})
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
ĥâ-ĉa syj-ta-i kyl ĥy-i ðu-Ł-van heŋ jĭlm-zô.   One can't open this box without a knife.
heŋ-tǒj
negation, negativity, denial
heŋ-tǒj-tôn
polarity, affirmation or negation
hě'ŝĭ
hissing, sizzling, crackling sound ( < onomatopoeia)
hěl'vĭ
contempt, disdain, despite, scorn (xref {ĥĭn}) ( < suomalainen 'halveksia')
hěl'vĭ-fwa
contemptible, despicable, base, vulgar
hěm'lu
magnolia
hěm'lu-
inviting one to climb & clamber
hěm'lu-tôn
tree suitable for climbing
hi
behind, at the back of
*vlym-julŋ hi kâ-i źǒ.   Pay no attention to the person behind the curtain.
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-ť- mwe. ť hi rjuŋ-ny .   Turn around! There's a wyvern behind you.
hij
back-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
?ť wuŋ-i rî'mâ hij θĭl ĥy-i bâwŋ-hôw-ť- vǒm zǒn.   You grow potatoes behind your house, don't you?
hil
back-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
him
back-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hin
back-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hiŋ
back-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵy-ĥân; difficulty; malfacileco
-fja
easy
-van ðǒŋ ~~~
it's hard to ~~~
ŋe ŝu-i čĭwm-fĭ gân-ř -van ðǒŋ gjâ-zym-byn syj-i twâ-mlulm krĭ-o Ł tu-i.   Because of its phonotactics, it is is difficult to write palindromes in gzb.
hĭj
ryň-zâň- pî'hâ-; sacrament (xref {čâl})
hĭj-bwĭl-šî'fy
the sacrament of confirmation
hĭj-fĭm
annointing the sick
hĭj-hî'su
the sacrament of reconciliation
hĭj-hî'su-
to go to confession
hĭj-hyw
the sacrament of confirmation
hĭj--θĭ-tla
Holy Orders
hĭj-ĵu
the sacrament of confirmation
hĭj-ĵu-van
to be confirmed
hĭj-
church (place) (Catholic or Orthodox) (xref {hĭj-ĵwa, tî'šâ-kô, kîr'bân-kô})
hĭj--cy
cathedral, basilica
hĭj-pwĭm
Baptism (xref {čâl-pwĭm})
hĭj-pwĭm-van
to be baptized
hĭj-Φa
the Blessed Sacrament, esp. the Host stored in the tabernacle between Masses
ŋul-pja hĭj-Φa-paj jâ-i ķulm-van θě'mâ.   It is Thomas's duty and privilege to be a Eucharistic guardian.
hĭj-Φa -i tî'šâ
Eucharistic adoration
hĭj-rě'ĵy
marriage (as a sacrament)
hĭj-sjum
Eucharist
hĭj-sjum-lyl
episcopal Chrism Mass during Holy Week
hĭj-tla
priest, bishop (Catholic or Orthodox) (xref {kîr'bân-tla, hĭj-tla-cy})
hĭj-tla-cy
bishop, archbishop
hĭj-tla-cy-źa
pope
hĭj-tôn
nonce = {hyw-kě'ĝu}
hĭj--
the Lord's Supper
hĭj-ƴĭ
penance, confession
hĭl
carbon ( < suomalainen 'hiili')
jĭm-ĉa hĭl-na ol pwĭm ĥy-i flu-fwa-zô, kujm-šar te ĥy-i jĭm jâ-o.   I pour water through a carbon filter to purify it.
hir
far behind, way in back of
hî'dru
polyhedron; 3+ dimensional {gyn} ( < English < helenike)
hî'dru sě'vĭ-na
brick
hî'lum
helium ( < English < German < Latin)
hî'mâr
understand, comprehend a thing's meaning, essence, internal consistency (xref {hyw, wym}) ( < suomalainen 'ymmärtää')
ðu-van ƴeŋ ce kâ-i hî'mâr-van.   I can barely understand that.
hî'mâr--hôw-tǒj
obfuscation, confusion
hî'mâr--hôw-
to obfuscate, try to confuse someone ({tu-i} tries to confuse {ĥy-i} about {mĭ-i} or {mĭ-šar} clause)
hî'mâr-faj
understandable, comprehensible
hî'mâr-hôw-
to explain, try to make someone understand something (xref {ŋĭn-zô}, same arg structure with {ĥy-i} object = person being explained to)
hî'pu
hippopotamus ( < English)
hî'pym
morning-glory (ipomonea) ( < Latin Ipomonea)
hî'pym-tôn
flowering plant
hî'pym-tôn-ĵwa
flower garden
hî'rĭ
venture, undertaking, project, enterprise, adventure (xref {ryň}, {źě'fy})
hî'rĭ {gjâ-krĭ kwǒ -i suŋ-hôw-môj}
Conlang Learners project
hî'rĭ-ħĭ plĭ-tôn-za
drug study (also more specific variant with {θĭw-za})
hî'su
forgiveness, pardon, acquittal
hîw'gâ
peanut (Arachis hypogaea) ( < Latin)
hjě'nĭ
hyena, aardwolf (mammals of family Hyaenidae) ( < Latin)
hjě'nĭ- ʝel dî'fu-i ĝĭ-sra-van hjě'nĭ-ŝy ʝel mĭ-i.   Female hyenas are generally bigger than male hyenas.
ho
back-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hoj
back-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hol
back-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hom
back-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hon
back-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hoŋ
back-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vocative particle ( < E-o 'ho')
naj'ĝel-ram , ?râm mĭ-i ħě'nâw-van zǒn.   Nigel, are you allergic to cats?
-tǒj
greeting, salutation
hǒl
whole, entire, total; wholly, entirely, fully, completely, totally (xref {pen, pân, hǒl-tǒj}) ( < helenike 'holon')
nĭrn-van , kiň šun-pwĭm-rô hǒl ĥy-i pwĭm-da-fwa-van.   The river swelled, and flooded the whole valley.
hǒl-
partial, incomplete, fragmentary
hǒl-tǒj
whole, entirety, gestalt
hǒŋ
that (introduces subordinate clauses); {hǒŋ ~~~ zǒn} or {hǒŋ ~~~ srem} = whether
ƥ zĭm-i ĝě'fu-van, hǒŋ fĭm-cô gân-ř zuň--žar-ƥ-van ler.   I dread for her, that she will die of this illness.
ĵyj-fja-van ru--, hǒŋ ðu-van ƴeŋ su-van.   I'm so tired, I can hardly stand up.
ĵârn-ca šĭl tu-i, že ði hǒŋ o bly-ca kiň ħulŋ-zô.   The snake coils before it strikes.
Ќ ŋâw-o twâ-zô kelij-ram, hǒŋ fĭm--ť-van.   Kelly told me that you were sick.
hor
back-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-hô
the set of terms which might be meaningful applied to [root] (xref {ĵam})
zym- ŋĭn-i heŋ twâ-θy {vrĭm} pe {fu-θy-ta}.   The words "green" and "colorless" do not make sense applied to ideas.
-hôw
attempting to cause, render ~ (xref {-fwa})
křbij-šam-ķa ŝu-i plĭr prym-hôw-za mĭ-i gju-ŋĭn-zô sě'râ.   Sarah gave a lecture on Kirby's artistic influences.
-ħa
disapproval, dislike, contempt attitudinal suffix
ɱ lĭw-i -kyn-ħa mĭ-i plĭr-van sâ-cô-fwa sĭlvija-ram.   Sylvia's aunt is a bad influence on her.
kĭ-ĝâ-tla ŝâj-o dě'lâr vyŋ- ĥy-i bwĭl-zô žâj-dô-hôw antonij-ram-ħa.   Antony bribed the judge ten thousand dollars.
ħâl
nervous fear prior to a difficult job; jitters, stage fright (xref {ħum, ĝě'fu})
ħâň
cry, yell, holler, moan, roar, bleat ( < onomatopoeia)
ħâň-mwĭl-van
to snore
ħâň-pym-van
to laugh
ħě'nâw
allergy
ħě'nâw--hôw-
to desensitize; medical person {tu-i} desensitizes patient {ĥy-i} to medicine {ðĭ-i} that they're normally allergic to
ħě'nâw-van
person/animal {ʝâr-i} is allergic to substance {mĭ-i}; or is currently having an allergic reaction to
naj'ĝel-ram , ?râm mĭ-i ħě'nâw-van zǒn.   Nigel, are you allergic to cats?
ħi
south of
ħij
south-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħil
south-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħim
south-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħin
south-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħiŋ
south-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħĭ
test, experiment, checking procedure (xref {trĭ, câŋ})
ħĭ-ķuj-
security inspection checkpoint, e.g. at airport or national border
ħĭ-ķuj-tla
security guard at inspection checkpoint (xref {ŋul-tla})
ħĭ-lym-
to taste, to try a sip/bite of something to see if it's done cooking or if one likes the taste of it
ħĭn
arbitrary restrictions, limits; captivity, imprisonment, unfreedom
ħĭn-da
unfree, restricted (of situations, legal jurisdictions)
ħĭn-fwa-
to capture, imprison; constrain, restrict
ħĭn-
jail, prison, dungeon
ħĭn-kô řŋ câ-zô ruŋ-kě'ĝu-zô ħĭn-ta-zwa srǒ.   Several would-be escapees tried to sneak out of the prison.
ħĭn-ta
free, unrestricted, at liberty
ħĭn-kô řŋ câ-zô ruŋ-kě'ĝu-zô ħĭn-ta-zwa srǒ.   Several would-be escapees tried to sneak out of the prison.
ħĭn-ta-tǒj
freedom, liberty (xref {dlu})
ħĭrn
pride; arrogance, hubris; also occasional error for {ħĭn}
ħĭwm
spot, splotch, blot, blemish, mark, stain, discoloration, encrustation...
ħir
far to the south of
ħo
south-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħoj
south-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħol
south-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħom
south-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħon
south-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħoŋ
south-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħor
south-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħř
south-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħřj
south-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħřl
south-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħřm
south-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħřn
south-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħřŋ
south-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħřr
south-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħuj
enforcement of some standard; punishment (xref {ħĭn})
ħuj zuň--fwa
capital punishment
ħuj-
to punish; authority {tu-i} punishes (alleged) wrongdoer {ĥy-i} by method {ru-i}/{ru-šar}
ħulŋ
hurt, harm, damage, injury {xref {jyn-, ĥâ. -})
ħulŋ--fwa-
to fix, repair, mend (of simple artifacts, e.g. darning socks or gluing a broken piece back onto a china doll; xref {grĭ-fwa-zô})
ħulŋ-i
against, for the injury/disadvantage of, opposed to, in opposition/enmity to; malefactive postp. (xref {-ĝa, θĭ-o})
ħulŋ-van
{mĭ-i} or {ʝâr-i} suffers damage/harm/injury (from {gân-ř})
ħulŋ-
{tu-i} causes damage/harm/injury to {ĥy-i}
ĵârn-ca šĭl tu-i, že ði hǒŋ o bly-ca kiň ħulŋ-zô.   The snake coils before it strikes.
ť lĭw-i tu-bâl kâ-i gy-ť- mwe; ɱ ĥy-i cluŋ-, tu-i ť ĥy-i ħulŋ-zô.   Love those who hate you; do good to those who injure you.
ħulŋ-źa-
to destroy, ruin, demolish
ħum
fear, being afraid (xref {ĝě'fu, ħâl})
ħum-cĭm-źa
panic; fearful worry, anxiety
ħum-fwa-
to frighten (deliberately)
ħum-ma
fear of being afraid
ħum-van
be afraid of ({ʝâr-i} is afraid of {mĭ-i} or {kâ-i})
ħun
pine tree
ħun-pwĭm-da-kwa
dark brown, color of wet pine bark
ħun-
[archaic] = ĉy-tan; round and much taller/longer than it is wide
ħun-tôn
tree
mruň si bâwŋ-θaj-van heŋ ħun-tôn mĭ-i.   Trees don't grow on top of that mountain.
kî'sul ĥy-i ŝâj-žar kujm-o ħun-tôn ĥy-i ĥâ-Ł-.   One cuts trees to get wood.
ħun-tôn řm zjâm
twig, branches (fallen from a tree)
ħun-tôn-cu
forest, orchard
ħun-tôn-cu bly-pwĭm-da
jungle, rain forest
ħun-tôn-daj
grove, copse, forest
ħy
19
back-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hřj
back-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hřl
back-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hřm
back-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hřn
back-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hřŋ
back-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hřr
back-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
hu
essence, nature, set of essential qualities (xref {Φĭ}); content, subject-matter
hu ðĭ-i
in essence, by nature, in and of itself
hu frâ-
Questionable Content (webcomic) (nonce, prefer {hu sâ-cô-fwa fjǒ})
hu --fwa fjǒ
Questionable Content (webcomic)
hu-ja
fitting a thing's nature, natural, suitable (xref {kujm-ja, Φĭ-ja, gâw-ja})
hum
deep, depth
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
hum-
deep
hum-
height, altitude
hum--
high, tall
hum-fja
shallowness
hum-ga
important
hum-ʝa
long, of great length (xref {lâŋ})
hum-ʝa-ma
area (archaic, prefer {ŋy-ma})
hum-
importance mark, asterisk '*'
huw
happiness, contentment (xref {pwĭ, ₣urŋ})
huw-
happy, content
hwâwm
pretending, roleplaying, masque, theater, acting
hwâwm-ĉul-
to perform a play
hwâwm-
theater (place where plays and similar performance art works are performed; xref {du-žy, gâm-ʝĭl-kô})
hwâwm-ku
radio play, audio drama
hwâwm-kun
pretending to know more than one does about something (also {ƴum-kun}, with more malicious intent than simply concealing one's ignorance; or {hwâwm-hyw}, {ƴum-hyw} if one is pretending to have experience and not just intellectual knowledge)
hwâwm-pja
gamer, someone who frequently plays RPGs
hwǒ
general-purpose interjection of surprise, wonder, dismay ( < Old English 'Hwoet!')
!hwǒ: jĭlm-ĉa ĥy-i ŝâ-ť- źǒ, wǒn ce gân-ř šelm gwâm-van pân.   Hey! Don't push that button, or everything will explode.
ĥâ
cut, break, tear, bite, divide, separate
kî'sul ĥy-i ŝâj-žar kujm-o ħun-tôn ĥy-i ĥâ-Ł-.   One cuts trees to get wood.
gě'dĭm mje θǒ i Ќ cim zjâm-ny ĥy-i ĥâ-ca.   I cut my left little toe yesterday.
ĥâ fĭm-hôw
surgery
ĥâ--
join, connect, put together (xref {kju, lĭn})
ĥâ-ĉa
blade, knife, axe, scissors
ĥâ-ĉa syj-ta-i kyl ĥy-i ðu-Ł-van heŋ jĭlm-zô.   One can't open this box without a knife.
ĥâ-ĉa sî'ðyr-paj
sword, battleaxe
ĥâ-ĉa twâl-ĉa-ža
ryň-ĉa
ĥâ-du-
to parse, break into sections or parts, analyze
ĥâ-ga
schism, division, separation, breakup (not necessarily wrong or unpleasant)
ĥâ-ga fĭm--cjaj-ĝa
quarantine, isolation against spread of infection
ĥâ-ga-ca
to separate, split up (of a group of people)
ĥâ-ʝym-
barber shop; hair salon
ĥâ-ʝym-tla
barber
ĥâ-kî'sul-tla
woodchopper, lumberjack
ĥâ-ŋĭw
tooth, teeth
ĥâ-ta
intact, unbroken, uncut
ĥâ- fĭm-hôw
to perform surgery
ĥâl
copper ( < helenike 'chalkos')
ĥâl-sjân
bronze, brass
ĥâm
dirt, soil, dust, sand, mud, earth (xref {sě'vĭ, pul})
ĥâm-da
dirty, muddy, dusty (xref {šyj-cô-bô})
ĥâm-daj
ground, soil, earth (the mass of stuff beneath your feet, if outdoors and not rocky) (xref {lân-ga})
ĥân
work, labor, chores, drudgery; something one does by necessity rather than for enjoyment or fulfilment (xref {ðurm, žuln, pjâl, ₣â, ryň-ĵy}) ( < helenike 'chalepon')
ĥân-ðurm
a particularly tedious part of one's job
ĥân-pjâl
1. a tedious subtask within an overall enjoyable/interesting project. 2. relatively tedious volunteer work, undertaken on behalf of those not oneself or one's dependents
ĥân-
work, do chores, run errands
ĥâr
spider ( < helenike 'arachne' anagram)
ĥâr-ga
web server [nonce; not satisfied with this]
ĥâr-tôn
arachnid
ĥâr-tôn-ħa sâŋ-
tick (blood-sucking arachnid of superfamily Ixodoidea)
ĥem
Khem (ancient Egypt)
ĥě'fâŋ
cancer
ĥě'ĵuŋ
storm, hurricane, cyclone, tempest...
ĥě'ĵuŋ-ga -na
riot, tumult, civil disturbance, violent unrest
ĥě'ĵuŋ-gru
tornado
ĥě'sâlm
bitterness, resentment
ĥěn'vu
arthropathy, arthritis
ĥĭ
23
ĥĭn
disgust, revulsion (xref {hěl'vĭ})
ĥĭn-
disgusted, appalled, creeped out, squicked
ĥĭn-fwa
creepy, disgusting, gross, nasty, revolting, obscene
ĥĭn-vuj
nausea
ĥrist
Christ, Messiah; ĥy-lyl; fru-θě'ku ŝu-i nĭm ryň-tla-ja (archaic, xref {ĥrî'cu} and {ĥy-lyl-ķam}) ( < helenike)
ĥrî'cu
Christ, Messiah; xref {ĥy-lyl-ķam} ( < helenike (anagram))
ĥrî'cu-
Christian
ĥul
anger, fury, wrath ( < Latin 'choler')
ĥul-
angry, furious
ĥul-ŋul-
fiercely protective (said of a mama bear defending her cubs e.g.)
ĥul--
moral indignation, fury at injustice
ĥul-ŝĭ-van
to be angry about a perceived insult or slight
ĥul-
to act in anger; to blow up, throw a tantrum
ĥun
meeting; being together, in company; apointment
nu i gĭn-van ĥun mĭ-i, nu i tyn-van šlâ ĝu- kiň tyn-van heŋ šlâ ðy-.   When the meeting began, there were thirteen members present and five members absent.
ĥun θǒ i, šâ-ť- mwe twâ-cu .   Bring that book to our next meeting.
ĥun ðon
goodbye, until we meet again
ĥun-frâ
interview, Q&A session
mluj šom ĥun-frâ ĥy-i tâň--Ł-.   They added a question-and-answer session to the end of the convention.
ĥun-ga
meeting by phone or net, not face to face; conference call; listgroup or BBS, etc. (xref {ĥun-ŋy})
ĥun-ga-i
virtually with (e.g. by phone or realtime chat)
ĥun-i
with, together with, in company with, meeting with, working with; comitative (xref {-ža}; for instrumental with = using, {syj-i, ŋĭw-i, ŝĭw-i})
ĥun-kwĭ suŋ-hôw
course, class (series of meetings teaching a practical skill; also {~ kun-hôw})
ĥun--
domesticated (of animals, species or individuals); gregarious, disliking solitude (of people)
ĥun-ŋy
telephone conversation, network chat, videoconference, etc. (xref gju-ŋy-môj, gju-ðĭl-môj)
ĥun-ŋy-frâ
interview conducted by email, phone, etc.
ĥun-o
meeting with, joining (inceptive version of {ĥun-i})
ĥun-pĭw
gaming party, game match (xref {kĭlm})
ĥun-ř
parting with (cessative version of {ĥun-i})
ĥun-źa
large convention or congress, too large for each participant to meet every other (xref {mluj, kĭlm})
ĥun-źa dlu--za
Human Rights Festival in Athens, Ga. (nonce, prefer {kĭlm-źa dlu--za})
ĥun-źa hĭj-Φa-paj
Eucharistic congress
ĥur
saliva, spit, spittle
ĥur-
to spit
ĥwâ
fjâw-fwa-tǒj, prym-źa-fwa-tǒj; glory, honor ( < Polsku 'chwal-a')
ĥwâ-
dishonor, dishonorable actions
ĥwâ-i
in honor of, for the glory of
beθ-ram ĥwâ-i kĭlm i ķĭn-gâm-Ќ- reŋ.   I took many photos at the party in honor of Beth.
mî'rĭj θĭ-o sĭlm ķĭn-o ʝĭŋ ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj-za ĥwâ-i gwî'jum tu-i.   Wilma made a dress for Mary for her birthday.
ĥwâ-žar
the Transfiguration
ĥwĭl
age, era; period of relative stability in world's history
ĥwĭl i
nowadays, in this period (historical)
ĥwĭl i
once upon a time; at a certain (perhaps remote) period
ĥy
patient, thing acted on, thing affected by an action/process
ĥy-bâl
enemy
ĥy-bwĭl
gift, thing (to be) given
ĥy-bwĭl Φî'ĥu-lě'ku-ga
white elephant gift ( < shameless calque of English, as fitting for the name of such a cultural institution)
ĥy-čuj
messenger, representative, envoy, emissary (xref {cĭw-ga})
ĥy-čuj dâm-ř ryň
Acts of the Apostles
ĥy-čuj tyrn-ʝǒ-dal
ambassador, consul
ĥy-čuj-ķam
apostle
ĥy-fĭm-hôw
patient (person being treated for illness/injury)
ĥy-fyn
passenger; cargo
ĥy-ga
object, esp. direct object (grammar)
ĥy-ħĭn-
unfree, restricted; penned up, caged, captured, imprisoned (of persons, animals)
ĥy-i
agato, trafato; patient
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
ĥy-krĭ-
in progress, unfinished (of a story, painting, etc.)
ĥy--
nominee, someone/something proposed but not yet chosen for something
ĥy-lju
something that's read
ĥy-lju-
being read
ĥy-lyl-ķam
Christ; Messiah; annointed one
ĥy-tlĭŋ-žar
fossil, petrified wood, etc.
ĥy-ƴum-
deceived, tricked, deluded (of persons, victims of deception or hoax)
ĥy-žy
example; something shown, pointed out
hyr
hour ( < English)
hyr ƴâ-ĉa-da
rush hour, time of heavy traffic
hyr-ðe-ryŋ
moment (archaic)
hyrŋ
blue
hyw
direct, interior knowledge; memory, experience (xref {ʝâr, kun, suŋ})
hyw Φĭ-za
qualitative knowledge, direct experience of qualia {xref {trym, prâr})
hyw-
forgetting (an event or experience); xref {gwe'vu, ĝâj-hyw-van}
hyw-hôw-pja
mentor, teacher (passer-on of experience)
hyw-kě'ĝu
mystery; mysterion; sacramentum (in older, broader sense; xref {hĭj})
hyw-kě'ĝu bĭw-fwa
the Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary
hyw-kě'ĝu fu-tan
the Luminous Mysteries of the Rosary
hyw-kě'ĝu ĥwâ-da
the Glorious Mysteries of the Rosary
hyw-kě'ĝu pwĭ-fwa
the Joyous Mysteries of the Rosary
hyw-kě'ĝu pwĭ-fwa -i rî'zrĭ-
to pray the rosary, meditating on the Joyous Mysteries; similar syntactic pattern for others
hyw-mu-fĭw-ĉa
virtual reality interface
hyw-ŋĭw
experiential memory
hyw-pôm
I know from direct experience / I remember this happening (evidentiality)
hyw-van
know directly, experience; remember; sperti, memori (obj. with {kâ-i} or {mĭ-i}, or complement clause with {hǒŋ})
i
at, with, in, near
beθ-ram ĥwâ-i kĭlm i ķĭn-gâm-Ќ- reŋ.   I took many photos at the party in honor of Beth.
nî'šĭm i ŝrun- lě'sî'kĭn.   The nightingale sings at night.
usonia-wam i ʝĭŋ-sjum i ķârn-mě'lâ ĥy-i mrân-Ł- de.   In the U.S., people eat turkey on Thanksgiving.
i-tǒj-
at sign '@'
ij
near
il
through (position; the road through the forest, xref {ol})
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
lyn-bly fy- gwe il ɱ im ŝâm -bâm-la ĥy-i bâwŋ-van.   She is seven months pregnant [the baby has been gestating in her womb for seven months already].
im
in (part of); of, belonging to (body parts)
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
mruň -ŋy-tla-wam im tyn-van mrâ-cu prym-fwa.   There is a beautiful cave system in Lookout Mountain.
θuň mĭ-i jĭm-ga heŋ ŋĭn-i; te im ðâ-dô reŋ ķe mĭ-i tyn-van.   That story isn't consistent; it has too many violations of logic.
im-θaj
of which ~ is a part
in
apud; at the outer surface of
inside
Ќ wuŋ-i ƴâ-ĉa ðu-van θâŋ-twâl-van ĉu-- fem-θaj.   No more than six people can sit in my car.
lyn-bly fy- gwe il ɱ im ŝâm -bâm-la ĥy-i bâwŋ-van.   She is seven months pregnant [the baby has been gestating in her womb for seven months already].
-tǒj
inside location, interior space
-θaj
outside of (xref {ĉi}, {ĉin}, {ij}, {ir})
ir
far from
-ja
in accord with ~, suitable to ~; along, fitting ~ (xref {-paj})
role, state, form (xref {Φĭ, Φâ, buln, ĉĭ})
-i
in such a state, role
ŋul-pja hĭj-Φa-paj jâ-i ķulm-van θě'mâ.   It is Thomas's duty and privilege to be a Eucharistic guardian.
-ʝǒ-žar
change, alteration, mutation, mutability (xref {₣âl, ĉâm, ĝâj})
--van
what state is {mĭ-i} or {ʝâr-i} in? what role does e play?
-o
becoming
kun jâ-o, kun jâ-ř.   You learn things; you forget things.
kĭl -fy-ĝu- jĭrn-i ðuŋ jâ-o rej jâ-ř pwĭm.   Water freezes and melts at 273 Kelvins.
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
nu i jĭlm-źa-syl-van kwǒ ʝâr-i, jĭlm-źa-syl-van ble kiň mwĭl-ŝra jâ-o le.   When someone yawns, other people yawn and tend to get sleepy.
-ol
transitioning into a state and out of it again (usually used along with a {jâ-o} object); by way of
-purj
environmental conditions; circumstances; weather
-rě'ĵy-tôn
marriage, married state, institution of marriage (xref {hĭj-rě'ĵy, tĭw-žuŋ-gôm})
-ř
ceasing to be, changing from
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
kun jâ-o, kun jâ-ř.   You learn things; you forget things.
kĭl -fy-ĝu- jĭrn-i ðuŋ jâ-o rej jâ-ř pwĭm.   Water freezes and melts at 273 Kelvins.
jâln
heat, warmth
jâln-źa mĭl-i ƴâ-cjaj- ŋy-.   Despite the great heat, I walked a long way.
kĭl ðy-pu- jĭrn-i jâln-van purj.   It is 295 Kelvins here.
jâln-
cold (to human perception)
jâln-fja
at, near absolute zero; superfluid temperatures
jâln-kwa
infrared
jej
enthusiasm marker (xref {-la, -ķa}); also interjection (xref {hwǒ}) ( < English 'yay!')
jě'kuw
Jacob, James, Jacques, Iago, Diego, Santiago, Jaime, Jamie... ( < helenike 'jakobos')
jě'lĭ
garlic (Allium sativum) ( < Latin)
jě'lĭ mĭ-i lju-pôm fĭm-fwa ŋĭn-i.   (I read somewhere that) garlic is good for you.
jě'nu
Joannes, Johann, John, Joan, Jane, Joanne, Ivan, Ivana, Jean, Jeanne, Juan, Juanita...
jě'nu čâl-pwĭm-pja
John the Baptist
jě'nu-ķa dâm-ř ĵĭ huw-fwa
the Gospel of John (same pattern for other Evangelists' names and other Gospels)
jě'sĭw
Joseph, Yosef, Youssef, Jose'...
jeŝua
Jesus; Joshua (archaic, xref {jî'ŝu}) ( < Hebrew)
smoothness, having no protrusions from its (flat or curved) surface (xref {swyŋ-rô}, {ĉě'my-ta})
--
rough, bumpy
-fwa-
to polish, sand, make smooth
-ga
politeness, inoffensiveness, good manners, gentility
jĭ-ga ru-i ƥ dâm-ř vâ-kar-vyl mĭ-i ðî'ruň-Ќ-.   I politely pretended to enjoy her casserole more than I actually did.
-ga-
gentle, genteel, polite, well-bred
jĭlm
open; active, in use; turned on, running, operational (xref {grĭ})
jĭlm-
closed, inactive, turned off
jĭlm--ca
to shut down automatically (of computers, etc.; nonce, prefer {jĭlm-cô-žar-van})
jĭlm--jĭlm-fwa-
to reboot, restart, reset (nonce; prefer {jĭlm-ĝĭr-zô})
jĭlm--žar-van
to shut down automatically (of computers, etc.)
jĭlm-ĉa
key, knob, handle, switch; ŝlosilo, ŝaltilo
!hwǒ: jĭlm-ĉa ĥy-i ŝâ-ť- źǒ, wǒn ce gân-ř šelm gwâm-van pân.   Hey! Don't push that button, or everything will explode.
jĭlm-faj
openable, not locked
jĭlm-faj-
locked, bolted; not readily openable
jĭlm-faj--fwa-
to lock, bolt, seal; make unopenable
jĭlm-faj-fwa-ĉa
key (device to open lock)
jĭlm-faj-fwa-
to unlock
jĭlm-fwa-tǒj
starting up, turning on (of a machine or instance of a program); founding (of an organization)
jĭlm-ĝĭr-
to reboot, restart, reset (a computer or other machine)
jĭlm-ĝyl-
to reboot, restart, reset (nonce; prefer {jĭlm-ĝĭr-zô})
jĭlm-ŋy-ĉa
remote control
jĭlm-
to open, make usable, start using; turn on (of machines)
ĥâ-ĉa syj-ta-i kyl ĥy-i ðu-Ł-van heŋ jĭlm-zô.   One can't open this box without a knife.
jĭlm-źa-syl-van
to yawn
nu i jĭlm-źa-syl-van kwǒ ʝâr-i, jĭlm-źa-syl-van ble kiň mwĭl-ŝra jâ-o le.   When someone yawns, other people yawn and tend to get sleepy.
jĭm
pure, unmixed, homogeneous (of substances) (xref {šyj}); also occasional error for {jĭlm} and {}
jĭm-ĉa hĭl-na ol pwĭm ĥy-i flu-fwa-zô, kujm-šar te ĥy-i jĭm jâ-o.   I pour water through a carbon filter to purify it.
jĭm--
mixed, composite, compound (xref {gĭ-rô-cô})
jĭm-ĉa
filter, purifier (tool for purifying water, air, etc.)
jĭm-ĉa hĭl-na ol pwĭm ĥy-i flu-fwa-zô, kujm-šar te ĥy-i jĭm jâ-o.   I pour water through a carbon filter to purify it.
jĭm-ga
consistency, coherency (of ideas, stories, philosophies)
θuň mĭ-i jĭm-ga heŋ ŋĭn-i; te im ðâ-dô reŋ ķe mĭ-i tyn-van.   That story isn't consistent; it has too many violations of logic.
jĭrn
quantity, amount; number (in broader sense than {ŋî'bĭ})
jĭrn-i
of (quantity); partitive postposition; at (a measured level/amount of something); by (a quantitative margin or degree of difference) [TODO grammar doc writeup]
ju-ðe-tĭm jĭrn-i še-tǒj-van ðǒŋ ĉě'θâ i bly-van pwĭm.   There is a 29% chance it will rain today.
kĭl -fy-ĝu- jĭrn-i ðuŋ jâ-o rej jâ-ř pwĭm.   Water freezes and melts at 273 Kelvins.
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
rî'mâ ĉu-bô ki tyn mĭ-i blĭn-van mě'tyr - jĭrn-i.   The space between those two houses is three meters wide.
jĭrn-kâj-ha
price (or cost? nonce, revisit this...)
jĭrn--
how much?
jĭrn-
number sign, pound sign, octothorpe '#'
jî'hwâh
YHWH; the Tetragrammaton, name of God (used only in Babel Text and potentially other OT translations; otherwise {θě'ku} or {pâŋ}) ( < Hebrew)
jî'ŝu
Jesus; Joshua; Yeshua ( < Hebrew)
jî'ŝu ryň-ř jyn--źa
the Passion
jî'ŝu-ķa ŝu-i ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj -i ʝĭŋ
Christmas
joannes
John, Jean, Johann, Ivan (archaic, xref {jě'nu}) ( < helenike 'Ioannes')
jǒj
more, again, additional, spare, extra
herǒdǒtǒs-ram-gôm kâ-i lju-zô jǒj de.   I'm reading Herodotus again recently.
lukan-ram-ķa dâm-ř ĵĭ huw-fwa kâ-i lju-zô jǒj.   I'm reading Luke's gospel again.
jǒj pe jǒj
more and more, increasingly
jǒm
most of, a majority of (with nouns); mostly, most of the time, for the most part (with verbs and modifiers); xref {ðǒl}
jǒm-
a small minority of (xref {})
jǒm-tǒj
majority (subset that's more than half its superset) (xref {muw})
jǒm-θaj
few of, a minority of (xref {})
jǒm-θô
a bare majority of, just over half
jǒm-źa
a large, overwhelming majority of
-ʝa
rotate ~ 90 degrees vertical <> horizontal; spilled (of liquids)
ʝâ
grace; graco, difavoro
ʝâr
experiencer (xref {ĥy}, {})
fĭm-hôw-tla ðĭ-i ĵy-van heŋ ʝâr-fĭm, mǒj ʝâr-fĭm- ŝe.   It is not the healthy who need doctors, but the sick.
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
ʝâr-cĭln-θaj-žuŋ
virgin
ʝâr-
lover, a person who is in love with someone else (xref {lĭm-žuŋ} or {tu-žuŋ} etc. which emphasize they are having sex with each other)
ʝâr-ĥun
companion, someone who is accompanying some previously mentioned person
ʝâr-hyw-žar
disciple, student of something more than intellectual knowledge (nonce, prefer {tu-hyw-žar})
ʝâr-i
experiential case marker (replaces some earlier uses of {mĭ-i}) ( < stole the idea from Ithkuil)
ʝâr-ku-zym
telepath (passive; xref {tu-gju-zym})
ʝâr-mwĭl
sleeper, person who's asleep
ʝâr-rĭm
witness, observer; someone who sees/has seen something
ĝyl-fyn mĭ-i ʝâr-rĭm - ĥy-i tru-zô gwe Ќ-ɱ.   We have already found three witnesses to the crash.
ʝâr-rum-zla
the Church Triumphant
ʝâr-ruŋ-zwa
passengers, people waiting for passage on a plane, bus, train etc., especially if their departure is being delayed
ʝâr-van
to live, to experience life (xref {trym})
ʝâr-wuŋ
owner, possessor of property
ʝâr-žuŋ-ta
virgin (nonce; doesn't quite make sense. prefer {ʝâr-cĭln-θaj-žuŋ})
ʝel
in general, as a class or kind
pî'râ mĭ-i fî'žâln ʝel ðĭ-i ŝâm ŋĭn-i.   Fire is the womb of the phoenix.
kâj-ha ʝel mĭ-i zryŋ-na hej tlĭŋ-na ŋĭn-i mje de.   It used to be that money was typically made of gold or silver.
hjě'nĭ- ʝel dî'fu-i ĝĭ-sra-van hjě'nĭ-ŝy ʝel mĭ-i.   Female hyenas are generally bigger than male hyenas.
ʝem
apparently, seemingly (syntactic sugar for {kâ-θaj-bô})
ʝĭ
command system; programming (or scripting) language
ʝĭ-čĭwm
markup language (troff, HTML, XML, TeX etc)
ʝĭ-
syntax error in code
ʝĭ-
to write code, to program in detail (xref {krĭ-šĭm-zô, byn-ʝĭ-zô})
ʝĭl
motion in place; change of orientation, shift of position (xref {nî'kjâ}, {flâň}, {gru}, {mlĭr})
ʝĭl-ca ƴâ-tan
to walk on a treadmill, to walk or run in place
ʝĭl-flu
Brownian motion
ʝĭl-kru-
to make the sign of the cross
ʝĭl-pwĭm ķǒ-so-θo
wave (in water etc.); archaic, prefer {čârm})
ʝĭl-ta
stationary, rigid, paralyzed, frozen, immobile; stable, unmoving
ʝĭl-ta-fwa-
to stabilize, set firmly in place
ʝĭŋ
anniversary, holiday; commemorative day or season
ʝĭŋ kyn-ŝy-paj
Mother's Day
ʝĭŋ râm--žar-za
Independence Day
ʝĭŋ ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj-za
birthday
mî'rĭj θĭ-o sĭlm ķĭn-o ʝĭŋ ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj-za ĥwâ-i gwî'jum tu-i.   Wilma made a dress for Mary for her birthday.
ʝĭŋ-ʝâr-rum-zla
All Saints' Day
ʝĭŋ-ĵâŋ
Lent
ʝĭŋ-sjum
Thanksgiving
usonia-wam i ʝĭŋ-sjum i ķârn-mě'lâ ĥy-i mrân-Ł- de.   In the U.S., people eat turkey on Thanksgiving.
ʝĭŋ-ŝâm-řŋ-jî'ŝu
Christmas
ʝĭŋ-
to celebrate, commemorate, keep a holiday
ʝĭŋ-žâ
Advent
ʝluŋ
knee (nonce; prefer {twâl-srĭw})
ʝǒ
other, another (xref {ble, sâm-cô})
ʝǒj
because; (evidence)
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
ʝǒn
therefore; thus (evidence)
ʝrâ
stylized, abstract, schematic, (over)simplified; unrealistic, non-naturalistic
gâm-la dî'fu-i ʝrâ-sra- ŋĭn-i gâm-ba .   This picture is more abstract than that one.
ʝrâ ŋĭn-i źu-lam pe gjâ-zym-byn žy-i gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw kwǒ mĭ-i.   Some artlangs are non-naturalistic, for instance Esperanto and gjax-zym-byn.
gâm-šun-ʝrâ kâ-i rĭm-- kujm-šar tyn-kujm o fyn-zô ĵwy-bô.   I study the map in order to drive quickly to my destination.
loĵban-lam mĭ-i ʝrâ- fjǒ ŋĭn-i; ķy-tan-van heŋ te.   Lojban is somewhat schematic; it is not naturalistic.
ʝu
paper napkin, tissue, paper towel, toilet paper, kleenex (xref {Φy})
ʝu ŝy-ja
ʝu syj-i vě'ty-ŝy řŋ sâŋ ĥy-i tâň-Ł- mâ-ŝy
ʝu-kju
tape (sticky strip of paper/plastic)
ʝu-kwĭ
roll of paper towels, toilet paper, etc.
ʝwâ
inhabitant, denizen, resident (xref {-, šlâ, ʝwâ-źa})
ʝwâ-du-sâm
roommate (xref {ʝâ-ty-sâm, ʝwâ-rî'mâ-sâm})
ʝwâ--ĵwa-sâm
sympolitan, fellow-citizen of the same city
ʝwâ-rî'mâ-sâm
housemate
ʝwâ-šuŋ
immigrant, newcomer (xref {mâ-šuŋ})
ʝwâ-ty-sâm
roommate, housemate, fellow lodger
ʝwâ-van
to inhabit, to live in a place (xref {ty-van}; maybe larger scope re: city or country vs. {ty-van} for specific street, house, apartment?)
ʝwâ-vřĝĭnjě-wam ₣um-i kyn-tôn-da ŋĭn-i
he/she has as many (known) ancestors as a Virginian; they are proud of/talk a lot about their ancestry
ʝwâ-źa
citizen, full member of nation or other polity
ʝyjm
honeysuckle
ʝyln
moss (plants of class Bryopsida)
ʝym
leaf, conifer needle, hair, scale, feather...
ʝym--kwa
the range of colors found in human hair; black, white, various reds, yellows, browns
ʝyrŋ
regret (wishing events beyond one's control had happened otherwise; xref {ƴĭ, bĭw, zĭm})
ju
29
julŋ
hanging, dangling, being suspended
julŋ-fwa-
to hang up, to cause to hang
julŋ-van
to hang, dangle ({mĭ-i} hangs on {θin}, {vin}...)
lân-ʝa vin julŋ-van gâm-vuj mĭ-i.   A picture hangs on the wall.
julŋ-
{tu-i} hangs, suspends {ĥy-i} on/from {sin, vin}, etc.
jum
adjectival or adverbial particle; modifilo
jum-tôn
adjective, adverb, modifier (root or derived)
jum-tôn-jĭrn
quantifying modifiers
-ĵam
the sort of thing to which [root] (or its opposite) might apply (xref {})
-ĵar
less, to a lesser degree, least (with quality or process stems); less than (with number or unit of measure stems); comparative suffix (xref {-sra})
ĵâ
31
ĵâŋ
fasting, abstaining from something esp. food; penance in general ( < Fr. 'jeûne')
ĵâŋ-bě'lâm
public humiliation as a form of voluntary penance, e.g. wearing sackcloth
ĵâŋ-tôn
penance in general (xref {ryň-ƴĭ, bwĭl-ƴĭ})
ĵâŋ-ƴĭ
fasting as a form of penance
ĵârn
rolling, winding, coiling, wrapping around; spiral form (xref {mlĭr, mlĭr-ʝa, gru})
ĵârn-ca šĭl tu-i, že ði hǒŋ o bly-ca kiň ħulŋ-zô.   The snake coils before it strikes.
ĵârn-
to roll, wind, involve, encoil, wrap up (xref {gru-zô, mlĭr-ʝa-van, mlĭr-ʝa-fwa-zô})
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
ĵâwm
vanilla
ĵě'vum
something one enjoys much, but would cease to enjoy if it occured any oftener
ĵi
to the right of
ĵi-ga
"at the right hand of", i.e. in a place of trust/honor with (used in translating natlang texts with a "right hand" metaphor)
ĵij
right-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵil
right-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵim
right-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵin
right-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵiŋ
right-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵĭ
broadcast message, notice, sign, advertisement (xref {grâm})
ĵĭ ₣urŋ-fwa im θuň jyn--źa-za
the Passion account in one of the Gospels
ĵĭ huw-fwa
Gospel (sometimes also {ĵĭ ₣urŋ-fwa}) ( < calque of Greek)
lukan-ram-ķa dâm-ř ĵĭ huw-fwa kâ-i lju-zô jǒj.   I'm reading Luke's gospel again.
ĵĭ kâj-hôw
commercial advertisement
ĵĭ-cjaj
posting to a more or less public mailing list, bulletin board, or such like
ĵĭ-cjaj-cu
discussion mailing list, web forum, BBS message board, etc.
ĵĭ-cu
web site; system of publicly accessible documents
ĵĭ-ĝâ ĉu-pa
Deuteronomy
ĵĭ-pî'hâ
one of the New Testament epistles
ĵĭ-θaj-
to reply publicly to a public message (e.g. in a mailing list or forum)
ĵĭ-vuj
sign-board
ĵĭ-vuj kâj-paj
advertisement (physical sign, flyer, poster, etc.; nonce)
ĵĭ-vuj-mĭlm
sign showing house number, room number, etc.
ĵĭn
juneco; youth, newness (lesser degree than {bâm}), not full-grown (xref {šuŋ}) ( < Fr. jeune)
ĵĭn-
young, esp. with much energy but limited strength
ĵĭn--
old (of living creatures past their prime; xref {pě'lâ, hân})
ĵir
far to the right of
ĵlân
wisdom, prudence, common sense, good judgement (xref {ĉâ, ƴulm})
ĵlân-
wise, prudent; having learned well from experience
ĵlân--
foolish, unwise, having little or no common sense
kwǒ mĭ-i, tu-i tyn o ruŋ-zô, ĵlân-cô-bô ŋĭn-i.   Anyone who goes there is foolish.
ĵo
right-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵoj
right-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵol
right-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵom
right-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵon
right-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵoŋ
right-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵor
right-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵrĭw
expectation, presupposition, assumption, prejudice (xref {žâ, Φĭwm})
ĵrĭw-
contrary to, violating one's expectations or presuppositions; unexpected
ĵrĭw--i
in spite of, despite ( < suggested by John Quijada)
ĵrĭw-ħa ĉĭ--za
racism and similar prejudices against broad groups of people
ĵrĭw-ja-ħa ķe
cliched, formulaic, unoriginal (of e.g. novels, films, other art)
ĵrĭw-Ł-ja
typical, stereotypical, in accordance with the average person's expectations
ĵrĭw-pôm
I suppose that, I expect; I think this true but don't have strong evidence for it (validationality adverb; xref {nen})
twâ-cu nĭm-ta mĭ-i pĭln-van ĵrĭw-pôm pǒlsen-šam.   I suppose Paulsen is responsible for that anonymous book.
ĵrĭw-van
to expect, suppose likely; to assume, to presuppose
ĵř
right-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵřj
right-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵřl
right-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵřm
right-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵřn
right-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵřŋ
right-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵřr
right-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ĵu
mature, full-grown, experienced, adult
ĵu-
immature, inexperienced {xref {ĵĭn})
ĵu-žar-van
to grow, mature, grow up
ĵulm
desert, worth, merit (xref {pĭln}, {-}, {wuŋ-gô}, {ŝâj-gô}, etc.)
ĵulm-van
to deserve, be worthy of, to merit; {mĭ-i} deserves {ðĭ-i} or to have event in {hǒŋ} clause occur
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam ðĭ-i ĵulm-van θuň-lâŋ mĭ-i.   This novel deserves a Hugo award.
-ĵwa
ejo; place full of ~, with many ~
ĵwy
velocity; speed, being fast (xref {vrum})
ĵwy žâ-
haste, hurry (impatiently trying to do something faster than its natural pace) (xref {ĵwy-rjâ, sru-ĵwy})
ĵwy-
fast, quick, speedy
pwĭm-da-tǒj gân-ř kî'sul mĭ-i ƴârn-van ĵwy-bô.   Because of the humidity this wood is rotting quickly.
gâm-šun-ʝrâ kâ-i rĭm-- kujm-šar tyn-kujm o fyn-zô ĵwy-bô.   I study the map in order to drive quickly to my destination.
ĵwy-
slowness
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
grĭ---van de šĭm-ĉa ; žy-šar ĵwy-cô-van sĭŋ-flu-kô o lĭn mĭ-i.   This computer is malfunctioning lately; for instance, its network connection is slow.
ĵwy--van
to do slowly, to be slow at (with verb or {ryň-o} complement)
ĵwy-rjâ
haste, hurry, urgency (trying to do something as quickly as possible); xref {ĵwy žâ--}
ĵy
need; requirement; necessity (xref {dlâw})
ĵy-byn
problem; situation needing thought, research, a creative solution (xref {ĵy-ʝâ, ĵy-vy})
ĵy-ʝâ
persistent temptation, a problem one needs grace to deal with
ĵy-ĵwy
haste, urgency; requiring fast action (of situations)
ĵy-kâj-ha--
cheap, inexpensive
ĵy-kâj-ha-reŋ-
expensive
ĵy-θaj-van
to be necessary (impersonal; necessary thing in {mĭ-i} or event in {ðǒŋ} clause)
ĵy-van
to need, require (person {ʝâr-i} needs thing/quality {ðĭ-i}, or needs event in {hǒŋ} clause to take place)
fĭm-hôw-tla ðĭ-i ĵy-van heŋ ʝâr-fĭm, mǒj ʝâr-fĭm- ŝe.   It is not the healthy who need doctors, but the sick.
ĵy-vy
problem, challenge; situation needing will, courage, moral effort (xref {ĵy-byn})
ĵyj
vigor, energy, untiredness, stamina; being very awake (xref {kî'ĥu})
ĵyj-fja
being awake, but tired (xref {mwĭl-ŝra, kwâwn})
ĵyj-fja-van ru--, hǒŋ ðu-van ƴeŋ su-van.   I'm so tired, I can hardly stand up.
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
ĵyj-fja-van gwe, mǒj mwĭl-ŝra-van heŋ ver.   I am already tired, but not yet sleepy.
ĵyj-fja-ga
weakness, fault, imperfection, frailty
ĵyj-rjâ
rest, sleep (vigor-seeking); (xref {mwĭl, źy-rjâ})
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
ĵyj-rjâ-
resting place; rest station/welcome station on interestate at state line
ĵyj-rjâ-ŋla
Saturday (rest-day)
ĵyn
intellectual pleasure; interest; satisfied curiosity
ĵyn-fwa
interesting, fascinating
θuň-ba ðim tyn-van mâ-fĭw ĵyn-fwa mĭ-i, mǒj te ĝy-im tâň-ƥ-van.   In the early part of that story interesting characters appear, but they disappear in the middle.
θuň mĭ-i lju-faj θje ŋĭn-i, mǒj te ðim du fem mĭ-i ĵyn-fwa ŋĭn-i.   That story is not quite worth reading, but its first chapter, at least, is interesting.
ĵyn-rjâ
active curiosity, seeking intellectual satisfaction
ĵyn-ta
bored
Ќ kâ-i rĭm-zô ĵyn-ta bĭm-cô-pî'râ vi râm.   The cat in front of the fireplace gazed at me with disinterest.
ĵyn-ta-fwa
boring
jyn
sharply focused pleasure (xref {, ₣yw, θwâm})
jyn-lym
enjoyment of a pleasant taste or smell
te kâ-i jyn-lym-van šelm.   You would find it tasty [if you ate it].
jyn-lym-fwa
tasty, delicious; pleasant (of smells and tastes)
jyr
arm (shoulder to wrist; xref {šâ-ŋĭw, čě'wĭr, ně'mum})
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
ka'θǒ'lǒn
Catholic (archaic, xref {kě'θâl}) ( < helenike 'kat' holon')
kajsar
Caesar ( < Latin)
kajsar-ķam
Caesar, Roman emperor (one of Julius Caesar's successors as emperor); by extension, Holy Roman Emperor, Kaiser, Tsar/Czar etc. (but not "emperor" of Japan or other non-European polities)
kajsar-šam
Caesar (one of Julius Caesar's kinfolks)
kajsar-wam
Caesarea (any of several towns named for Julius Caesar or one of his kinfolks)
-kar
substance to which one typically does ~ (xref {-ha})
noticing, paying attention to something, focusing one's attention upon something (xref {pě'ŝlĭ, žâw, trym}) ( < suomalainen 'katsoa')
--
to disregard, ignore, pay no attention to ({tu-i} ignores {mĭ-i})
-
distraction, inattention (esp. if somewhat deliberate) (xref {čun-ga, Φân, pâ-zym})
--fwa-
to distract, to tempt someone to break their concentration
--pě'hĭ-van
to miss a turn or make a wrong turn through inattention (xref {gwě'vu-pě'hĭ-van})
-ga
study, investigating, researching, observing (xref {źĭ, câŋ, ljâw, hyw-hôw, kun-hôw, suŋ-hôw})
-i
object-of-attention case marker
*vlym-julŋ hi kâ-i źǒ.   Pay no attention to the person behind the curtain.
dojĉě-lam kâ-i suŋ-lju-van θje jě'nu.   John can almost read German.
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
te kâ-i jyn-lym-van šelm.   You would find it tasty [if you ate it].
žĭr gân-ř luw-tâlm kâ-i rĭm-van kiň te pî'dâ-daj kâ-i tru-zô.   Because of the humming noise I looked inside the skull, and found a swarm of bees in it.
-kě'ĝu-tla
spy, secret agent
-ku-
to listen
-o
beginning to pay attention to, turning one's attention towards
-rĭm-nu-
to glance, momentarily look at
-rĭm-
to look at, view (sometimes {rĭm--}; semi-archaic, nowadays usually just {rĭm-zô})
-ř
turning one's attention away from
-θaj-
apparently, seemingly, to all appearances (xref {ʝem})
-θaj-van
to seem, appear ({mĭ-i} seems to have quality {ŋĭn-i} to {ʝâr-i} or unspecified entities; or, {ðǒŋ} clause seems true (to {ʝâr-i} or unspecified entities) (xref {wu-ga}, {kĭ-θaj-van})
-
to pay attention to, to notice, to observe
kâj
exchange of property; trade, barter, purchase, sale ( < suomalainen 'kauppa')
kâj-ĉa
debit card
kâj-ha
payment, money
kâj-ha ʝel mĭ-i zryŋ-na hej tlĭŋ-na ŋĭn-i mje de.   It used to be that money was typically made of gold or silver.
kâj-ha-da
rich, wealthy
kâj-ha-fja
poor, having little money
kâj-ha-ta
broke, penniless, destitute
θě'ku gy-i kâj-ha-ta ĥy-i θĭ-zô de mje kolkata-wam im teresa-ram-ķa pî'hâ-.   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta served the destitute for the love of God.
kâj-ha-
to pay (upon, for). {tu-i} pays amount of money {jĭrn-i} for merchandise {kujm-o}, and/or upon account/bill/invoice {mĭ-i}
kâj-ha-ža
solvent, having a positive net worth
kâj-hôw lî'fyŋ-ža
auction
kâj-
store, market; place where things are routinely sold/traded
kâj- twâ-cu-ĵwa
bookstore
kâj- θĭ-cu-paj
thrift store, charity shop
kâj-ŋĭw-cu-ĉa
body swapping device
kâj-rî'mâ-tla
realtor, real estate agent
kâj-syj-
to rent ( < calque of Ceqli 'zusel')
kâj-tyn-fwa-
to cause to swap places, to switch ({tu-i} switches the places of two {ĥy-i} objects)
kâj-
to buy, sell, trade
twâ-cu cĭln-cô-bô srǒ ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô.   I bought several books I'd already read.
tĭw kî'sul-na hân- ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô tam-ram.   Tom sold me an antique wooden chair.
ke
multiplied by; emphatic, synergistic 'and'; hybrid-conjunction
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
kě'bâl
horse; (chess) knight (xref {kwě'dâj}) ( < Spanish, Italian)
kě'bâl źum-ŋĭw-na
Skin Horse (webcomic)
kě'fâ
coffee
kě'fâ-
bitter (taste)
kě'fâ-źa
espresso
kě'ĝu
hiding, privacy, secrecy; xref {zâň} ( < Pliv Rectek 'kladj')
kě'ĝu -o čyw
the sun sets
kě'ĝu-
hidden, secret, private; privately, secretly, in hiding, clandestinely
kě'ĝu--fwa-
1. to reveal, expose, uncover. 2. to publish, to submit for publication (nonce)
kě'ĝu--žar
Apocalypse / Revelation
kě'ĝu-ĉa tâlm-paj
mask (xref {kě'ĝu-tâlm-ĉa})
kě'ĝu-tâlm-ĉa
mask
kě'ĥlâ
snail, slug (class Gastropoda) ( < Latin 'cochlea')
kě'kâw
mîn'tĭ-tôn mĭ-i, ř plĭ-tôn jyn-fwa ĥy-i tâň-Ł- (family Erythroxylaceae)
kě'kul
cola; carbonated soda, esp. Coca-Cola & imitators, and root beer ( < English)
kě'kul-cjaj
Coca-Cola
kě'kum
watermelon ( < Latin 'cucumis')
kě'lî'rĭ
calorie
kě'lum
pigeon, dove (birds of family Columbidae) ( < Latin)
kě'mâl
family Camelidae: camel, llama, alpaca, etc. ( < Latin)
kě'mâl bě'rîn'ku-tan
llama
kě'mâl-cjaj
Dromedary camel
kě'nu
canoe ( < English 'canoe')
kě'nu-tôn
canoe, kayak, rowboat, coracle; various small human-muscle-powered craft (xref {ƴâ-ŝum-ĉa})
kě'pâ
happy bewilderment, pleasant confusion; a sensation prototypically induced by surreal art, nonsense poetry, beginning to study an unusual language... (xref {wlâ, fjâw, huw, pwĭ, prym}) ( < Enigmatic: 'kamestra')
ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da mĭ-i kě'pâ-fwa-van.   Her poem induces happy bewilderment.
kě'pâ-baw
plosive consonant
kě'pâ-fwa
pleasantly bizarre, enigmatic (xref {dě'dâ})
kě'pâ-fwa-lam
Enigmatic (conlang)
kě'θâl
Catholic ( < helenike "kat' holon")
kě'θâr
New World vultures and condors, some commonly called buzzards; birds of family Cathartidae ( < Latin)
kě'θul
Cthulhu
kě'θul ryň-ř ŋâw
The Call of Cthulhu (story, film, game)
kě'źu
kazuru; kudzu ( < Japanese via English)
kěr'nâ
dogwood (trees of family Cornaceae) ( < Latin)
kěr'vâ
raven, rook, crow, jackdaw, jay, magpie; birds of family Corvidae ( < Latin)
ki
throughout (sng obj); between (dual obj); among (plural obj)
rî'mâ ĉu-bô ki tyn mĭ-i blĭn-van mě'tyr - jĭrn-i.   The space between those two houses is three meters wide.
kij
between-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
kil
between-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
kim
between-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
kin
between things, in contact with each ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
kiň
and [between clauses] (xref phrasal {ke, pe})
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
žĭr gân-ř luw-tâlm kâ-i rĭm-van kiň te pî'dâ-daj kâ-i tru-zô.   Because of the humming noise I looked inside the skull, and found a swarm of bees in it.
θuň-bâm krĭ-o lju-θaj-zô kiň te ĥy-i byn-zô.   I am writing and revising a new story.
kiŋ
between-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
deem, consider, regarding as having certain qualities
-bĭŋ-
believe in the existence of ({tu-i} believes that {mĭ-i} exists) (xref {kĭ-ķy-zô}, {₣ĭ})
-ĝâ-
court; courtroom; courthouse
-ĝâ-tla
judge
kĭ-ĝâ-tla ŝâj-o dě'lâr vyŋ- ĥy-i bwĭl-zô žâj-dô-hôw antonij-ram-ħa.   Antony bribed the judge ten thousand dollars.
-ĝâ-
to judge, make a legal decision (legal or illegal, guilty or not guilty, liable or not, constitutional or unconstitutional...; xref {kĭ-pĭln-zô})
-ķy-
credulous, gullible
-ķy-
believe a proposition true ({tu-i} believes the truth of {hǒŋ} clause) (xref {₣ĭ, kĭ-bĭŋ-zô})
-pĭln-
to convict, to find guilty
---
judgmental
-θaj-van
to be considered; {mĭ-i} is considered to be {ŋĭn-i}
-
to esteem, deem, consider; {tu-i} regards {mĭ-i} as having certain qualities {ŋĭn-i}
kĭl
degrees Kelvin ( < name)
kĭl -fy-ĝu- jĭrn-i ðuŋ jâ-o rej jâ-ř pwĭm.   Water freezes and melts at 273 Kelvins.
kĭl ðy-pu- jĭrn-i jâln-van purj.   It is 295 Kelvins here.
kĭlm
party, feast, bash, celebration (xref {ʝĭŋ, ĥun-pĭw})
beθ-ram ĥwâ-i kĭlm i ķĭn-gâm-Ќ- reŋ.   I took many photos at the party in honor of Beth.
kĭlm-źa dlu--za
Human Rights Festival in Athens, Ga.
kir
far from, between (two or more things that are themselves far apart)
kî'ðu
onion
kî'grâ
kilogram ( < English)
kî'grâ-θô
gram (unit of mass)
kî'grâ-źa
megagram, metric ton
kî'ĥu
strength; ability to lift/carry heavy things, etc. (xref {ĵyj})
kî'ĥu-
strong
kî'kry
obsessive preparedness
kî'nujn
cheetah (genus Acinonyx) ( < Latin)
kî'pĭ
pepper (Capsicum) ( < Latin)
kî'pĭ-
spicy
ter'ě-ram dâm-ř mě'hu kî'pĭ-rô ĥy-i mrân- Ќ-ƥ tu-i.   We ate Tara's stew [and hung out and talked].
kî'prâ
goat, ibex (mammal of genus Capra); xref {byj-tôn} ( < Latin)
kî'sul
wood (tree-material); xref {ħun-tôn} ( < helenike 'xylon')
pwĭm-da-tǒj gân-ř kî'sul mĭ-i ƴârn-van ĵwy-bô.   Because of the humidity this wood is rotting quickly.
tĭw kî'sul-na hân- ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô tam-ram.   Tom sold me an antique wooden chair.
kî'sul ĥy-i ŝâj-žar kujm-o ħun-tôn ĥy-i ĥâ-Ł-.   One cuts trees to get wood.
kî'tĭr
electricity
kî'tĭr-fwa-
to recharge (a battery or a device with a built-in battery)
kî'tĭr-źa dâm-ř nul
thunder
kî'tĭr-źa-van
to lightning (subject is usually {purj})
kîm'bâl
cymbal [might replace with {klâl-ĉa}?] ( < helenike 'kymbalon')
kîn'bĭ
mîn'tĭ-tôn źy-tôn-fwa ( < Latin)
kîr'bân
sacrifice, offering ( < Melayu/Hebrew 'korban')
kîr'bân-
church, temple (of sacrificial religion); xref {hĭj-kô, tî'šâ-kô}
kîr'bân-tla
priest (of any sacrificial religion; xref {hĭj-tla})
kîr'vy
deer, elk, caribou, etc. ( < Latin)
kjâl
magnetism, magnetic attraction
kjâl-ĉa
electromagnet (xref {gâ-kjâl})
kjâl-tôn
attractive force (magnetism, gravity, strong nuclear force...)
kjâl-tôn Φu-dal
gravity
kjâl-tôn-ĝa-ĉa
antigravity device
kjâl-van
to magnetically attract (magnetized thing {mĭ-i} attracts ferrous thing {ĥy-i})
kjě'kwĭ
toucan, toucanet, aracari, barbet, woodpecker, jacamar, honeyguide; birds of order Piciformes ( < Hixkaryana 'kyakwe' "toucan")
kjĭ
mouse, mice (genus Mus)
kju
sticky, gluey
kju-ca
stick together (or {kju-môj})
kju-ha
glue; mortar
kju-van
sticking to something
klarkashtǒn-ram-
Klarkashtonian, Lovecraftian; eldritch fantasy of which Clark Ashton Smith's work is the prototype ( < Lovecraft's nickname for Clark Ashton Smith)
klâl
crashing, clashing, clattering
ko
into every part of; between (directional)
koj
between-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
kol
between-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
kom
between-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
kon
between-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
koň
equivalence conjunction; iff; if and only if (xref {kwoň, ĉǒ, })
koŋ
between-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
this here; my (first-person demonstrative)
pî'vu ĥy-i Φě'wâm-ť- žu- mwe.   Please stuff this peacock carefully.
ŋe ŝu-i Φu gân-ř, šâ-faj-van heŋ swyŋ .   Because of its mass, this table is not portable.
prym-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i vlym-ĝĭw syrm-da mĭ-i.   This striped shirt is ugly.
kor
between-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-kô
ejo; place where one does ~
Ќ
I, me
Ќ lĭw-i lĭm-ga kwě'dâj-ny
My Little Pony
Ќ ty-o ruŋ-ť- huw-pôm
Welcome to my home! (similar construction with other places the listener might have arrived at, etc.)
Ќ-ƥ-baw
click or ejective
krân
cranberry
krě'lyw
okra
krĭ
verkado; writing, making, designing, composing; creative work ( < English)
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
krĭ-ca
to invent oneself, edit one's personality, deliberately mold one's habits
krĭ-gâm-
to draw or paint a picture; {tu-i} makes a picture of {mĭ-i}
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
krĭ-gjâ-pja
conlanger
krĭ-gjâ-tla-zwa
an applicant for a professional conlanging job
krĭ-gjâ-
to devise conlangs
krĭ-ma
editing, criticism, analysis of creative work (xref {lju-ŋĭn-zô})
krĭ-o
object of result (creative)
θuň-bâm krĭ-o lju-θaj-zô kiň te ĥy-i byn-zô.   I am writing and revising a new story.
krĭ-Φa
creative work, work of art (in any medium)
krĭ-šĭm-
to program (including design as well as coding; xref {ʝĭ-zô, byn-ʝĭ-zô})
mî'ħâ-van krĭ-šĭm-zô byn-pja.   The hacker is obsessively coding.
krĭ-tla
professional artist, writer, etc.; one who lives by his creative skills
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
krĭ-vuj
writing, scribbling, drawing, painting, etc. (physical act); archaic in the sense of "writing", see {lju-θaj-zô}
krĭ-vuj-ĉa
writing implement, pencil, pen, marker, paintbrush, chalk...
swyŋ sim ŋylm ; te ðu-Ł-van krĭ-vuj-ĉa ĥy-i tyn-zô.   There is a groove on the surface of that desk; one can put a pencil in it.
krĭ-vuj-ha
ink, graphite
krĭ-vuj-hĭl-ĉa
pencil
krĭ-vuj-ŋĭw
fingers (archaic, now {mâŋ im zjâm})
krĭ-vuj-vâlm-ĉa
ink pen, permanent marker
krĭ-vuj-
to create, paint, draw, sculpt, write, etc.; do creative work with physical results, in contrast with transitory performance of music etc. ({tu-i} creates {krĭ-o} or {ķĭn-o})
krĭ-
verki; write, program, compose, paint...
krî'dul
crocodile, alligator, caiman, gharial; order Crocodilia ( < Latin < Greek)
krî'dul sâl-
crocodile
between-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
křj
between-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
křl
between-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
křm
between-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
křn
between-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
křŋ
between-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
křr
between-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
kru
cross
kru-ŋla
Friday
kru-von-
to crucify
ku
hearing ( < suomalainen 'kuulla')
ku-faj
audible; aloud
ku-faj-ga
clear, plain, obvious
ku-faj-źa
loud; very audible
nĭŋ-van gju-ŋy-ĉa, žĭr-van pî'dâ, lâl-van ku-faj-źa ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ vim ŝâ--ĉa.   Phones ring, bees buzz, train engines whistle loudly.
ku-gju-pôm
= {gju-pôm}
ku-hî'mâr-van
to understand what someone says, to hear clearly and distinctly
ku-měr'kun-ĉa
radio receiver
ku-ŋĭw
ears, eardrums
ku-pôm
I heard this happening (i.e., heard the sounds made by the event but (by implicature) didn't see it; not "I heard people talk about it": xref {gju-pôm})
bly-van ku-pôm pwĭm mĭ-i.   It's raining (I hear it).
ku-θaj
sound source, something that makes a sound
ku-θaj-Φa
sound (archaic; prefer {nul})
ku-van
to hear ({ʝâr-i} hears {kâ-i})
ku-zym-van
to hear/listen to someone's thoughts, telepathically (xref {gju-zym-zô})
kujm
purpose, motive, end (xref {gân})
kujm o
why? for what purpose? to what end?
kujm-ja
suitable, practical, fit to purpose, good (for a given purpose); xref {sum, syj-faj, žuln-fwa, hu-ja, gâw-ja, ₣âwm-sô}
kujm-nu-ja
nonce, provisional, for the moment, temporary, jury-rig (xref {vâlm-cô-bô, nu-bô})
kujm-o
because (motive); so that, for the sake of, toward goal
mrâ ryŋ ĥy-i tyn-zô, kujm-šar ruŋ-źa kujm-o sum jâ-o.   I pack many things into luggage, to get ready for a trip.
kujm-ř
lest; in order to avoid [rare]
kujm-šar
in order to, for the purpose of
mrâ ryŋ ĥy-i tyn-zô, kujm-šar ruŋ-źa kujm-o sum jâ-o.   I pack many things into luggage, to get ready for a trip.
gâm-šun-ʝrâ kâ-i rĭm-- kujm-šar tyn-kujm o fyn-zô ĵwy-bô.   I study the map in order to drive quickly to my destination.
kujm-van
to have purpose; {mĭ-i} exists/functions for the purpose of accomplishing event in {hǒŋ} clause
kujm-van Ќ ŝu-i gě'dĭm-zla hǒŋ rum-kô Ќ im pî'gâ ĥy-i tyn-zô.   The purpose of my life is to get my butt into Heaven.
kuln
friend, acquaintance; someone one enjoys being with (xref {lĭm})
kuln reŋ , mǒj lĭm zen.   Acquaintances are many, friends are few.
kuln-
someone who is disagreeable to be with, for whom one has an aversion
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
kuln-ga
a pet one enjoys having around and might or might not replace when it dies
kuln-ma
friend of a friend
kun
indirect, exterior knowledge; book learning or hearsay knowledge in contrast to experience; acquaintaince (xref {hyw, suŋ, hî'mâr}) ( < Fr. connaître)
kun jâ-o, kun jâ-ř.   You learn things; you forget things.
kun -zla-dal
common knowledge, conventional wisdom
kun-faj
knowable, comprehensible
kun-fwa-tla lju-θaj-tla
nonfiction writer, journalist
kun-hôw-cu
education, system of teaching (or {hyw-hôw-cu, suŋ-hôw-cu} if it's hands-on and practical)
kun-hôw-
school
kun-hôw- bakalaŭr-ķam-fwa
college, institution granting baccalaureate degrees
kun-hôw- doktor-ķam-fwa
university, institution that grants doctorates
kun-hôw- -ĵĭn-paj
elementary or middle school
kun-hôw-tla
teacher (of theoretical knowledge)
kun-hôw-
to teach (theoretical knowledge)
kun-ŋĭw
factual memory
kun-tla-ķam --ram
Doctor Who
kun-van
know indirectly, from outside ({ʝâr-i} knows {kâ-i} or {mĭ-i}, or complement clause with {hǒŋ})
ce mĭ-i kun-van heŋ. tyn i ðurm-zô žǒŋ.   I don't know. I just work here.
kurŋ
boldness, courage, audacity ( < English 'courage')
kurŋ-
timidity, shyness, hesitancy, unassertiveness (xref {bě'lâm-sô})
kurŋ-fwa
encouraging
kurŋ-
to dare; aŭdaci, kuraĝi; be bold, courageous to...
-kwa
color of ~
kwâň
duck (birds of family Anatidae) ( < onomatopoeia)
kwâwn
being almost deliriously sleepy, but still up and walking around (xref {mwĭl-ŝra, blě'mĭm-kwâwn})
kwâwn mĭl-i, pjâl- mî'ħâ- ver.   Despite delirious sleepiness, I'm still working obsessively.
kwě'dâj
horse, ass, donkey, burro, onager, zebra; family Equidae (xref {kě'bâl}) ( < Latin)
kwě'dâj čĭn-ŋĭw-ža
unicorn
kwě'dâj syrm-ðĭm-ža
zebra, quagga
kwě'dâj-cjaj
ass, burro, donkey
kwě'kyr
oak (Quercus) ( < Latin)
kwě'kyr-dân-ʝa
fallen log of an oak tree (generalize for logs of other tree species...)
kwĭ
ordered series, sequence; sinsekvo (xref {drĭ}) [suffixoid] ( < English 'sequence')
kwĭ-tôn
set, group, collection; not necessarily in any particular order or arrangement (xref {kwĭ, cu, -daj, -zla, drĭ, cu-sĭŋ})
kwoň
implication conjunction; if/then (xref {, ĉǒ})
kwǒ
(modifying a noun phrase:) some, some of, any; (modifying a verb phrase:) somehow, somewhat
₣um-i ðu-van fjǒ gju-zô pjě'tâ kwǒ.   Some parrots can sort of speak like humans.
?lju-ť- gwe zǒn arue-šam šej volteŕ-ram dâm-ř θuň kwǒ kâ-i.   Have you read any stories by Arouet, also known as Voltaire?
kwǒ wuŋ-i vjâr-ĉa tâlm-paj ĥy-i tru-zô. ?ť wuŋ-i zǒn te mĭ-i.   I found someone's hat. Is it yours?
kwǒ mĭ-i, tu-i tyn o ruŋ-zô, ĵlân-cô-bô ŋĭn-i.   Anyone who goes there is foolish.
kwǒ źe
any at all (emphatic)
-ķa
respected, honored, feared, worshipped; attitudinal suffix (xref {tî'šâ, dul})
Ќ lĭw-i kyn-ma--ķa mĭ-i trĭ-šun-tla šy- ŋĭn-i.   My honored grandfather is a retired land surveyor.
θě'ku gy-i kâj-ha-ta ĥy-i θĭ-zô de mje kolkata-wam im teresa-ram-ķa pî'hâ-.   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta served the destitute for the love of God.
ru i Ќ ĥy-i čuj-zô mje kyn-ķa tu-i, ru i ť ĥy-i čuj-Ќ- .   As the Father has sent me, so I send you.
křbij-šam-ķa ŝu-i plĭr prym-hôw-za mĭ-i gju-ŋĭn-zô sě'râ.   Sarah gave a lecture on Kirby's artistic influences.
lukan-ram-ķa dâm-ř ĵĭ huw-fwa kâ-i lju-zô jǒj.   I'm reading Luke's gospel again.
-ķam
foreign title identifier suffix
ķârm
coughing
ķârm-kar
mucus (still in lungs; xref {ķârm-Φa})
ķârm-Φa
mucus (expectorated; xref {ķârm-kar})
ķârm-Φa ĥy-i trĭ-tôn-
to culture sputum and determine what bacteria it contains, etc.
ķârm-
to cough
ķârn
muscle; meat; muskolo; karno; viando
usonia-wam i ʝĭŋ-sjum i ķârn-mě'lâ ĥy-i mrân-Ł- de.   In the U.S., people eat turkey on Thanksgiving.
ķârn ĉy-tan
sausage
ķârn-byj
beef, steak, veal; cow meat
ķârn-kyw
thoracic diaphragm
nî'kjâ-ra-van Ќ im ķârn-kyw.   I have the hiccups.
ķârn-ŋô
protein
ķârn-pîr'ku
pork, ham, bacon...
ķârn-
umami, yummy (taste characteristic of high-protein foods)
ķe
too much, too many
vlym-srĭw ðu-van tyn-ca ver heŋ; blĭn-te-van ķe.   I can't fit into these pants anymore; they're too tight.
ɱ ŝâj-i râm-bâm mĭ-i gju-zô ķe juri-ram.   Yuri talks too much about his kitten.
nu reŋ ķe i Ќ ŋâw-o nî'šĭm ĝy-i gju-ŋy-ť-.   You telephone me too often in the middle of the night.
râm reŋ ķe ðĭ-i ŝâj-ť-van; ƥ pen ĥy-i ðu-van heŋ šu-.   You have too many cats; you can't take care of them all.
ķe-tǒj
excess, redundancy, pleonasm; having too much, an unnecessary amount/degree of some thing or quality; xref {ĝâlm}
ķe-tǒj-
excessive, redundant, too much [but when would one use this instead of basic {ķe}?]; xref {ĝâlm}
ķe-tǒj-syj
waste, excess use of resources
ķě'wyŋ
hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
ķĭ
turning, changing course (xref {mlĭr}, rotation); occasionally error for {ķĭw}
ķĭm
exercise, exertion; practice
čî'ny so pe θo ƴâ-ƥ- ķĭm-.   She walks up and down stairs for exercise.
nu i ķĭm-Ł- de, nu i pwĭm-sâl-tôn-ža ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô mwe.   When one exercises, one ought to drink something with electrolytes.
ķĭm-ca sěl'kâ-gôm-paj
to do exercises to strengthen one's back muscles
ķĭm-ca vun-ca
to do stretching exercises
ķĭm-dâr-
to use an exercise bike (also {ķĭm-dâr-ca})
ķĭm-
gymnasium, exercise room
ķĭm-kyw
respiratory treatment
ķĭm-vun-ca
to do stretching exercises
ķĭn
making, building, constructing (physical things; xref {krĭ})
ķĭn-dĭn-
to weave, knit, crochet...
ķĭn-gâm-ĉa
camera (for still pictures, xref {ķĭn-gâm-ʝĭl-ĉa} movie camera)
ķĭn-gâm-ĉa pě'pâ-paj
scanner
ķĭn-gâm-ʝĭl-ĉa
film/movie camera, webcam, etc.
ķĭn-gâm-
to take a photo (xref {krĭ-gâm-zô}); {tu-i} takes a photo of {čĭ-ř} or {mĭ-i}
beθ-ram ĥwâ-i kĭlm i ķĭn-gâm-Ќ- reŋ.   I took many photos at the party in honor of Beth.
ķĭn-i
(archaic) = {ķĭn-o}
ŝrĭ- ŋĭn-i twâ-θy mĭ-i, - ķĭn-o Φyr {-ga, -cjaj} pe ble syj-i.   Words which are formed with the suffixes "-ga", "-cjaj" etc. are idiomatic.
ķĭn-o
object of result (physical)
gyn-čĭn-ĉa-da-ðy ķĭn-o grâm-zô suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla sâ-cô-fwa.   The evil sorcerer drew a pentagram.
mî'rĭj θĭ-o sĭlm ķĭn-o ʝĭŋ ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj-za ĥwâ-i gwî'jum tu-i.   Wilma made a dress for Mary for her birthday.
mě'hu ķĭn-o -faj-fwa-ƥ-.   She is cooking a stew.
ķĭn-šĭm-cu-ĉa
compiler
ķĭn-twâ-cu-
publisher, printer
ķĭw
guilt, shame (at actual or felt wrongdoing) (xref {ƴĭ, bě'lâm, mwĭň, ʝyrŋ}; {žâj-dô, hî'su})
źu-van, hǒŋ ķĭw-van palij-ram hǒŋ Ќ dâm-ř θuň čĭ-ř syj-zô lju-θaj-zô dlu-ta.   I hope Polly is ashamed of herself for copying my story without permission.
ķĭw-blě'mĭm
depressive, lethargic guilt
ķĭw-
frantically distressful guilt, shame (also sometimes {-ķĭw})
ķĭw-θô
embarassment, shame (at some mistake or foolishness); xref {bě'lâm, mwĭň}
ķǒ
(suffix spatial postposition to this to get direction adverb) (archaic)
ķǒ gi
ad orientum; facing eastward (archaic, xref {purj gim vi})
ķǒ-so
Up (film)
ķǒ-θo
downward (archaic)
ķǒ-vo
forward (archaic)
ķuj
risk, danger, unsafe conditions; (chess) check
ķuj-fja
reasonably safe, in very little danger
ķuj-fja-hôw-
to protect, foster, take care of (xref {šu, ŋul})
ķuj-fwa
dangerous
ķuj-ř-
to rescue, save, help out of danger (xref {θĭ}; variant withi {ķuj-ř-fwa-})
ķuj-ta
perfectly safe
ķulm
a duty and a privilege; an honorable responsibility, not universal; a particular person's part in a rite or role within an institution (xref {dlu, dlâw, čâl, hĭj})
ŋul-pja hĭj-Φa-paj jâ-i ķulm-van θě'mâ.   It is Thomas's duty and privilege to be a Eucharistic guardian.
ķun
saltines, other crackers, corn chips, pretzels, popcorn, etc.
ķun čyw-gam
Sun Chips
ķun-cjaj
pretzels
ķun-tôn
bread-like foods
ķy
truth, agreement of ideas with reality (xref {bĭŋ, brâl-faj, ķy-bô, ķy-ja})
ķy-
true, real, existent (of things); xref {bĭŋ, ķy-ja}
ķy--
fabulous, unreal, nonexistent (of things; xref {ķy-cô-ja, ƴum-bô, fĭw-})
ķy--ja
false, counterfactual (of propositions; xref {ķy-dô, ķy-cô-bô, ƴum-bô})
ķy-
fake, fraud, hoax, lie (xref {ƴum, ƴum-bô})
ķy-ja
true (of propositions; xref {ķy-bô})
ķy-tan
lifelike, realistic, naturalistic, plausible, having verisimilitude
loĵban-lam mĭ-i ʝrâ- fjǒ ŋĭn-i; ķy-tan-van heŋ te.   Lojban is somewhat schematic; it is not naturalistic.
ķy-θy
fact, detail
ķyŋ
knowing someone is wrong but thinking it too much trouble to argue with them
ķyŋ-
belligerent argumentativeness, being determined to prove someone wrong, ideally to convince them but at least to convince onlookers
ky
37
kyl
box, chest, jar; rigid container (xref {wĭm, mrâ})
ĥâ-ĉa syj-ta-i kyl ĥy-i ðu-Ł-van heŋ jĭlm-zô.   One can't open this box without a knife.
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
kyl vĭn-da - ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô ƥ, nu-šar ŝrun-twâ-gĭn- θǒ.   He drank one glass of wine, then immediately started singing.
kyl ruŋ-źa-paj
luggage, suitcases, etc. (sometimes just {kyl-ruŋ})
kyl zuň--fwa-ha-ža
poison trap (for insects, etc.)
kyl-čyw
Dyson sphere ( < inspired by but not a calque of Taruven "ksanyella")
kyl-cu
chest of drawers
kyl-cu-ga
hash, struct (xref {cu-sĭŋ})
kyl-grâm
mailbox
kyl-ĝĭ-jâln
sauna (earlier variations with {kyl-źa} and {jâln-fwa} etc.)
kyl-ĝĭ-pwĭm-daj
swimming pool
kyl-jâln Φĭrn-fwa
sauna (usually prefer {kyl-ĝĭ-jâln}, but this is more perspicuous)
kyl-kî'tĭr
battery, cell
kyl-ŋĭw-cu-dân
coffin, sarcophagus, catafalque
kyl-ŋul
safe, strongbox, lockable chest
kyl-plâŋ
shoes
kyl-pwĭm-daj
swimming pool
kyl-
stiff, rigid
kyl-sĭŋ-ĝĭ
large-scale data storage device, e.g. external hard drive, larger flash drive, etc.
kyl-tâlm
helmet, helm, casque
kyl-trĭ-ĉa
measuring cup, measuring spoon
kyl-θô
semi-flexible container (e.g. paper sack); flexible but not floppy (xref {kyl, wĭm, mrâ})
kyl--kar
dish, plate, bowl, cup
kyn
parent (father or mother)
kyn-bâwŋ
birth mother, biological mother (less common than {kyn-ŝâm}; xref also {kyn-ŝy})
kyn-čĭm
cocoa tree, Theobroma cacao
kyn-gu
adoptive parent
kyn-i
parent of
kyn-ma
grandparent
Ќ lĭw-i kyn-ma--ķa mĭ-i trĭ-šun-tla šy- ŋĭn-i.   My honored grandfather is a retired land surveyor.
kyn-ma-ma
great-great-grandparent
kyn-ma-
great-uncle, great-aunt
kyn-me-
great-grandparent
kyn-mjyl
nectar (stuff bees collect from flowers to make honey)
kyn-mla
stepmother, stepfather
kyn-ŝâm
birth mother, biological mother (xref {kyn-ŝy})
ɱ lĭw-i fru-ŝy ĥy-i fâ-vuj-zô kyn-ŝâm.   The mother caresses her daughter.
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
kyn-ŝy
mother (xref {kyn-ŝâm})
kyn-
uncle, aunt (archaic, prefer {tâ-kyn})
kyn-tôl
mother-in-law, father-in-law
kyn-tôn
ancestor
kyn-θaj
child (son or daughter; rare, prefer {fru})
kyn-
father
kyn-vĭn
grapes ( < semi-calque of Esperanto 'vinbero')
kyn-vĭn-hân
raisins
kyr
verb ( < Melayu 'katakerja')
kyr-ta ŋĭn-i twâ .   This sentence (is) verbless.
kyr-ža-van twâ .   This sentence is verb-having.
kyr-gôm
clause [even though not all clauses in gzb have verbs]
kyr-ta-lam
Sylvia Sotomayor's Kelen ( < coined by Puey McCleary)
kyw
lung; breathing ( < suomalainen 'keuhko')
kyw sim cĭw
throat, trachea, windpipe
kyw-ĝân-
to breath deeply
kyw-kar
air (breathable); xref {by}
kyw-nĭrn-θaj-
to exhale deeply, clear as much air from one's lungs as possible (xref {kyw-řŋ-zô})
kyw-nĭrn-
to inhale deeply (xref {kyw-oŋ-zô})
kyw--ŋĭw
nostrils/mouth/trachea (xref {syl})
kyw--
to inhale
kyw-řŋ-
1. to exhale 2. to expectorate, clear something from lungs (mucus, water after near-drowning, etc.); xref {ķârm})
kyw-řŋ-źa-
to blow, huff, puff (xref {kyw-nĭrn-θaj-zô})
kyw-ta-fwa-
to suffocate, to smother, to (try to) kill by suffocation
kyw-tôn
organ, body part (physiological)
kyw-vě'ty-cy
nose, nostrils (main door of breathing)
kyw-
to breathe
-la
affectionate attitudinal suffix
lî'klâ siŋ ŝum-van pwě'lâl-la.   There is delicious ice cream floating in the milk.
-lam
language proper name tag
dojĉě-lam kâ-i suŋ-lju-van θje jě'nu.   John can almost read German.
frâ ðĭ-i ĝâlm- ŋĭn-i nihoŋ-lam mĭ-i.   Japanese marks questions redundantly.
request, demand, begging (xref {frâ})
--i
proposed for, nominated for (xref {kujm-o, θĭ-o})
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam lâ-cô-i θuň-lâŋ pen kâ-i gâw-zô lju-zô.   I plan to read all the novels nominated for the Hugo Award.
--
to offer, to propose; esp. to offer help (xref {lâ-θô-zô, twâ-gâw-zô}); to nominate someone/something for an elective office, an award, etc.
-hî'su-
to apologize, ask forgiveness, ask pardon (xref {twâ-ƴĭ-zô})
-kâj-
order, prepurchase
-ma
request something indirectly; request someone to request something...
-pâŋ-pja
tu-i pâŋ ŋâw-o lâ-zô θĭ- ƴyr-bô
-ř
by request of, at ~'s request
-θaj-
to respond to, fulfil a request (xref {frâ-θaj-zô, twâ-θaj-zô)
-θô-
to suggest, propose ({tu-i} suggests {mĭ-i} noun phrase or {hǒŋ} or {Φǒ} clause to addressee {ŋâw-o}) (xref {lâ-cô-zô, twâ-gâw-zô})
-
request mark (English "exclamation mark") '!'
-
to request, ask for ({tu-i} asks {ŋâw-o} for {rjâ-i})
lâl
whistling, whining, beeping, cheeping; various high-pitched sounds
nĭŋ-van gju-ŋy-ĉa, žĭr-van pî'dâ, lâl-van ku-faj-źa ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ vim ŝâ--ĉa.   Phones ring, bees buzz, train engines whistle loudly.
fĭm-hôw-tla ðy- muw-i ĉu-ĉu- ʝâr-i blâl-van ŋî'bĭ fĭw- mĭ-i.   Four out of five doctors get annoyed at made-up statistics.
lâl gwě'vu--hôw
alarm (prearranged noise used to remind oneself to do something)
lâl mwĭl--hôw
alarm (prearranged noise to wake oneself/someone)
lâl-ĉa
wind instrument
lâl- -ř gju-ŋy-ĉa ĥy-i
to silence one's cellphone
lâl-ŝrun-
to whistle (a tune), play music on a wind instrument
lâlŋ
malenvio; wishing others could enjoy some good thing one is enjoying
lâlŋ-
envy, jealousy, covetousness
lân
floor ( < Melayu 'lantai')
lân-ga
ground, surface (xref {ĥâm-daj})
lân-ga sin pwĭm-by-daj
fog, mist
lân-ga θi
underground
lân-ʝa
wall; (solid) fence (xref {pjylm-vuj})
lân-ʝa vin julŋ-van gâm-vuj mĭ-i.   A picture hangs on the wall.
lân-ʝa-ta
outdoor, open-air (more euphonious but less logical than {lân-θaj-ta})
lân-
horizontal
lân--ʝa
vertical
lân-θaj
ceiling
lân-θaj-ta
outdoor, open-air (more logical but less euphonious than {lân-ʝa-ta})
lâŋ
taking a long time to read, view, listen to, experience (xref {ƴu-bô}) ( < English)
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam lâ-cô-i θuň-lâŋ pen kâ-i gâw-zô lju-zô.   I plan to read all the novels nominated for the Hugo Award.
Ќ dâm-ř ŋĭn lâŋ- ši, twâ-θaj-ƥ- kiň brě'zĭm-Ќ-van.   After my long explanation, she replied, and I felt dismay at realizing she'd misunderstood what I'd said.
lâŋ-
quickly read, viewed, etc.; short (of books, music); simple (of pictures)
lârm
weeping, crying (xref {lârm-Φa, lârm-gôm}) ( < Fr. 'larme')
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
lârm-ga
mourning, lamentation, (expression of) sorrow (archaic; prefer {lârm-gôm})
lârm-gôm
mourning, lamentation, (expression of) sorrow
lârm-Φa
tears (fluid emitted from tear ducts due to pain, sorrow, etc.)
lâwm
glade, glen, shady clearing (esp. with water running through or from it)
lâwm-ga
square, plaza; wide space in a city where streets meet and there's a fountain in the center
le
râ-sô, râ-ŝra; ķy-bô še źe; probable, probably
le-tǒj
probability, high chance of occurring (xref {še-tǒj, be-tǒj})
lě'jâ
olive (tree/fruit of Olea europaea) ( < Latin)
lě'jâ-ĵwa-gam
Olive Garden (restaurant)
lě'kjân
Alexander ( < helenike)
lě'ku
white
lě'ku-θaj
black
lě'pâ
bat (winged mammals of order Chiroptera)
lě'pâ-tôn
insectivore
lě'pyr
wolf ( < E-o 'lupo')
lě'sî'kĭn
thrushes, nightingales (genus Luscinia); xref {tîr'dâ}, true thrushes ( < Latin)
nî'šĭm i ŝrun- lě'sî'kĭn.   The nightingale sings at night.
lě'sî'kĭn-nî'šĭm
nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
lě'tân
a tree encountered in a certain dream
lěm'pĭr
firefly, lightning bug (insects of family Lampyridae) ( < Latin)
lěv'krâft-šam-
tending to write letters rather than take care of business
ler
future tense marker (with verbs); ~-to-be (with nouns)
ler mĭ-i zym-zô pe gju-zô źĭ-ler-tǒj-tla.   Futurists think and talk about future events.
gâm-ʝĭl kâ-i ruŋ-zô rĭm-van ler.   I'm going to go see that movie.
ler-baw
liquid consonant
ler-tǒj
the future
ler-tǒj-
Futurist (member of Italian art/philosophy movement)
italia-wam i ler-tǒj-lô mĭ-i fraňs-wam i dě'dâ-lô ₣um-i fjǒ.   The Italian Futurists were somewhat similar to the French Dadaists.
levi-šam-za
Leviticus
li
on this side of
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
lij
this.side-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lil
through, to this side of (positional)
lim
this.side-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lin
this.side-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
liŋ
this.side-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lĭm
friend; someone one can talk about important things with, can trust with important matters (xref {kuln, })
kuln reŋ , mǒj lĭm zen.   Acquaintances are many, friends are few.
ƥ lĭw-i lĭm belm tu-i ƥ ŝu-i sĭŋ-kě'ĝu mĭ-i sĭŋ-flu-kô ki lju-θaj-zô.   A "friend" of his wrote about his secrets all over the Internet.
lĭm ĵu-hôw
mentor; older/more mature friend who helps one become more mature/experienced (similar constructions with {hyw-hôw}, {ĵlân-hôw}, {suŋ-hôw} etc.)
lĭm-
someone whom one cannot talk easily with, whom one does not fully trust
lĭm-
lover (nonce, prefer {lĭm-žuŋ}, {tu-žuŋ} or {ʝâr-fâ})
lĭm-fru
quasi-nephew or niece; child of one's close friend (archaic; prefer {fru-lĭm})
lĭm-ga
a pet one treats more or less as a person and would weep hot tears over when it dies
lĭm-mwĭl
euphemism for {lĭm-žuŋ}
lĭm-ŝy
girlfriend (xref {rě'ĵy-θô})
lĭm-žuŋ
lover (xref {rě'ĵy-θô, rě'ĵy-θaj-θô, ʝâr-fâ, lĭm-mwĭl})
lĭn
connect, link, attach, staple, bind (xref {kju, ĥâ-, lĭn-ga}) ( < English 'link')
grĭ---van de šĭm-ĉa ; žy-šar ĵwy-cô-van sĭŋ-flu-kô o lĭn mĭ-i.   This computer is malfunctioning lately; for instance, its network connection is slow.
lĭn-ĉa-kjâl
magnet (tool used e.g. to stick papers etc. to metal furniture or appliances; xref {gâ-kjâl}, {kjâl-ĉa})
lĭn-ga
hyperlink, cross-reference, pointer (xref {fuw-žy})
lĭn-o
linking to
lĭn-pě'hĭ
intersection, crossroads (xref {dĭn-pě'hĭ})
lĭw
relation between people, esp. family
lĭw-cu
family; network of friendships
lĭw-cu-gym
organization, corporation; net of people with common leadership
lĭw-cu-źa
society, culture, tribe
lĭw-cu-źa -ĵwa-ža
civilization (society with cities)
lĭw-
valuable, worth having (of friends, allies, employees, etc.); xref {wuŋ-gô, ŝu-gô}
lĭw-i
of (relation: the friend of, the sister of, etc.)
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
Ќ lĭw-i -ma-bâm mĭ-i -van pe pym-van.   I love my baby cousin and find her amusing.
ƥ lĭw-i lĭm belm tu-i ƥ ŝu-i sĭŋ-kě'ĝu mĭ-i sĭŋ-flu-kô ki lju-θaj-zô.   A "friend" of his wrote about his secrets all over the Internet.
lĭw-lĭm-tan
intimate, close (of personal relationships)
lĭw-o
to, entering relationship with (getting married to, becoming friends with, etc.)
θě'mâ lĭw-o rě'ĵy jâ-o sě'râ.   Sarah got married to Thomas.
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
lĭw-tôn
relationship (archaic; now {ðĭ})
lĭw-van
be related to (people, esp. family); {mĭ-i} is kin to {ðĭ-i}
tâ-tôl - ðĭ-i lĭw-van, ŝǒj rě'ĵy - ðĭ-i lĭw-van.   I have no brothers- or sisters-in-law because I have no wife.
lir
far from, on this side of
lî'fyŋ
algorithm for determining winner of a competitive game
lî'fyŋ--van
to come in last in a 3+ player game
lî'fyŋ-tla
umpire, referee
lî'fyŋ-tyrn
procedure to find new ruler (election, royal succession, etc.)
lî'fyŋ-van
to win; to be selected as winner of a game/contest (xref {ðân-zô})
lî'glâ
eagle, hawk, kite (birds of family Accipitridae) ( < E-o 'aglo')
lî'klâ
milk ( < E-o lakto)
lî'klâ siŋ ŝum-van pwě'lâl-la.   There is delicious ice cream floating in the milk.
lî'klâ sřm vyl
cream
lî'klâ-čĭm jâln-
hot chocolate (milk-based; xref {pwĭm-čĭm jâln-})
lî'klâ-ke-pwě'lâl
milkshake
lî'klâ-ŋĭw
breast, teat
lî'klâ-ŋô
calcium
lî'kwâm
sweetgum (trees of genus Liquidambar) ( < Latin)
lî'lun
falcon, kestrel (birds of family Falconidae)
lî'lun-tôn
bird of prey (archaically "bird"; now {num-tôn})
lî'pur
family Leporidae, lagomorphs, hares and rabbits ( < Latin)
lî'pur-wam
Spain ( < calque of Phoenician 'i-shephan-im')
lî'tuň
confidence expressed in slackness of preparation
lî'zě'bĭ
Elizabeth ( < helenike < Hebrew)
lîn'gwĭn
linguini
lîn'kjĭ
lynx, bobcat (cats of genus Lynx) ( < Latin)
ljâw
observational science
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
ljâw-baw
approximant
ljâw-čĭwm-gjâ
grammar, morphosyntax (subfield of linguistics)
ljâw-gjâ
linguistics, esp. field linguistics (xref {câŋ-gjâ})
ljâw-nĭm-θaj
semantics
lju
reading ( < Fr. 'lu' form of 'lire')
dojĉě-lam kâ-i suŋ-lju-van θje jě'nu.   John can almost read German.
lju-byn-
to read a text while revising it or marking it up
lju-ca
to (re)read one's own writings
lju-faj-ĵam
text, writing, reading matter (nonce, prefer {lju-kar})
lju-gju-
to read aloud ( < llju-hqiq)
lju-
readable, worth reading; leginda
lju-i
performative of {ðĭl-zô} in the sense of "transcribe" (xref {ĉul-i})
lju-kar
text, reading material
lju-kar-van
to say, to read (of a sign, notice, etc.)
lju-ku-faj-
read aloud (prefer {lju-gju-zô} as being terser)
lju-ma-pôm
I infer from what I've read (evidentiality)
lju-ma-
to infer from what one reads, to read between the lines ({tu-i} reads {kâ-i} and infers matter in {hǒŋ} clause)
lju-nul-
read aloud (archaic; prefer {lju-gju-zô})
lju-ŋĭn-
to read while commenting on/critiquing/annotating the text read (xref {krĭ-ma})
lju-pĭw
recreational reading
lju-pĭw-
to read for one's own amusement, recreationally
lju-pôm
I read it somewhere (evidentiality)
jě'lĭ mĭ-i lju-pôm fĭm-fwa ŋĭn-i.   (I read somewhere that) garlic is good for you.
lju-rĭm-
to read (of comic strips, comic books)
lju-θaj-bâm-
to rewrite, to write anew, to write a new version of ({tu-i} rewrites {krĭ-o})
lju-θaj-₣um-
to imitate the style of, to pastiche; {tu-i} writes {krĭ-o} in the style of {mĭ-i} (similar derived verbs for imitation in other arts)
lju-θaj-Ќ- mwe
I Should be Writing (podcast)
lju-θaj-nĭm-
to sign (one's name)
lju-θaj-
to write, inscribe (both creative act & physical act); xref {krĭ-zô, ðĭl-zô, Φĭn-}
źu-van, hǒŋ ķĭw-van palij-ram hǒŋ Ќ dâm-ř θuň čĭ-ř syj-zô lju-θaj-zô dlu-ta.   I hope Polly is ashamed of herself for copying my story without permission.
θuň-bâm krĭ-o lju-θaj-zô kiň te ĥy-i byn-zô.   I am writing and revising a new story.
ƥ lĭw-i lĭm belm tu-i ƥ ŝu-i sĭŋ-kě'ĝu mĭ-i sĭŋ-flu-kô ki lju-θaj-zô.   A "friend" of his wrote about his secrets all over the Internet.
lju-θaj-
to write (xref {krĭ, krĭ-vuj-zô, ðĭl})
lju-
to read (of primarily textual books etc; xref {lju-rĭm-zô}. {tu-i} reads {kâ-i}.)
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
dante-ram dâm-ř sejřz-šam cĭw-ga-ř {rum-kô} kâ-i lju-zô.   I am reading "Paradise" by Dante, translated by [Dorothy] Sayers.
herǒdǒtǒs-ram-gôm kâ-i lju-zô jǒj de.   I'm reading Herodotus again recently.
twâ-cu kâ-i vy-van lju-zô.   I want to read that book.
lo
hither, to this side of
loj
this.side-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lol
this.side-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lom
this.side-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lon
this.side-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
loŋ
this.side-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
which (relativizer; interrogative "which?" is {})
ŝrĭ- ŋĭn-i twâ-θy mĭ-i, - ķĭn-o Φyr {-ga, -cjaj} pe ble syj-i.   Words which are formed with the suffixes "-ga", "-cjaj" etc. are idiomatic.
ru i Ќ ĥy-i čuj-zô mje kyn-ķa tu-i, ru i ť ĥy-i čuj-Ќ- .   As the Father has sent me, so I send you.
ť lĭw-i tu-bâl kâ-i gy-ť- mwe; ɱ ĥy-i cluŋ-, tu-i ť ĥy-i ħulŋ-zô.   Love those who hate you; do good to those who injure you.
kwǒ mĭ-i, tu-i tyn o ruŋ-zô, ĵlân-cô-bô ŋĭn-i.   Anyone who goes there is foolish.
lor
this.side-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-lô
-ano; believer, adherent, follower of ~ (xref {šlâ, -ðwa})
Ł
one (third-person generic pronoun)
vlĭw-pî'dâ mjyl kâ-i tru-Ł-.   One finds honey in beehives.
flĭŋ i mlĭr-Ł-môj.   In that dance one spins one's partner about.
trans
lřj
this.side-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lřl
this.side-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lřm
this.side-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lřn
this.side-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lřŋ
this.side-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lřr
this.side-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lu
41
luŋ
detachment; happy indifference
luw
bone (element of a vertebrate's skeleton; xref {ŝĭw-luw}) ( < suomalainen 'luu')
luw-cu
skeleton
luw-tâlm
skull
žĭr gân-ř luw-tâlm kâ-i rĭm-van kiň te pî'dâ-daj kâ-i tru-zô.   Because of the humming noise I looked inside the skull, and found a swarm of bees in it.
luw-ƴě'nâl
exoskeleton, shell
-lwa
approximately, more or less, roughly ~ (usually suffixes to numbers; precedes any {-bô/-pa/-gla} etc. xref modifiers {fjǒ}, {mâl-cô-bô})
ly
flying (controlled; xref {bly}); lân sir čâ
ly-ĉa
wing (of airplane), rotor blade (of helicopter)
ly-ŋĭw
wing (of bird, butterfly &c)
ly-sun-lî'glâ-wam
Eagle's Landing
lyl
oil ( < English)
lyl-
to anoint, oil, lubricate ({tu-i} oils/anoints {ĥy-i})
lym
smelling, tasting (xref {rĭm, ku, źum, wĭrm})
lym-by-van
to smell, to sense by smelling ({ʝâr-i} smells {kâ-i})
lym-fwa--ha
deodorant
lym-ŋĭw
sense of smell/taste
lyn
Luna; Earth's moon ( < Latin)
lyn fu-da
full moon
lyn fu-da-žar
waxing moon
lyn fu-fja
crescent moon
lyn fu-ta
new moon
lyn fu-ta-žar
waning moon
lyn-bly
lunar month (xref {měn'θu})
lyn-bly fy- gwe il ɱ im ŝâm -bâm-la ĥy-i bâwŋ-van.   She is seven months pregnant [the baby has been gestating in her womb for seven months already].
lyn-tôn
moon, satellite [archaically also = "planet"]
-ma
indirect relationship; meta, recursive, self-referencing ( < English use of helenike 'meta')
person, human ( < English man)
vlě'tâ bly-ca bî'wu- rî'nâ, wǒj kâ-i rĭm-van.   The frog jumped splashing into the pond because he saw a human.
fâr-da
Iron Man
who? (= which human?)
râm-
cat person
ƴâw-
dog person
zuň-lwa-
zombie, vampire, other undead persons
zuň-lwa- sâŋ-
vampire
-bâm
toddler, baby, embryo; also {fru-bâm} in relation to their parents
-bâm-ĵwa
nursery, creche; place where babies and toddlers are cared for
-cu
organization of people; company, church, club, movement...
-cu ĉy-tan
The Order of the Stick (webcomic)
-cu kâj-ha-
business, for-profit company
-cu pî'rĭ-ga-paj
insurance company
-cu tyrn-tla-zwa
political party
-cu-kâj
business, for-profit company
-cu-pî'hâ
church (xref {hĭj-kô, tî'šâ-kô})
-cu-źa
society, civilization (xref {lĭw-cu-źa, lĭw-cu-źa -ĵwa-ža})
-ĉâ-źa ŝy-ĵĭn-
Girl Genius (webcomic)
-daj
crowd, mob
-daj-za
popular (non-elite)
-dân
ghost; corpse; an ex-human
-dân-vuj-ĵwa
cemetery, graveyard, mausoleum (sometimes simply {-dân-ĵwa})
-
inhumane behavior; violation of human rights or dignity
-fĭm--ĵwa
hospital, nursing home, rehab center (xref {fĭm-hôw-kô})
-fĭw
character (in a story, play, RPG...)
θuň-ba ðim tyn-van mâ-fĭw ĵyn-fwa mĭ-i, mǒj te ĝy-im tâň-ƥ-van.   In the early part of that story interesting characters appear, but they disappear in the middle.
-fĭw trym-
viewpoint character (in a story)
-fĭw tu-pĭw
player character (in an RPG)
-ĝĭ še ŋĭn-i ƥ-ĉu
They Might Be Giants (band)
-
names and terms potentially applicable to humans
-ʝǒ-ta
alone, isolated, with no other people
-ĵĭn
child, teenager, young adult (xref {fru, mâ-bâm})
mâ-ĵĭn ĥy-i šyj-zô šu-tla šuŋ-.   The new nurse bathes the child.
mâ-ĵĭn - ŝâj-o sî'nĭn ĥy-i rew bwĭl-zô.   I gave an orange apiece to the three children.
-ĵu
adult; experienced, mature human
-ĵu bâm-ŋa-
a full-grown person who's just recently come into existence (contrast {mâ-bâm})
-ĵu-
human who lacks maturity; child, childish person
-ĵu-ĵĭn
a person who's full-grown but still relatively young
-ĵwa
city (focus on its inhabitants, population; xref {rî'mâ-daj})
-ke-byj
minotaur
-ke-kě'bâl
centaur
-ke-Φî'šu
mermaid, merman, merfolk; naiad, siren
-kurŋ-źa
Heroes (TV series)
-kwa
flesh-tone (any of the range of colors normally found in human skin; not incl. cyanotic blue, gangrenous green, etc. more or less a hypernym of {ðru}, {lě'ku}, {čĭm-kwa}, {kě'fâ-kwa})
-kwĭ
a queue of people standing in line for something
-kwĭ žâ-paj
a queue of people waiting for something
-kwĭ-žâ
a queue of people waiting for something
-mî'ħâ
intellectually obsessive person (archaic; prefer {ʝâr-mî'ħâ})
-
sentient, self-aware
-sâm
doppelganger, shadow, double, duplicate, clone (xref {tâ-čĭ})
-šuŋ
newbie, newcomer; catechumen, neophyte; freshman (xref {ʝwâ-šuŋ})
-ŝy
woman, girl
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
-ŝy-
attracted to women
-tôn
sentient, self-aware being
-tôn-vuj-
intangible sentient; fairy, ghost, angel, demon etc.
-
man, boy
--
attracted to men
-vuj
body (human)
-zla
the human race, humanity
gjâ-ŝa ŋĭn-i mâ-zla mĭ-i.   The human race is prolific of languages.
-zla-dal
natural (of human institutions, languages: not designed by one person or a small group)
-zla-pôm
according to common knowledge; it's generally known that... (evidentiality)
-žar
conception, being conceived (of people; similar construction for other animals)
-žar ʝâ-da -i ʝĭŋ
the Feast of the Immaculate Conception
mâl
precision, exactness, definiteness, un-vagueness ( < suomalainen täsmällinen)
mâl-
precise, exact, definite; sharp (of images)
mâl-
vagueness
mâl--
vague(ly), not exact(ly), blurry, approximately; uncertain in detail but perhaps generally true (xref {-lwa})
mâl--pôm
approximately (validational; sentence-level scope version of {-lwa})
mâŋ
hand; šâ-ŋĭw pĭn-im ŋĭw zjâm-ðy-ža ( < Fr. 'main')
mâŋ ĥy-i trâw-ca
to clap one's hands, applaud
mâŋ ĥy-i trâw-môj
to give one another the high five
mâŋ-môj
to clasp hands, to hold hands
mâŋ-on-kar
hand lotion
mârm
marble (type of stone) ( < Latin 'marmor')
mârm-
hard, unyielding
mârm--
soft, yielding, malleable
mâw
ball, sphere, spheroid, bulb ( < Thau 'imau')
mâw-by
bubble
mâw-fî'ħâ
bullet, musket ball
mâw-ŝy
= lî'klâ-ŋĭw
mâw-
zjâm-vĭ θin čî'ŋĭ mĭ-i (wĭm te ĉu-bô)
mâw-źa
planet, large moon; non-fusioning object in space that's large enough to squeeze itself spherical with its own gravity (xref {lyn-tôn, fî'suň-tôn})
mažar
Hungary, Hungarian ( < Magyar)
me
raised to the power of
men
on the one hand... on the other hand... on the gripping hand ({men} repeated after each phrase or clause, 2+ times); xref {ŝe} ( < helenike 'men'...'de')
mě'fĭj
skunk (family Mephitidae) ( < Latin)
mě'gel-lam-tan
maggelitous, characterized by maggelity; horrifically unpredictable and irregular (xref {ŝrĭ}) ( < Christophe Grandsire's Maggel)
mě'hu
stew, soup, gumbo, chili; mixed food, typically cooked, that one probably eats with a spoon ( < suomalainen 'muhennos')
ter'ě-ram dâm-ř mě'hu kî'pĭ-rô ĥy-i mrân- Ќ-ƥ tu-i.   We ate Tara's stew [and hung out and talked].
mě'hu ķĭn-o -faj-fwa-ƥ-.   She is cooking a stew.
mě'hu mluŋ-ke-ķarn-gâl-na
chicken and dumplings
mě'hu-cjaj
chili
mě'hu-ga
anthology, compilation (multiple works that are combined in some way; not necessarily forming a coherent larger work; xref {twâ-cu-ma})
mě'hu-
mixy, miscellaneous, variegated
mě'hu-slĭn
lentil soup
mě'hu-šî'bym
salad
mě'hu-tôn šî'bym-na
salad (nonce, prefer {mě'hu-šî'bym})
mě'lâ
turkey (genus Meleagris) ( < Latin)
usonia-wam i ʝĭŋ-sjum i ķârn-mě'lâ ĥy-i mrân-Ł- de.   In the U.S., people eat turkey on Thanksgiving.
mě'lâ-baw
lax vowel
mě'θâj
Matthew
mě'tyr
meter (metric length measure) ( < English)
rî'mâ ĉu-bô ki tyn mĭ-i blĭn-van mě'tyr - jĭrn-i.   The space between those two houses is three meters wide.
mě'tyr-θô
millimeter
mě'tyr-źa
kilometer
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
mě'zâ
corn, maize ( < English)
mě'zâ-gwâm
popcorn
měn'θu
month (arbitrary period of 28-31 days by solar calendar such as Julian or Gregorian; xref {lyn-bly}, lunar month) ( < English)
měn'θu -gla
January
měn'θu ĉu-ĉu-gla
April
měn'θu ĉu--gla
June
měn'θu ĉu-gla
February
měn'θu -gla
March
měn'θu ðy--gla
August
měn'θu ðy-gla
May
měn'θu fy-gla
July
měr'kun
radio waves ( < name: Marconi)
měr'kun-ĉa
radio transmitter or receiver
měr'kun-θy
specific radio frequency; by metonymy, a radio station or TV channel broadcasting at such a frequency (xref {₣yjm-měr'kun})
mew
also; too; even; as well; and, surprisingly...
topic, subject, theme
-cĭln
a thing that is new/unfamiliar to one
-gâm-tla
model (someone who poses for photos or paintings; {-gâm-pja} if they don't get paid for it)
-i
about; topic case marker; topic or focus adjunct for thinking/saying and experiential verbs
ʝrâ ŋĭn-i źu-lam pe gjâ-zym-byn žy-i gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw kwǒ mĭ-i.   Some artlangs are non-naturalistic, for instance Esperanto and gjax-zym-byn.
ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da mĭ-i kě'pâ-fwa-van.   Her poem induces happy bewilderment.
ryň mĭ-i sâ-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i šelm.   Such an action would be wrong.
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
-ja
suitable, right (of e.g. sorting chaotic paper into the right folders)
-ř
away from the topic of
ƥ ŝu-i mwĭň kâ-i žâw-van, wǒn ce mĭ-ř gju-zô.   I saw she was embarrassed, so I changed the subject.
-šar
about, about how (conj., introducing sub. clause that's topic of verb of saying or thinking in main clause; xref {hǒŋ}, postp. {mĭ-i})
-sru-
desired, wanted
-θe-ĥy-ža
having ergative-absolutive alignment
-θe-ĥy-ža fjǒ
having split-ergative alignment
-θe-tu-ža
having nominative-accusative alignment
-van
to be about (complement with {ðĭ-i} or {hǒŋ} or {ðǒŋ} clause); s'agir de; temi pri
mĭl
in-spite-of-ness; unexpected noncausation (prefer {ĵrĭw-dô} in most contexts) ( < Fr. 'malgre')
mĭl-i
in spite of, despite; malgraŭ (nonce; prefer {ĵrĭw-dô-i})
jâln-źa mĭl-i ƴâ-cjaj- ŋy-.   Despite the great heat, I walked a long way.
kwâwn mĭl-i, pjâl- mî'ħâ- ver.   Despite delirious sleepiness, I'm still working obsessively.
mĭl-šar
~= {mǒn}; A in spite of B (conj.)
mĭlm
name, number, tag, index, identifier (automatically assigned)
mĭlm-ĉě'θâ
date (specification of a particular day)
mĭlm-ĉě'θâ-cu
calendar, system of dividing/measuring year
mĭlm-gju-ŋy
telephone number
mî'ħâ
being obsessed with something (e.g. topics, abstractions, languages, works of art...)
kwâwn mĭl-i, pjâl- mî'ħâ- ver.   Despite delirious sleepiness, I'm still working obsessively.
mî'ħâ-van krĭ-šĭm-zô byn-pja.   The hacker is obsessively coding.
mî'ħâ-i
obsessing over; while obsessed with; because of an obsession with (xref {kâ-i, mĭ-i, pě'ŝlĭ-i, byn-i})
mî'nĭ
minute (unit of time measure; xref {syň, hyr, ĉě'θâ}) ( < English)
mî'rě'dĭ
armadillos and extinct relatives pampatheres and glyptodonts (mammals of order Cingulata) ( < English)
mî'rĭj
Miriam, Mary, Maria, Marie, Mario...
mîn'tĭ
mint (plant) ( < English)
mîn'tĭ-tôn
plants
mîr'su
mulberry (tree of genus Morus, and by metonymy its fruit)
mje
awhile ago, of old, in the past; tense marker (xref {šy, dân}) ( < Thau 'myetou')
kâj-ha ʝel mĭ-i zryŋ-na hej tlĭŋ-na ŋĭn-i mje de.   It used to be that money was typically made of gold or silver.
gě'dĭm mje θǒ i Ќ cim zjâm-ny ĥy-i ĥâ-ca.   I cut my left little toe yesterday.
mje-fja
just now, not long ago; very recent past
mje-tǒj
the past; the set of all past events, the property of having happened/existed in the past
mjyl
honey ( < E-o 'mielo')
vlĭw-pî'dâ mjyl kâ-i tru-Ł-.   One finds honey in beehives.
mjyl-
sweet (syn {gluj-tan})
mjyl-tôn
syrup, honey, molasses, etc.
mjyl-tôn cě'râj-dal
real maple syrup
mjyl-tôn cě'râj-tan
maple-flavored corn syrup
-mla
spouse of one's relative (xref {-tôl})
mlĭr
spinning, turning, rotating (esp. on an axis of symmetry) (xref {ķĭ, gru})
flĭŋ i mlĭr-Ł-môj.   In that dance one spins one's partner about.
mlĭr hǒl
turn (2*pi radians, 360 degrees)
mlĭr-by
whirlwind, tornado, dust-devil (xref {ĥě'ĵuŋ-gru})
mlĭr-
antispinward, west
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu
half-turn, pi radians, 180 degrees
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-dî'ku
radian
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-
to turn around, to make an about-face
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-ť- mwe. ť hi rjuŋ-ny .   Turn around! There's a wyvern behind you.
mlĭr-ja
spinward, east; in the same direction a rotating body is spinning
mlĭr-ʝa
rolling, tumbling end over end
mlĭr-ʝa-fwa-
to roll, to cause to roll, to send rolling or tumbling (xref {ĵârn})
mlĭr-lyn
month (rare alternative to {lyn-bly})
mlĭr-pwĭm
whirlpool, waterspout
mlĭr-tôn
archaic (briefly used) = {ʝĭl}
mluj
small, intimate camp or convention; xref {ĥun, ĥun-źa}; prototypically Camp Wak-N-Hak
mluj šom ĥun-frâ ĥy-i tâň--Ł-.   They added a question-and-answer session to the end of the convention.
mluj i tyn-van bâm- zej hân-.   People of all ages from babies to old folks were at the small convention.
mluj o ruŋ-zô ler pwiň fĭm--van.   I will go to the small convention unless I am sick.
mluj suŋ-hôw
residential course, training camp (e.g. NASK, Clarion)
mluj-θô
convention or congress, not particularly small or intimate (prefer {ĥun-źa})
mlulm
symmetry (xref {sâr})
mlulm ĉu-tan
bilateral symmetry
mlulm ĉu-tan ðĭ-i ŝu-van râm-tôn sel'kâ-ža ʝel.   Vertebrates have bilateral symmetry.
mlulm gyn-tan
radial symmetry
mluŋ
bread, cake, etc.
mluŋ grejěm-gam
Graham crackers
mluŋ pě'pâ-trĭ-tan
waffle
mluŋ-čĭm
brownies, chocolate cookies
mǒj
but, however, nonetheless, even so
mǒn sru-van ť ty-o ruŋ-zô, mǒj grĭ--van Ќ ŝâj-i ƴâ-ĉa mĭ-i.   I want to come to your home, but my car is broken down.
fĭm-hôw-tla ðĭ-i ĵy-van heŋ ʝâr-fĭm, mǒj ʝâr-fĭm- ŝe.   It is not the healthy who need doctors, but the sick.
θuň-ba ðim tyn-van mâ-fĭw ĵyn-fwa mĭ-i, mǒj te ĝy-im tâň-ƥ-van.   In the early part of that story interesting characters appear, but they disappear in the middle.
θuň mĭ-i lju-faj θje ŋĭn-i, mǒj te ðim du fem mĭ-i ĵyn-fwa ŋĭn-i.   That story is not quite worth reading, but its first chapter, at least, is interesting.
mǒn
in spite of; although (xref {mĭl-i}, syn. {mĭl-šar})
mǒn sru-van ť ty-o ruŋ-zô, mǒj grĭ--van Ќ ŝâj-i ƴâ-ĉa mĭ-i.   I want to come to your home, but my car is broken down.
-môj
reciprocal verb suffix
-môj ƥ-ĉu.   They love each other.
flĭŋ i mlĭr-Ł-môj.   In that dance one spins one's partner about.
ɱ
he, she, they (spirits, people, animals not yet mentioned)
ɱ lĭw-i fru-ŝy ĥy-i fâ-vuj-zô kyn-ŝâm.   The mother caresses her daughter.
ɱ lĭw-i -kyn-ħa mĭ-i plĭr-van sâ-cô-fwa sĭlvija-ram.   Sylvia's aunt is a bad influence on her.
ť lĭw-i tu-bâl kâ-i gy-ť- mwe; ɱ ĥy-i cluŋ-, tu-i ť ĥy-i ħulŋ-zô.   Love those who hate you; do good to those who injure you.
ɱ ŝâj-i râm-bâm mĭ-i gju-zô ķe juri-ram.   Yuri talks too much about his kitten.
ɱ him sin su-ʝa-van
to lie supine, to lie on one's back
ɱ vim sin su-ʝa-van
to lie prone, to lie on one's belly
ɱ voj <ŋĭw> ĥy-i tyn-ca
to thrust forward, stick out <body part> (e.g. extending a hand to shake hands) (for animate subjects; xref {ŋe voj vun-van} for inanimates)
mrâ
enclosure; container; cavity, cave (xref {wĭm, kyl, ŋylm, vě'ty})
mruň -ŋy-tla-wam im tyn-van mrâ-cu prym-fwa.   There is a beautiful cave system in Lookout Mountain.
mrâ ryŋ ĥy-i tyn-zô, kujm-šar ruŋ-źa kujm-o sum jâ-o.   I pack many things into luggage, to get ready for a trip.
mrâ-ĉa
artificial container (rare; xref {kyl}, {wĭm}, basic {mrâ})
mrâ-fru-ŋĭw
womb (or marsupial's pouch) (xref {ŝâm})
mrâ-gju
a file or physical storage medium containing recorded speech
mrâ-grâm
envelope
mrâ-kâj-ha
account (abstract container of money)
mrâ-kâj-ha-ĵwa
bank (financial institution; prefer {tâl-kâj-ha-kô}, xref also {pjylm-sĭ} (bank of river))
mrâ-ku
ear cavity
mrâ-ŋĭw
any body cavity
mrâ--
to pack, put away in boxes, bags, cabinets etc.
mrâ-Φy-tôn
trash can, garbage bin, dumpster
mrâ-řŋ-
to unpack, get out, remove from boxes, bags, cabinets etc.
mrâ-sĭŋ
1. disk, tape, record; information storage medium. 2. file (on such a storage medium); prefer {sĭŋ-cu} for this sense
mrâ-sĭŋ-gju
a recording of one or more people talking, in whatever storage medium or format (xref {twâ-cu-ku})
mrâ-ŝrun sĭŋ-na
MP3, MIDI, etc. music file
mrâ-van
to enclose, contain
mrân
leisurely, informal meal, alone or with a few close friends or relations (xref {vâ-oŋ-zô, wlâm}) ( < Enigmatic: mralnos)
ter'ě-ram dâm-ř mě'hu kî'pĭ-rô ĥy-i mrân- Ќ-ƥ tu-i.   We ate Tara's stew [and hung out and talked].
usonia-wam i ʝĭŋ-sjum i ķârn-mě'lâ ĥy-i mrân-Ł- de.   In the U.S., people eat turkey on Thanksgiving.
mrân -sra-žar-paj
dinner date; friends or lovers sharing a meal to get to know one another better
mrân lân-ʝa-ta
picnic, cookout
mrân-kar
especially delicious food
mrân-źa
{mrân} characterized by presence of close friends ({lĭm}) and good conversation
mrel
a particle indicating that, though an utterance may follow the previous utterance after a long time gap, it nonetheless smoothly continues talking about the same stuff
mruň
mountain, hill, ridge
mruň si bâwŋ-θaj-van heŋ ħun-tôn mĭ-i.   Trees don't grow on top of that mountain.
mruň -ŋy-tla-wam im tyn-van mrâ-cu prym-fwa.   There is a beautiful cave system in Lookout Mountain.
mruň im wyw
cave, cavern
mruň lě'jâ-wam
the Mount of Olives
mruň-kwĭ
mountain range
mruň-ŋô
stone, rock (substance); semi-archaic, xref {tlĭŋ-na}
mu
our world, universe (xref {pân})
mu-dal
natural (not miraculous or supernatural)
mu-
unnatural (of Lovecraftian abominations, e.g.)
mu-fĭw
fictional or imaginary world
mu-ny-źa
microscopic universe (as in e.g. "The Girl in the Golden Atom", "Micronauts", etc.)
mu-tôn
any, all universes
mu-tôn žĭŋ-da i -van θuň .   That story takes place in a universe full of magic.
mu-tôn ħuj-
Hell
muw
subset; child class (in object-oriented programming)
muw-i
subset of; instance of; out of (as in "4 out of 5 doctors"); among; considered as
fĭm-hôw-tla ðy- muw-i ĉu-ĉu- ʝâr-i blâl-van ŋî'bĭ fĭw- mĭ-i.   Four out of five doctors get annoyed at made-up statistics.
muw-šar
which-is-a-subset-of
muw-θaj
superset; parent class (in object-oriented programming)
muw-van
be a subset; {mĭ-i} is a subset, example or instance of {ðĭ-i}
mwe
must; imperative, hortative, optative adverb (xref v. aux. {dlâw-van}, negative {źǒ})
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
swyŋ sin ĥy-i ĉârn-ť- šyj-zô mwe.   Scrub the table surface clean.
mwe-fja
slight imperative; bonvolu; please; polite request marker [rarely used]
mwĭl
sleep
mwĭl--
awake, alert
mwĭl-ĉa
archaically == {tĭw-mwĭl}, bed
mwĭl-
bedroom, hotel room, hospital room
mwĭl--ĵwa
hotel, dormitory
mwĭl-Φa
encrustation in one's eyes during sleep
mwĭl-ŝra
sleepy, about to fall asleep soon (xref {kwâwn})
nu i jĭlm-źa-syl-van kwǒ ʝâr-i, jĭlm-źa-syl-van ble kiň mwĭl-ŝra jâ-o le.   When someone yawns, other people yawn and tend to get sleepy.
ĵyj-fja-van gwe, mǒj mwĭl-ŝra-van heŋ ver.   I am already tired, but not yet sleepy.
mwĭň
embarassment at speaking of certain subjects or hearing them spoken of (xref {ķĭw, bě'lâm})
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
bě'lâm ðe mwĭň mĭ-i dlâw-Ł-van dî'fu-zô.   One must distinguish embarrassment at violated privacy from embarrassment at talking about emotionally sensitive subjects.
ƥ ŝu-i mwĭň kâ-i žâw-van, wǒn ce mĭ-ř gju-zô.   I saw she was embarrassed, so I changed the subject.
mwĭň-ma
being embarrassed to admit how embarrassed you are
mwĭň-vuj
blushing (at hearing something embarrassing spoken of)
tad-ram ŝu-i mwĭň-vuj kâ-i zĭm-suw-van kejt-ram.   Kate thinks Todd is adorable when he blushes.
my
43
mym
self (same person; occasionally used emphatically with pronouns); archaically also = ego, identity, personality. xref {sâm} ( < E-o 'mem')
-na
made of ~; (with language name) in ( < English -en (wooden, golden))
gĭn-fĭ-sâm-da ŋĭn-i twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da nors-lam-na mĭ-i.   Norse poetry is alliterative.
tĭw kî'sul-na hân- ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô tam-ram.   Tom sold me an antique wooden chair.
jĭm-ĉa hĭl-na ol pwĭm ĥy-i flu-fwa-zô, kujm-šar te ĥy-i jĭm jâ-o.   I pour water through a carbon filter to purify it.
common, frequent; existing in many instances (xref {râ-sô, ƴyr, vĭj reŋ i})
--
rare, infrequent, uncommon
--źa-
extremely rare; endangered (of species)
nen
not as far as the speaker knows; not necessarily; possibly not (xref {heŋ, źǒ, be, še, ʝem, ĵrĭw-pôm})
ně'lĭj
segmented worms of phylum Annelida ( < Latin)
ně'lĭj-ĥâm
earthworm (class Oligochaeta)
ně'mum
upper arm
ně'Φu
kidney ( < helenike 'nephros')
ně'Φu ol plĭ-tôn
a drug that is processed through the kidneys (xref {fě'wâ ol plĭ-tôn})
nihoŋ
Japan, Japanese (country, people or language with appropriate suffixes)
47
nĭl
root (underground part of a plant)
nĭl-θaj
above-ground part of a plant, esp. trunk/stalk
nĭm
name, title (deliberate) (xref {mĭlm, bjâ}) ( < suomalainen 'nimi')
nĭm lĭw-cu-dal
family name
nĭm --za
personal name
nĭm-baw
nasal consonant
nĭm-ca
to name oneself, call oneself (complement with {ðĭ-i})
nĭm-hu
true name (in a high-magic fantasy context)
nĭm-hwâwm
stage-name
nĭm-i
named for; in the name of
nĭm-ta
anonymous
twâ-cu nĭm-ta mĭ-i pĭln-van ĵrĭw-pôm pǒlsen-šam.   I suppose Paulsen is responsible for that anonymous book.
nĭm-θaj
meaning; reference (xref {slân})
nĭm-θaj-i
meaning, for (as in "a name for", "a symbol for")
nĭm-θaj-ma
subtext, connotation, implication, implicature
nĭm-van
be named; nomiĝi (complement with {ðĭ-i})
nĭm-
to name, call, entitle ({tu-i} calls {mĭ-i} by name {ŋĭn-i})
nĭŋ
ringing, chiming sound ( < onomatopoeia)
nĭŋ-van gju-ŋy-ĉa, žĭr-van pî'dâ, lâl-van ku-faj-źa ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ vim ŝâ--ĉa.   Phones ring, bees buzz, train engines whistle loudly.
nĭŋ-ĉa
bell
nĭŋ-ĉa ŋâw-ĉa
doorbell
nĭŋ-van
to ring; make a ringing sound
nĭrn
swelling, expanding, puffing up, engorging (of balloons, puffer fish, tires, etc) (xref {vun})
nĭrn-van , kiň šun-pwĭm-rô hǒl ĥy-i pwĭm-da-fwa-van.   The river swelled, and flooded the whole valley.
nĭrn--fwa-
squeeze, cause to contract in volume (xref {vâm, pâjn-zô})
nĭrn--van
ŝrumpi; to shrivel, shrink, contract in volume (xref {vâm})
nĭrn-θaj-van
nonce == {nĭrn-cô-van}
nî'kjâ
twitch, jerk, jump; tresaillir (xref {flâň}) ( < suomalainen 'nykiä')
nî'kjâ-ra-van Ќ im ķârn-kyw.   I have the hiccups.
nî'kjâ-fwa-ĉa
vibrating machine (nonce; prefer {flâň-fwa-ĉa})
nî'kjâ-van <> im ķârn-kyw
<person> hiccups
nî'kjâ-van bî'duň
sneezing occurs (context, or postpositional phrase before {bî'duň}, should indicate who is sneezing)
nî'sâ
fate, luck, weird, kismet, karma, doom, providence... various conceptualizations of events-outside-one's-control ( < Melayu 'nisab')
nî'sâ čulm-da
luck, chance (xref {nî'sâ čulm-ta}, {še-tǒj})
nî'sâ čulm-ta
fate (conceived of deterministically)
nî'sâ huw-fwa
good luck, good fortune
nî'sâ-van
to be fated, to be one's luck (optional experiencer {ʝâr-i}, complement clause with {ðǒŋ}, or nominal complement with {mĭ-i} or {jâ-i})
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
nî'šĭm
nighttime
nî'šĭm i ŝrun- lě'sî'kĭn.   The nightingale sings at night.
nu reŋ ķe i Ќ ŋâw-o nî'šĭm ĝy-i gju-ŋy-ť-.   You telephone me too often in the middle of the night.
nî'šĭm-
dark, lightless (xref {fu-ta, fu-fja, lě'ku-θaj, vjâr})
nî'šĭm--tǒj
darkness (xref {vjâr})
nî'šĭm-zâň
subjective nighttime: the period when one is sleeping or at least abed and trying to sleep (xref {gě'dĭm})
nîm'fâ
lotus (plants of family Nymphaeaceae) ( < Latin)
what, which? (interrogative clitic postposed to questioned element; xref {zǒn, srem}; relative "which" is {})
nu
time, moment, occasion (xref {vĭj, ƴu})
nu reŋ ķe i Ќ ŋâw-o nî'šĭm ĝy-i gju-ŋy-ť-.   You telephone me too often in the middle of the night.
nu kujm-ja ði
early, occurring/arriving/etc. before the most suitable moment
nu kujm-ja in
on time, punctual; occurring/arriving/etc. at the appropriate moment
nu kujm-ja ši
late, tardy; occurring/arriving/etc. after the most suitable moment (variants with {ƴyr-ja} or {žuln-fwa} or {sâ-fwa} in place of {kujm-ja}, or {šij} or {šir})
nu i
when, at the moment that
nu i jĭlm-źa-syl-van kwǒ ʝâr-i, jĭlm-źa-syl-van ble kiň mwĭl-ŝra jâ-o le.   When someone yawns, other people yawn and tend to get sleepy.
nu i ķĭm-Ł- de, nu i pwĭm-sâl-tôn-ža ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô mwe.   When one exercises, one ought to drink something with electrolytes.
nu i gĭn-van ĥun mĭ-i, nu i tyn-van šlâ ĝu- kiň tyn-van heŋ šlâ ðy-.   When the meeting began, there were thirteen members present and five members absent.
nu pe nu i
from time to time, occasionally, sometimes, now and then, intermittently (xref {-ra})
nu reŋ-sra i
more often
nu ƴyr-ja ði
early, occurring/arriving/etc. before the usual time (not necessarily before the most suitable time)
nu žuln-fwa i
on time, punctual (nonce; xref {nu kujm-ja in})
nu-
temporary, momentary (xref {vâlm-cô-bô, kujm-nu-ja})
nu-ðu
chance, opportunity (momentary; xref {vě'ty-ga})
nu-ðu ĝyl-pa
Last Chance (thrift store)
nu--cu
timeline, set of precise moments when the interrelated events of a process occur
nu-šar
then, at the next moment
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
nu-van
to be at a certain date/time (xref {-van})
nul
sound; archaically (before 2008) primarily = {nul-θy}
nul-cu
tune; melody (xref {ŝrun})
nul-θy
tone; musical note; sound of specific frequency
nul-van
to sound, make sound (be loud, quiet, rasping, etc.)
num
wren (birds of family Troglodytidae)
num-tôn
birds
ŋ,c,g,θ,
ŋĭn-cu-gjâ-θy; lexicon, dictionary, glossary
-ŋa
surprised, astonished, amazed attitudinal suffix
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
ŋâ
53
ŋâw
calling, invoking, trying to get someone's attention
ŋâw-o
to (talking, writing to)
nu reŋ ķe i Ќ ŋâw-o nî'šĭm ĝy-i gju-ŋy-ť-.   You telephone me too often in the middle of the night.
Ќ ŋâw-o twâ-zô kelij-ram, hǒŋ fĭm--ť-van.   Kelly told me that you were sick.
ŋâw-
to call, invoke
ŋe
it (plants, inanimate things, abstractions not yet mentioned)
ŋe ŝu-i Φu gân-ř, šâ-faj-van heŋ swyŋ .   Because of its mass, this table is not portable.
ŋe ŝu-i čĭwm-fĭ gân-ř -van ðǒŋ gjâ-zym-byn syj-i twâ-mlulm krĭ-o Ł tu-i.   Because of its phonotactics, it is is difficult to write palindromes in gzb.
ŋe voj <du> ĥy-i vun-van
to thrust forward <part> (of inanimate objects; xref {ɱ voj tyn-ca} for animate agents)
ŋě'mu
lizard
ŋě'mu-ĝĭ
Komodo dragon; alligator; crocodile; dinosaur (xref {krî'dul, ŋě'mu-źa})
ŋě'mu-źa
dinosaur
ŋě'mu-źa čĭn-ŋĭw--ža
triceratops
ŋě'mu-źa drě'mâj-tan
Dromiceiomimus ( < Latin (calque))
ŋě'mu-źa pâŋ-tan
Tyrannosaurus rex ( < Latin (calque))
ŋěw'sĭm
raptor; dinosaurs of family Dromaeosauridae
ŋěw'sĭm juta-wam-dal
Utahraptor
ŋěw'sĭm-ĵwy
velociraptor
ŋĭn
comment, explanation, description; gloss, definition (of words)
Ќ dâm-ř ŋĭn lâŋ- ši, twâ-θaj-ƥ- kiň brě'zĭm-Ќ-van.   After my long explanation, she replied, and I felt dismay at realizing she'd misunderstood what I'd said.
ŋĭn-ca
introduce, present oneself
ŋĭn-cu-gjâ-θy
dictionary, glossary, lexicon (xref {twâ-θy-zla})
ŋĭn-₣â-cu
1. how-to document, user manual. 2. schedule, task list, appointment book, etc.
ŋĭn-gân
excuse, cause-explanation
ŋĭn-hu
summary, abstract
ŋĭn-ĥun-cu
meeting schedule, program book, etc.
ŋĭn-i
comment marker in topic-comment sentences
ʝrâ ŋĭn-i źu-lam pe gjâ-zym-byn žy-i gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw kwǒ mĭ-i.   Some artlangs are non-naturalistic, for instance Esperanto and gjax-zym-byn.
ryň mĭ-i sâ-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i šelm.   Such an action would be wrong.
θuň mĭ-i jĭm-ga heŋ ŋĭn-i; te im ðâ-dô reŋ ķe mĭ-i tyn-van.   That story isn't consistent; it has too many violations of logic.
ŋĭn-kujm
justification, rationalization, motive-explanation
ŋĭn-pja
unpaid peer reviewer
ŋĭn-sâm
comparison, comment on a similarity
ŋĭn-sâm-
contrast, comment on dissimilarity
ŋĭn-tla
commentator, analyst
ŋĭn-
explain, clarify, comment on ({tu-i} explains {mĭ-i} noun phrase or {hǒŋ} or {mĭ-šar} clause)
ŋĭr
version, instance, variant copy; draft, edition (of text); branch (of source code). xref {čĭ}
ŋĭr ħĭ-paj
alpha or beta test version of software
ŋĭw
faculty, body part (functional) [suffixoid]
ŋĭw-cu
body (of any living thing)
ŋĭw-cu-dân
corpse, dead body (of human or any other animal)
ŋĭw-cu-dân-Φě'wâm
mummy; mummified, taxidermied, stuffed corpse
ŋĭw-cu-ʝǒ-om-tǒj
reincarnation, transmigration, metempsychosis
ŋĭw-i
with, using (of body parts)
ŋî'bĭ
number (math sense; integer, real, complex, etc.)
ŋî'bĭ-i
of (quantity); partitive postposition (archaic; prefer {jĭrn-i})
ŋî'bĭ-ʝa
imaginary number
ŋî'bĭ-na
quantitative, quantified (of knowledge, information, etc.)
ŋî'bĭ-tôn
number, shape, any mathematical interesting thing
-ŋla
day-of-week ordinal
-ŋô
chemical that's primary/active incredient of ~
ŋu
oxygen
ŋul
defense, defending, guarding, protecting, shielding
ŋul-čâ-tla
lifeguard (at beach, swimming pool etc; or {ŋul-čâ-pja} if unpaid volunteer)
ŋul-ĉa
shield, umbrella, parasol
ŋul-ĉa-cu
security system, burglar alarm
ŋul-ĝâ-ca
to defend oneself against a lawsuit or criminal charge
ŋul-ĝâ-tla
defense lawyer
ŋul-ĝâ-
to defend someone against a lawsuit or criminal charge
ŋul-pja
volunteer security guard (e.g. at sf con); Eucharistic guardian; etc
ŋul-pja hĭj-Φa-paj jâ-i ķulm-van θě'mâ.   It is Thomas's duty and privilege to be a Eucharistic guardian.
ŋul-tla
police officer, watchman, security guard
ŋul-tla-cu
police force
ŋwĭm
pronoun; substitution; replacement; transplant
ŋwĭm-
instead, being substituted or replaced (modifier; xref postp. {ŋwĭm-i}, conj. {ŋwĭm-šar})
ŋwĭm-i
instead of, rather than
ŋwĭm--môj
to swap roles
ŋwĭm-kyw
lung transplant
ŋwĭm-môj
to swap places, jobs, roles, etc. (xref more specific {ŋwĭm-tyn-môj})
ŋwĭm-ŋĭw-
hospital/clinic that does organ transplants
ŋwĭm-šar
instead (with sub. clause; xref coordinating conjunctions {fwiň} and {piň} and postposition {ŋwĭm-i})
ŋwĭm-tyn-môj
to swap places
ŋwĭm-
to replace, substitute ({tu-i} replaces {ĥy-i} with {syj-i})
ŋy
far-off, distant, remote
jâln-źa mĭl-i ƴâ-cjaj- ŋy-.   Despite the great heat, I walked a long way.
ŋy-
nearness, proximity
ŋy--
close, nearby
ŋy-ma
area (quality measured in square meters)
ŋy-me-
volume (amount of space occupied) (xref {nĭrn})
ŋylm
groove, furrow, notch, indentation, dimple, hollowed-out space (xref {mrâ, wyw})
swyŋ sim ŋylm ; te ðu-Ł-van krĭ-vuj-ĉa ĥy-i tyn-zô.   There is a groove on the surface of that desk; one can put a pencil in it.
ŋyr
turtle, tortoise, terrapin
ŋyr-tôn
reptile
ny
small, short, narrow, compact
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-ť- mwe. ť hi rjuŋ-ny .   Turn around! There's a wyvern behind you.
gě'dĭm mje θǒ i Ќ cim zjâm-ny ĥy-i ĥâ-ca.   I cut my left little toe yesterday.
ny-źa
tiny, microscopic
o
to, towards
o ble
the rest of the way to (specified place), after stopping somewhere on the way; similarly with various derivations from {o}, e.g. {oj}, {soŋ}, etc.
o θǒ
directly to (specified place), without stopping anywhere along the way; similarly with various derivations from {o}, e.g. {on}, {}, {źoŋ}, etc.
oj
coming near but not reaching
ojl
past (as in, "go past the cemetery and turn left")
ol
through (movement; go through the door); by way of, stopping at ~ on the way to somewhere else; passing into and out of (xref {il})
om
to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
on
approaching and coming into contact with
into
twâ-cu šuŋ- ĥy-i swyŋ-ʝa cu-ja tyn-zô θǒ.   I put these recently acquired books on the appropriate shelf right away.
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
vlym tyn-ca šej Ќ ĉon vlym ĥy-i tyn-zô.   I put myself into clothes, or surround myself with clothes.
or
coming nearer but still pretty far off
p,ĥ,j,ŝ,
pjylm-ĥwĭl jî'ŝu-ram ŝu-i ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj
p,ŋ,b,
et cetera (pe ŋe ble)
p,ƥ,b,
et cetera (pe ƥ ble); archaic, xref {p,ŋ,b,}
-pa
Nth, ordinal; position in spatial or temporal series (xref {-gla, -saw})
-paj
intended for, used for ~ (xref {-ja, kujm-o, θĭ-o})
ŋul-pja hĭj-Φa-paj jâ-i ķulm-van θě'mâ.   It is Thomas's duty and privilege to be a Eucharistic guardian.
parma
Parma (Italy)
fym- ruŋ-sô, sâr-fja-; restlessness; petolemo, vagemo, ajnemo
ħĭn-dal
cabin fever, restlessness due to confinement
-zym
thoughts that wander impetuously from subject to subject; distraction, inability to concentrate (xref {čun-ga, kâ-dô})
pâjn
pressure ( < suomalainen 'painaa')
pâjn-by-ĉa
air compressor
pâjn-mâŋ-môj
to shake hands
pâjn-ŋu-ĉa
oxygen compressor
pâjn-θaj
suction
pâjn-θaj-
to suck, suction, draw out
pâjn-
to press, put pressure on, squeeze (xref {nĭrn--})
pâlm
palm (tree) ( < English)
pân
all things, everything (archaically = {pen}); xref {mu} ( < helenike 'pan')
pân-kwa
polychrome, multicolored
fî'suň bij fu-cu pân-kwa kâ-i fjâw-van ser'ě-ram.   Sarah is in awe of the Aurora Borealis.
pân-
pantheist
pâŋ
lord, sovereign; one who rules by nature, not arbitrarily (xref {gym, ĝum, tyrn}); (chess) king ( < Polsku 'panie')
pâŋ-kwĭ -pa / ĉu-pa
1 / 2 Kings
pâwřz-šam-
typical of Tim Powers' work: a certain subset of magic realism, with convincing magic that seems natural, not arbitrary or made-up
pe
plus, and; kaj (links words/phrases within clause, not clauses; xref {ke, kiň} & see grammar doc)
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
Ќ lĭw-i -ma-bâm mĭ-i -van pe pym-van.   I love my baby cousin and find her amusing.
pen
all, every, each (xref {rew}) ( < helenike 'pan')
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam lâ-cô-i θuň-lâŋ pen kâ-i gâw-zô lju-zô.   I plan to read all the novels nominated for the Hugo Award.
ty rew o ruŋ-zô pen.   Everyone went to their own homes.
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
râm reŋ ķe ðĭ-i ŝâj-ť-van; ƥ pen ĥy-i ðu-van heŋ šu-.   You have too many cats; you can't take care of them all.
pě'cĭn
pizza ( < English < Italian)
pě'cĭn-ĵwa
pizza restaurant, pizzeria
pě'hĭ
street, road, way (xref {pě'hĭ-ga})
pě'hĭ ĝĭr-ta
freeway, expressway, interstate highway
pě'hĭ ĝĭr-ža
surface road (one with stop signs/stop lights)
pě'hĭ -tan
canal
venicia-wam i pě'hĭ -tan ol ruŋ-Ł- de.   In Venice, one goes about via canal.
pě'hĭ-cĭw
tunnel
pě'hĭ-cu hî'mâr--hôw
maze, labyrinth; intentionally confusing system of paths (an unintended maze would be {hî'mâr--fwa})
pě'hĭ-ga
route, trajectory, path taken (could be comprised of parts of several {pě'hĭ} or {pě'hĭ-θô} or not)
pě'hĭ-ja
along the road; up or down the road
pě'hĭ-
serial, sequential, linear (xref {kwĭ-tan, kwĭ-ja, syrm})
pě'hĭ-θô
alley, driveway, footpath
pě'hĭ-źa
highway, major road (xref {pě'hĭ ĝĭr-ta})
pě'hĭ-źa ðy--wam
Interstate 85
pě'krâ
pancreas ( < English < helenike)
pě'lâ
old, obsolete, archaic, outdated, past due for replacement (xref {hân}, {bâm-cô-bô}) ( < helenike 'palaios')
pě'ljy
plastic (xref {cî'tĭr}) ( < English)
pě'pâ
sheet of paper, parchment etc.; page ( < English 'paper')
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
pě'pâ dlu-čĭ-za
copyright page
pě'pâ gu-ĉa
paper ballot
pě'pâ-cu
notebook; card deck
pě'pâ-ga
document, web page, text file, ... (xref {twâ-cu, ĵĭ})
pě'pâ-ga gu-ĉa
ballot (nonphysical document)
pě'pâ-ny lě'ku- gâr-tĭm-
1000 Blank White Cards (game)
pě'pâ-trĭ
graph paper
pě'pâ-θô
card (index, credit, library...)
pě'pâ-ƴâwn
bill, invoice, debt document
pě'sâŋ
Pasch; Easter; Passover ( < Hebrew)
pě'sâŋ ĉul-i --
to eat the Passover meal
pě'sum
possum, opossum (marsupials of order Didelphimorphia) ( < English)
pě'sum-tôn
marsupial
pě'sum-tôn bly-ca-
kangaroo
pě'ŝlĭ
sense or body part one is focusing on ( < Enigmatic 'spish')
pě'ŝlĭ-ga
focus, concentration, specialty, major
pě'ŝlĭ-i
in, at (a body part or sense that is demanding attention); xref {im}
pěn'θĭr
cats of subfamily Pantherinae: tiger, lion, jaguar, leopard, snow leopard ( < Latin)
pěn'θĭr amerika-wam-za
jaguar (Panthera onca)
pěn'θĭr ĵwy-
leopard (Panthera pardus)
pěn'θĭr syrm-ža
tiger (Panthera tigris)
pěn'θĭr-cjaj
lion
pěr'sî'ku
peach (tree/fruit of Prunus persica)
piň
A rather than B, not B but A (clausal conjunction; xref postposition {ŋwĭm-i} "instead of")
pĭln
credit, honor; blame, fault, guilt, culpability; responsibility (xref {ĵulm, ķĭw})
pĭln-van
to be responsible for, to deserve the credit or blame for ({ʝâr-i} deserves credit/blame for {mĭ-i} or event in {hǒŋ} clause)
twâ-cu nĭm-ta mĭ-i pĭln-van ĵrĭw-pôm pǒlsen-šam.   I suppose Paulsen is responsible for that anonymous book.
pĭn
point, end, extremity, peak ( < E-o. 'pinto')
pĭn-i
at the end of; aux bout de
pĭn-mruň
peak, crest
pĭn-zjâm
fingertip; fingernail, claw
pĭn-zryŋ
Golden Crest (retirement home)
pĭŋ
to shoot (especially with a bow, crossbow, harpoon gun, etc.; for other guns, prefer {fî'ħâ})
pĭŋ-ĉa pe čĭn-ĉa
bow and arrows
pĭw
playing, game, recreation; puzzle; (xref {hwâwm})
pĭw gjâ-ʝǒ-hôw
translation relay game
pĭw im šĭm-cu pe lî'fyŋ
rules of a game
pĭw ĵy-ĉâ-
puzzle, game that challenges the wits
pĭw ĵy-ĉâ- lĭn-twâ-θy-za
crossword puzzle
pĭw šrĭ-θy-gam
Clue (board/card game)
pĭw zu ʝâr-wuŋ
Monopoly (board/card game)
pĭw-ĉa
toy, gamepiece
pĭw-fu
waving flashlights around in the dark; teasing a cat with a laser pointer
pĭw-hî'dru-vuj
dice game
pĭw-hî'dru-vuj ƴum-pja-paj
Liars' Dice
pĭw-ĵwy
race, speed contest
pĭw-
1. game-room (in a house). 2. playground, park, public recreation area.
pĭw-ķĭm
sport, physically strenuous game
pĭw-ķĭm-tla
professional athlete
pĭw-ķĭn-ĉa
building blocks, erector set, Lego, Duplo, Tinkertoy, Lincoln Logs, etc.
pĭw-lî'fyŋ
competitive game
pĭw-muw
Subsets (game)
pĭw-nĭm
Tokwomau; name-giving game
pĭw-pja
gamer
pĭw-rĭm-kě'ĝu
peek-a-boo
pĭw-
playful; ludema
pĭw-trâw-plâŋ ƴâ-cjaj-za
that game where one kicks a bit of gravel or a pinecone along as one is walking, and the people one is walking with go on kicking it ahead until it goes out of reach
pî'dâ
honeybees, bumblebees, etc. (family Apidae)
fân řŋ čâj ĥy-i tâň-zô de pî'dâ pe Φĭlm.   Bees and butterflies take pollen from flowers.
nĭŋ-van gju-ŋy-ĉa, žĭr-van pî'dâ, lâl-van ku-faj-źa ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ vim ŝâ--ĉa.   Phones ring, bees buzz, train engines whistle loudly.
žĭr gân-ř luw-tâlm kâ-i rĭm-van kiň te pî'dâ-daj kâ-i tru-zô.   Because of the humming noise I looked inside the skull, and found a swarm of bees in it.
pî'gâ
buttock ( < helenike 'pyge')
kujm-van Ќ ŝu-i gě'dĭm-zla hǒŋ rum-kô Ќ im pî'gâ ĥy-i tyn-zô.   The purpose of my life is to get my butt into Heaven.
pî'hâ
θě'ku-za; holy, sacred ( < suomalainen 'pyhä')
θě'ku gy-i kâj-ha-ta ĥy-i θĭ-zô de mje kolkata-wam im teresa-ram-ķa pî'hâ-.   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta served the destitute for the love of God.
fĭm dî'fu-i ŝu--sra-van pî'hâ.   Holiness is more important than health.
pî'hâ-fwa-
to bless, sanctify, consecrate (most often with God as agent, or e.g. of priest blessing holy water or consecrating the Host, etc.)
pî'hâ-zwa
Φĭ-- jâ-i mwe pen
pî'mâr
horseradish plant (Armoracia rusticana)
pî'pĭ
walrus, sea lion, seal (superfamily Pinnipedia) ( < Latin)
pî'pru
pepper (Piper nigrum) (archaically also = {kî'pĭ}) ( < English)
pî'râ
fire, burning, combustion; rapid oxidization ( < helenike 'pyr')
pî'râ mĭ-i fî'žâln ʝel ðĭ-i ŝâm ŋĭn-i.   Fire is the womb of the phoenix.
pî'râ-ĉâm
rust; process of slow oxidization (xref {pî'râ-ĉâm-Φa})
pî'râ-ĉâm-Φa
rust (encrustation of oxides on a rusting piece of metal)
pî'râ-ga
fusion (hydrogen is built into helium at a temperature of millions of degrees)
pî'râ-ga-van
to undergo fusion
pî'râ-Φa
smoke; ashes
pî'râ-van
to burn, to be on fire, to rapidly oxidize
pî'rĭ
wager, bet, stake ( < Fr. 'pari')
pî'rĭ-ga
insurance policy
pî'rĭ-ga fĭm-hôw-paj
health insurance
pî'tĭr
Peter, Petros, Petra, Pyotr, Pierre, Pedro, Petra...
pî'tĭr-gôm
the papacy
pî'tru
Peter (etc.); nonce, prefer {pî'tĭr}
pî'vĭl
cotton (stuff linens are made from, and plant that produces it) ( < suomalainen 'puuvilla')
pî'vu
peafowl, peacocks (birds of genera Pavo and Afropavo) ( < Latin)
pî'vu ĥy-i Φě'wâm-ť- žu- mwe.   Please stuff this peacock carefully.
pî'wyr
compassion, pity, empathy, mercy (rare; prefer {zĭm})
pîr'ku
pig; porcus ( < Latin)
pîr'pâ
papyrus ( < Greek (anagram))
-pja
person who does ~ avocationally, not for money; amateur, hobbyist, volunteer (xref {-tla}, {ðurm-bwĭl})
mî'ħâ-van krĭ-šĭm-zô byn-pja.   The hacker is obsessively coding.
pjâl
work (on a project one is doing voluntarily, on one's own initiative; contrast {ðurm, ĥân}; xref also {byn, ķĭn, krĭ, žuln})
kwâwn mĭl-i, pjâl- mî'ħâ- ver.   Despite delirious sleepiness, I'm still working obsessively.
pjâl-ĥân
= ĥân-pjâl
pjâl-pja
amateur, volunteer (also {ĥân-pja}, rarely {ðurm-bwĭl-pja})
pjân
piano ( < English)
pjân mĭ-i ulrikě-ram ĥy-i plĭr-zô lia-ram tu-i.   Lia mentors Ulrika in piano-playing.
pjân-tôn
piano, harpsichord, organ; keyboard instrument
pjě'tâ
parrot, cockatoo; birds of order Psittaciformes ( < Latin)
₣um-i ðu-van fjǒ gju-zô pjě'tâ kwǒ.   Some parrots can sort of speak like humans.
pjylm
boundary, edge, border, surface, cusp (sharp); (xref {θlu, ĝy-θaj})
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
pjylm-gě'dĭm
sudden waking up from sleep
pjylm-gě'dĭm-zla
conception or death (edge of life)
pjylm-gě'dĭm-zla-sun
death (end of life)
pjylm-ĥwĭl
epoch; moment of sudden change in world's history
pjylm-pwĭm-daj
beach, shore
pjylm-pwĭm-daj mřtl-wam
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
pjylm-
bank, shore (of river, creek, etc.)
pjylm-šun-bĭm
continental divide
pjylm-šun-tyrn
national border
pjylm-syl
lips
pjylm-syl ĥy-i -vuj-môj
to kiss
pjylm-syl sin ʝym-daj
moustache
pjylm-syl-môj
to kiss each other
pjylm-syl-
to kiss
pjylm-tâŋ
moment of sudden change in one's life
pjylm-ty
threshold of one's home
pjylm-vĭj-gu
voting deadline, time limit
pjylm-
hyphen '-'
pjylm-vuj
fence, other physical boundary marker
plâŋ
foot, feet (xref {ƴâ-ŋĭw}) ( < E-o 'plando')
plâŋ- ŋĭw-i ðwĭr-ca
to balance on one foot
plě'tân
European plane tree, North American sycamore (genus Plantanus) ( < Latin)
plĭ
pill; small swallowable drug-dose (xref {θĭw, plĭ-tôn}) ( < English)
plĭ ħě'nâw-ĝa
allergy medicine
plĭ-cjaj
digestive enzyme supplements
plĭ-
medical (archaic, prefer {źĭ-fĭm-za})
plĭ-tôn
drug, medication (in any form)
plĭ-tôn-ĵwa
pharmacy, drugstore
plĭ-
to take meds
plĭr
influence (a person does things a certain way because of another person's example); xref {gân-θô})
křbij-šam-ķa ŝu-i plĭr prym-hôw-za mĭ-i gju-ŋĭn-zô sě'râ.   Sarah gave a lecture on Kirby's artistic influences.
plĭr-van
to be influenced, to be under the influence of ({ʝâr-i} is influenced by the example of {mĭ-i}); xref {ryň-₣um-zô}
pow-šam-ķa kâ-i plĭr-van lěvkrâft-šam-ba ʝâr-i.   Lovecraft was influenced by Poe.
ɱ lĭw-i -kyn-ħa mĭ-i plĭr-van sâ-cô-fwa sĭlvija-ram.   Sylvia's aunt is a bad influence on her.
plĭr-
to deliberately influence, to mentor, to take someone under one's wing ({tu-i} mentors {ĥy-i})
pjân mĭ-i ulrikě-ram ĥy-i plĭr-zô lia-ram tu-i.   Lia mentors Ulrika in piano-playing.
plum
lead (element) ( < Latin 'plumbum')
plum-
dense (high proportion of matter to volume; xref {ðĭm})
plyn
fullness, ampleness ( < Fr. 'pleine')
plyn-
full, ample
plyn-fja
empty; dead (of batteries)
plyn-ga
sufficiency, sufficient quantity (archaically = {gle})
that yonder (distant from speaker and listener; third person demonstrative)
gâm-la dî'fu-i ʝrâ-sra- ŋĭn-i gâm-ba .   This picture is more abstract than that one.
ryň mĭ-i sâ-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i šelm.   Such an action would be wrong.
θuň mĭ-i jĭm-ga heŋ ŋĭn-i; te im ðâ-dô reŋ ķe mĭ-i tyn-van.   That story isn't consistent; it has too many violations of logic.
-pôm
derive evidentiality adverb from root
bly-van ku-pôm pwĭm mĭ-i.   It's raining (I hear it).
fĭm--van rĭm-pôm ƥ ʝâr-i.   She's sick (I saw her.)
jě'lĭ mĭ-i lju-pôm fĭm-fwa ŋĭn-i.   (I read somewhere that) garlic is good for you.
ƥ
he, she, they (spirits, people, animals already mentioned)
-môj ƥ-ĉu.   They love each other.
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
prâr
flavor, savor, feel, style, quality, qualia, gestalt... a distinctive pattern of input to senses in general or a particular sense (xref {hu, wu-ga, -θaj, žâw})
prâr-gjâ-ja
fitting the spirit of a language
prâr-gju
the way a word, or individual syllable or phoneme, or a language as a whole, feels in the mouth
prâr-glĭm-cu
the feel/flavor of a writing system; Schreibgefu:l
prâr-ku
lamatyave, Sprachgefu:l; musical style (from perspective of listener rather than performer)
prâr-lju
literary style (from perspective of reader, not writer)
prâr-lym
flavor, taste
prâr-rĭm
visual flavor (of environment, visual art, writing system...)
prâr-trym
qualia of consciousness; the way one experiences life and thought (in general, or at a given time)
prâr-źum
texture, feel (of thing, substance)
prě'kjun
raccoon, coati, kinkajou (family Procyonidae) ( < Latin < Greek)
prym
belsento, aesthetic pleasure, appreciation of beauty (xref {suw})
křbij-šam-ķa ŝu-i plĭr prym-hôw-za mĭ-i gju-ŋĭn-zô sě'râ.   Sarah gave a lecture on Kirby's artistic influences.
prym--fwa
ugly, garish, misproportioned, offensive to the aesthetic sense
prym-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i vlym-ĝĭw syrm-da mĭ-i.   This striped shirt is ugly.
prym-fwa
beautiful, well-proportioned, aesthetically pleasing
gâm prym-fwa kâ-i Ќ ĥy-i žy-zô krĭ-gâm-tla .   That artist showed me a beautiful picture.
prym-fwa-ť-van.   You are beautiful.
pu
59
pul
powder, sand, dust (xref {ĥâm}) ( < Latin)
pul-daj-źa čyw-ŝa
nebula (humongous gas cloud in space)
pun
to leave, to leave alone, to cause or allow to remain in place (or in same state), to not take, to not alter; to keep, to not throw away, delete, erase (xref {tâň})
pun-ca
to stay in the same state (with {jâ-i} complement), to stay in the same place (with {i, } etc. locative complement)
pun-fĭm-ĉa
medical equipment (for routine maintenance care)
pun-fĭm-hôw-ha
preventive medicine, vaccine
pun-fĭm-hôw-ha flîn'zu-ĝa
flu vaccine
pun-
storage place, e.g. warehouse or complex of small rentable storage rooms
purj
environment, surroundings, local region; situation, circumstances (xref {tyn, šun})
kĭl ðy-pu- jĭrn-i jâln-van purj.   It is 295 Kelvins here.
pwâŋ-la reŋ ĥy-i bâwŋ-van purj .   A lot of clover grows around here.
purj gim vi
ad orientum; facing eastward
purj-ga
atmosphere, ethos, (social or moral) environment; etoso
purj-žâw
the set of all things/events within range of one's senses at the moment
purj-žâw sim
the sky, or the ceiling if one is indoors
pwâŋ
clover (plants of genus Trifolium)
pwâŋ-la reŋ ĥy-i bâwŋ-van purj .   A lot of clover grows around here.
pwâŋ-tôn
ground cover plants which are pleasant for bare feet
pwâŋ-tôn-ĵwa
lawn, greensward (xref {žyj, žyj-ĵwa, šun žyj-da})
pwě'lâl
ice cream, sherbet, yogurt...
lî'klâ siŋ ŝum-van pwě'lâl-la.   There is delicious ice cream floating in the milk.
pwě'lâl-ke-kě'kul
ice cream float
pwě'tĭln
jelly, jam; similar thick spreads like peanut butter
pwiň
A or (exclusive) B; A unless B (clausal conjunction; xref phrasal {rej})
mluj o ruŋ-zô ler pwiň fĭm--van.   I will go to the small convention unless I am sick.
pwĭ
joy, delight, enjoyment, (nonphysical) pleasure (xref {huw, pym, kě'pâ, , jyn, ₣yw})
pwĭ-fwa
delightful
pwĭ-hôw-
to entertain; to amuse (also {pym-hôw-}, {prym-hôw-}, etc.)
pwĭ-i
for joy of
pwĭ-
excitement, enthusiasm (similarly {prym-, kě'pâ-} etc.)
pwĭ-van
to enjoy, take delight in, like [object in {mĭ-i} or {kâ-i}, subject {ʝâr-i}]
pwĭm
water, esp. in liquid form
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
kĭl -fy-ĝu- jĭrn-i ðuŋ jâ-o rej jâ-ř pwĭm.   Water freezes and melts at 273 Kelvins.
pwĭm-da-tǒj gân-ř kî'sul mĭ-i ƴârn-van ĵwy-bô.   Because of the humidity this wood is rotting quickly.
pwĭm-baw
bilabial consonant
pwĭm-by-daj
cloud, fog, mist (mass of water vapor in air)
pwĭm-čĭm jâln-
hot chocolate (water-based; milk-based chocolate is {lî'klâ-čĭm jâln-}) ( < coined by Matthew Turnbull)
pwĭm-daj
pond, lake, sea, ocean... xref {vlě'tâ}
pwĭm-ðuŋ
ice
pwĭm-ʝĭl-ta-pul
snow (nonce, prefer {pwĭm-pul}) ( < coined by Lars Finsen for inverse relay 2)
pwĭm-ŋô
hydrogen
pwĭm-pul
snow
pwĭm-
humble (< Taoism, water seeks the low place)
pwĭm--tǒj
humility
pwĭm-sâl
saline, esp. normal saline (0.9%)
pwĭm-sâl fy-ðe-tĭm-ja
hypertonic saline 7%
pwĭm-sâl sâŋ-tan
normal saline, same salinity as blood
pwĭm-sâl-tôn
electrolyte
nu i ķĭm-Ł- de, nu i pwĭm-sâl-tôn-ža ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô mwe.   When one exercises, one ought to drink something with electrolytes.
pwĭm-sâl-źa
hypertonic saline (e.g. 3-10% salt instead of 0.9%)
pwĭm-
habitually thirsty, needing/wanting a lot of water (xref {sru-pwĭm-bô})
pwĭm-ta
dry; dehydrated
pwĭm-ta-fwa-
to cause to dry out, to dehydrate, to dessicate
pwĭm-tan
liquid, wet
pwĭm-tôn
water in any form (ice, snow, steam, liquid)
pwoň
A or B or neither, but not both; NAND
-Φa
result of action (xref {-kar}, {-ha})
Φâ
form, figure, shape; sculpture, statue, bas-relief, 3D art (xref {gyn, gâm})
Φâ dul-paj
ikon
Φâ hwâwm-ĉa
puppet, marionette; roleplaying miniature
Φâ Φum-na
stuffed (toy) animal, doll, etc.
Φâ Φum-na sur-tan
teddy bear
Φâ tî'šâ-paj
idol
Φâ-ja
fitting a given shape (e.g., of clothes fitting a person's figure; {Φâ-Ќ-ja} fitting me, {mî'rĭj ðĭ-i Φâ-ja vlym}, clothes that fit Mary)
Φâ-wĭm-by
balloon sculpture
Φân
lethargic reverie, being lost in thought; esp. if neglecting an immediate task in consequence (xref {zym, mî'ħâ, blě'mĭm, čun-ga, kâ-dô})
Φej
pardon; please excuse, ignore the previous word
Φě'ĥu
elephant; (chess) bishop ( < helenike 'pachys' > En. pachyderm)
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
Φě'ĥu-tôn
mammal
Φě'ŋĭ
calf (lower leg)
Φě'wâm
preservation, pickling, mummification, taxidermy
Φě'wâm-
to preserve, pickle, mummify, stuff and mount
pî'vu ĥy-i Φě'wâm-ť- žu- mwe.   Please stuff this peacock carefully.
Φěn'lĭ
lupus
Φĭ
quality (xref {, hu})
Φĭ-ja
fitting a thing's nature; suitable, appropriate, natural; taŭga (prefer {hu-ja})
Φĭlm
butterfly, moth (insects of Lepidoptera)
fân řŋ čâj ĥy-i tâň-zô de pî'dâ pe Φĭlm.   Bees and butterflies take pollen from flowers.
Φĭlm-nî'šĭm
moth (nocturnal insect of sub-order Heterocera)
Φĭn
to print, to press
Φĭn-ĉa
printing press, printer
Φĭrn
sweat (substance extruded from sweat glands of mammals for cooling)
Φĭwm
ķy mĭ-i zym brâl--; guess, supposition, tentative thought or belief (xref {brâl-cô, ĵrĭw})
Φî'šu
salt-water fish; archaically, = angler fish
Φî'šu-tôn
fish
Φî'šu-tôn ĥy-i ƴum- zuň--fwa
to catch fish, esp. with line and bait rather than nets
Φî'šu-tôn-ĵwa
aquarium (zoo with mainly aquatic animals)
Φǒ
quote conjunction
twâ-zô Φǒ {pwĭ-van belm.} vĭj-lǒ-šar Ќ cim šâ-ŋĭw ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô rjuŋ-.   "This is delightful!" I said, as the dragon ate my left arm.
Φu
mass (inertial, gravitational)
ŋe ŝu-i Φu gân-ř, šâ-faj-van heŋ swyŋ .   Because of its mass, this table is not portable.
Φu-ĵam
a material object, something with (possibly zero) mass
Φul
mistake, error (xref {tě'θru-ga}, {-} and many words derived from {-} esp. {žâj-dô})
Φum
pillow, cushion, mattress; upholstery, padding
Φum tâlm-paj
pillow
Φy
ʝu ķârm-Φa-da-ħa
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
Φy-tôn
trash, rubbish, garbage
Φy-tôn ĥy-i tâň-ť- mwe.   Take out the trash.
Φyln
urine
Φyln-ŋô
uric acid
Φyln-ŝra
needing to pee
Φyln-
to pee
Φyr
affix, esp. suffix
Φyr ŝrĭ-fwa
a suffix that forms derived words with idiomatic, unpredictable meaning
Φyr-tôn
suffix, prefix, infix, circumfix, inflectional mutation, ablaut, Semitic vowel template...
Φyr-tôn-cu
inflection, declension, declination, conjugation; (grammatical) paradigm; a given language's morphology
pym
amusement, hilarity (xref {pwĭ, prym, suw})
Ќ lĭw-i -ma-bâm mĭ-i -van pe pym-van.   I love my baby cousin and find her amusing.
pym-fwa
amusing, funny
pym-ĥĭn-fwa
disgustingly absurd
pym-ma
being amused at one's own (previous?) amusement
pym-
smiley :)
pym-vuj
smiles, laughter; physical expression of amusement
pym-vuj-θô-van
to smile
pym-vuj-źa-van
to laugh
pym-ƴum-hôw
meant to amuse rather than (maliciously) deceive, e.g. of an April Fool's Day review of a fictitious book
pyrn
sexual pleasure or desire (archaic; see {₣yw, sru-₣yw, žuŋ})
pyw
spraying, squirting (xref {bî'wu, flu, flu-ra-van})
-ra
repeatedly; intermittently (xref {čârm-tôn}) ( < Fr. r(e)-)
nî'kjâ-ra-van Ќ im ķârn-kyw.   I have the hiccups.
-ram
proper (personal) name tag
Φě'ĥu-cu mĭ-i krĭ-gâm-zô tam-ke-ser'ě-ram.   Tom and Sarah painted a picture of a herd of elephants.
occurrence, happening, event, process (xref {nu, vĭj, ryň})
mu-tôn žĭŋ-da i -van θuň .   That story takes place in a universe full of magic.
ler mĭ-i zym-zô pe gju-zô źĭ-ler-tǒj-tla.   Futurists think and talk about future events.
-bâm
news (recent events themselves, not information about them; xref {râ-bâm mĭ-i ŋĭn})
-bâm -i ŋĭn
news (reportage/commentary on recent events)
-čulm
coincidence
-cu
process; a set of interrelated events
-cu -pa / ĉu-pa
1 / 2 Chronicles
-cu dâr-tan
cycle, cyclical sequence of events (e.g., water cycle or nitrogen cycle)
-fwa-
to cause to happen (syn. xref {gân})
-i
archaically ~= {ʝâr-i}
-kwĭ
plot (sequence of events in a story); process
--van
what is happening? what's going on?
-pĭw
party (nonce; xref {ĥun-pĭw, kĭlm})
-Φa
result, consequence, sequel (of event)
-
probable, tending to happen often (xref {râ-ŝra, le})
-ŝra
probable, likely to happen soon (xref {râ-sô, le})
-zla
history; the set of all events
râm
cat (genus Felis), esp. domestic cats ( < onomatopoeia)
naj'ĝel-ram , ?râm mĭ-i ħě'nâw-van zǒn.   Nigel, are you allergic to cats?
ɱ ŝâj-i râm-bâm mĭ-i gju-zô ķe juri-ram.   Yuri talks too much about his kitten.
râm reŋ ķe ðĭ-i ŝâj-ť-van; ƥ pen ĥy-i ðu-van heŋ šu-.   You have too many cats; you can't take care of them all.
râm-cu
'herd of cats'; a figure of impossibility
râm-
independent
râm-tan
catlike
râm-tôn
animal
râm-tôn sěl'kâ-ta
invertebrate
râm-tôn sěl'kâ-ža
vertebrate
mlulm ĉu-tan ðĭ-i ŝu-van râm-tôn sel'kâ-ža ʝel.   Vertebrates have bilateral symmetry.
râm-źa
mountain lion, cougar, other cats of genus Puma
re
place-pronoun
rej
or (exclusive; word-conjunction, xref clausal {pwiň}) (archaically (before 2007) was also inclusive or)
kĭl -fy-ĝu- jĭrn-i ðuŋ jâ-o rej jâ-ř pwĭm.   Water freezes and melts at 273 Kelvins.
reŋ
many, much; many times, often (xref {ryŋ})
kuln reŋ , mǒj lĭm zen.   Acquaintances are many, friends are few.
beθ-ram ĥwâ-i kĭlm i ķĭn-gâm-Ќ- reŋ.   I took many photos at the party in honor of Beth.
nu reŋ ķe i Ќ ŋâw-o nî'šĭm ĝy-i gju-ŋy-ť-.   You telephone me too often in the middle of the night.
reŋ ,
now a lot, now only a little (adverbial, following a verb phrase with (maybe implied) habitual or imperfect aspect)
reŋ-gla
very late at night
reŋ-pa
many-th; being a member of a sequence coming fairly late in said sequence
rě'bĭn
wanting not to know what time it is ( < Enigmatic: 'rundibeak')
rě'bĭn-
obsessively checking the time frequently
rě'bĭn-ĉa
a covering for a clock display face to prevent oneself from noticing the time without specifically looking
rě'ĥĭ
peanut (Arachis hypogaea) [nonce; prefer {hîw'gâ}] ( < Latin)
rě'ju
a thorough, systematic search for something (xref {rjâ}) ( < Unix 'grep')
rě'ju-kâj-
to shop for ({tu-i} shops for {rjâ-i})
rě'ju-šrĭ-tla
detective, investigator
rě'ju-
to search systematically for ({tu-i} searches for {rjâ-i})
rě'ĵy
wife
θě'mâ lĭw-o rě'ĵy jâ-o sě'râ.   Sarah got married to Thomas.
θě'mâ lĭw-i rě'ĵy-van sě'râ.   Sarah is Thomas's wife.
tâ-tôl - ðĭ-i lĭw-van, ŝǒj rě'ĵy - ðĭ-i lĭw-van.   I have no brothers- or sisters-in-law because I have no wife.
rě'ĵy-pâŋ
(chess) queen
rě'ĵy-šuŋ
bride, newly married woman (xref {rě'ĵy-zwa})
rě'ĵy-tôn
spouse
rě'ĵy-tôn-žar -i ʝĭŋ
wedding anniversary
rě'ĵy-θaj
husband
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
rě'ĵy-θaj-šuŋ
groom, newly married man (xref {rě'ĵy-θaj-zwa})
rě'ĵy-θaj-θô
boyfriend
rě'ĵy-θaj-zwa
groom, fiance (xref {rě'ĵy-θaj-šuŋ})
rě'ĵy-θô
girlfriend, sweetheart, mistress, leman
rě'ĵy-zwa
bride, fiancee (xref {rě'ĵy-šuŋ})
rě'sâ
rose (plants of genus Rosa) ( < Latin)
rě'tâ
rat (Ratus) ( < Latin)
rew
apiece
mâ-ĵĭn - ŝâj-o sî'nĭn ĥy-i rew bwĭl-zô.   I gave an orange apiece to the three children.
ty rew o ruŋ-zô pen.   Everyone went to their own homes.
ri
beyond, on the other side of
rij
other.side-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ril
through, to the other side of (positional) ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rim
other.side-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rin
other.side-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
riŋ
other.side-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
61
rĭm
seeing, having within view, vision ( < Nihongo 'miru')
rĭm-ca-ĉa
mirror
rĭm-ca-ĉa-kwa
color of mirror; reflective
rĭm-ĉa
eyeglasses (xref {rĭm-ŋy-ĉa, rĭm-ny-ĉa, θĭ-rĭm-ĉa})
rĭm-faj -o čyw
the sun rises
rĭm-ku-
to watch (a film, TV episode, stage play, etc.) (variant form {ku-rĭm-})
rĭm-kun
recognition
rĭm-kun-van
to recognize ({ʝâr-i} recognizes {mĭ-i}
rĭm-lju-
to read (of comic strips, comic books) (nonce, prefer {lju-rĭm-zô})
rĭm-nu-van
to glimpse, momentarily see
rĭm-ŋĭw
eyes, vision, sense of sight
rĭm-ŋy-ĉa
telescope, binoculars
rĭm-ny-ĉa
microscope
rĭm-pôm
I saw for myself (evidentiality)
fĭm--van rĭm-pôm ƥ ʝâr-i.   She's sick (I saw her.)
rĭm-ro-faj
transparent (xref {vě'ty-rĭm-kwa})
rĭm-θaj
something visible, direct or indirect source of light
rĭm-θaj-ĉa
computer monitor, TV screen, movie projection screen
rĭm-θaj-van
to be seen, to be visible [unsure of argument structure, see also {kâ-θaj-van}, {žâw-θaj-van}]
rĭm-van
to see, to have within one's range of vision ({ʝâr-i} sees {kâ-i}); xref {rĭm-zô}
vlě'tâ bly-ca bî'wu- rî'nâ, wǒj kâ-i rĭm-van.   The frog jumped splashing into the pond because he saw a human.
rĭm-
to look at ({tu-i} looks at {kâ-i}); xref {rĭm-van}
Ќ kâ-i rĭm-zô ĵyn-ta bĭm-cô-pî'râ vi râm.   The cat in front of the fireplace gazed at me with disinterest.
rĭm-žu-
to examine
rir
far to the other side of
rî'mâ
house, building ( < Melayu 'rumah')
?ť wuŋ-i rî'mâ hij θĭl ĥy-i bâwŋ-hôw-ť- vǒm zǒn.   You grow potatoes behind your house, don't you?
rî'mâ ĉu-bô ki tyn mĭ-i blĭn-van mě'tyr - jĭrn-i.   The space between those two houses is three meters wide.
rî'mâ im gju-ŋy-ĉa
landline telephone
rî'mâ sim lân-θaj
roof
rî'mâ-daj
city (focus on its buildings, roads, etc.; xref {mâ-ĵwa})
rî'mâ-fu-tla
lighthouse
rî'mâ-lě'ku-wam
White House, Tennessee; Casablanca, Morocco
rî'mâ-ŋul
castle, fort, fallout shelter; (chess) rook
rî'mâ-tôn
building
rî'mâ-θaj
outdoor parts of a given piece of property; yard, garden, etc. in contrast to house and outbuildings
rî'nâ
frog ( < Latin)
rî'nâ-tôn
amphibian
rî'pul
roly-poly, doodle-bug (genus Armadillidium) ( < English)
rî'zĭ
rice ( < English)
rî'zĭ hǒl
brown rice
rî'zĭ hǒl-
white rice
rî'zrĭ
rosary, chaplet (prayer sequence; bead-set is {rî'zrĭ-ĉa}) ( < English)
rî'zrĭ-ĉa
rosary, chaplet (beads)
rî'zrĭ-tôn
systematic series of prayers
rî'zrĭ-tôn hyr-ja
Liturgy of the Hours
rî'zrĭ-tôn pě'hĭ-kru-ja
the Stations of the Cross
rî'zrĭ-tôn zĭm-θě'ku-za
Chaplet of the Divine Mercy
rî'zrĭ-tôn-zĭm
Chaplet of the Divine Mercy
rî'zrĭ-
to pray the Rosary
rîl'gĭ
eel (order Anguilliformes)
rîn'tjĭn
X-rays ( < name: Roentgen)
rîn'tjĭn-θaj
opacity to X-rays
rîn'tjĭn- vyl-reŋ-ja
to do a CT scan (radiologist {tu-i} does CT scan of patient/body part {ĥy-i})
rjâ
search, quest, seeking (xref {rě'ju, -, sru, vy}) [suffixoid]
rjâ-hyw-tla
student (teacher, nurse, etc., already getting paid something for what they are learning to do better)
rjâ-i
seeking, in quest of (marks objects of searching and requesting verbs)
rjâ-kâj-
to go shopping, to look around in one or more stores or shops perhaps without definite plans to buy or not buy stuff
rjâ-sî'ðyr-źa-gam
Battlequest
rjâ-θaj
finding (archaic; prefer {tru})
rjâ-
to seek, search, quest for (xref {rě'ju})
rjuŋ
dragon ( < Nihongo 'ryuu')
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-ť- mwe. ť hi rjuŋ-ny .   Turn around! There's a wyvern behind you.
twâ-zô Φǒ {pwĭ-van belm.} vĭj-lǒ-šar Ќ cim šâ-ŋĭw ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô rjuŋ-.   "This is delightful!" I said, as the dragon ate my left arm.
rjym
subjectively defined, "I know it when I see it" kind of category (xref {ĉĭ})
rjym ŋĭn-i fĭw-câŋ mĭ-i.   Science fiction is a fuzzy, subjective category.
rjym- kâj-ha-za
social class; group of people with similar income and other similarities roughly correlated to income level
rjym-θuň
genre (type of story characterized by common settings, tropes, etc.)
ro
beyond; to the other side of
ro-ga
beyond, transcending; Pratchett's "through ~ and out the other side"
roj
other.side-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rol
other.side-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rom
other.side-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ron
other.side-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
roŋ
other.side-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ror
other.side-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-rô
eca; characteristic quality of (tangible noun > adjective) ( < Fr. -eur (peseur, longeur, etc))
ř
from, away from, out of, since
řj
from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
řl
through (movement; come through the door)
řm
from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
řn
from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
mruň řn bujŋ-nul-van twâ.   The words echoed off the side of the mountain.
řŋ
from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ħĭn-kô řŋ câ-zô ruŋ-kě'ĝu-zô ħĭn-ta-zwa srǒ.   Several would-be escapees tried to sneak out of the prison.
řr
from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
from the other side of
rřj
other.side-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rřl
other.side-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rřm
other.side-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rřn
other.side-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rřŋ
other.side-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
rřr
other.side-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ru
method, way, manner, style
ru i Ќ ĥy-i čuj-zô mje kyn-ķa tu-i, ru i ť ĥy-i čuj-Ќ- .   As the Father has sent me, so I send you.
ĵyj-fja-van ru--, hǒŋ ðu-van ƴeŋ su-van.   I'm so tired, I can hardly stand up.
ru i ~~~ šelm
as if, as though; kvazaŭ
ru i
how? kiel?
ru kwǒ i
however? how in the hell...?
ru-i
in this way, in this style, by this method
jĭ-ga ru-i ƥ dâm-ř vâ-kar-vyl mĭ-i ðî'ruň-Ќ-.   I politely pretended to enjoy her casserole more than I actually did.
ru-šar
by, in this way, by this method (introduces a subordinate clause describing the way the action of the main clause is done)
rum
the Beatific Vision
rum--
Hell
rum-
Heaven
kujm-van Ќ ŝu-i gě'dĭm-zla hǒŋ rum-kô Ќ im pî'gâ ĥy-i tyn-zô.   The purpose of my life is to get my butt into Heaven.
ruŋ
going, coming, moving ( < English 'run')
ruŋ-byn-
to explore, to scout
ruŋ-čulm-
to wander, to travel at random
ruŋ-fwa-ĉa
engine, motor (of vehicle)
ruŋ-fwa-tla
transporter, escort, chauffeur; driver/pilot of a public transportation vehicle
ruŋ-fwa-
to send, to set in motion (xref {čuj, ₣yjm, grâm})
ruŋ-₣âl
teleportation (nonce; xref {₣âl-tyn})
ruŋ-ga
program run, instance, process [could do better; maybe something with {grĭ}?] ( < English)
ruŋ-kě'ĝu-
to sneak, to creep, to move stealthily
ħĭn-kô řŋ câ-zô ruŋ-kě'ĝu-zô ħĭn-ta-zwa srǒ.   Several would-be escapees tried to sneak out of the prison.
ruŋ-ma
acceleration
ruŋ-mlĭr-
to go around in a circle or spiral
ruŋ-o-tǒj
arrival
ruŋ--
entrance, place of entry (xref {vě'ty} if a door/gate/etc works in both directions)
ruŋ--tǒj
entrance (act of going in)
ruŋ-řŋ-
exit, place to go out (xref {vě'ty} if a door/gate/etc works in both directions)
ruŋ-řŋ-tǒj
exit (act of going out); Exodus (book of the Bible)
ruŋ-
wanderlustful, restless, nomadic
ruŋ-sun-
to arrive, come to the end of a journey
ruŋ-ŝra
likely to go somewhere soon
ruŋ-ta
stationary, sessile, immobile (xref {ʝĭl-ta})
ruŋ-ƴu-ĉa
time machine
ruŋ-ƴu-
to time-travel
ruŋ-
to go, come, move
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
gâm-ʝĭl kâ-i ruŋ-zô rĭm-van ler.   I'm going to go see that movie.
kwǒ mĭ-i, tu-i tyn o ruŋ-zô, ĵlân-cô-bô ŋĭn-i.   Anyone who goes there is foolish.
ruŋ-źa
trip, voyage, journey; travelling a significant distance to a specific destination
mrâ ryŋ ĥy-i tyn-zô, kujm-šar ruŋ-źa kujm-o sum jâ-o.   I pack many things into luggage, to get ready for a trip.
ryň
act, action, deed, doing; agado, farado; faire, fait
ryň mĭ-i sâ-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i šelm.   Such an action would be wrong.
ryň-ĉa
tool, machine, apparatus, artifact, furniture (xref {-ĉa}, {swyŋ-tôn}, {tĭw-tôn})
ryň-ĉa -tan
humanoid robot, android (xref {ryň-ĉa tu-zym-})
grĭ-fwa-môj ryň-ĉa -tan.   The robots repair one another.
ryň-ĉa tu-zym-
robot, android, AI, thinking machine (xref {ryň-ĉa -tan})
ryň-da
busy; occupied; hyperactive
ryň-₣um-
to imitate, to mimic; do something in roughly the same way as someone else ({tu-i} imitates {kâ-i} in action of secondary verb) (xref {ryň-sâm-zô}, {plĭr-van})
ryň-i
1. = ryň-o. 2. = ryň-ř. [deprecated in both senses; in polysemous use up to 2008]
ryň-ĵy
work, chores, maintenance; something one must do (xref {ĥân})
ryň--ca
what is {tu-i} doing to him/herself?
ryň--
what is {tu-i} doing?
ryň-o
doing; performative case? (xref {ĉul-i}; need to think about the usage distinction of these two)
ryň-ř
of (action), subjective genitive, demoted agent; done by; fare de (xref {tu-i})
ryň-sâm-
to do the same thing (repeat or imitate some action just mentioned)
ryň-ta
idle; non-acting; having nothing to do
ryň-ta-
lazy, habitually idle
ryň-ƴĭ
penance, penitential acts (xref {ĵâŋ-tôn})
ryň-ƴyr
custom; habit
ryň-
fari; to do stuff
ryŋ
reŋ; many things; a set with many members (archaically = {reŋ})
mrâ ryŋ ĥy-i tyn-zô, kujm-šar ruŋ-źa kujm-o sum jâ-o.   I pack many things into luggage, to get ready for a trip.
ryŋ-tôn
quantity, amount (archaic; now {jĭrn})
ryŋ-van
to be numerous
salomon-ram-ķa dâm-ř twâ-ĵlan
Wisdom of Solomon
-saw
as the Nth in a sequence of diverse actions (xref {-pa, -gla})
moral approval
--fwa
bad, evil, wrong, inducing moral disapproval (xref {žâj-dô})
ryň mĭ-i sâ-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i šelm.   Such an action would be wrong.
gyn-čĭn-ĉa-da-ðy ķĭn-o grâm-zô suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla sâ-cô-fwa.   The evil sorcerer drew a pentagram.
ɱ lĭw-i -kyn-ħa mĭ-i plĭr-van sâ-cô-fwa sĭlvija-ram.   Sylvia's aunt is a bad influence on her.
-fwa
obviously good, inducing moral approval (xref {sâ-gô})
-
good, worthy of approval (xref {sâ-fwa})
sâl
salt (sodium chloride)
sâl-ŋô
sodium
sâl-tan
salty (taste)
sâl-tôn
salt (any ionic compound)
sâln
ticket, admission, subscription, account, membership; right or permission to use a given service, whether once or for a period of time
sâln-grâm
postage stamps
sâln-ruŋ-źa-ly
plane ticket (not necessarily tangible)
sâln-θaj-
registration desk, check-in area (at hotel, airport, etc.)
sâln-θaj-
to register, check in; to (begin to) use a service one has prepaid for
sâln-ty-nu
hotel room reservation
sâln-vuj-pĭw
game machine token
sâm
sameness, extreme similarity (xref {mym, ₣um}) ( < E-o sama, English same)
sâm-ca
be self-consistent
sâm-
other, different, nonidentical (xref {ʝǒ, ble, ₣um-})
sâm--žar -θy-za
phonemic dissimilation
sâm--žar gjâ-θy-za
lexical dissimilation
sâm-hu
essentially the same, cognate, isomorphic, equivalent at some suitable level of abstraction (xref {sâm, ₣um})
sâm-i
the same as, identical to
sâm-van
be the same as, same ({mĭ-i} is the same as {ðĭ-i})
sâm-vĭj-van
remain the same (xref {pun-ca})
sâŋ
blood, sap, juice ( < Fr. 'sang')
sâŋ-bjyň
grapefruit juice (generalize for names of other fruit juices)
sâŋ-da -o <> im źum-ŋĭw
<person> blushes (xref {mwĭň-vuj, bě'lâm-vuj} etc.)
sâŋ-kwa
bright intense red, color of blood
sâŋ-pě'lâ-kwa
dark brownish red, color of dried blood
sâŋ-sî'nĭn
orange juice
sâr
order, structure, neatness, low entropy (xref {mlulm})
sâr-
chaos, disorder, messiness; tangle, snarl (of stringlike stuff); static (of radio or TV signal); xref {čulm}
sâr- -i ƥ ŝu-i zym-ŋĭw pě'ŝlĭ-i
he/she is insane
sâr--zym
insanity, madness, mental illness
sâr--zym {xkcd 386}-tan
xkcd 386 syndrome; unhealthy obsession with Internet debate (xref {ķyŋ-cô})
sâr-fja
disordered, chaotic, entropic, messy
sâr-fwa-
to sort, to sort out, to arrange in an orderly way
sâr-ta
disorderly, chaotic; random (prefer {čulm-bô} for this sense)
sâr-zym
sanity, mental health, mental equilibrium
se
minus; except; krom
se-tǒj
exception
sem
so, thus, therefore (postpositive clitic; xref conj. {wǒn, ŝǒn, ʝǒn})
sě'frâ
sassafras ( < Latin)
sě'gir
high above and to the east of
sě'ĥâr
sugarcane (plants of genus Saccharum)
sě'râ
Sarah, Sara ( < Hebrew)
sě'tun
end, finish, cessation (of process) (xref {ĝyl}, abortive ending, & {sun}, completion)
sě'vĭ
clay (xref {ĥâm}) ( < suomalainen 'savi')
sě'vwâ
67
sěl'kâ
spine, vertebrae ( < suomalainen 'selkä')
fĭm-cô gân-ř, ɱ im sěl'kâ mĭ-i źyl--van.   Because of a certain disease, his spine is crooked.
sěl'kâ-gôm
back (region of body, muscles and skin in back of torso as well as spine) (ĝĭw him ķârn pe źum-ŋĭw)
sěm'su
samosa, gyro, burrito, egg roll, basil roll, curry puff; any foodstuff with meat or vegetables completely enclosed in bread ( < Hindi? via English)
si
above
mruň si bâwŋ-θaj-van heŋ ħun-tôn mĭ-i.   Trees don't grow on top of that mountain.
sij
above-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sil
above-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sim
above-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
swyŋ sim ŋylm ; te ðu-Ł-van krĭ-vuj-ĉa ĥy-i tyn-zô.   There is a groove on the surface of that desk; one can put a pencil in it.
sin
sitting on, on top of
swyŋ sin ĥy-i ĉârn-ť- šyj-zô mwe.   Scrub the table surface clean.
siŋ
above-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lî'klâ siŋ ŝum-van pwě'lâl-la.   There is delicious ice cream floating in the milk.
river, creek, stream, brook, branch, freshet
nĭrn-van , kiň šun-pwĭm-rô hǒl ĥy-i pwĭm-da-fwa-van.   The river swelled, and flooded the whole valley.
li θâŋ-twâl-ɱ-van, kiň lârm-van, kiň te ĥy-i gĭl-lârm-Φa jĭrn-i hum-fwa-.   She by the river sat, and sitting there, / She wept, and made it deeper by a tear.
-
upriver
-ja
downriver; along the river
-ʝa
waterfall
-ʝa ₣um-i bly-van pwĭm
it's raining like a waterfall; it's raining cats and dogs
sĭlm
robe, kimono, dress (xref {cĭw-julŋ})
mî'rĭj θĭ-o sĭlm ķĭn-o ʝĭŋ ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj-za ĥwâ-i gwî'jum tu-i.   Wilma made a dress for Mary for her birthday.
sĭŋ
data, information
sĭŋ ŋî'bĭ-za -i žy rĭm-paj
The Visual Display of Quantitative Information (book by Edward Tufte)
sĭŋ-cu
file (in digital storage medium)
sĭŋ-daj
nonce, prefer {sĭŋ-cu}
sĭŋ-flu-
computer network, esp. Internet
grĭ---van de šĭm-ĉa ; žy-šar ĵwy-cô-van sĭŋ-flu-kô o lĭn mĭ-i.   This computer is malfunctioning lately; for instance, its network connection is slow.
ƥ lĭw-i lĭm belm tu-i ƥ ŝu-i sĭŋ-kě'ĝu mĭ-i sĭŋ-flu-kô ki lju-θaj-zô.   A "friend" of his wrote about his secrets all over the Internet.
sĭŋ-kě'ĝu
a secret; private, secured, classified information
ƥ lĭw-i lĭm belm tu-i ƥ ŝu-i sĭŋ-kě'ĝu mĭ-i sĭŋ-flu-kô ki lju-θaj-zô.   A "friend" of his wrote about his secrets all over the Internet.
sĭŋ-kwĭ
array (1D), list (xref {drĭ})
sĭŋ-kwĭ-me-ĉu
table, matrix, spreadsheet; 2D array
sĭŋ-ŝrun
MP3, MIDI, etc. music file (nonce; prefer {mrâ-ŝrun sĭŋ-na})
sir
far above
siraĥ-ram fru-i jî'ŝu-ķa dâm-ř twâ-ĵlan
Sirach / Ecclesiasticus
sî'dum
Pseudomonas argeuinosa ( < Latin)
sî'dum-tôn
bacteria
sî'ðyr
oppose, fight, battle against (xref {ðân, -ĝa, ŋul, dy-})
sî'ðyr-gĭn-
to (counter)attack, assault, begin to fight
sî'ðyr-ĝâ
trial, suit, lawsuit, litigation (civil or criminal)
sî'ðyr-ĝâ-
litigious
sî'ðyr-ĝâ-tla
lawyer; esp. prosecutor (xref {ŋul-ĝâ-tla})
sî'ðyr-môj ƴyr-ja
to duel (fight according to customary rules)
sî'ðyr-tla
warrior, soldier, guerilla, etc.; (chess) pawn
sî'ðyr-tla kě'bâl-ža
mounted soldier, cavalryman, knight, cavalier
sî'ðyr-tla-ga
member of honorary or symbolic, not-really-military society e.g. Knights of Columbus
sî'ðyr-źa
battle, large-scale fight
sî'ðyr-źa-cu
war, campaign consisting of multiple battles
sî'ðyr-źa-cu-ĝân
the Great War, World War One
sî'kum
fig, oriental sycamore (genus Ficus) ( < helenike)
sî'kwâ
natural gas, methane ( < suomalainen 'kaasu')
sî'lâj
willows, sallows, and osiers (trees/shrubs of genus Salix) ( < Latin)
sî'lâm
fern (plants of division Pteridophyta)
sî'lâm-cjaj
Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
sî'mĭj
human, ape, monkey (infraorder Simiiformes) ( < Latin)
sî'nĭn
orange (tree of species Citrus sinensis) ( < Latin)
mâ-ĵĭn - ŝâj-o sî'nĭn ĥy-i rew bwĭl-zô.   I gave an orange apiece to the three children.
sî'nĭn-kwa
orange (color)
sî'θu
71
sjân
tin ( < Latin 'stannum')
sjěr'pâ
scorpion (arachnids of order Scorpiones) ( < English < helenike)
sjum
thanks, gratefulness
sjum-pôm
thankfully
slân
symbol, emblem, sign, signal (xref {-, glĭm, Φâ, nĭm-θaj})
slân-i
symbolizing; which symbolizes
slân-kru-
to make the sign of the cross (nonce, xref {ʝĭl-kru-zô})
slân-mâŋ-
to make a conventional symbolic gesture
slân-van
to symbolize ({mĭ-i} symbolizes {ðĭ-i})
slĭn
lentil (Lens culinaris); also occasionally error for {ŝĭw-grâm-gluj} "insulin" ( < Latin (anagram))
slĭr
oscillation, swinging, motion as of pendulum etc. (xref {čârm})
slĭr-ca
to cause oneself to swing, oscillate, while sitting in a swing seat or holding onto a dangling rope or chain
slĭr-
to cause someone/something to swing; to push a child in a swing seat; to give a nudge to a pendulum
slî'ku
silk ( < English)
so
above-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
čî'ny so pe θo ƴâ-ƥ- ķĭm-.   She walks up and down stairs for exercise.
soj
above-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sol
over (passing through the space above something)
soln
across (sliding/rolling across a surface)
som
above-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
son
onto
soŋ
above-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
certain, specific, particular
fĭm-cô gân-ř, ɱ im sěl'kâ mĭ-i źyl--van.   Because of a certain disease, his spine is crooked.
ƥ lĭw-i lĭm belm tu-i ƥ ŝu-i sĭŋ-kě'ĝu mĭ-i sĭŋ-flu-kô ki lju-θaj-zô.   A "friend" of his wrote about his secrets all over the Internet.
sor
above-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-sô
tending to do ~ often, much; (with entity roots) partial to, seeking, desiring ~ (xref {-ŝra})
-šam
proper (family, tribe) name tag
křbij-šam-ķa ŝu-i plĭr prym-hôw-za mĭ-i gju-ŋĭn-zô sě'râ.   Sarah gave a lecture on Kirby's artistic influences.
-šar
form conjunction from content root
šâ
lifting, carrying, holding something
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
ĥun θǒ i, šâ-ť- mwe twâ-cu .   Bring that book to our next meeting.
šâ-faj
portable, easily carried
ŋe ŝu-i Φu gân-ř, šâ-faj-van heŋ swyŋ .   Because of its mass, this table is not portable.
šâ--môj
to hug, embrace
šâ-ga-
1. to take or keep something on one's person or near at hand; to carry about with one. 2. to support, hold up (nonce)
šâ-gĭn-
to pick up something
šâ-ĝân-
to hold tight, keep a strong grip on
šâ-kyl-tla
courier, deliverator of packages (xref {grâm-tla}; nonce, might can do better)
šâ-ŋĭw
arms & hands; tentacle, claw...
twâ-zô Φǒ {pwĭ-van belm.} vĭj-lǒ-šar Ќ cim šâ-ŋĭw ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô rjuŋ-.   "This is delightful!" I said, as the dragon ate my left arm.
šâ-ŋĭw těw'θĭ-tan
tentacle
šâ-ruŋ-
to bring, carry along
šâ-tla
courier (of packages; nonce, xref {šâ-kyl-tla})
šâ-
to tote, carry, support, hold, lift
šâl
belly (skin area from below ribs to above genitals)
šâŋ
73; also, error for {šĭl}
šâŋ-twâ-cu-pî'hâ
the Bible [the Catholic canon has 73 books]
šâw
delay, procrastination (esp. of parting after a visit) (xref {ĝĭj})
šâw-pjâl
cat-vacuuming, procrastinating on one's main project by working on minor projects
šâw-θaj
finally taking leave of one's host (or guest), or doing something else one has been procrastinating
še
maybe, possibly (xref {fjǒ, be, le})
še-tǒj
probability, possibility; archaically also = chance, randomness, uncertainty (xref {čulm, le-tǒj, še, be, le, râ-ŝra, râ-sô})
še-tǒj-van
to be probable, possible (odds in {jĭrn-i}, subject {mĭ-i} phrase or {ðǒŋ}-clause); xref {be-tǒj-van}
ju-ðe-tĭm jĭrn-i še-tǒj-van ðǒŋ ĉě'θâ i bly-van pwĭm.   There is a 29% chance it will rain today.
šej
also known as (joins two terms for the same entity, or two verbs or clauses describing the same action from different points of view)
vlym tyn-ca šej Ќ ĉon vlym ĥy-i tyn-zô.   I put myself into clothes, or surround myself with clothes.
šelm
hypothetical, counterfactual particle; used in apodosis of conditional statement, esp. if protasis is silent/implicit (xref {ĉǒ, še, be})
!hwǒ: jĭlm-ĉa ĥy-i ŝâ-ť- źǒ, wǒn ce gân-ř šelm gwâm-van pân.   Hey! Don't push that button, or everything will explode.
ryň mĭ-i sâ-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i šelm.   Such an action would be wrong.
te kâ-i jyn-lym-van šelm.   You would find it tasty [if you ate it].
ši
after (time)
Ќ dâm-ř ŋĭn lâŋ- ši, twâ-θaj-ƥ- kiň brě'zĭm-Ќ-van.   After my long explanation, she replied, and I felt dismay at realizing she'd misunderstood what I'd said.
ðurm ši ty o ruŋ-ƥ- kiň vâ-oŋ-zô θǒ.   After work she goes home and eats right away.
šij
soon after, not long after
šil
after-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
šim
during the latter part of (subjective time periods, events)
šin
immediately after
šiŋ
during the latter part of (objective time periods)
šĭl
snake, serpent
ĵârn-ca šĭl tu-i, že ði hǒŋ o bly-ca kiň ħulŋ-zô.   The snake coils before it strikes.
šĭm
rule, formula, equation, algorithm; policy (of organization); xref {čĭwm, ĝâ, ƴyr, twâ-ga-cwĭn}
šĭm ĝân--paj
stress/accent rules of a particular language
šĭm mâl--
rule of thumb, approximate method of measuring or deciding something
šĭm sâr-fwa
sorting algorithm
šĭm-bâň
restrictions, constraints, limits (on the form of valid input or values a variable can take, e.g.)
šĭm-cu-vuj
piece of software, computer program
šĭm-cu-vuj ĥâ-du-ĉa
parser, lexer
šĭm-ĉa
computer, calculator
grĭ---van de šĭm-ĉa ; žy-šar ĵwy-cô-van sĭŋ-flu-kô o lĭn mĭ-i.   This computer is malfunctioning lately; for instance, its network connection is slow.
šĭm-ĉa--
to install (software, hardware peripherals etc.)
šĭm-
bug, defect, logic error in program (it compiles but doesn't run correctly) (xref {ʝĭ-dô, ðâ-dô})
šĭm-
phonotactics of a particular language [nonce; xref {čĭwm-fĭ}]
šĭm-hĭj
liturgy, rubrics; rules and procedures for celebrating sacraments
šĭm-ŋĭw
brain
bab-ram sim šĭm-ŋĭw tyn-van gâ-zuň-ĥun čyw-ʝǒ-dal.   There is an alien symbiont in Bob's brain.
šĭm-ŋĭw him du rĭm-paj
optic center of brain
šĭm-Φĭwm
heuristic, guessing algorithm
šĭm-vuj čĭ-ca-
computer virus, self-copying program
šir
long after
šî'bym
lettuce
šî'fy
spirit; angel, fairy, demigod, daemon, kami, genius loci
šî'fy-grâm-tla
angel (metonymic calque for angels in general, not just the lowest choir thereof) ( < calque of Greek 'aggelos')
šî'fy-ħa
demon, devil, evil spirit, malicious fairy...
šî'fy-
incorporeal, spiritual
šî'kwĭ
79
šlâ
member of a group (xref {-, ʝwâ})
nu i gĭn-van ĥun mĭ-i, nu i tyn-van šlâ ĝu- kiň tyn-van heŋ šlâ ðy-.   When the meeting began, there were thirteen members present and five members absent.
šlâ-ðurm-sâm
co-worker, colleague (nonce, prefer {tu-ðurm-ĥun})
šlâ-ķa
honorary member [nonce; doesn't really make sense...]
šlâ-lĭw-cu
relative, family member (a bit archaic; xref {tâ-tôn})
šlâ-šun-tyrn
(archaic) resident, inhabitant, citizen (xref {ʝwâ, ʝwâ-źa})
šlâ-žar-
to join (of organizations; {tu-i} joins organization {om})
šo
until after
šoj
until shortly after
šol
after-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
šom
until the later part of (subjective time periods, events)
mluj šom ĥun-frâ ĥy-i tâň--Ł-.   They added a question-and-answer session to the end of the convention.
šon
until the end of
šoŋ
until the later part of (objective time periods)
šor
until long after
šrĭ
evidence, source of information, authority
šrĭ-i
according to, by authority of; as evidenced by (xref suffix {-pôm})
šrĭ-šar
= {ʝǒj}. because (next clause is evidence of previous clause)
šrĭ-θy
clue, piece of evidence
šrĭ-van
{mĭ-i} is evidence or proof of {ðĭ-i} or {hǒŋ} clause
šrĭw
certification, attestation, diploma, degree, mark of approval...? [nonce; can probably come up with a good compound]
šř
since
šřj
since shortly after
šřl
after-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
šřm
since the later part of (subjective time periods, events)
šřn
since just after
šřŋ
since the later part of (objective time periods)
šřr
sine long after
šu
to take care of, care for (persons, animals); xref {cĭm, ŋul, ķuj-fja-hôw-zô}
râm reŋ ķe ðĭ-i ŝâj-ť-van; ƥ pen ĥy-i ðu-van heŋ šu-.   You have too many cats; you can't take care of them all.
šu-fĭm-hôw-tla
nurse
šu-ga-
to take care of, maintain, keep in repair (machines, buildings, etc.)
šu-ĝân-
intensive care unit, ICU
šu- -hân-ĵwa
hospital, nursing home, rehab center (xref {fĭm-hôw-kô})
šu-kyw-tla
respiratory therapist
šu-tla
nurse
mâ-ĵĭn ĥy-i šyj-zô šu-tla šuŋ-.   The new nurse bathes the child.
šul
spice, sauce, condiment, seasoning; dip
šul-brěj'sĭ
sauerkraut
šul-cěl'wân
hummus
šul-fě'ʝâ
bean dip
šul-pî'mâr
horseradish sauce
šul-pî'pru
pepper (ground table condiment)
šul-zuj
soy sauce
šun
land, region, territory, broad area (xref {tyn, purj})
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
šun ĉě'my-ta
plain; flat expanse of land
šun pwĭm-da
swamp, marsh, wetland
šun pwĭm-fja
desert, arid region
šun θlu-nî'šĭm-za
The Twilight Zone (TV show, comic, movie etc.)
šun žyj-da
prairie, grassland, savannah (xref {šun ĉě'my-ta})
šun-bĭm
watershed region
šun-kâj
market; region(s) interdependent economically
šun-pwĭm-
valley
nĭrn-van , kiň šun-pwĭm-rô hǒl ĥy-i pwĭm-da-fwa-van.   The river swelled, and flooded the whole valley.
šun-reŋ-tyrn
empire; multiple countries under same government
šun-tyrn
empire, nation; region(s) under same government
šun-tyrn-ʝǒ-dal
foreign, nonnative
šuŋ
newness (being of recent acquisition, discovery, etc, or newly acquiring a certain trait, but possibly old in itself; xref {bâm, ĵĭn, cĭln})
mâ-ĵĭn ĥy-i šyj-zô šu-tla šuŋ-.   The new nurse bathes the child.
twâ-cu šuŋ- ĥy-i swyŋ-ʝa cu-ja tyn-zô θǒ.   I put these recently acquired books on the appropriate shelf right away.
šuŋ-cô ŋĭn-i gwe twâ-cu , mǒj cĭln-van ver.   I've owned that book for a while, but I still haven't read it.
šuŋ-
not of recent acquisition, already owned for some time; already in present state/role for some time
šy
old, former, previous; retired, emeritus; ancien (xref {dân, hân, pě'lâ})
Ќ lĭw-i kyn-ma--ķa mĭ-i trĭ-šun-tla šy- ŋĭn-i.   My honored grandfather is a retired land surveyor.
šy-
following, succeding, -elect, successor
šyj
clean, pure (xref {jĭm})
mâ-ĵĭn ĥy-i šyj-zô šu-tla šuŋ-.   The new nurse bathes the child.
swyŋ sin ĥy-i ĉârn-ť- šyj-zô mwe.   Scrub the table surface clean.
vě'ty-rĭm - ĥy-i šyj-zô gwe.   I've washed seventeen windows already.
šyj-ca
to wash, shower, bathe oneself
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
šyj-ca-
bathroom, showers (xref {bĭm-ĵwa})
šyj--
dirty; not clean; unclean (xref {ĥâm-da})
šyj-ĉa --ĉa-paj
dishwasher
šyj-ĉa vlym-paj
washing machine
šyj-fwa-ma-
to cause to become clean using some more or less automatic machine
šyj-fwa-vlym-
dry cleaners; laundromat; utility room with washing & drying machines
šyj-fwa-
to wash, bathe, make clean (transitive/causative; xref more common synonym {šyj-zô}, reflexive {šyj-ca})
šyj-ha
soap, toothpaste, shampoo, detergent...
šyj-ha ʝym-daj-paj
shampoo
šyj-ha ĵy-pwĭm-ta
waterless cleanser
šyj-
to wash, to bathe (someone else), to make clean; xref {šyj-ca}
šyj-źa
sterile (free of germs, not incapable of generation)
-sra
more, to a greater degree, most (with quality or process stems); more than (with number or unit of measure stems); comparative suffix (xref {-ĵar})
gâm-la dî'fu-i ʝrâ-sra- ŋĭn-i gâm-ba .   This picture is more abstract than that one.
hjě'nĭ- ʝel dî'fu-i ĝĭ-sra-van hjě'nĭ-ŝy ʝel mĭ-i.   Female hyenas are generally bigger than male hyenas.
sra-
less, least (archaic, before 2008; xref {-ĵar})
srem
ĉu? whether...? (asking for agreement with plans) interrogative adv.
srě'tâj
oyster (family Ostreidae) ( < Latin)
srĭw
leg (xref {ƴâ-ŋĭw})
srĭw-twâl
kneeling (archaic; prefer {twâl-srĭw-van})
srî'gu
owl (birds of order Strigiformes) ( < Latin)
srǒ
several; more than one (xref {, reŋ, kwǒ, -daj, cu, -zla})
twâ-cu cĭln-cô-bô srǒ ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô.   I bought several books I'd already read.
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
ħĭn-kô řŋ câ-zô ruŋ-kě'ĝu-zô ħĭn-ta-zwa srǒ.   Several would-be escapees tried to sneak out of the prison.
srǒ-tǒj
plurality, multiplicity
above-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sřj
above-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sřl
above-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sřm
above-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sřn
off the surface of
sřŋ
above-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sřŋ θoŋ
from upstairs to downstairs (within building which is head of pp phrase)
sřr
above-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
sru
wanting, desiring (xref {vy})
sru źu-ta
a hopeless, impossible, unfulfillable desire
sru-₣yw
sexual desire, lust (xref {fâ-žuŋ})
sru-₣yw-ta-fwa-ha
antilibidinal drug
sru-ĝum
lust for power
sru-ĵwy
haste, hurry, desire to do things quickly or go fast (xref {ĵwy-rjâ, ĵy-ĵwy-, ĵwy žâ--})
sru-kun
curiosity (or {sru-hyw, sru-suŋ}; also xref {ĵyn-rjâ})
sru-ŋĭw
appetite, desire
sru-pwĭm
thirst
sru-pwĭm-
thirsty (xref {pwĭm-sô})
sru-sra-van
to prefer; {ʝâr-i} prefers {mĭ-i} or {kâ-i} object to {dî'fu-i} object
sru-van
to want, desire ({ʝâr-i} desires {rjâ-i} or {mĭ-i}; perhaps {kâ-i} if within range of one's senses) (xref {vy-van})
mǒn sru-van ť ty-o ruŋ-zô, mǒj grĭ--van Ќ ŝâj-i ƴâ-ĉa mĭ-i.   I want to come to your home, but my car is broken down.
sru---kar
hunger
sru---kar-
hungry (xref { pě'ŝlĭ-i žâw-ca plyn--})
su
standing, being upright ( < suomalainen 'seisoa')
su-ʝa
lying down, reclining, repose
su-julŋ-van
to lean, prop against (locative complement in {vi}, etc.)
su-van
to stand up, to be upright
ĵyj-fja-van ru--, hǒŋ ðu-van ƴeŋ su-van.   I'm so tired, I can hardly stand up.
su-źyl-van
to stand erect, without stooping or slumping
sum
ready; prepared for some task; adjusted to certain conditions (of persons, body parts (e.g. eyes dilated for darkness); xref {syj-faj}, things/tools/etc. ready for some use)
mrâ ryŋ ĥy-i tyn-zô, kujm-šar ruŋ-źa kujm-o sum jâ-o.   I pack many things into luggage, to get ready for a trip.
sum-ca
to prepare, get ready; to ready oneself for some task, for going somewhere
sum-rum-fwa-
Purgatory
sun
finish, ending, conclusion (xref {sě'tun, ĝyl, ĝĭr, ðâ-Φa})
sun huw-fwa
a satisfying ending
sun huw-ja
a happy ending
sun-
final, finally, at last (xref {sun-pa, sun-saw} ordinals)
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
sun-mu
apocalypse, eschaton (maybe {ĝyl-mu} in some contexts; xref {ĝyl-mâ-cu-źa})
sun-pa
for the last time (ever, or within a given period); last in a homogenous sequence
sun-saw
finally, at last; last in a heterogenous sequence
sun-šar
then finally; and/but in the end...
sun-twâ-
period '.'
suŋ
skill, capability, competency, know-how (xref {ðu, ƴulm})
dojĉě-lam kâ-i suŋ-lju-van θje jě'nu.   John can almost read German.
suŋ-hôw-tla
teacher (of practical skills)
suŋ-hôw-
to teach (practical skills)
suŋ-kě'ĝu
secret art, arcane knowledge; magic, sorcery (xref {žĭŋ})
suŋ-kě'ĝu-ĉa
talisman, wand, etc.; tool for working magic
suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla
magician, wizard, sorcerer, mage (xref {byn-žĭŋ-pja})
gyn-čĭn-ĉa-da-ðy ķĭn-o grâm-zô suŋ-kě'ĝu-tla sâ-cô-fwa.   The evil sorcerer drew a pentagram.
suŋ-lju
literacy
suŋ-ŋĭw
skill memory
suŋ-van
to know how to do something ({ʝâr-i} knows how to do {mĭ-i}, or complement clause with {ru-šar})
sur
bear (Ursus) ( < Latin (anagram))
suw
awwwwwwwwww! enjoyment of cuteness, silliness ( < toki pona 'suwi')
suw-fwa
cute, silly; beautiful and amusing at once; ĉarma
suw-fwa-lam
Toki Pona
suw-hôw-
to flirt (of prepubescent children)
swi
after (time); archaic, now use {ši}
swyŋ
table, desk; flat surface on which one piles things
ŋe ŝu-i Φu gân-ř, šâ-faj-van heŋ swyŋ .   Because of its mass, this table is not portable.
swyŋ sim ŋylm ; te ðu-Ł-van krĭ-vuj-ĉa ĥy-i tyn-zô.   There is a groove on the surface of that desk; one can put a pencil in it.
swyŋ sin ĥy-i ĉârn-ť- šyj-zô mwe.   Scrub the table surface clean.
swyŋ šâ-faj -kar-paj
portable tray
swyŋ-gôm
office, workplace, cubicle (more local/specific than {ðurm-})
swyŋ-gôm-cu
office, complex of offices
swyŋ-hĭj
altar (in Catholic or Orthodox church; xref {swyŋ-kîr'bân})
swyŋ-ʝa
shelf, rack
twâ-cu šuŋ- ĥy-i swyŋ-ʝa cu-ja tyn-zô θǒ.   I put these recently acquired books on the appropriate shelf right away.
swyŋ-kâj
counter (desk/table with cash register etc. in a store)
swyŋ-kîr'bân
altar (table for offering sacrifices)
swyŋ-kyl
cabinet
swyŋ-ŋĭw
lap (top of one's thighs regarded as a place to pile stuff while one is sitting)
swyŋ-
flat (of surfaces; neither curved nor bumpy. xref {ĉě'my-ta}, {})
swyŋ-tôn
furniture upon which people put their stuff (xref {tĭw-tôn})
-ŝa
fruitful, productive of ~, making ~, a source of ~
gjâ-ŝa ŋĭn-i mâ-zla mĭ-i.   The human race is prolific of languages.
ŝâ
pushing, pressing (xref {pâjn, źum, trâw, ĉârn})
ŝâ--
pull, tug, drag
ŝâ-θaj-
to suck, suction (nonce; prefer {pâjn-θaj-zô})
ŝâ-θĭw-ĉa
syringe
ŝâ-
to push, to press
!hwǒ: jĭlm-ĉa ĥy-i ŝâ-ť- źǒ, wǒn ce gân-ř šelm gwâm-van pân.   Hey! Don't push that button, or everything will explode.
ŝâj
possess, have (stuff, alienable possessions); xref {wuŋ, ŝu}
ŝâj-
crimes against property (archaic, prefer {wuŋ-dô})
ŝâj-gĭn-van
to get, acquire (not deliberately, e.g. receiving a gift)
ŝâj-
worth having
ŝâj-i
of, in the possession (but perhaps not ownership) of (xref {wuŋ-i})
mǒn sru-van ť ty-o ruŋ-zô, mǒj grĭ--van Ќ ŝâj-i ƴâ-ĉa mĭ-i.   I want to come to your home, but my car is broken down.
ɱ ŝâj-i râm-bâm mĭ-i gju-zô ķe juri-ram.   Yuri talks too much about his kitten.
ŝâj-o
to, being given to
twâ-cu cĭln-cô-bô srǒ ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô.   I bought several books I'd already read.
mâ-ĵĭn - ŝâj-o sî'nĭn ĥy-i rew bwĭl-zô.   I gave an orange apiece to the three children.
kĭ-ĝâ-tla ŝâj-o dě'lâr vyŋ- ĥy-i bwĭl-zô žâj-dô-hôw antonij-ram-ħa.   Antony bribed the judge ten thousand dollars.
tĭw kî'sul-na hân- ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô tam-ram.   Tom sold me an antique wooden chair.
ŝâj--
to get, to acquire, to get into one's possession (by purchase, theft, claiming something unowned, etc.)
ŝâj-ř
from, being taken away or given away
ŝâj-van
to possess, to have on hand; {mĭ-i} possesses {ðĭ-i} (xref {wuŋ-van})
kâj-ha reŋ ðĭ-i ŝâj-ƥ-van heŋ, mǒj fĭm-van fem.   He doesn't have much money, but at least he's healthy.
râm reŋ ķe ðĭ-i ŝâj-ť-van; ƥ pen ĥy-i ðu-van heŋ šu-.   You have too many cats; you can't take care of them all.
ŝâm
womb
pî'râ mĭ-i fî'žâln ʝel ðĭ-i ŝâm ŋĭn-i.   Fire is the womb of the phoenix.
lyn-bly fy- gwe il ɱ im ŝâm -bâm-la ĥy-i bâwŋ-van.   She is seven months pregnant [the baby has been gestating in her womb for seven months already].
ŝâm--
to beget (father {tu-i} begets baby {bĭŋ-o} on mother {ĥy-i}; xref {žuŋ})
ŝâm-řŋ-ðwa
pro-life (more restrictive sense than {zuň-ðwa})
ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj
birth, giving birth, being born
ŝâm-řŋ-van
to be born (baby {ʝâr-i} is born)
ŝâm-řŋ-
to give birth (mother {tu-i} gives birth to baby {ĥy-i})
ŝe
by contrast, on the contrary ( < Hixkaryana 'xa')
fĭm-hôw-tla ðĭ-i ĵy-van heŋ ʝâr-fĭm, mǒj ʝâr-fĭm- ŝe.   It is not the healthy who need doctors, but the sick.
ŝě'ĥâ
chess ( < Deutsch 'Schach')
ŝě'ĥâ-môj
to play chess together
ŝě'lě'tlu
axolotl (salamanders of species Ambystoma mexicanum) ( < Nahuatl)
ŝě'lĭ
83
ŝĭ
offended; emotionally hurt; having one's feelings hurt
ŝĭ-ga
having been poorly maintained and thus not working well (of machines, software installations)
ŝĭ-
sensitive to insults or slights; emotionally fragile; easily offended (xref {bě'lâm-sô, žâw-sô})
ŝĭ--
thick-skinned; careless of other people's opinion of oneself; insensitive to insult
ŝĭ-van
to be hurt, offended
ŝĭ-
to deliberately make a show of being offended, esp. when one isn't sure an insult was actually intended (xref {ŝĭ-van})
ŝĭn
heart and circulatory system ( < Nihongo 'shinzo')
ŝĭn-
into the circulatory system of
ŝĭn--
to inject, to administer intravenously (into a vein, artery, IV, port-a-cath, etc.; xref {čĭn-ŝâ-zô})
ŝĭn-řŋ-
haemophiliac
ŝĭn-řŋ-van
to bleed
ŝĭw
thing, stuff, substance; aĵo (xref {}; suffixes {-ha, -ŋô, -Φa})
ŝĭw rîn'tjĭn-θaj
X-ray contrast (to be injected or swallowed)
ŝĭw-fî'suň
soil, ground, earth (archaic; xref {ĥâm, sě'vĭ})
ŝĭw-grâm
hormone
ŝĭw-grâm-gluj
insulin [maybe need a conciser term]
ŝĭw-i
with, by means of, using, consuming (of materials; xref {syj-i} "with a tool", {ŋĭw-i} "with a body part/faculty", {-na} "made of" ( < stole the idea from Ithkuil compositive case)
ŝĭw-luw
bone (substance of which vertebrates' bones are made; xref {luw}) ( < suomalainen 'luu')
ŝî'lum
marrow
ŝî'źy
89
ŝǒj
because; (logical necessity)
tâ-tôl - ðĭ-i lĭw-van, ŝǒj rě'ĵy - ðĭ-i lĭw-van.   I have no brothers- or sisters-in-law because I have no wife.
ŝǒj
because; (logical necessity)
ŝǒn
therefore; thus (logical necessity)
-ŝra
likely to do or be ~ soon (xref {-})
ĵyj-fja-van gwe, mǒj mwĭl-ŝra-van heŋ ver.   I am already tired, but not yet sleepy.
ŝrĭ
emergent; having a meaning/use/nature that can't be predicted/deduced from its component parts (xref {cu-rô}); (of words and phrases) idiomatic
ŝrĭ- ŋĭn-i twâ-θy mĭ-i, - ķĭn-o Φyr {-ga, -cjaj} pe ble syj-i.   Words which are formed with the suffixes "-ga", "-cjaj" etc. are idiomatic.
ŝrum
mushroom ( < English)
ŝrum-fym-gam
Mellow Mushroom (pizza restaurant)
ŝrum-tôn
fungus
ŝrun
music (xref {nul-cu})
nî'šĭm i ŝrun- lě'sî'kĭn.   The nightingale sings at night.
ŝrun gju-ŋĭw-dal
a capella singing; chant (xref {twâ-vy-dâ-lô ₣um-i ŝrun-twâ-zô})
ŝrun kju--ga
earworm (xref {ŝrun zym-ra-fwa})
ŝrun zîn'θu-tan
earworm (xref {ŝrun zym-ra-fwa})
ŝrun zym-ra-fwa
earworm; a song that gets stuck in one's head
ŝrun-ĉa mrâ-sĭŋ-paj
MP3 or other digital music player
ŝrun-krĭ-
to improvise music while performing it; to jam
ŝrun-tan-
to sing (of songbirds, crickets; their "music" is only analogically like human music)
ŝrun-tla
musician
ŝrun-twâ
song, lyrical music
ŝrun-twâ prym-fwa-sra
Song of Songs/ Song of Solomon
ŝrun-twâ-cu-daj
(common noun) album, collection of songs; (proper name) Psalms
ŝrun-twâ-pja-cu
choir, chorus (unpaid, {-tla} if professional)
ŝrun-twâ-
to sing
kyl vĭn-da - ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô ƥ, nu-šar ŝrun-twâ-gĭn- θǒ.   He drank one glass of wine, then immediately started singing.
ŝu
possess, have (quality, part, faculty)
ŝu-
valuable, worth having (of traits, faculties, skills); xref {wuŋ-gô, lĭw-gô}
fĭm dî'fu-i ŝu--sra-van pî'hâ.   Holiness is more important than health.
ŝu-i
of, belonging to (qualities, attributes)
ŋe ŝu-i Φu gân-ř, šâ-faj-van heŋ swyŋ .   Because of its mass, this table is not portable.
kujm-van Ќ ŝu-i gě'dĭm-zla hǒŋ rum-kô Ќ im pî'gâ ĥy-i tyn-zô.   The purpose of my life is to get my butt into Heaven.
ƥ ŝu-i mwĭň kâ-i žâw-van, wǒn ce mĭ-ř gju-zô.   I saw she was embarrassed, so I changed the subject.
křbij-šam-ķa ŝu-i plĭr prym-hôw-za mĭ-i gju-ŋĭn-zô sě'râ.   Sarah gave a lecture on Kirby's artistic influences.
ŝu-i-baw
high vowel
ŝu-ŋa-van hǒŋ ~~~
has the surprising property that...
ŝu-van
to have a property or quality; {mĭ-i} has quality {ðĭ-i}
mlulm ĉu-tan ðĭ-i ŝu-van râm-tôn sel'kâ-ža ʝel.   Vertebrates have bilateral symmetry.
ŝum
floating, buoyancy
ŝum-ĉa
raft, float
ŝum-van
to float (on surface of a liquid denser than oneself, or in an atmosphere at a level where one's density matches that of the surrounding gas)
lî'klâ siŋ ŝum-van pwě'lâl-la.   There is delicious ice cream floating in the milk.
ŝwe
with a widdershins (counterclockwise) motion ( < English 'widdershins')
ŝwe-θaj
with a clockwise motion
ŝwiň
A or B or both; (inclusive) (clausal conjunction; xref phrasal {hej})
ŝy
femaleness, femininity
ɱ lĭw-i fru-ŝy ĥy-i fâ-vuj-zô kyn-ŝâm.   The mother caresses her daughter.
hjě'nĭ- ʝel dî'fu-i ĝĭ-sra-van hjě'nĭ-ŝy ʝel mĭ-i.   Female hyenas are generally bigger than male hyenas.
ŝy-tôn
sex, gender (xref more specific {ŝy-tôn zym-ja, ŝy-tôn-vuj})
ŝy-tôn zym-ja
psychological gender, distinct from biological sex
ŝy-tôn-vuj
biological sex, distinct from psychological gender
ŝy-θô
female but not especially feminine
ŝy-vuj-
biologically female; no assertion about psychological/social gender
ŝy-zwa
-vuj- ʝâr-i vy-van ŝy-vuj jâ-o
syj
use, using, making use of; calling (a function or subroutine) (xref {ŋâw}) ( < English 'use')
syj-ca
to recurse, to call oneself (of a function or subroutine)
syj-ca-tǒj
recursion, a function or subroutine calling itself (xref {gju-ca-tǒj})
syj--
to misuse, to waste
syj-faj
useful, useable; ready (of materials, tools, etc.); ripe, fresh (of fruits); xref {sum, kujm-ja, bâm})
syj-faj-fwa-
to prepare, to make ready; person {tu-i} makes tools/materials {ĥy-i} ready for some purpose (optional {kujm-o})
syj-ĥun-
to share, use jointly
syj-i
with, by means of, using (a tool); in (a language) (xref {ŋĭw-i, ŝĭw-i, -na})
ŝrĭ- ŋĭn-i twâ-θy mĭ-i, - ķĭn-o Φyr {-ga, -cjaj} pe ble syj-i.   Words which are formed with the suffixes "-ga", "-cjaj" etc. are idiomatic.
ŋe ŝu-i čĭwm-fĭ gân-ř -van ðǒŋ gjâ-zym-byn syj-i twâ-mlulm krĭ-o Ł tu-i.   Because of its phonotactics, it is is difficult to write palindromes in gzb.
syj-ja
useful, fitting for use
syj-šar
by, by means of (agent of main clause accomplishes action of main clause by doing action of subordinate clause)
syj-ŝĭw-
to use a material, to use up, to consume
syj-ta-i
without, not using
ĥâ-ĉa syj-ta-i kyl ĥy-i ðu-Ł-van heŋ jĭlm-zô.   One can't open this box without a knife.
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
syj-
to use, to make use of; to call (a function or subroutine) (xref {-ha, -ĉa, syj-ca})
źu-van, hǒŋ ķĭw-van palij-ram hǒŋ Ќ dâm-ř θuň čĭ-ř syj-zô lju-θaj-zô dlu-ta.   I hope Polly is ashamed of herself for copying my story without permission.
syl
mouth (from just inside the lips to the glottis, incl. teeth and tongue) (xref {vâ-oŋ-ŋĭw, kyw-oŋ-ŋĭw, gju-ŋĭw-vuj})
syl sim lân-θaj
palate
sym
seed ( < E-o 'semo')
sym-gâm
undeveloped film
sym-
potential
sym-tôn
egg, seed, unborn baby, pouchling marsupial
syň
second (unit of time measure; xref {mî'nĭ, hyr, ĉě'θâ}) ( < English)
syň-θô
millisecond
syň-źa
kilosecond, 16.67 minutes
syrm
line, stripe, curve; also, occasional error for {syl}
prym-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i vlym-ĝĭw syrm-da mĭ-i.   This striped shirt is ugly.
syrm-ðĭm
stripe, thick line
syrm-źyl
straight line
t,c,g,j,
twâ-cu-gě'dĭm-ja
t,c,v,
twâ-cu-vuj
-ta
sen~a; without, lacking ~; free from ~
zym- ŋĭn-i heŋ twâ-θy {vrĭm} pe {fu-θy-ta}.   The words "green" and "colorless" do not make sense applied to ideas.
kyr-ta ŋĭn-i twâ .   This sentence (is) verbless.
-tan
~like, resembling ~, similar to ~
sibling; brother or sister
fjǒ
half-sibling
Φâ-sâm-
identical twin sibling
ŝâm-řŋ-sâm-
twin sibling (could be identical or fraternal)
-čĭ
clone (xref {mâ-sâm})
-fru
nephew, niece (archaic; prefer {fru-tâ})
-gu
adoptive sibling
-ĵu-ga
Big Brother, Big Sister; similar less formalized relationships of adult mentoring a child they're not blood kin to
-kyn
uncle or aunt (sibling of one's parent)
ɱ lĭw-i -kyn-ħa mĭ-i plĭr-van sâ-cô-fwa sĭlvija-ram.   Sylvia's aunt is a bad influence on her.
-kyn-ma
great-uncle or -aunt (sibling of one's grandparent)
-ma
first cousin
Ќ lĭw-i -ma-bâm mĭ-i -van pe pym-van.   I love my baby cousin and find her amusing.
-ma fjǒ
half-cousin
-ma-kyn
first cousin once removed (first cousin of one's parent; xref {fru-tâ-ma})
-ma-ma
third cousin
-ma-mla
cousin-in-law (one's cousin's spouse)
-ma-tôl
cousin-in-law (one's spouse's cousin)
-me-
second cousin
-me-ðy
fourth cousin
-mla
brother or sister-in-law (sibling's spouse)
-mla-kyn
uncle or aunt (spouse of one's parent's sibling)
-mla-tôl
brother or sister-in-law (spouse's sibling's spouse)
-ŝy
sister
-ta-baw
low vowel
-tôl
brother or sister-in-law (spouse's sibling)
tâ-tôl - ðĭ-i lĭw-van, ŝǒj rě'ĵy - ðĭ-i lĭw-van.   I have no brothers- or sisters-in-law because I have no wife.
-tôl-mla
sibling's spouse's sibling
-tôn
relatives, kinfolks
-
brother
tâl
deposit, leave in bailment, store, entrust ( < suomalainen 'talletta')
tâl--ĉa
ATM, cash machine
tâl--
1. to pick up, withdraw, retrieve some property you've temporarily entrusted to someone else 2. to pick up pre-ordered merchandise
tâl-kâj-ha-
bank (place/institution that holds money in bailment for its customers)
tâl-θaj-
to receive someone else's property in trust, in bail (archaically also = {tâl-cô-zô})
tâlm
head
tâlm vim Φâ
face
tâlm-vi
at the face of
tâň
taking away; erasing; subtraction; deletion, erasure (of information, files); forpreno; forviŝo; forigo ( < English 'take')
fân řŋ čâj ĥy-i tâň-zô de pî'dâ pe Φĭlm.   Bees and butterflies take pollen from flowers.
Φy-tôn ĥy-i tâň-ť- mwe.   Take out the trash.
θuň-ba ðim tyn-van mâ-fĭw ĵyn-fwa mĭ-i, mǒj te ĝy-im tâň-ƥ-van.   In the early part of that story interesting characters appear, but they disappear in the middle.
tâň-ca
to disappear; to remove oneself; to go away (esp. suddenly, quickly)
tâň-
giving, adding, putting into place (xref {bwĭl, ƴâwn-θaj-zô, ƴâwn-cô-zô})
mluj šom ĥun-frâ ĥy-i tâň--Ł-.   They added a question-and-answer session to the end of the convention.
tâň-ga
subtraction [why not just {tâň}?]
tâň-kju-ha
adhesive remover
tâň-Φî'šu-tôn-ĉa
fishing equipment (nets, rods and line, etc.)
tâň-Φî'šu-tôn-
to fish, go fishing
tâň-syj-
to borrow (esp. things other than money; xref {bwĭl-syj-zô, ƴâwn})
tâň-θaj
giving, adding, putting (deprecated, prefer {tâň-cô} or {bwĭl})
tâň-ƴum-
to steal by fraud or trickery ({tu-i} takes {ĥy-i} by fraud from {ŝâj-ř}; xref {bwĭl-cô-zô})
tâň-
to take away, remove, delete, erase; to pick up (xref {šâ-gĭn-zô})
tâŋ
longish period of comparative stability in one's life; drulm-daj
tâŋ i
nowadays, in this period (personal)
tâwm
grits
te
it (plants, inanimate things, abstractions already mentioned)
te kâ-i jyn-lym-van šelm.   You would find it tasty [if you ate it].
te muw-i ðe--
a third of it (similar construction with other partitive fractions)
tě'bâ
tobacco ( < English)
tě'bâr
rubber
tě'kuj
hummingbird (birds of family Trochilidae) ( < Hixkaryana 'tukusu')
tě'lĭ
97
tě'lyr
zjâm-vĭ hi ķârn kě'ĝu-bô
tě'θru
falling; uncontrolled collapse; landslide, cave-in, avalanche (xref {bly})
tě'θru-ga
failure, fiasco, disaster, bankruptcy
tě'θru-ga-van lĭn-gju-ŋy
one's phone connection is dropped/lost
tě'θru-tyrn
collapse of government, breakdown into anarchy
tě'θru-van
to collapse, to fall, to cave in
těn'ju
tea
těn'ju-ŋô
caffeine
těn'ju-tôn
strong drink (with caffeine or alcohol)
těw'θĭ
squid (cephalopods of order Teuthidae)
těw'θĭ-tôn
squid, nautilus, octopus, cuttlefish... class Cephalopoda
těw'θĭ-tôn šâ-ŋĭw-ðy--ža
octopus
tĭm
100
tĭm-vyŋ
1000000; 106; one million
tĭw
comfy chair
tĭw kî'sul-na hân- ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô tam-ram.   Tom sold me an antique wooden chair.
tĭw-ĥun
sofa, couch, love-seat
tĭw-ĥun mwĭl-paj
sofa on which one sleeps, esp. if designed for such with e.g. fold-out bed
tĭw-mwĭl
bed, sleeping-couch (xref {tĭw-źy})
tĭw-mwĭl-ĵwa
bedroom with multiple beds; ward in hospital with multiple beds
tĭw-
accepting, unjudgmental
tĭw-su-ʝa
bed, couch, lounge chair; lying-down furniture
tĭw-tôn
furniture upon which people put themselves (xref {swyŋ-tôn})
tĭw-tôn pâŋ-paj
throne
tĭw-θô
chair not especially comfortable
tĭw-θô-ðwĭr
swing (seat hanging from rope or chain that oscillates like a pendulum) (nonce; xref {tĭw-θô-slĭr})
tĭw-θô-slĭr
swing (seat hanging from rope or chain that oscillates like a pendulum)
tĭw-žuŋ-gôm
"marriage bed"; a couple's sex life
tĭw-źy
bed, sleeping-couch (archaic/poetic, xref {tĭw-mwĭl})
tî'plâ
mole, shrew-mole, desman (burrowing mammals of family Talpidae) ( < Latin 'talpa')
tî'šâ
worship (latria); xref {dul}
tî'šâ-
church (building), temple, mosque, synagogue... (xref {du-tî'šâ, hĭj-kô, kîr'bân-kô})
tî'šâ--gôm
parish, congregation
tî'šâ--weslij-šam-ķa-wam
Wesley Chapel (neighborhood in Decatur GA, or other neighborhoods elsewhere named for an old Methodist church)
tî'šâ-ŋla
Sunday (worship-day)
tî'šâ-
pious, religious
tî'šâ-θô
respect, admiration (archaic; now = dul-θô)
tî'šâ-θô-fwa
(archaic; = dul-θô-fwa)
tî'šâ-
to worship (with latria); {tu-i} worships {kâ-i}
tîm'θĭ
Timothy ( < helenike)
tîr'dâ
thrushes, robins, Old World blackbirds (family Turdidae); xref {lě'sî'kĭn}) ( < Latin)
tîr'pĭj
being annoyed by something someone you love enjoys ( < Enigmatic: 'ortispic')
tîw'mâ
gully, gulch, canyon
tjě'râ
tar, pitch ( < Swedish 'tjöra')
tjě'râ-
thick, viscous (of liquids; xref {ðĭm})
-tla
-isto; a professional concerned with ~ (xref {-pja}, amateur)
tlě'Φĭ
inedible fruit or seed-pods; pine-cones, sweetgum-balls, etc. (xref {ƴě'nâl})
tlě'Φĭ ĥy-i fwĭ- cî'jyr.   The squirrel collects acorns, pine cones and so forth.
tlě'Φĭ kwě'kyr-dal
acorn
tlĭŋ
rock, piece of stone
tlĭŋ --
rare stone (not necessarily pretty)
tlĭŋ prym-fwa
jewel, interesting/pretty stone (not necessarily rare)
tlĭŋ-na
made of rock, stone; rocky, stony
tlĭŋ-žar
fossilization, petrification, turning to stone
tlĭrn
silver (metal)
kâj-ha ʝel mĭ-i zryŋ-na hej tlĭŋ-na ŋĭn-i mje de.   It used to be that money was typically made of gold or silver.
tlĭrn-kwa
grey, gray, silver-color
this, that; your (second-person demonstrative)
tǒj
nominalizer clitic (works on phrases, not just words)
pwĭm-da-tǒj gân-ř kî'sul mĭ-i ƴârn-van ĵwy-bô.   Because of the humidity this wood is rotting quickly.
tǒlm
hyperbole, exaggeration marker (xref {belm, -ga})
-tôl
relative of one's spouse (xref {-mla})
-tôn
generalized superclass of ~
ť
you, y'all
mlĭr-ðe-ĉu-ť- mwe. ť hi rjuŋ-ny .   Turn around! There's a wyvern behind you.
ť lĭw-i tu-bâl kâ-i gy-ť- mwe; ɱ ĥy-i cluŋ-, tu-i ť ĥy-i ħulŋ-zô.   Love those who hate you; do good to those who injure you.
ť , Ќ
hello (xref {vjurm-θaj-huw-van})
ť-ƥ-baw
click consonant
trâ
to guide, usher, herd, lead, cicerone (xref {gym})
trâ-fu-ĉa
lens (piece of glass etc. that redirects light)
trâ-pja
usher; guide (volunteer)
trâ-tla
guide, assistant re: local knowledge (professional)
trâw
hit, strike, smite, whack, knock ( < Swedish 'träff')
trâw-ŋâw-
to knock (on door, counter, etc., to get someone's attention)
trâw-plaŋ-
to kick
trâw-ra-
to beat, pound on (e.g., a drum)
trĭ
measuring, checking, inspecting (xref {ħĭ}) ( < English 'metric')
trĭ-cu-fî'suň-bly
calendar (archaic, prefer {mĭlm-ĉě'θâ-cu})
trĭ-ĉě'θâ-cu
calendar (nonce, prefer {mĭlm-ĉě'θâ-cu})
trĭ-fĭm-
to check someone's vital signs
trĭ-grĭ-kyw
pulmonary function test
trĭ-ħĭ-
to perform tests, e.g. diagnostic medical tests, or analogous tests on tools (e.g. running performance metrics on a computer) or other inanimate things (e.g. carbon dating)
trĭ-jâln-ĉa
thermometer
trĭ-kyw
pulmonary function test
trĭ-mĭlm-ĉě'θâ
calendar (nonce, prefer {mĭlm-ĉě'θâ-cu})
trĭ-šun-tla
land surveyor
Ќ lĭw-i kyn-ma--ķa mĭ-i trĭ-šun-tla šy- ŋĭn-i.   My honored grandfather is a retired land surveyor.
trĭ-vĭj-ŋĭw
time-sense
trĭ-ƴu-ĉa
clock, watch, timer
trĭ-ƴu-ĉa fu-čyw-za
sundial
trĭ-wâj-ca
to weigh oneself, measure one's weight
trĭ-
to measure, learn the size/scope of; to check on, inspect, determine the state of; mezuri, kontroli xref {ħĭ-, kĭ-zô, byn-zô, hyw-hôw-ca}
trĭ-zuň-
to measure vital signs (temperature, blood pressure, etc.)
trî'bĭj
trilobite ( < Latin)
tru
finding, discovering, uncovering ( < Fr. 'trouver')
ĝyl-fyn mĭ-i ʝâr-rĭm - ĥy-i tru-zô gwe Ќ-ɱ.   We have already found three witnesses to the crash.
tru-
losing, loss, mislaying, misplacing
tru--
to lose, mislay; to lose track of, forgetting where it is ({ʝâr-i} loses/mislays {ĥy-i})
tru-
to find, discover ({tu-i} finds/discovers {kâ-i}); to meet, encounter (intentionally, overcoming some difficulty; {tu-i} meets {ĥun-o})
vlĭw-pî'dâ mjyl kâ-i tru-Ł-.   One finds honey in beehives.
žĭr gân-ř luw-tâlm kâ-i rĭm-van kiň te pî'dâ-daj kâ-i tru-zô.   Because of the humming noise I looked inside the skull, and found a swarm of bees in it.
kwǒ wuŋ-i vjâr-ĉa tâlm-paj ĥy-i tru-zô. ?ť wuŋ-i zǒn te mĭ-i.   I found someone's hat. Is it yours?
trym
awareness, consciousness (xref {žâw, })
trym-i
from the point of view of (re: a scene or a story as a whole)
trym-ř
from the point of view of (nonce, prefer {trym-i})
trym-źy
lucidity, awareness that one is dreaming (xref {źy-trym})
tu
deliberate actor, agent, doer; base of active participles
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
tu-bâl
enemy
ť lĭw-i tu-bâl kâ-i gy-ť- mwe; ɱ ĥy-i cluŋ-, tu-i ť ĥy-i ħulŋ-zô.   Love those who hate you; do good to those who injure you.
tu-ðe-ʝâr-ža
having active alignment
tu-ðurm-ĥun
co-worker, colleague
tu-gju
speaker (person who's talking; xref {gjâ-lô})
tu-gju-zym
telepath (with projective ability; xref {ʝâr-ku-zym})
tu-hwâwm
player in an RPG (on a specific occasion; for someone who habitually roleplays, use {hwâwm-pja})
tu-hyw-žar
disciple, student of something more than intellectual knowledge
tu-i
agent case marker
tu-kâj-syj
renter, tenant
tu-o
agent who's beginning an action (rare, maybe archaic)
tu-ř
agent who's finishing/ceasing action (rare, maybe archaic)
twâ
sentence; act of uttering a sentence; strophe of a poem; proverb, saying, prophecy, quotation, aphorism (xref {gju-Φa})
mruň řn bujŋ-nul-van twâ.   The words echoed off the side of the mountain.
kyr-ta ŋĭn-i twâ .   This sentence (is) verbless.
twâ kyr-ta jǒj .   Behold, another verbless sentence.
twâ ðĭ-ja
relative clause
twâ glĭm-pen-ža
pangram
twâ hǒl
complete sentence
twâ ŝĭ-fwa
a hurtful utterance, whether intended as such or not (xref {twâ ŝĭ-hôw})
twâ ŝĭ-hôw
insult; utterance intended to emotionally hurt someone
twâ-blâl-
to complain, express frustration or annoyance
twâ-čĭ-
to cite, quote, excerpt
twâ-cu
book, essay, story, article, work, document; verko; oeuvre (xref {pě'pâ-ga})
twâ-cu cĭln-cô-bô srǒ ĥy-i Ќ ŝâj-o kâj-zô.   I bought several books I'd already read.
ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da mĭ-i kě'pâ-fwa-van.   Her poem induces happy bewilderment.
gĭn-fĭ-sâm-da ŋĭn-i twâ-cu fĭ-₣um-da nors-lam-na mĭ-i.   Norse poetry is alliterative.
ĥun θǒ i, šâ-ť- mwe twâ-cu .   Bring that book to our next meeting.
twâ-cu ĉě'θâ-ja
weblog; other chronologically organized documents and websites
twâ-cu -₣um-da ĉu-fy-za
sonnet
twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja
diary, journal
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
twâ-cu gju-
written work that repays reading aloud, e.g. poetry or lyrical prose
twâ-cu gju-paj
written work intended to be read aloud, e.g. text for a speech, sermon or lecture
twâ-cu hyr-cu
schedule, document describing things to do at different times (xref {ŋĭn-ĥun-cu, ŋĭn-₣â-cu})
twâ-cu pĭw-paj
translation relay text
twâ-cu suŋ-hôw
lesson(s), textbook or instructional manual teaching a language or other skills
twâ-cu wuŋ-cĭln-
books one owns but hasn't read yet
twâ-cu-daj
corpus, collection of miscellaneous texts (xref {twâ-cu-ma})
twâ-cu-gju-ra
podcast
twâ-cu-ĵy
requirements document
twâ-cu-kâj
(commercial) contract (legal document)
twâ-cu-ku
audiobook, podcast episode (xref {mrâ-sĭŋ-gju})
twâ-cu-ku-ra
podcast
twâ-cu-ma
anthology, collection, encyclopedia (multiple textual works that together form one larger work; xref {mě'hu-ga})
twâ-cu-ma ĉě'θâ-ja
multi-author weblog
twâ-cu-ma ŋĭn-mu-za
general-purpose encyclopedia
twâ-cu-ma-ra
periodical, magazine, gazette
twâ-cu-ŝa
prolific, producing many written works
twâ-cu-θuň hwâwm-paj
play (text intended to be performed; xref {ĉul-hwâwm})
twâ-cu-vuj
book, tome, volume, codex
twâ-ðâ-
to argue
twâ-ga-cwĭn
equation, inequality, mathematical formula (xref {šĭm})
twâ-gâw-
to propose, describe a plan (xref {lâ-cô-zô})
twâ-gu
option, command line switch, etc. (nonce, prefer {gu-kar})
twâ-gym
orders, instructions, directions, rubrics
twâ-gym-cu
set of instructions, how-to document (nonce, prefer {ŋĭn-₣â-cu})
twâ-gym-
to direct, give instructions (xref {ĝâ-zô})
twâ-ħĭrn-
to boast, brag
twâ-ʝĭ
a statement or command in a programming language
twâ-ʝĭ-daj
a body of source code
twâ-ĵlan-daj
Proverbs (book of the Bible)
twâ-ĵlân-
to give wise advice
twâ--
to express one's judgement, opinion, consideration (same argument structure as {kĭ-zô}) (xref {twâ-zym-zô})
twâ-ķĭw
confession, admission of guilt (xref {hĭj-hî'su})
twâ-ķĭw-
to confess, admit guilt
twâ-ķuj-
to threaten, warn, avert
twâ-lĭn
hyperlink, URL, reference
twâ-ma-
to imply, implicate, hint at
twâ--
to mention
twâ-mlulm
palindrome
ŋe ŝu-i čĭwm-fĭ gân-ř -van ðǒŋ gjâ-zym-byn syj-i twâ-mlulm krĭ-o Ł tu-i.   Because of its phonotactics, it is is difficult to write palindromes in gzb.
twâ-nî'sâ-pja
prophet
twâ-ŋy-
to say something over the telephone or similar long-distance communication medium
twâ-prym-i
recommended by
twâ-prym-
to praise the beauty of some(one/thing); to recommend (a story, movie, etc.)
twâ-šrĭ-
to offer evidence or proof of
twâ-suw-
to praise someone/thing's cuteness
twâ-ŝrĭ
proverb, idiom, set phrase or saying
twâ-tla
poet, prophet, aphorist, stylist (xref {krĭ-tla})
twâ-θaj-
to reply, respond to something someone's said (agent {tu-i}, object is {hǒŋ} clause for indirect speech or {Φǒ} clause for direct speech (see also {frâ-θaj, -θaj})
Ќ dâm-ř ŋĭn lâŋ- ši, twâ-θaj-ƥ- kiň brě'zĭm-Ќ-van.   After my long explanation, she replied, and I felt dismay at realizing she'd misunderstood what I'd said.
twâ-θĭ-
to advise, to counsel, to give advice to
twâ-θy
word (xref {gjâ-θy}, morpheme, and {twâ}, {dâw} covering extended senses of English "word")
ŝrĭ- ŋĭn-i twâ-θy mĭ-i, - ķĭn-o Φyr {-ga, -cjaj} pe ble syj-i.   Words which are formed with the suffixes "-ga", "-cjaj" etc. are idiomatic.
twâ-θy-cĭln
new (unfamiliar) words of a language one is learning
twâ-θy-kě'ĝu
password
twâ-θy-ŝrĭ
idiomatic compound word, its meaning unpredictable from component morphemes
twâ-θy-zla
vocabulary, lexicon (a language's actual set of words existing in the corpus or speakers' minds, prior to any attempt to document them; xref {ŋĭn-cu-gjâ-θy})
twâ-
quote-brackets '{ }'
twâ-ƴĭ-
to confess, express repentance; to apologize (xref {lâ-hî'su-zô})
twâ-vy
vow, oath, promise
twâ-vy-
the three vows of poverty, chastity and obedience
twâ-vy--
monk, nun, friar, religious
twâ-vy-- ₣um-i ŝrun-twâ-
to sing in polyphonic chant
twâ-vy-
to vow, swear an oath
twâ-
to say, tell, recite, cite, quote, declaim (xref {gju-zô} and various more specific verbs derived from {twâ}) [{tu-i} says {Φǒ} or {hǒŋ} clause]
Ќ ŋâw-o twâ-zô kelij-ram, hǒŋ fĭm--ť-van.   Kelly told me that you were sick.
twâ- gwě'vu--hôw
to remind, instigate someone to do something they were planning to do but might have forgotten
twâ-žy
sample sentence (of a language in a reference grammar e.g.)
twâ-zym-
to express an opinion ({tu-i} expresses opinion in {hǒŋ} clause)
twâl
interior angle; inner corner
twâl-cjaj
right angle
twâl-ĉa
hinge
twâl-ŋĭw
joint
twâl-ŋĭw-jyr
elbow joint
twâl-ŋĭw-ně'mum
shoulder; armpit (xref {čě'nuŋ})
twâl-ŋĭw-pî'gâ
hip joint (nonce, might can do better)
twâl-ŋĭw-srĭw
knee joint
twâl-srĭw
back of knee
twâl-srĭw-van
to kneel
twâl-tôn
any angle
twâl-θaj
exterior angle; outside corner
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
twâl-θaj-srĭw
kneecap, area around front of knee
twy
strange, unlooked-for (archaic; prefer {wlâ-fwa, fjâw-fwa, kě'pâ-fwa} etc)
-θaj
other member of asymmetrical relationship; complement of pair; complement action; opposite
θâ
101
θâ-se-
100
θâŋ
waist; lap; hips (xref {swyŋ-ŋĭw})
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
θâŋ-twâl
sitting, seated position
Ќ wuŋ-i ƴâ-ĉa ðu-van θâŋ-twâl-van ĉu-- fem-θaj.   No more than six people can sit in my car.
θâŋ-twâl-van gru-srĭw-
to sit cross-legged
θe
comparative conjunction (used now only for comparatives of equality; archaic with comparatives of superiority or inferiority, use {dî'fu-i} for that now)
θě'by
103
θě'ku
God ( < helenike 'theos')
θě'ku gy-i kâj-ha-ta ĥy-i θĭ-zô de mje kolkata-wam im teresa-ram-ķa pî'hâ-.   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta served the destitute for the love of God.
θě'ku-
theist, deist
θě'mâ
Thomas, Tomas ( < helenike)
θě'pĭ
107
θi
under, below
θij
under-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θil
under-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θim
under-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θin
under-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θiŋ
in the lower part of
θĭ
to help, assist, benefit, bless, favor (xref {ʝâ, ₣urŋ-fwa-zô})
θĭ--i
malefactive postp. (xref {ħulŋ-i})
θĭ-cu
ministry, assistance, service; ongoing, organized helping
θĭ-gu-pja
poll worker, election worker
θĭ-hĭj-pja
altar server, acolyte
θĭ-ķĭm-tla
physical therapist
θĭ-o
for; helping; on behalf of, for the benefit of, in favor of, to the advantage of (benefactive case marker)
mî'rĭj θĭ-o sĭlm ķĭn-o ʝĭŋ ŝâm-řŋ-tǒj-za ĥwâ-i gwî'jum tu-i.   Wilma made a dress for Mary for her birthday.
θĭ-rĭm-ĉa
corrective lens eyeglasses
θĭ-ř
with the help of
θĭ-
generous, liberal with one's time and energy in helping people (xref {bwĭl-})
θĭ-šu-tla
nurse tech
θĭ-tla
servant, helper, assistant
θĭ-tla-ħĭn
slave
θĭ-θaj
getting someone's help, being helped
θĭ-θaj-i
(archaic) = θĭ-ř
θĭ-
to help, assist
θě'ku gy-i kâj-ha-ta ĥy-i θĭ-zô de mje kolkata-wam im teresa-ram-ķa pî'hâ-.   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta served the destitute for the love of God.
θĭl
potato
?ť wuŋ-i rî'mâ hij θĭl ĥy-i bâwŋ-hôw-ť- vǒm zǒn.   You grow potatoes behind your house, don't you?
θĭl ĥy-vâm-
mashed potatoes (nonce, prefer {θĭl-zwym})
θĭl-kwa
light brown, color of potato
θĭl-tôn
root vegetables
θĭl-vâm
mashed potatoes (xref {θĭl-zwym})
θĭl-zwym
mashed potatoes
θĭm
thigh
θĭm-kim-tǒj
crotch
θĭrm
immune response to infection
θĭrm-fja
having an immune system deficiency (also more severely {θĭrm-ta})
θĭrm-ŋĭw
immune system
θĭrm-van
to have an immune response to an infection
θĭw
liquid drug, medicine (xref {plĭ, plĭ-tôn})
θĭw flîn'zu-ĝa
flu vaccine (nonce, prefer {pun-fĭm-hôw-ha flîn'zu-ĝa})
θĭw ĥě'fâŋ-ĝa
chemotherapy drug
θĭw lyl-tan
ointment
θĭw sî'dum-ĝa
IV antibiotic active against P. argeuinosa
θĭw ŝrum-tôn-ĝa
antifungal IV drug
θĭw θĭrm-ðwa
immune-system boosting drug
θĭw-sâl
hypertonic saline
θir
far below
θî'ðu
109
θî'gâ
mist (Caligoi) ( < Thau 'thiga')
θî'hâ
113
θje
almost; nearly, not quite (xref {ƴeŋ, fem})
dojĉě-lam kâ-i suŋ-lju-van θje jě'nu.   John can almost read German.
θuň mĭ-i lju-faj θje ŋĭn-i, mǒj te ðim du fem mĭ-i ĵyn-fwa ŋĭn-i.   That story is not quite worth reading, but its first chapter, at least, is interesting.
θlu
boundary area, border region, marches, transition period (fuzzy); xref {pjylm, ĝy-θaj}
ljâw pe câŋ kin θlu ; bĭŋ-van heŋ pjylm.   There is a fuzzy boundary between observational science and experimental science; no sharp boundary exists.
θlu-brĭ
morning, dawn, sunrise
θlu-gě'dĭm
gradual waking up from sleep
θlu-ĥwĭl
period of rapid change in world's history
θlu-nî'šĭm
evening, twilight, sunset
θlu-tâlm
neck
θlu-tâŋ
period of change in one's life
θlu-źy
border between dreaming and waking consciousness
θo
under-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
čî'ny so pe θo ƴâ-ƥ- ķĭm-.   She walks up and down stairs for exercise.
θoj
under-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θol
under-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θom
under-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θon
under-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θoŋ
under-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θǒ
immediate, next, previous; just, just a moment ago; just a moment hence; immediately, right away, suddenly (xref {, žǒŋ})
ĥun θǒ i, šâ-ť- mwe twâ-cu .   Bring that book to our next meeting.
gě'dĭm mje θǒ i Ќ cim zjâm-ny ĥy-i ĥâ-ca.   I cut my left little toe yesterday.
ðurm ši ty o ruŋ-ƥ- kiň vâ-oŋ-zô θǒ.   After work she goes home and eats right away.
kyl vĭn-da - ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô ƥ, nu-šar ŝrun-twâ-gĭn- θǒ.   He drank one glass of wine, then immediately started singing.
θor
under-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-θô
diminution of root sense; (with units of measure) milli
θrî'sě'kjurn
ibis (birds of family Threskiornithidae) ( < Latin)
θř
under-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θřj
under-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θřl
under-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θřm
under-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θřn
under-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θřŋ
under-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θřr
under-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
θuň
story, history, narrative
mu-tôn žĭŋ-da i -van θuň .   That story takes place in a universe full of magic.
?lju-ť- gwe zǒn arue-šam šej volteŕ-ram dâm-ř θuň kwǒ kâ-i.   Have you read any stories by Arouet, also known as Voltaire?
θuň-ba ðim tyn-van mâ-fĭw ĵyn-fwa mĭ-i, mǒj te ĝy-im tâň-ƥ-van.   In the early part of that story interesting characters appear, but they disappear in the middle.
θuň-bâm krĭ-o lju-θaj-zô kiň te ĥy-i byn-zô.   I am writing and revising a new story.
θuň ħum-hôw
horror story (also {θuň ĝě'fu-hôw}; xref {fĭw ĝě'fu-da})
θuň -zla-dal
myth, legend, folktale
θuň-ca
tell a story about oneself
θuň-lâŋ
novel
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam ðĭ-i ĵulm-van θuň-lâŋ mĭ-i.   This novel deserves a Hugo award.
θuň-pôm
this happened in (the aforementioned) story
θuň-tla
novelist, bard, storyteller
θuň-
to narrate, tell a story
θuň-źu
dream more or less in MLK sense; a story one hopes will become true
θuň-źy
dream; a story one experiences while asleep
θwâm
sensation from e.g. petting a cat, wearing flannel...
θwi
before (time); archaic, now use {ði}
θy
one of heterogeneous component parts, pieces; simple unit, element; detail (xref {du, gĭl}) [suffixoid]
θy-tan
simple, elementary, uncomplicated (xref {cu-rô-cô})
θy-tan-lam
Toki Pona
θym
ring, band, torus, annulus; hollow circular/elliptical object (not necessarily rigid) (xref {cĭw, ₣ĭŋ})
θym flu-pwĭm-ĉa-paj
faucet washer
θym ĝum-flu-ĉa
valve; piece of a pump or tube which controls the rate/direction of flow
θym-dâr
tires (of car)
θym-ny
ring (nonce; prefer {(wrym-)θym zjâm-paj})
θym-tě'bâr
rubber band
θym-θâŋ
belt, girdle
ty
home; default location
ty rew o ruŋ-zô pen.   Everyone went to their own homes.
ðurm ši ty o ruŋ-ƥ- kiň vâ-oŋ-zô θǒ.   After work she goes home and eats right away.
ty-dâm
hometown, the place someone comes from
ty-i
at the home of
ƥ ty-i ty-van râm fy- gle belm.   Seven cats live at her house -- enough, I should think.
ty-ʝǒ-žar
moving from one home to another
ty-nu-
hotel, inn, motel, hostel; temporary lodging place [nonce; prefer {mwĭl-kô-ĵwa}]
ty-nu-van
to temporarily lodge at [nonce; prob. want something better]
ty-o
to the home of
mǒn sru-van ť ty-o ruŋ-zô, mǒj grĭ--van Ќ ŝâj-i ƴâ-ĉa mĭ-i.   I want to come to your home, but my car is broken down.
ty-van
live at, live in a place ({mĭ-i} lives at {i})
ƥ ty-i ty-van râm fy- gle belm.   Seven cats live at her house -- enough, I should think.
tyn
location, situation, small local area, place, spot, point (xref {šun, purj})
rî'mâ ĉu-bô ki tyn mĭ-i blĭn-van mě'tyr - jĭrn-i.   The space between those two houses is three meters wide.
kwǒ mĭ-i, tu-i tyn o ruŋ-zô, ĵlân-cô-bô ŋĭn-i.   Anyone who goes there is foolish.
tyn lân-θaj-ta
outdoors, open space
tyn i
where? kie?
tyn o, tyn o
hither and thither, back and forth
tyn šu-ĝân-paj
intensive care unit, ICU (prefer {šu-ĝân-kô})
tyn-ca
to place oneself, to situation oneself (used esp. for getting into a small enclosed space, such as a car seat, or into clothes (other languages would say "putting clothes on")
vlym-srĭw ðu-van tyn-ca ver heŋ; blĭn-te-van ķe.   I can't fit into these pants anymore; they're too tight.
vlym tyn-ca šej Ќ ĉon vlym ĥy-i tyn-zô.   I put myself into clothes, or surround myself with clothes.
tyn-ca ķǒ-vo
to thrust out, thrust forward (a body part, e.g. extending a hand to shake hands; variations with {tyn-van} or {vun-van} for inanimate subjects, {tyn-zô} or {vun-} with animate subject and inanimate object, other directions than {vo}...) (archaic)
tyn-ga
site, locus (focus of attention, not physical place)
tyn-ʝǒ-i-tǒj
absence, being somewhere else (xref {tyn-van-heŋ-tǒj})
tyn-ʝǒ-i-van
to be absent, to be somewhere else unspecified
tyn-kujm
destination (place)
gâm-šun-ʝrâ kâ-i rĭm-- kujm-šar tyn-kujm o fyn-zô ĵwy-bô.   I study the map in order to drive quickly to my destination.
tyn-nî'šĭm-van
to pass the night, to spend the night, to lodge for the night
tyn-srǒ-
to distribute, put in various places (xref {fwĭ-cô-zô})
tyn-van
to be located, be found at; to be present ({mĭ-i} is located at {i})
bab-ram sim šĭm-ŋĭw tyn-van gâ-zuň-ĥun čyw-ʝǒ-dal.   There is an alien symbiont in Bob's brain.
nu i gĭn-van ĥun mĭ-i, nu i tyn-van šlâ ĝu- kiň tyn-van heŋ šlâ ðy-.   When the meeting began, there were thirteen members present and five members absent.
tyn-van heŋ
to be absent, to not be located at ("here" if no explicit locative argument)
tyn-van-heŋ-tǒj
absence, state of not being located at some salient place
tyn-vĭj-van
to stay, remain in place (xref {pun})
tyn-
put, place; take; meti, preni
twâ-cu šuŋ- ĥy-i swyŋ-ʝa cu-ja tyn-zô θǒ.   I put these recently acquired books on the appropriate shelf right away.
swyŋ sim ŋylm ; te ðu-Ł-van krĭ-vuj-ĉa ĥy-i tyn-zô.   There is a groove on the surface of that desk; one can put a pencil in it.
mrâ ryŋ ĥy-i tyn-zô, kujm-šar ruŋ-źa kujm-o sum jâ-o.   I pack many things into luggage, to get ready for a trip.
vlym tyn-ca šej Ќ ĉon vlym ĥy-i tyn-zô.   I put myself into clothes, or surround myself with clothes.
tyrn
government, state, rule, reign (xref {ĝum, pâŋ}) ( < helenike 'tyrannos')
tyrn im fĭm-hôw-
health department, government clinic
tyrn--
anarchist; sennaciulo
tyrn-
city hall, administration building, etc.
tyrn- fĭm-hôw-
health department, government clinic
tyrn-
statist, nationalist
tyrn-tla
ruler, official (with significant authority)
tyrn-tla-zwa
candidate for political office
v,k,n,
vâ-kar-nî'šĭm; enteral feeding
-van
stative verb suffix
digestion; digestive system, esp. stomach and intestines ( < suomalainen 'vatsa')
im cĭw
intestines
im wĭm-cy
stomach (archaic, prefer {wĭm-vâ})
pě'ŝlĭ-i žâw-ca plyn-
to feel full
pě'ŝlĭ-i žâw-ca plyn--
to feel hungry
-faj
edible, digestible, of the nature of food
-faj-fwa-ĉa
stove, oven, grill... cooking tool
-faj-fwa-
to cook, to prepare food
mě'hu ķĭn-o -faj-fwa-ƥ-.   She is cooking a stew.
-ha
gastric acid; digestive enzymes; etc.
-ja
nutritious {xref {vâ-faj})
-kar
food
-kar-ĵwa
kitchen, pantry
-kar-nî'šĭm
enteral feeding (typically at night)
-kar-vyl
sandwich; layered casserole
jĭ-ga ru-i ƥ dâm-ř vâ-kar-vyl mĭ-i ðî'ruň-Ќ-.   I politely pretended to enjoy her casserole more than I actually did.
-kar-zla
diet (the set of things a person or group of people actually eat; xref {gâw-vâ-oŋ-tǒj, wâj-ĵar-fwa})
--ĉa
g-tube; fork, spoon, chopsticks etc. (archaically also = dish, plate, bowl; xref {kyl-vâ-kar})
--ĉa čĭn-ĉa-da
fork
--ĝân-
to devour, wolf down
--kar
food (xref more common form {vâ-kar})
--
restaurant, cafeteria, etc.
---ĵwa
neighborhood with a lot of restaurants
--ŋĭw
mouth/esophagus (xref {syl})
--
eat, drink
nu i ķĭm-Ł- de, nu i pwĭm-sâl-tôn-ža ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô mwe.   When one exercises, one ought to drink something with electrolytes.
ðurm ši ty o ruŋ-ƥ- kiň vâ-oŋ-zô θǒ.   After work she goes home and eats right away.
-řŋ-
bathroom, toilet, restroom (xref {bĭm-ĵwa})
-řŋ-sî'kwâ-van
râ-sô kiň mwĭň-fwa ŋĭn-i ce
-řŋ-
excrete
-sřŋ-
to vomit
-za
digestive
vâl
256; 162
vâlm
permanent, lasting
vâlm--
ephemeral, temporary, nonce, momentary (xref {nu-bô, kujm-nu-ja})
vâm
crush, crumple, squish, squush (xref {nĭrn-cô-fwa-zô, pâjn-zô})
pě'pâ Φy-tan reŋ ĥy-i vâm- krĭ-tla kiň kyl-Φy bly-zô.   The artist crumpled up many waste papers and threw them in the trash can.
vě'sî'pâ
wasps, hornets and yellowjackets of family Vespidae ( < Latin)
vě'sî'pâ-syrm
yellowjacket
vě'sî'pâ-syrm-ram
Yellowjacket (superhero)
vě'sî'pâ-tôn
wasp, ants, etc. of superfamily Vespoidea
vě'ty
doorway, gate; hole, aperture, opening (xref {vě'ty-θaj})
vě'ty-ga
opportunity; chance; potential, possibility
vě'ty-mu
portal between worlds
vě'ty-rĭm
window (lit. seeing-door)
vě'ty-rĭm - ĥy-i šyj-zô gwe.   I've washed seventeen windows already.
vě'ty-rĭm-kwa
color of window; transparent
vě'ty-rĭm-ŋô
glass (window-stuff); archaic, xref {vî'trĭ}
vě'ty-ŝĭn
port-a-cath
vě'ty-ŝy
ŋĭw-mrâ ol ruŋ-van mâ-bâm
vě'ty-θaj
door; piece of wood or metal on hinges fixed in a doorway (xref {vě'ty})
vě'ty-
go through a door
věr'mlĭ
anteater (mammals of suborder Vermilingua) ( < Latin)
ver
still, yet (xref {jǒj, gwe})
kwâwn mĭl-i, pjâl- mî'ħâ- ver.   Despite delirious sleepiness, I'm still working obsessively.
vlym-srĭw ðu-van tyn-ca ver heŋ; blĭn-te-van ķe.   I can't fit into these pants anymore; they're too tight.
ĵyj-fja-van gwe, mǒj mwĭl-ŝra-van heŋ ver.   I am already tired, but not yet sleepy.
vi
in front of, antaŭ
Ќ kâ-i rĭm-zô ĵyn-ta bĭm-cô-pî'râ vi râm.   The cat in front of the fireplace gazed at me with disinterest.
vij
front-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vil
front-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vim
front-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
vin
front-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
lân-ʝa vin julŋ-van gâm-vuj mĭ-i.   A picture hangs on the wall.
viŋ
front-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
maleness, masculinity ( < E-o 'vira')
hjě'nĭ- ʝel dî'fu-i ĝĭ-sra-van hjě'nĭ-ŝy ʝel mĭ-i.   Female hyenas are generally bigger than male hyenas.
--
effeminate (xref {vĭ-θô})
-ĵam
a creature of a species with two sexes
-θô
male but not especially masculine (xref {vĭ-dô-bô})
vĭj
time, duration, while, period; compounded into verbs to mark durative aspect (xref {nu}, {ƴu}, {ĥwĭl}) ( < Hrvatski 'vrijeme')
vĭj jǒm i
usually, most often, most of the time, more often than not
vĭj i
while, during the period that that
bě'lâm jâ-o mî'rĭj gân-šar bĭm-ĵwa ruŋ-zô ₣âl-bô ƥ lĭw-i kyn-ŝâm-ba, vĭj i bĭm-šyj-mâ šyj-ƥ-ca.   Mary became embarrassed because her mother barged into the bathroom while she was in the bathtub.
vĭj reŋ i
often, frequently (also {nu reŋ i}, etc.; xref {de, , ƴyr})
vĭj-
daŭre; continuous, ongoing
vĭj-brĭ-ƴu
summer; late spring, early autumn
vĭj-brĭ-ƴu-
winter; late autumn, early spring
vĭj--šar
while, during, when (conj.; xref postp. {i}, relativizer {vĭj i})
twâ-zô Φǒ {pwĭ-van belm.} vĭj-lǒ-šar Ќ cim šâ-ŋĭw ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô rjuŋ-.   "This is delightful!" I said, as the dragon ate my left arm.
vĭj-sâm-šar
while, at the same time as (conjunction; xref relative clause introducer {vĭj i})
vĭj-šar
then, a little while later
vĭj-trĭ-ĉa
clock, watch, timer (archaic, prefer {trĭ-ƴu-ĉa})
vĭn
wine ( < E-o & Fr.)
kyl vĭn-da - ĥy-i vâ-oŋ-zô ƥ, nu-šar ŝrun-twâ-gĭn- θǒ.   He drank one glass of wine, then immediately started singing.
vĭn-ŋô
alcohol
vĭn-tôn bî'lym-dal
hard cider
vir
far to the front of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vî'grâ
vinegar
vî'nĭ
this vine that keeps choking my water-oaks ( < English)
vî'nĭ-tôn
vine plants
vî'trĭ
glass
vîl'pun
fox (tribe Vulpini) ( < Latin)
vjâr
shade, shadow, local area of darkness (xref {fu-ta, fu-fja, nî'šĭm-rô}) ( < suomalainen 'varjo')
vjâr-ĉa tâlm-paj
hat, cap
kwǒ wuŋ-i vjâr-ĉa tâlm-paj ĥy-i tru-zô. ?ť wuŋ-i zǒn te mĭ-i.   I found someone's hat. Is it yours?
vjum
intolerant abhorrence, hatred, malice (xref {bâl, gě'ĝu, fâ-cô})
vjum-ma
hatred because of some previous hatred; esp, of one's own
vjurm
visiting, going to see someone ( < suomalainen 'vierailla')
vjurm-
hotel (nonce; prefer {mwĭl-kô-ĵwa})
vjurm-ŋla
Saturday (visit-day; rare now)
vjurm-θaj
hosting, guesting someone
vjurm-θaj-huw-van
to have a welcoming, hospitable spirit; also "Welcome" greeting
vjurm-θaj-
hotel, inn, motel, hostel; temporary lodging place (archaic, prefer {mwĭl-kô-ĵwa})
vjyn
candle-lily (not sure what its Latin name is)
vlě'tâ
sea, lake, pond, pool; water bounded by land (pwĭm-daj pjylm-ža); xref {, pwĭm-daj}
vlě'tâ bly-ca bî'wu- rî'nâ, wǒj kâ-i rĭm-van.   The frog jumped splashing into the pond because he saw a human.
vlě'tâ-sâl in -ĵwa
Salt Lake City
vlě'tâ-θaj
island, continent; land bounded by water
vlě'tâ-θaj-cy
mainland, continent, largest island of an archipelago
vlĭw
home built by its current residents (incl. beaver dam, beehive, spider web, bird nest, some people houses); xref {ty, rî'mâ}
vlĭw-fî'mrĭ
anthill
vlĭw-ĥâr
spiderweb
vlĭw-pî'dâ
beehive
vlĭw-pî'dâ mjyl kâ-i tru-Ł-.   One finds honey in beehives.
vlym
covering, clothes, sheets, blankets; fabric: cloth and similar materials; by extension, coverings made of non-fabric materials
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
vlym tyn-ca šej Ќ ĉon vlym ĥy-i tyn-zô.   I put myself into clothes, or surround myself with clothes.
vlym čâ-ja
swimsuit
vlym ðurm-ja
work clothes
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
vlym mwĭl-ja
sleeping clothes, pajamas
vlym tî'šâ-ja
dress clothes, formal clothes, church clothes
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
vlym-by-flu
sail, kite (fabric structure to catch wind)
vlym-by-flu-
to fly a kite, to manage the sails of a ship/boat
vlym-ca
1. to rub with a cloth or towel. 2. to cover oneself, put clothes on (less common than {vlym tyn-ca})
šyj-ƥ-ca, nu-šar pwĭm-da jâ-ř vlym-ca kiň ƥ im θâŋ ĉon vlym ĥy-i ĵârn-zô.   He bathed himself, then dried off and wrapped a towel around his waist.
vlym-čâl
vestments; clothing used for ritual
vlym-da
fully dressed
vlym-fja
wearing only underclothes or swimsuit
vlym-ĝĭw
shirt, blouse, jacket
prym-cô-fwa ŋĭn-i vlym-ĝĭw syrm-da mĭ-i.   This striped shirt is ugly.
ðurm-ja hej tî'šâ-ja ŋĭn-i heŋ gwe vlym-ĝĭw , ʝǒj te vim ħĭwm ĝĭ- .   This shirt is no longer suitable for work or church; look, there's a big stain on the front.
vlym-ħa
rags, scraps of cloth [nonce]
vlym-julŋ
curtain, arras, tapestry (esp. if hanging against wall or between room sections; xref {vlym-vě'ty-rĭm})
*vlym-julŋ hi kâ-i źǒ.   Pay no attention to the person behind the curtain.
vlym-lân
carpet, rug
vlym-mâŋ
gloves (slightly archaic, prefer {wĭm-mâŋ})
vlym-mwĭl-ðĭm
thick blanket, sleeping bag
vlym--
vestry, dressing room
vlym-plâŋ
socks, hose (archaic, prefer {wĭm-plâŋ})
vlym-slân
flag, standard, banner
vlym-srĭw
long pants
vlym-srĭw ðu-van tyn-ca ver heŋ; blĭn-te-van ķe.   I can't fit into these pants anymore; they're too tight.
vlym-ŝum
lifejacket
vlym-ta
naked, nude, unclothed
vlym-ta-ca
to undress, take off one's clothes
vlym-ta-
nudist
vlym-ta-tla
stripper
vlym-ta-žar sru-₣yw-hôw
striptease
vlym-tan
of the nature of fabric
vlym-tâlm
hat, cap (slightly archaic; prefer {vjâr-ĉa tâlm-paj})
vlym-tôn
fabric, sheets, towels, etc
vlym-θĭm
shorts, underwear
vlym-vě'ty-rĭm
curtain (of window; xref {vlym-julŋ})
vlym-
to cover (not necessarily with fabric), to clothe
vo
front-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
voj
front-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vol
front-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vom
front-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
von
front-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
voŋ
front-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vǒm
yes (response); indeed, verily, truly, certainly, of course
?ť wuŋ-i rî'mâ hij θĭl ĥy-i bâwŋ-hôw-ť- vǒm zǒn.   You grow potatoes behind your house, don't you?
vor
front-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
-vô
name of glyph representing ~
vrĭm
green
zym- ŋĭn-i heŋ twâ-θy {vrĭm} pe {fu-θy-ta}.   The words "green" and "colorless" do not make sense applied to ideas.
vrĭm-hyrŋ
cyan, turquoise
vrĭm-tôn
primary color (xref {fu-θy, -kwa})
front-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vřj
front-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vřl
front-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vřm
front-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vřn
front-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vřŋ
front-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vřr
front-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
vrum
to go fast, to speed along; esp. if on a curvy path ( < English onomatapoeia)
vry
tax, taking, confiscation ( < suomalainen 'vero')
vuj
physicality, concreteness; the physical aspects of a thing (not just tangible; includes light, heat, etc.); a physical instantiation of a thing also having abstract or spiritual elements
vuj-
logical, abstract
vun
stretching, extending (xref {nĭrn}) ( < suomalainen 'venyä')
vun--van
to relax from a stretching position; to retract; to be in a relaxed or retracted state (xref {nĭrn-cô-van})
vun--vâlm
ðu-van heŋ vun-van zjâm-vĭ mĭ-i
vun-i
at a distance of, extending over (object is a measure of distance; xref {jĭrn-i})
vun-kar
silly putty, etc.
vuň
employer, client, principal (xref {ðurm, ðurm-kô-gôm})
vuň-ca
be self-employed
vuň-i
(nonce) = vuň-θaj-i
vuň-θaj
employee, consultant, agent, servant, worker (xref {θĭ-tla, ðurm-tla, cĭw-ga})
vuň-θaj-i
employed by, in the employ of
ƴâ
motion with continuous adjustment (ðe {bly}; muw-θaj-šar {zyŋ, čâ, ly, fyn})
čî'ny so pe θo ƴâ-ƥ- ķĭm-.   She walks up and down stairs for exercise.
ƴâ-cjaj
going for a walk; walking for its own sake, as recreation or exercise rather than in order to get somewhere
jâln-źa mĭl-i ƴâ-cjaj- ŋy-.   Despite the great heat, I walked a long way.
ƴâ-ĉa
vehicle, esp. car, automobile
nî'sâ-van ðǒŋ ƴâ-ĉa ĵwy-- hi fyn-zô mě'tyr-źa srǒ il.   It was just my luck to get stuck behind a slow vehicle for several kilometers.
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
Ќ wuŋ-i ƴâ-ĉa ðu-van θâŋ-twâl-van ĉu-- fem-θaj.   No more than six people can sit in my car.
ƴâ-ĉa bâm- ĥy-i ƴâwn-ƥ-.   She bought a new car on credit.
mǒn sru-van ť ty-o ruŋ-zô, mǒj grĭ--van Ќ ŝâj-i ƴâ-ĉa mĭ-i.   I want to come to your home, but my car is broken down.
ƴâ-ĉa dâr-ĉu-ža
bicycle, veclocipede, motorcycle
ƴâ-ĉa dâr-ĉu-ža kî'tĭr-za
Electric Velocipede (zine)
ƴâ-ĉa him kyl
trunk of car
ƴâ-ĉa kâj-syj-paj
taxi; similarly for-hire plane, boat etc.
ƴâ-ĉa pwĭm-daj--
submarine, U-boat (might can tersify this using {ŝum} somehow...?)
ƴâ-ĉa pwĭm-daj-sin-
ship, boat (nonce, prefer {ƴâ-ŝum-ĉa})
ƴâ-ĉa ŝu-i ₣yjm-by -i ħĭ-
to test a vehicle's emissions
ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ
railroad train
nĭŋ-van gju-ŋy-ĉa, žĭr-van pî'dâ, lâl-van ku-faj-źa ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ vim ŝâ--ĉa.   Phones ring, bees buzz, train engines whistle loudly.
ƴâ-ĉa--daj
bus (transport vehicle for many people)
ƴâ-ĉa-šâ
truck, any freight vehicle (nonce, prefer {ƴâ-šâ-ĉa})
ƴâ-flu-
to locomote fluidly, to squirm around (perhaps evasively) as one goes; to slither (of snakes, worms)
ƴâ-gym-θaj-
to follow, walk behind someone (xref {<> hi ƴâ-})
ƴâ-ʝĭl- ruŋ-ta
to walk on a treadmill, to walk or run in place (nonce, xref {ʝĭl-ca ƴâ-tan})
ƴâ-ly-ĉa
airplane, helicopter etc. (not sure if it apples to dirigibles, blimps & balloons yet)
ƴâ-mwĭl
sleepwalking
ƴâ-ŋĭw
legs and feet
ƴâ-šâ-ĉa
truck, any freight vehicle
ƴâ-su-
to walk on a treadmill, to walk or run in place (nonce, xref {ʝĭl-ca ƴâ-tan})
ƴâ-ŝum-ĉa
ship, boat (xref {kě'nu, kě'nu-tôn, ƴâ-ĉa-zlě'kĭ})
ƴâ-ŝum-ĉa vlym-ža
sailing ship
ƴâ-ŝum-tla
sailor, seaman
ƴâ-θy
step, pace (nonce; prefer {gĭl-ƴâ})
ƴârn
decay, rotting, corruption; to absorb, digest (of bacteria and fungi) (xref {ĝâj, })
pwĭm-da-tǒj gân-ř kî'sul mĭ-i ƴârn-van ĵwy-bô.   Because of the humidity this wood is rotting quickly.
ƴâw
dog ( < onomatopoeia)
ƴâw-tôn bwĭl--
coyote (Canis latrans) ( < calque of Latin)
ƴâwn
debt, owing; state of having borrowed something, or received something before paying for it
ƴâwn--θaj-van
to get paid for goods/services one has already provided, e.g. of employees receiving their pay
ƴâwn--
to pay back, repay a debt; to return something borrowed; to pay for some service/good one has already received, incl. employers paying their employees for work already done
ƴâwn-ĉa
credit card
ƴâwn-θaj-
1. to lend, to extend credit; to provide goods/services without demanding immediate payment. 2. to pay a debt, return something borrowed (archaic; xref {ƴâwn-cô-zô})
ƴâwn-
to incur a debt, borrow something, buy something on promise to pay (xref {tâň-syj-zô, tâl-θaj-zô})
ƴâ-ĉa bâm- ĥy-i ƴâwn-ƥ-.   She bought a new car on credit.
ƴeŋ
barely, hardly, just (xref {θje, fem})
ƴâ-ĉa syj-ta-i âtlântě-wam ĉi šun kiŋ ðu-Ł-van ƴeŋ ruŋ-zô.   One can hardly get around in the Atlanta suburbs without a car.
ĵyj-fja-van ru--, hǒŋ ðu-van ƴeŋ su-van.   I'm so tired, I can hardly stand up.
ðu-van ƴeŋ ce kâ-i hî'mâr-van.   I can barely understand that.
ƴě'nâl
pod, shell, rind, peel (of fruit); crust of planet with molten core (xref {bjyň-tôn, tlě'Φĭ, luw-ƴě'nâl})
ƴĭ
repentance, regret, contrition; wishing one had done/not done something differently; metanoia (xref {ʝyrŋ, ķĭw, žâj-dô, hî'su})
ƴĭ-vuj
physical penance (xref {ryň-ƴĭ, ĵâŋ})
ƴĭln
slipping, sliding, skating, skiing; horizontal or downhill (typically) motion along a low-friction surface (xref {ruŋ, ƴâ, bly, tě'θru, ĉârn})
ƴĭln-fwa
slippery, offering little traction
ƴĭln-tě'θru-van
to slip and fall
ƴĭln-van
to slip, slide (accidentally; xref {bly-van, ƴĭln-tě'θru-van}; contrast deliberate {ƴĭln-zô})
ƴĭln-
to slide, skate, ski (intentionally)
ƴu
duration, length (time), age (xref {vĭj, ŋy, hum}); also, time as a dimension in contrast to space
ƴu-
long, lasting a long time (xref {lâŋ, hân, pě'lâ, bâm-})
ƴu-sra-
older (of things); longer (of events)
ƴu-ta-tǒj
eternity, timeless existence
ƴu-θaj
space in contrast to time
ƴu-van
to last, to remain, to continue (in process/existence); optional quantitative complement in {jĭrn-i} or {il}
ƴu-źa-
long-lived, long-lasting; old, lasting a long time (xref {hân, pě'lâ})
ƴulm
suŋ-žar--tǒj; quickness in learning skills, methods, languages... (xref {ĵlân, ĉâ})
ƴulm-gjâ
talent, facility for languages
ƴum
trick, deception, deceit, con, hoax, trap, malicious pretense
ƴum-
deceptive, false (xref {ķy-cô-bô, ķy-dô})
ƴum-ĉa
trap, snare
ƴum-tla
con man
ƴum-
1. to play a trick upon, to deceive (con artist {tu-i} deceives victim {ĥy-i}). 2. to pretend to do (aux. verb)
ƴum-zô bĭw-van sě'râ.   Sarah feigned sorrow.
ƴyr
custom, convention, standard, tradition, habit (xref {, ĝâ-θô})
ƴyr-
customary, conventional, traditional; standard, normative; habitual
ƴyr-cu
culture; system of customs
ƴyr-ja
as usual, customary, according to tradition, in the standard way
ƴyr-nu-
fashionable; transiently customary
vy
will, intention, firm decision (xref {sru, gâw, gu, vy-ŋĭw}) ( < E-o 'voli')
vy ħĭn-ta
free will
vy-
intentionally, deliberately (xref {vy-ja})
vy-hôw- hǒŋ ~~~ źǒ
{tu-i} tries to persuade {ĥy-i} not to ~~~, that they shouldn't do ~~~
vy-ja
willingly, voluntarily, intentionally, deliberately (prefer {vy-bô} for the latter senses)
vy-nu
whim, fancy, caprice; impulsive, spur-of-the-moment decision
vy-ŋĭw
will (faculty of making free choice)
vy-ŝra
like to make up one's mind soon
vy-ta
unintentionally, accidentally
vy-van
to be willing; to desire fairly unconflictedly (xref {sru-van}); (archaically) = {vy-zô}
twâ-cu kâ-i vy-van lju-zô.   I want to read that book.
vy-
to intend, decide upon, will
vyl
layer, stratum, horizontal section; storey (of building) (xref {du})
vyŋ
10000; 104; ten thousand, myriad
kĭ-ĝâ-tla ŝâj-o dě'lâr vyŋ- ĥy-i bwĭl-zô žâj-dô-hôw antonij-ram-ħa.   Antony bribed the judge ten thousand dollars.
-wam
place name tag
italia-wam i ler-tǒj-lô mĭ-i fraňs-wam i dě'dâ-lô ₣um-i fjǒ.   The Italian Futurists were somewhat similar to the French Dadaists.
venicia-wam i pě'hĭ -tan ol ruŋ-Ł- de.   In Venice, one goes about via canal.
mruň -ŋy-tla-wam im tyn-van mrâ-cu prym-fwa.   There is a beautiful cave system in Lookout Mountain.
dy-cô-źa fraňs-wam-za ĥy-i gân-θô-van dy-cô-źa usonia-wam-za.   The French Revolution was influenced by the American Revolution.
wâj
weight, heaviness (xref {Φu}) ( < English 'weigh')
Ќ o ruŋ-zô mwe ʝâr-ĵyj-fja pen pe tu-šâ-wâj pen, kiň ť ĥy-i ĵyj-rjâ jâ-o Ќ tu-i.   Come to me, all who are tired and all who are carrying heavy things, and I will give you rest.
wâj-ĵar-fwa
diet (of food etc. conducive to losing weight; xref {vâ-kar-zla, gâw-vâ-oŋ-tǒj})
wi
at, during (time); archaic, now use simple {i}
wĭm
sack, bag; flexible container (xref {mrâ, kyl})
wĭm sěl'kâ-gôm-paj
backpack
wĭm-cĭw
bag with attached tubing, for IV medicines, transfusion, enteral feeding, etc.
wĭm-kâj-ha
wallet, purse
wĭm-mâŋ
gloves
wĭm-plâŋ
socks, hose, stockings
wĭm-Φyln
bladder
wĭm-
flexible, loose, floppy, lax (xref {blĭn-cô})
wĭm-ŝum
balloon
wĭm-ŝum hî'lum-da
helium balloon
wĭm-tâlm
stocking cap, esp. ski mask
wĭm-
stomach
wĭm-
ŋĭw wĭm-tan im tyn-van mâw-vĭ
wĭn
tickling sensation
wĭn-fwa-
to tickle
wĭŋ
resume, continue, pick up where one left off (nonce; prefer {ĝĭr-θaj-zô})
wĭrm
locational or directional sense, internal compass (xref {wyl})
wĭrm-ĉa
GPS, compass
wî'duň
wanting to be somewhere else ( < Brian's suggestion)
wî'duň-fwa
disagreeable, unpleasant
wî'jě'wĭ
whipporwill (Antrostomus vociferus) ( < onomatopoeia)
wî'jě'wĭ-tôn
whippoorwill, nightjar, nighthawk (birds of family Caprimulgidae)
wî'kĭ
wiki ( < Hawaiian via English)
wî'žum
blackberry bush
wî'žum-tôn
any thorny plant
wîm'dě'bu
feeling tilted when one is upright; dizziness; vertigo ( < Enigmatic: 'elaubo')
wlâ
shock, surprise, consternation; wuddahel? (xref {wym, fjâw, kě'pâ}) ( < suggestion from Brian?)
wlâ-fwa-van, ðǒŋ mâ-ŝy lĭw-o rě'ĵy-θaj jâ-o sun--ŋa naj'ĝěl-ram.   It's astonishing that Nigel finally married that woman.
wlâ-pym-van
shocked amusement
wlâm
graze, browse, forage; seek food and eat; also, occasional error for {wlâ}
wlâm-fwa-tla
shepherd, goatherd, cowboy, cowherd...
wlâm-fwa-tla-ga
pastor of church (nonce, maybe too calquey) (xref {hĭj-tla, kîr'bân-tla, gym-tla}) ( < calque of English and Latin)
wlâm-kar
forage, fodder, food
wlâm-
pasture, field (xref {žyj-ĵwa, pwâŋ-tôn-ĵwa})
wǒj
because; (effective causation)
vlě'tâ bly-ca bî'wu- rî'nâ, wǒj kâ-i rĭm-van.   The frog jumped splashing into the pond because he saw a human.
Ќ cim jyr im twâl-θaj ĥy-i ĉârn-ca, wǒj čun-ƥ-van.   I scratch my left elbow because it itches.
mwĭň-ƥ-van wǒj ƥ dâm-ř twâ-cu gě'dĭm-ja kâ-i lju-zô kuln-cô.   He is embarrassed because a stranger has read his diary.
wǒn
therefore; thus (effective causation)
ƥ ŝu-i mwĭň kâ-i žâw-van, wǒn ce mĭ-ř gju-zô.   I saw she was embarrassed, so I changed the subject.
wrym
decoration, ornament (xref {fân, źě'pî'tâj})
wrym-ha
paint, polish, varnish...
wrym-θym
bracelet, ring, necklace
wrym-θym mâŋ-paj
bracelet
wrym-θym θlu-tâlm-paj
necklace
wrym-θym zjâm-paj
ring (ornament worn on finger or toe)
wrym-
to decorate, ornament, festoon; add decorations to (xref {prym-fwa})
wu
side, aspect, facet
wu-ga
appearance, aspect (xref {kâ-θaj-van})
wu-pě'pâ
page (one side of a sheet)
wuŋ
ownership (xref {ŝâj, ŝu})
wuŋ -cu-ja
communal, common property
wuŋ -ja
private property
wuŋ-
theft, vandalism, trespass, etc; crimes against property
wuŋ-ðwa
in favor of private property
wuŋ-
valuable, worth having, desirable as property (near-synonym {ŝâj-gô}; xref {ĵulm, lĭw-gô, ŝu-gô})
wuŋ--tǒj
monetary/economic value, worth; xref {ĵulm, lĭw-gô, ŝu-gô}
wuŋ-ĝa-
Socialist
wuŋ-i
of, belonging to (not necessarily in possession of) (property)
Ќ wuŋ-i ƴâ-ĉa ðu-van θâŋ-twâl-van ĉu-- fem-θaj.   No more than six people can sit in my car.
kwǒ wuŋ-i vjâr-ĉa tâlm-paj ĥy-i tru-zô. ?ť wuŋ-i zǒn te mĭ-i.   I found someone's hat. Is it yours?
wuŋ-rî'mâ-zwa
someone who is shopping for a house
wuŋ-θaj-van
to belong to ({mĭ-i} belongs to {ðĭ-i})
wuŋ-van
to own, have legal title to; {mĭ-i} owns {ðĭ-i} (xref {ŝâj-van})
twâ-cu gâr-tĭm- zej ĉu-gâr-tĭm- ðĭ-i wuŋ-van.   I own around a thousand to two thousand books.
wyl
direction (e.g. forward, upward, northward, inward...); xref {wĭrm}
wym
joy at sudden understanding; eureka (xref {hî'mâr}); also, occasional error for {wyl}
wyr
wax, paraffin
wyw
space, opening, gap, emptiness; hollow space, cave (xref {mrâ, ŋylm, plyn-, by-ĵwa-cô}); blank space on a written/printed page or screen; whitespace characters (tab, space, newline, non-breaking space, etc.)
wyw-cjaj
space (short gap between words in text, etc.; ASCII 32 character)
wyw-cjaj-źa
tab (long gap between words in text or columns of printed table, etc.; ASCII 9 character)
-za
having to do with, associated with root
zâň
individualness, idiosyncracy, subjectivity; being peculiar to one person
zâň-
personal, idiosyncratic, private, subjective (xref {kě'ĝu})
zâň--
general, common, universal, objective; public, social
zej
range conjunction. 1. with bare number roots or {-gla}, all numbers in a range inclusive. 2. with {-}, an imprecise number somewhere in a specified range. 3. with quality roots, a range of qualities in that range.
-gla zej ħy-gla i gjâ ĥy-i byn-zô.   I tinkered with this language from 5pm to 7pm.
twâ-cu gâr-tĭm- zej ĉu-gâr-tĭm- ðĭ-i wuŋ-van.   I own around a thousand to two thousand books.
mluj i tyn-van bâm- zej hân-.   People of all ages from babies to old folks were at the small convention.
zen
only, just (quantity; xref {žǒŋ, fem-θaj})
kuln reŋ , mǒj lĭm zen.   Acquaintances are many, friends are few.
zě'ĥâr
Zechariah, Zachariah, Zachary, Zaccheus... ( < helenike < Hebrew)
zĭm
compassion, pity, empathy, mercy; regret (for someone else's guilt/misfortunes, xref {ƴĭ, ʝyrŋ})
zĭm-i
in sympathy with, pitying, out of compassion for
ƥ zĭm-i ĝě'fu-van, hǒŋ fĭm-cô gân-ř zuň--žar-ƥ-van ler.   I dread for her, that she will die of this illness.
zĭm-suw
being charmed by someone's weakness, naivete, embarrassment, etc.
tad-ram ŝu-i mwĭň-vuj kâ-i zĭm-suw-van kejt-ram.   Kate thinks Todd is adorable when he blushes.
zĭŋ
zinc ( < English)
zĭw
65536; 164
zîn'θu
cocklebur (genus Xanthium) ( < Latin)
zjâm
finger, toe
gě'dĭm mje θǒ i Ќ cim zjâm-ny ĥy-i ĥâ-ca.   I cut my left little toe yesterday.
zjâm-syl
tongue
zjâm-syl-
to lick (e.g. an envelope, an ice cream cone)
zjâm-tôn
fingers; toes; twigs, branches; cilia; feelers
zjâm-
ŋĭw Φyln-paj pe fru-bâm-fwa
-zla
the whole set of ~ everywhere, or within a given context (xref {cu, -daj})
gjâ-ŝa ŋĭn-i mâ-zla mĭ-i.   The human race is prolific of languages.
zǒn
ĉu? whether? interrogative adverb (xref {srem})
?ť wuŋ-i rî'mâ hij θĭl ĥy-i bâwŋ-hôw-ť- vǒm zǒn.   You grow potatoes behind your house, don't you?
?lju-ť- gwe zǒn arue-šam šej volteŕ-ram dâm-ř θuň kwǒ kâ-i.   Have you read any stories by Arouet, also known as Voltaire?
naj'ĝel-ram , ?râm mĭ-i ħě'nâw-van zǒn.   Nigel, are you allergic to cats?
kwǒ wuŋ-i vjâr-ĉa tâlm-paj ĥy-i tru-zô. ?ť wuŋ-i zǒn te mĭ-i.   I found someone's hat. Is it yours?
zǒn belm
marker of rhetorical yes/no question, esp. sarcastic ones
-zô
active verb suffix
-ža
kun~a, ~hava; with ~, having ~, supplied with ~ (xref {-ta, -da, -na, ŝâj, ŝu, ĥun-i})
kyr-ža-van twâ .   This sentence is verb-having.
-žar
becoming ~; coming to have quality ~, be ~
žâ
waiting; patience (xref {dy, ĵrĭw})
žâ-ga
(archaic) = {ĵrĭw}; expecting, supposing something will happen
žâ-van
to wait for; {ʝâr-i} waits for event {mĭ-i} to happen; or for event described in {hǒŋ} clause; or to see whether event in {hǒŋ ~~~ zǒn} clause will happen
žâj
justice; the moral law
žâj-
sin, misdeed, wrongdoing, injustice
žâj--hôw
temptation (from an external source)
žâj--hôw-
to tempt
žâj---tǒj
temptation (internal)
žâj-ja
just, moral, right, ethical
žâj-ja-fwa-
to justify, set right, make right
žâj-ŋĭw
the moral sense, conscience
žâw
feeling, sensation, perception (xref {rĭm, lym, ku, źum, trym, })
ƥ ŝu-i mwĭň kâ-i žâw-van, wǒn ce mĭ-ř gju-zô.   I saw she was embarrassed, so I changed the subject.
žâw-buln-ŋĭw
kinaesthetic sense
žâw-ca
to feel (hot, cold, full, hungry, comfortable, in pain, etc.; with adverb complement, sometimes with {pě'ŝlĭ-i} complement phrase)
žâw-
sensitive, perceptive (having sharp senses and being very aware of their input; xref {ŝĭ-sô, trym})
žâw-van
to feel, sense, perceive ({ʝâr-i} feels/senses {kâ-i})
že
this, that (event or situation about to be described)
ĵârn-ca šĭl tu-i, že ði hǒŋ o bly-ca kiň ħulŋ-zô.   The snake coils before it strikes.
žě'ĉym
cheese
žě'ĉym ₣ĭŋ-tan ðĭ-i
String Cheese Incident (band)
žě'ĉym helwetika-wam-dal
Swiss cheese
žě'ĉym parma-wam-dal
Parmesan cheese
žĭl
stair (nonce; prefer {čî'ny})
žĭlm
butter
žĭlm-kwa
yellow
žĭlm-ŋô
fat (nutrient or body substance; xref {ðĭm})
žĭlm-
buttery, fatty, oily (taste)
žĭŋ
suŋ-kě'ĝu-ha; magic, mana (stuff mages work with, not their art); xref {suŋ-kě'ĝu}
mu-tôn žĭŋ-da i -van θuň .   That story takes place in a universe full of magic.
žĭŋ ŝrun-za
funk, groove
žĭŋ-da
magical
žĭŋ-ŝy
yin, mystical concept of femininity/feminine energy
žĭŋ-
yang, mystical concept of masculinity/masculine energy
žĭr
buzzing, humming ( < onomatopoeia)
nĭŋ-van gju-ŋy-ĉa, žĭr-van pî'dâ, lâl-van ku-faj-źa ƴâ-ĉa-kwĭ vim ŝâ--ĉa.   Phones ring, bees buzz, train engines whistle loudly.
žĭr gân-ř luw-tâlm kâ-i rĭm-van kiň te pî'dâ-daj kâ-i tru-zô.   Because of the humming noise I looked inside the skull, and found a swarm of bees in it.
žĭr-ŝrun-
to hum (a tune)
žǒŋ
only, just, merely; no more than (quality, not quantity) (xref {zen, fem-θaj})
ce mĭ-i kun-van heŋ. tyn i ðurm-zô žǒŋ.   I don't know. I just work here.
-gla ši žǒŋ mwĭl jâ-o.   It wasn't until after one a.m. that I fell asleep.
žu
careful, gentle, delicate (of actions)
pî'vu ĥy-i Φě'wâm-ť- žu- mwe.   Please stuff this peacock carefully.
žu--
rough, careless, clumsy, ungentle (of actions) (xref {cĭm-cô})
žu-ħum-
careful, cautious, wary
žu-
careful, gentle, delicate (of persons, organizations) (xref {jĭ-ga})
žu- hǒŋ ~~~ źǒ
be careful to avoid ~~~
žuln
satisfaction with good results of one's work
žuln-fru
pride in the accomplishments of one's children
žuln-kâj
satisfaction at making a good bargain
žuŋ
ryn rě'ĵy-tôn-ja ₣yw-fwa ke fru-ŝa še; also occasional error for {zyŋ} (xref {ŝâm-oŋ-zô}, {žuŋ-dô}, {₣yw})
žuŋ-
₣yw rjâ-i žâj-dô; žy-šar: -, -ke-, pe ble
žy
showing, pointing at, marking, indicating (xref {rĭm-θaj}); also, occasional error for {žâ}
žy--hân-
museum, esp. of history, archaeology, paleontology
žy-hwâwm-tla
director, impresario, puppeteer
žy-i
for instance, for example; showing, exhibiting
ʝrâ ŋĭn-i źu-lam pe gjâ-zym-byn žy-i gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw kwǒ mĭ-i.   Some artlangs are non-naturalistic, for instance Esperanto and gjax-zym-byn.
žy-ĵulm
prize, award, honor, medal; distinction or recognition conferred by others (Hugo, Nobel, Purple Heart...)
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam ðĭ-i ĵulm-van θuň-lâŋ mĭ-i.   This novel deserves a Hugo award.
žy-ĵulm hjugo-gam lâ-cô-i θuň-lâŋ pen kâ-i gâw-zô lju-zô.   I plan to read all the novels nominated for the Hugo Award.
žy-mâŋ-
to point out with a gesture of the hand
žy-šar
for example (conjunction: following clause is example of what preceding clause is talking about; xref postposition {žy-i})
grĭ---van de šĭm-ĉa ; žy-šar ĵwy-cô-van sĭŋ-flu-kô o lĭn mĭ-i.   This computer is malfunctioning lately; for instance, its network connection is slow.
žy-
colon ':'
žy-ƴâ-
to guide someone on a tour, show something while moving around
žy-
to show, point out (person {tu-i} shows thing {kâ-i} to person {ĥy-i})
žy-źa
display, exhibit
žyj
grass, grain (plants of family Poaceae) (xref {pwâŋ-tôn})
žyj ħun-tôn-tan
bamboo (plants of subfamily Bambusoideae)
žyj-ĵwa
a field or lawn growing of one or more kinds of {žyj}-plants (xref {pwâŋ-tôn-ĵwa})
zryŋ
gold (metal)
kâj-ha ʝel mĭ-i zryŋ-na hej tlĭŋ-na ŋĭn-i mje de.   It used to be that money was typically made of gold or silver.
zu
the only one; archaically = {zen}
zuj
soybean ( < English 'soy')
zum
cricket (insects of family Gryllidae) ( < onomatopoeia)
zum-tôn
insects
zuň
life, aliveness; Bios, Zoe; quality of being alive (xref {gě'dĭm-zla, ʝâr-van}) ( < helenike 'zoe')
zuň-
death, state of being dead (xref {zuň-cô-žar, dân-žar, zuň-lwa-bô})
zuň--fwa-ha
poison
zuň--fwa-julŋ-
to lynch or execute by hanging
zuň--žar
death, process of dying (xref {zuň-cô, dân-žar})
ƥ zĭm-i ĝě'fu-van, hǒŋ fĭm-cô gân-ř zuň--žar-ƥ-van ler.   I dread for her, that she will die of this illness.
zuň--žar
death (process or event of dying; xref {zuň-cô, dân-žar})
zuň-dal
natural (of biological processes, entities, etc.)
zuň-ðwa
pro-life
zuň-ĥun-
symbiotic
zuň-ĥun-
parasitism; parasitic
zuň-lwa-
undead
zuň-θô
awakeness, alertness [archaic; prefer {mwĭl-}]
zuň-vuj
living thing (archaic; prefer {gâ-zuň})
-zwa
would-be ~, person who desires and strives to be ~
ħĭn-kô řŋ câ-zô ruŋ-kě'ĝu-zô ħĭn-ta-zwa srǒ.   Several would-be escapees tried to sneak out of the prison.
zwym
thermoepoxy (state); substance in such a state
-źa
augmentation of root meaning; (with units of measure) kilo
jâln-źa mĭl-i ƴâ-cjaj- ŋy-.   Despite the great heat, I walked a long way.
źe
much, extremely, very; tre, multe, ege (xref {reŋ, -źa})
źě'fy
progress, accomplishment, getting things done, success, attainment of goals (xref {hî'rĭ}, {žuln})
źě'fy-
stalling, being stuck; procrastination; want of progress (xref {ĝĭj, šâw, čun-ga, kâ-dô})
źě'fy-fwa
progresiga
źě'fy-
to progress, succeed, accomplish something
źě'mâ
1973
źě'mâ-ju
2002
źě'mâ-ĵâ
2004
źě'mâ-ky
2010
źě'pî'tâj
fân-ʝĭŋ-la; foolish holiday decorations in shape of living things (xref {fân, wrym}) ( < Enigmatic: zeiphotast)
źi
west of
źij
west-at-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źil
west-at-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źim
west-at-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źin
west-at-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źiŋ
west-at-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źĭ
science, academic discipline, field of study, specialty (xref {câŋ, ljâw, źĭ-suŋ, kâ-ga})
źĭ prym-hôw
art, decoration (study of making things beautiful; xref {źĭ-suŋ-gâm-prym})
źĭ-gjâ
language study in general (hypernym of {câŋ-gjâ, ljâw-gjâ, ĝâ-gjâ})
źĭ-ĝâ-
criminology, forensics
źĭ-kě'ĝu
cryptology & steganography; kaŝ-fakoj
źĭ-ler-tǒj-tla
futurist, futurologist (xref {ler-tǒj-lô})
ler mĭ-i zym-zô pe gju-zô źĭ-ler-tǒj-tla.   Futurists think and talk about future events.
źĭ-
anthropology, sociology etc.; hom-fakoj
źĭ-mruň-ŋô
geology
źĭ-ŋî'bĭ
mathematics
źĭ-suŋ
art, craft; body of practical knowledge (xref {źĭ, ljâw, câŋ})
źĭ-suŋ-gâm-prym
art (practical knowledge about making beautiful images; xref {źĭ prym-hôw})
źĭ-zym
psychology, philosophy of mind, metaphysics
źir
far to the west of
źî'câ
1997
źî'câ-gâr
2007
źî'fu
1999; also occasional error for {źě'fy}
źî'fu-ĉu
2001
źî'fu-fy
2006
źî'fu-gâr
2009
źî'fu-ĝu
2012
źî'fu-se-
1998
źî'gĭ
2003
źî'gĭ-
2004
źî'gĭ-ĉu
2005
źî'gĭ-ðy
2008
źî'gĭ-se-
2000
źî'jur
2017
źî'kâ
2011
źî'kâ-ĉu
2013
źî'ku
aleph-one, first uncountable infinity
źo
west-to ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źoj
west-to-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źol
west-to-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źom
west-to-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źon
west-to-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źoŋ
west-to-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źǒ
!heŋ mwe; negative imperative/hortative/optative adverb
*vlym-julŋ hi kâ-i źǒ.   Pay no attention to the person behind the curtain.
źor
west-to-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źř
west-from ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źřj
west-from-near ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źřl
west-from-through ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źřm
west-from-part.of ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źřn
west-from-contact ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źřŋ
west-from-inside ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źřr
west-from-far ( < AUTOGENERATED)
źu
hope, desire, longing, wishing (xref {sru, vy, gâw})
źu-van, hǒŋ ķĭw-van palij-ram hǒŋ Ќ dâm-ř θuň čĭ-ř syj-zô lju-θaj-zô dlu-ta.   I hope Polly is ashamed of herself for copying my story without permission.
źu-
hoping to avoid something, hoping something will not happen
źu-lam
Esperanto
ʝrâ ŋĭn-i źu-lam pe gjâ-zym-byn žy-i gjâ-krĭ prym-hôw kwǒ mĭ-i.   Some artlangs are non-naturalistic, for instance Esperanto and gjax-zym-byn.
źu-pôm
hopefully
źu-ta
despairing, hopeless
źu-van
to wish, long, hope for (xref {vy-van, sru-van})
źu-
to actively hope for
źum
touching, feeling; contact (xref {žâw, trâw, ĉârn})
źum-byn-
to palpate, to feel around (e.g., of a doctor poking into a patient's belly or ribs)
źum-ŋĭw
skin (esp where dense w nerve endings), sense of touch
źum-
to touch, handle, feel
źum-źa
hitting, striking (archaic, prefer {trâw})
źy
dreaming (unreal experiences during REM sleep; xref {zym-fĭw, θuň-źu}) (archaically also = {źy-tôn})
źy-fwa
psychedelic
źy-fwa-ha
psychedelic drug
źy-ĝân
especially vivid dream
źy-
lucid dream (archaic, prefer {źy-trym})
źy-kě'ĝu
Enigma; kaŝa mistero; io grava, bela, sed ne komprenebla
źy-ma
dream within a dream
źy-mym
self-image, self-idea (archaic/nonce; need new word for this)
źy-pôm
This happened in a dream (validationality)
źy-rjâ
sleep (dreamseeking); archaic/poetic, xref {mwĭl}
źy-tôn
dreaming, tripping, visions; various altered states of consciousness (xref {trym})
źy-trym
lucid dream (xref {trym-źy})
źy-
to daydream (very archaic; xref {zym-fĭw-zô})
źyjm
4294967296; 168; 232
źyl
straight (non-crooked)
źyl-
crooked, curvy, twisty; not straight (xref {gru})
fĭm-cô gân-ř, ɱ im sěl'kâ mĭ-i źyl--van.   Because of a certain disease, his spine is crooked.
zym
idea, thought, concept, thinking, theory, opinion (xref {hî'mâr, ĵrĭw, Φĭwm, , ðâ, Φân}) ( < helenike 'nomizo')
zym- ŋĭn-i heŋ twâ-θy {vrĭm} pe {fu-θy-ta}.   The words "green" and "colorless" do not make sense applied to ideas.
zym gjâ-θy-fwa-
a concept worth lexicalizing
zym-cu
religion, philosophy, ideology, theory
zym-cu šî'fy-za
religion; spiritual belief system
zym-cu-mu
religion; cosmic philosophy
zym-cu-šun-reŋ-tyrn
imperialism
zym-fĭw-ŋĭw
imagination (story-making faculty)
zym-fĭw-
to daydream (actual sleep-dreaming: {źy-van})
zym-fĭw-
to imagine (story)
zym-fwa-
to convince, persuade
zym-gâm-ŋĭw
visual imagination
zym-gâm-
to imagine (images)
zym-gju-
to think aloud
zym-hôw-
to argue, try to persuade
zym-i
in the opinion of, according to the ideas of
zym-ʝǒ-
to turn one's thoughts to another subject ({tu-i} turns their attention from {kâ-ř} toward {kâ-o})
zym-kwĭ
chain, train of thought
zym-
idealist, ideologue
zym-ŋĭw
mind, esp. reason, intellect; xref {fâ-ŋĭw, šĭm-ŋĭw}
zym-ŋĭw-
intellectual [needs work; seems like a calque of English]
zym-Φĭwm-
to guess, suppose, hazard, reckon; diveni
zym-ř
inspired by; action of remainder of sentence was inspired by object of this postp.
zym-sâm-hôw-
to try to persuade someone to agree with you (more commonly {zym-hôw-zô})
zym-sâm-
{tu-i} agrees with {ðĭ-i} about {mĭ-i}
zym-sâr-
sane, well-balanced mentally, having reasonably orderly thought processes
zym-sâr--
insane, mentally ill, mad, crazy; having chaotic thought processes (nonce, prefer {sâr--zym-})
zym-
thoughtful, pensema
zym-ŝa
creative, having lots of ideas
zym-ŝrun-
to think musically, more or less deliberately (not just having a song stuck in one's head); to sing/hum/etc. silently to oneself
zym-tî'šâ
meditation (as form of prayer, not merely a mental discipline)
zym-
to think, theorize, opine, consider (xref {, gâw, ĵrĭw})
ler mĭ-i zym-zô pe gju-zô źĭ-ler-tǒj-tla.   Futurists think and talk about future events.
zyŋ
crawl, creep
zyŋ-ʝa-
to climb (of trees, rock faces, ladders; not used for ascending stairs or relatively shallow slopes)
zyŋ-ŋĭw
arms, hands, legs, and feet
~~~ ĥun-i ~~~ -i
{mĭ-i} is accompanied by {ĥun-i}
~~~ ĥy-i flu-fwa- bly-ja
to cause ~~~ to flow freely by gravity
~~~ -i źǒ rjâ-i rě'ju-
to check for ~~~ (searching for something one hopes not to find, e.g. examining oneself for ticks)
~~~ ŝu-i hu
that's the thing about ~~~

  Total content roots: 821
  Total pronouns: 10
  Total modifier particles: 67
  Total conjunctions: 33
  Total suffixes: 78
  Spacetime postpositions: 360
Total root morphemes: 1370
Total derived words: 3079
Total acronyms and foreign names: 39
Total a posteriori roots (words with etymologies) 351
Total entries with example sentences: 579
Total entries: 4488

Last modified / lasta ĝisdatigo
Sun Dec 20 20:23:55 2015